Citation
The Dominica guardian

Material Information

Title:
The Dominica guardian
Portion of title:
Guardian
Place of Publication:
Roseau
Publisher:
Published for the proprietors by J.H. Steber
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volumes : ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Dominica ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Roseau (Dominica) ( lcsh )
Dominica ( fast )
Dominica -- Roseau ( fast )
Genre:
Newspapers. ( fast )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Dominica -- Roseau

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Apr. 28, 1893.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Designation New series is added with issue for <Jan. 3, 1918>
Issuing Body:
"Organ of the elected members of the Legislative Assembly of Dominica."
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 10 (July 1, 1893).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: New ser., v. 29, no. 13782 (Dec. 15, 1921).
General Note:
Funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives: Enabling New Scholarship through Increasing Access to Unique Materials grant program.
Funding:
Funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives: Enabling New Scholarship through Increasing Access to Unique Materials grant program.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
NO COPYRIGHT - UNITED STATES This Rights Statement should be used for Items for which the organization that intends to make the Item available has determined are free of copyright under the laws of the United States. This Rights Statement should not be used for Orphan Works (which are assumed to be in-copyright) or for Items where the organization that intends to make the Item available has not undertaken an effort to ascertain the copyright status of the underlying Work. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
Resource Identifier:
on12241 ( NOTIS )
1224119999 ( OCLC )
on1224119999
Classification:
Newspaper ( lcc )

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Succeeded by:
Dominica tribune

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Full Text
''

T ol. I.—No. 2 1
.

J*IHE DOHmiCA GUARDIAN,
'lie Organ of the Elected Members of the
ce 35 —s Legislative Assembly of Dominica.
—founded for giving expression to the political
“j views and aspirations of the people.
?nbl hslied every SATURDAY for tho Proprietors
JOSEPH HILTON STEBER.
So: Sub-Edito and Manager.
All Contributions and Advertisements &c.,
ii3l»r« to l»« addressed to the SUB EDITOR,
fj at at the office of the paper, 148, Market Street,
nosi-au. Subscriptions and accounts are to
. be paid or rendered to Mr. Hamilton Roli.k,
the firm of Messrs. James A. Ganu a wav
iri & Co., Roseau.
Rate of Subscription : 4s per quarter, paya payable
ble payable in advauce Postage extra.
89 Single copies— 4d each.
(!-â– â– â–  - â– 
A DVERTISEM E]STTS.
4 For Sale or Rent.
the
fc MOUNT EOLUS ESTATE.
|fc For Particulars apply to
IIEXRY HAMILTON, ,
Executor of the late G. B. Blanc,
b' Deceased.
_ Mav 10th, 1893.
i Important Sale
OF
: OT&XmrSUB.
ON FRIDAY, THE 19TH INSTANT,
WILL BE SOLD BY
mim am\m,
AT “THE PARK,”
A large Assortment of
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE,
ALSO
T ADIES’ and Gentlemen’s SADDLES,
. Surveying INSTRUMENTS, and a
lot of Valuable BOOKS.
Sundry other Articles too numerous to
mention.
G. P. WINSTON,
Auctioneer.
10th May, 1893.
FOR SALE!
ONLY a few Copies of an In Introductory
troductory Introductory Manual for Sugar
Growers, by Francis Watts, F.C.S.,
F.1.C., Government Chemist, Anti Antigua,
gua, Antigua, at
L. A. GIRAUD & Co’s,
Old k Cork Streets.
Roseau, April 27th, 1893.
UAPMinnUIC’C Prepared from English
MAuUiIUUnIL 0 grown Vegetables.
‘■SSFiwuSm SUFFOLK PICKLES

ROSEAU, SATURDAY, MAY 13, ISOS.

EXTRAORDINARY BARGAINS
“THE LADIES STORE”!
IVt Jtave received by recent arrivals a very
Choice Assortment of
stako 4 ? aoom,
Os the latest Dsigns and Styles,
To suit Ladies, Gentlemen and Children,
VIZ:—
Prints, Dress Stuff’s, Cashmeres. Art Muslins,
Silks, Sateens, Ribbons, Embroidery
Laces, Trimmings, Handkerchiefs,
Ladies and Gents’ Gloves,
Shawls, Scarfs and Ties,
SSSBYE 6 COLLARS,
Beltings., ImiL- Madrass,
Des Indes, Silk Foulards, Arti Artificial
ficial Artificial Flowers, Wreaths, Essences,
Pomades, Soaps, Powders, Fuller’s Earth.
Tweeds and Coatings;
FELT AND STRAW HATS, CATS,
Boots & Shoes,
SUPPERS and UMBRELLAS,
Very neat BIRTHDAY CARDS and in interesting
teresting interesting NOVELS, 9
and sundry other ARTICLES , too numerous
to detail,[which ice offer 4
Remarkably Cheap !
—AL S 0
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF
INCLUDING :
Prime York and American Hams,
Boiled and Roast Beef and Mutton,
Calf’s llcad and Bacon. Notch Potch,
Mock Turtle Soup, Beef a la rootle,
Irish Stew, Roast and Stewed Veal,
Mutton with Vegetables, Tripe and
Onions. “ 0 G. It.” Oysters, Lobs
tors, Herrings, Ling Fish, Fin-lon
Haddocks, Real Oxford and
Mortadella Bologna Sausages
Preserved Lunch Tongues, Petit Pois fins
Curriod Fowl, Ox Tongues, Green Peas
French Olives and Capers, Currie
Powder, and Tripe iu half Jars.
C II K E S E !
Raisins, Currants and Citron.
Lozenges, Jams, Syrups aad Table Jelly.
Teaches and Marmalades.
BISCUITS in one-lb. Tins & by retail.
dIMHI SEEDS,
CIGARETTES AND SMOKING
TOBACCO.
&c., Ac., Ac.
BURTON BROS.,
(Successors to the kite G.L Billot.)
Long Lane, 21th April, 1893.
SCHOOLBOOKS!!!
AFRESH Supply just received
by
L. A. GIRAUD A Co.
Old k Cork Streets,
Roseau, 27th April, 1393.

telegrams-
New York, May 3.—A despatch from the Lon London
don London correspondent of tho New York Times states
that 7 bank failuro* have taken place iu Australia
involving deposits amounting to no less thnn
47,000,000 sterling including 17,000,000 of British
money. Tho 9 surviving banks hold deposits to
the amount of 85,000,000 pounds.
The strike of the Hull dockers still continues.
Yesterday tiey burned tho immense lumber yard
belonging to the Messrs. Simpson.
Dundee advices state that the number of mill
bonds on strike amounts to 19,000.
Pari* news reports that the Premier strongly
opposed Mr. Guoyot's motion to abolish The
Octroi dues. The proposal was however adopted
by the Chambers of Deputies by 252 votes to 240.
They also approved of the arrest of M. Vaudin, by
319 to 130 votes, for promoting agitation on Mav
day.
Intelligence from Dahomey announces the abdi abdication
cation abdication of King Behanzin. Franco will thus acquire
a large truct of territory dominating the north
west part of Africa.
Reuter’s Madrid correspondent states that it was
decidod at a cabinet Conueil to reinforoe the troops
in Cabn by 4 battalions from Porto Rico, 2 bat battalions
talions battalions from the Canary Islands, and 500 soldiers
from Spain.
The Blake’s crew again distinguished tbemsclvos
by boldly saving 7 more people from dro-.vning in
the river. It is expected tli.it their bravery will
be recoguized by their being presented with gold
medals.
H.M.S. Australia sails on tho 10th instant to
take invalids from Madeira to Portsmouth.
New York, May 4.—Advices from 1/mdon state
that it is the general oilmen at the Stock Exchange
that the rate of discount of the Rank of England
will be advanced to-morrow.
Iu the British House Commons the Kill cslablis cslablising
ing cslablising 8 hours as being a legal day’s work for those
occupied as miners was road a second time, the
votes being 279 against 201.
Her Haiesty tho Queen has officially announced
the betrothal of the Duke of York to l’rinccss May.
The race for tho 2,000 guineas run yesterday at
Newmarket resulted as follows : hiwjh.'s, Ist ;
liuvensbvry, 2nd ; Jtoiburn, 3rd.
Telegrams from Madras report of tho death
from wounds lately indicted by a tiger of Gen General
eral General James Dormer.
Intelligence from Melbourne announces that all
the banks at present suspended ure preparing to
resume business.
Paris advices state that Mr. Cotter for the
United States lias concluded bis speech in connec connection
tion connection with the Alaska arbitration cuse, and M. Cou Coudert
dert Coudert has commenced his aiguments beforo the
Comini.-sion.
Berlin ndvices report that Count Von Cuprivi
has addressed the Reichstag on the Army Kill.
It is reported that if tho Rill is rej cted the Reich Reichstag
stag Reichstag will be dissolved. j
H.M.S. Blake will leave Now York Larbour for
Bermuda on tho 10th instant.
London, May 5 —lt is announced that although
there is seiious illness iu his family his Lordship
Bishop Swaby purposes leaving England by next
Royal Mail on a temporary visit to his diocese.
New York, May 5. —Tho depression in Exchange
ia caused by the increased purchases of securities 1
in London duiiug tho semi-panic in New York
causing the collapse of the national cordage and
similar large properties ; several other failures are
also reported. Railways remain comparatively
steady.
In tho HoUSO of OoilllUOUN ttie Homs S»-ir*lorjr, |
in reply to u question by Mr. lveir Birdie, stated
it bad been decided to keep the troops at Hull
daring tho present unsettled state of things exist existing
ing existing tbeie. This statement was received with cheers
from all parts of the House.
The strike iu the flax spinning industry at Dun Dundee
dee Dundee has been settled and work resumed.
News from India states that the Indian Govern Government
ment Government have annexed Ikloocbistan, deposit g tho
Kbaa of Khclat for exercising murderous and
cruel couduct towards his lute subjects; ho ho* been
nominally succeeded by bis son.
London news states that the election of Lady
Somerset us President of the British \V- men’*
Temperance Society has caused the s- cession of
175 brunches ns u protect against tho Society
meddling iu politics.
Prom Paris it i.s announced th it the Chamber
of Deputies have passed the Bill abolishing the
S Octroi dues.
Marshal MucMalion is reported to be suffering
j from an attack of influenza.
| Berlin dispatches stulo Ibnt Cout.t Von Cuprivi
: hut mfnrmod the Rundesrutb tint the Emperor
| has signed the rescript dissolving tho Reichstag.
Brussels news states that tho Government has
invited the International Monetary Confcrcnco to
assemble eo the doth instant.

Dcmnrara 5.- Tho Hon. W. 3. Turner, Chief
J Commissary and acting Auditor General, died
i boro last evening.
Porto Rico 5. —Her Royal Highness Eulalia, In Infanta
fanta Infanta of Spain, and her husband Don Antoine de
; Bourbon, accompanied by tho Due do Tamarnes
I and tho M.irqucsn do Arcohorutoso arrived here this
i morning from Spain m tho mail steamer Crtstina,
and leave to-night for Havana cn route for Chicago.
Iho City is en fC-tc. A grand official icceptiou was
given and great enthusiasm manifested.
New York, May G. —ln tho House of Commor.3
yesterday, tho Right Hoi. tho Speaker, replyu g
to a question from Mr. A. J. Balfour, stated that
ho had rejected 12 proposed instruction to the
Committee regarding the Homo Rule Amendments.
Ho further stated that ho had allowed instructions
to bo issued for tho introduction of a separate Bill
regarding tho Irish Imperial delegation,
j .Bir Charles Dilko’M motion that the Lords
I Lieutenant of Ireland iD future appoint County
magistrates was carried by a vote of 293 to 240.
Ihe Right Hon. Mr. \V. E. Gladstone, replyiug
to a question from tho Right Hon. \V. L. Jackson,
stated that it is his intention for the present to
postpono all financial clauses of tho Homo Rule
Bill.
It is stated that the Miners' Federation, the
j Souneu’j and Firemen’s Unions bavo decided to
’initiate a universal combination of Tradcm’ Union
j Societies.
j Ibe 1,008 gninoas race was run at Newmarket
| yesterday and resulted as follows : La B Its Siffle use,
Ist; Dame I‘rescdent, 2nd ; Treasure, 3rd.
Advices from Melbourne f >;noun •’ suspen suspension
sion suspension of the Colonial Km’ r A . - with
liabilities estimated at i • ;ts
equal to 3,524,000 pom. w
l lie British public.
Berlin despatches state
on the Army Bill will bo
Telegrams frein Brussels .
(ary Conference has been pootp .. .. Nor Norcmicr
cmicr Norcmicr next.
t Fhe panic that has recently existed in Now
York respecting tho Industrial Corporation rbtros
has ended, tho only important failures that havo
occurred being that of the National Cordage Asso Association
ciation Association and Messrs. S. V. Whito A Co. In conse consequence
quence consequence of the panic London speculators bought
100,600 shares at panic prices, thus depressing
tho exchange market to below tho gold export
p- int.
London, May 8. —Sir Charles Cameron Lcos,
K.C.M.G., tho newly appointed Governor to Bri British
tish British Guiana, is now rocovering from a sever*
attack of influenza in this city.
The death is announced of Sir James Anderson,
a director of the West India A Ban im i Telegraph
Co., and formerly Captain of the lute s.s. Ureal
Eastern.
New York, May 8 London despatches nn nnnonnoo
nonnoo nnnonnoo that Mr. Michael Davitt his boeu declared
a binkrnpt for tho non-payment of bis I’arliuiucn I’arliuiucntary
tary I’arliuiucntary election foes.
Monster meetings are being held in London find
tho provinces in favour of tho general adoption of
the 8 hour-.’ movement.
Telegrams from Dublin roport tho explosion of
a powerful dynamite bomb at tho Fonrconrts
yesterday, it being the anniversary of tha murder
of Lor i Frederick Cavendish. The windows of
Fuurconrta were completely shattered and the
masonry of tho huildibg loosenod.
Despatches from Berlin nnnounae the rejection
in the Reichstag of the Army Bill by a vote of 210
to I(>2. On the announcement of the vote Conut
von Caprivi resigned his portfolio of Premier and
(H'tiniini-nil tlic Hi â– isolation of the Reichstag in
accordance with tho K user's rescript of the lth
instant. The new writs for new elections will be
immediately issuod and to take place on the 15th
Jane.
A despatch from the I’aris correspondent of tho
-Veic Foifc lb raid states that the Rope has Agreed
in conjunction w ith the Kaiser that it is neceeeary
to issue an encyclical letter suggesting tho disarm disarmament
ament disarmament of Italy, Austria, Spain, Belgium and Rus Russia.
sia. Russia. This news, however, is to be accoptod with
reserve.
Festivities amongst the n-val vessel* in Now
York Harbour continue. On Saturday two of the
seamen of 11. 31. K Blake, Messrs. Halyard and
Hunt, who rescued front drowning tho persons
who were capsized in the Bay, wero decorated with
tho United States Life Saving Medal*. In a Ixvat
race winch was organized amongst the fleet, the
whaleboat of II M.S. Blake come in second to tbe
I boat belonging to llie Russian frigate tlio General
Admi al. In tbo race between the barges of the
| ships of war 10 started, the result being the barge*
I of 11. H.rt, Austral a secured first nml third plnces.
1 I he boats of tho American fleet were ineligible.
The celebrated gout belonging to the crew of
H.M.S. ill /icicnuc has been the recipient of •
very valuable collar subscribed for by popular
subscription* iu New York.

[New Series.



SfECUZ. London S.—Tha Under Secretary of i
Stiita for the Colonies stated ia the House of Cona Conar.tons
r.tons Conar.tons that a letter had been received from Mr.
l>avii ces occurrences in that Colony. Despatches had also oeen
receive! from H. E. Sir Win, Haynes Smith,
K.C.M.G. relating thereto. The matter is receiv- 1
ing the most amicus attention of the Government.
New York, May 9.—During tLo debate in com committee
mittee committee of tbo House of Commons cn the Home ,
Dale hill Mr. Gladstone announced that he had j
dertermineJ to retain the ninth clause refering to !
the regulation of the IrUh Impend delegation in J
its present form. Mr. J. Chamberlain stated that j
La uoi.ld in regular order move the postponement ,
cf the first eight clauses of tl.e L'iil beginning !
with the most important. The motion to postpone
the first clause was however defeated by 27U, to
213. During ti e debate many dilatory motions
were l rought forward. The Opposition tauntingly
c ritieuted the Government during the discussion.
The Iti-h Members abstained from taking a pro prominent
minent prominent part ia the proceeding. After a silting of
ti hours the Closure was applied.
The death is announced of the Right Itsv.
Lord I\tre.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
THE SEW IJIIO OIL
Sib, —Can you inform mo whether
there is any rale nathorizins the Post Postmaster
master Postmaster to close the Post Office to the
geueral public at any time between
'J a.in. and 4 p.m. ? The inlaml post
leaves on Wednesdays and Saturdays for
Portsmouth. Several persons came to post
letters at a quarter to 10 to-day and to
their great annoyance and inconvenience i
they found the post office closed. They j
knocked and the Postmsater (Mr. Fadclle) I
who was inside, sni i il I am making up
mails for inland post," and did not open.
Nov, Sir, I cannot understand why Mr.
Fuddle should take it into his head to
e >e the Post Office just at the time
* nps are required to be purchased to I
put on letters for postage. If he has to
close the office to enable him to make up :
the inland post of what use then is the
Clerk he has in the person of Mr. !
George Sharpe 1
These inconveniences never happened
in Mr. Garraway’s time.
Yours See.,
ONE OF THE PU BLIC.'
Wednesday, 10th May, 1803.
BEPEISALS.
Sin,—The observance of the Carnival season
in this island is common knowledge, and is
probably as old as the island itself. In days
pone by tbe festival used to be kept up on tbo
Monday and Tuesday proceeding and on Ash
Wednesday, when it ceased. A few years ,
ago the masqueraders obtained permission liom
tbe late President Eldridge to perform during
the whole week. Personally I think this was
n mi-take, and as far ss I am concerned I re regard
gard regard the iniiiction of even the three days
•• rotting” as quite enough nuisance ; hut I
am not so selfish as to wish to force rey
ideas down the throats of the people who, al although
though although to my annoyance, believe that they are
amusing themselves by running about in dis disguise.
guise. disguise. At any rate our children like to see
•* the masks,’’ so for tlie sake of the little or.os,
wo toleiato them. It is, however, a fact that
the carnival is dying, however •• hard.*’ and
is now inucii degenerated from the gorgeous
displays of the past. Had it been left alone, !
by next year it would assuredly have been
dead. Hut Mr. Lellunte, with that fondness
for having a finger in every pie ito the detri detriment
ment detriment of the dish) 1 ns done all in his power
»o huliic. Tuts war, in itie week t>e- 1
lore Lent, an august body know n as the Hoard
of Health met and solemnly decided by re-!
solution that carnival was to be observed
themetore on two days only, Monday and
Tuesday previous to Lest, and to cease on (
Ash Wednesday. What on earth tbe Hoard
of Health had to do with this matter no one j
can exnlain except Mr. Lellunte who is Chair- '
man or the Hoard. Well, this resolution of
the Board was officially placarded over the
town and the police were ordered to see that
it was obeyed. The result was an inpetos to J
masquerading until then moribund. The
*• masks’came our on the Wednesday in spite '
to the resolution of the Board. Mr- Jatnos 1
attd ail his police who interfered With them
were driven to the Fort. Mr. James turned
in, the policemen turned out. hut were beaten
and Went to hospital. Mr. Lellunte boaring
ot the battle rushed to the Fort in a fury. The
Mght was distressing, the men the worse for
•i- encounter. He. took a survey of his dis- f
"td soldiers ami sallied forth to patrol the (
on. It y way of emphasizing bis displeasure '
l.t» carried his rcvoiver—trfticA he is said to

THE DOMINICA GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1593.

have discharged in the streets. What was tbe
result? Two nights after, the whole of
Koseau turned out in torch-light procession to
fete the Pope’s jubilee. Every single polico policonan
nan policonan kept to barracks and even Mr. Lellun'e
thought it wiser not to patrol even with his
revolver. The temper of the people had been
roused and they felt that Mr. Lellunte, Mr.
James, and all his policemen wero at their
mercy. They paraded opposite the Foftand
hooted ard yelled and made a hideous noise.
Mr. Lellunte was livid with rage for days
after. And now comes the question, llsd all
this auy connection with Mr. LeHoute's mo motives
tives motives for planning and carrying out the Lap*
laiue campaign, with a view to retaliation?
Yours truly,
A LITTLE BIRD.
Btb May, 1893.
THE DOMINICA GUARDIAN.
FIAT JUSTITIA.
SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1893.
SHEWING THE WAY.
The list of Isiplaine grievances
published last week must be supple supplemented
mented supplemented by one or two more, which
apply however to the working of the
Land and House Tax over the entire
island. By the original Act of 18S3
taxes in default are to be collected by
levy and sale of all or any of the real
or personal property of the defaulter.
I Now, it is obvious that the easiest
: way of realising the tax due by one
: of these defaulters would be to levy
in the First instance on some portion
of his personal property aud to sell
that for the tax. The average amount
! of these taxes does not exceed a few
1 shillings, but when once a man be be'
' be' comes a defaulter for the one or two
j shilling tax, he is saddled with such
additional costs as overwhelm him. It
seeing curious reasoning on the part
of the Government that because a
man cannot pay a four shilling tax
(like Pierre Colard) he must be able
to pay fourteen shillings tax and
S costs' Again, instead ot levying the
| tax in default promptly for each pe period,
riod, period, as soon as the taxpayer makes
default, the Government allows years
of accumulation to take place before
proceeding to recover the arrears of
| taxes. Here again it is obvious that if
a man has become a defaulter for one
| period of tax, you are not assisting
him by allowing him to continue in
default fur months and years before
you come down on him for a total
amount which has increased by arith arithmetical
metical arithmetical progression to a sum out of
of till proportion to his means.
These two points are susceptible of
easy remedy. But before we proceed,
it is necessary to mention one other
cause of friction. The proceedings
taken against defaulters arc entirely
| c.e parte, and the dufaulter has never
| been allowed an opportunity of being
heard. A man’s property has been
valued and his name is put down on
1 a list for the payment of a tax col collected
lected collected on the value at which his pro property
perty property has been assessed by the Gov Government.
ernment. Government. The period comes round
aud he does not pay. He has then
! become a defaulter, and his name is
i inserted in a defaulter's list which is
; made up bv the Government Officer
and sent to the Provost Marshal.
After a time application is made to
the Judge to levy execution on the
1 defaulters mentioned in the list. The
! order is signed and the Provost Mar Marshal
shal Marshal proceeds to advertise in the
Official Gazette the fact that on a

certain day a whole batch of proper properties
ties properties will be sold for default in pay payment
ment payment of taxes. On the day of so socalled
called socalled sale he “ sells” the properties
by calling out a list of names one
after the other, while one ot the
Clerks in the office is furnished with
a list of the taxes due, and after each
name is mentioned by the Marshal
there is a slight pause and the Clerk
calls odt the amount due. This trans transaction
action transaction is recorded in a big book and
the defaulters’ properties are theu
said to have been sold to the Govern Government.
ment. Government. After some months of further
delay the Marshal, on the application
of the Government, makes out ano another
ther another list of the properties so sold and
sends his bailiff with an “ authoriza authorization”
tion” authorization” (under the amending Act of
1392) to take possession of all such
properties, and the bailitf goes to
“ eject” the defaulting owners from
their houses. This is exactly what
happened on the Ist of April [if it
was not actually the Ist it should
have becuj when bailiff Boyer went
to turn out Pierre Colard. Well, the
poiut that the Laplaine labourer
makes a grievance of is this : Up to
the time that Boyer puts in an ap appearance
pearance appearance he knows nothing of these
proceedings. He knows he has not
paid his tax, it is true ; but he does
nut read, and if he does he has never
seen or heard of the Official Gazette,
and Boyer tells him for the first time
that his property has been sold aud
he must quit. Now, his ideas of the
matter are that this is all wrong. He
has no respect for Boyer, and refuses
to believe that Boyer, in his own in insignificant
significant insignificant person, can possibly be the
embodiment of such an amount of
lav' and authority. The Laplaine
peasant’s idea of law is gained from
his experience that when he gets iuto
trouble lie appears before a Magis Magistrate.
trate. Magistrate. Should the proceedings be
unfavourable to him the Magistrate
makes an order which he has to obey
eilher by the payment of money, or
in default of payment the amount is
levied by distress, or in default of
distress he goes to prison. He under understands
stands understands all this thoroughly. He has
moreover beeu present before the
Magistrate and has had his say. He
has lost his case, as he calls it, but he
is perfectly satisfied. But when Boyer
comes and tellshim that his nameisona
list which has been submitted to the
Treasurer, the Judge and the Provost
Marshal in Roseau, and now he must
leave his house, the man’s ideas of law
are upset and lie tells you he does
not believe Boyer or that such can be
the law. Bring him before the Ma Magistrate
gistrate Magistrate for the non-payment of the
tax. Let the Magistrate hear him
fully. In the absence of auy valid
reason or excuse for the non-payment
of the tax, the Magistrate wall make
an order ou him to pay it. In default
levy on his pig, his sheep, his cow,
or anything moveable in his house;
and in default of any of these you
may lock him up or then sell his
house or land and he will not mur murmur.
mur. murmur. Why, even with the present
machinery, the Provost Marshal isnot
directed to levy on the personal pro property
perty property of the defaulter, instead of in indulging
dulging indulging in the ejectment process, is
known only to the advisers of the
Government. For when the houses
of the defaulters have been nailed up,

or their owners have been “t*
cally ejected” by removal of theU 5
and windows of the houses, i
benefit has the Government dcii» <
Not one cent has been colk 1
thereby. *
The course suggested can be it ,
ted and carried out without, 1
friction, and we venture to say \ *
advantage to the Government,
present the people have a fur <
grievance. They sav, with re* J
that it is uufair for the Governm, 1
to disposses them of their houses!
lauds for the non-payment of a
which represents only two per cei 1
the whole value of the prop«{ 1
Take Pierre Colard’s case : The(
vernment value his property at£
His tax per period is 4/. He is to >
ejected for non-payment of 14/S *
and costs, and the Government *
to'take aud keep his property wo t
£2O for a debt of 14/, ami the I 1
ance of £l9. G. 0 also goes to
Government. We have no hesfiat >
in saying that for the purposes (
taxation Pierre Colard’s house is i
worth £2O, but he knows that if j
were defendant in a civil suit and: *
plaintiff got an order and put up. J
house and lot for sale to satisfy f
judgment and costs of 14, the h t
ance of the purchase money wot l
come to him when the debt wa3»
isFied by the sale of his house, ik \
ever it is worth. He therefore thini t
it unjust for the Government total ®
his entire property, valued at pons ;
for a tax of a few shillings and at j
him starving to the woods. Tk «
is what he says ; and, for the presa ; c
this one of his grievances is woris *
the consideration of the Governm* t
supposing they were ignorant of I
before. *
I
WHAT IS THE LAW ? \
t
A GREAT many defenders of tbe actii s
of the Government excuse the untortum c
occurrences at Laplaine by saying thatti c
law must be obeyed, that the* people k J
no right to resist the law, that the stm *
arm of the law should be respected; it '
by enunciating various other well-knot t
and proper truisms to which we, i t
upholders of law and order, give enw t
concurrence. We wish it to be distinct! t
understood tha*. we do not and cannot d I
vocate wilful non-payment of taxe3. li 1
every country taxes must be levied ik ®
paid for the support and good governmes 1
of the people. It is unfortunately trat
that our taxes are mis-npplied, that <* *
Government is faulty, and that our monti
is wasted ; but while these may be came a
of complaint, they do not affect the p» <
ciple that there must be taxes. We g» <
further and say here that wo think it Ten }
hard and unfair that some of us in RoieK ®
and other places are made to pay tax*
while at other parts of the island, lik J
Laplaine for instance, the people should a
cape payment altogether. Every member*
the community should be made to bear *k
to pay his fair share of taxation. But whik
we concede all this, we cannot admit Ur*
because a man breaks the law he must p»!
the penalty by death. Murder and tress* {
are the only offences, we believe, for whia ,
the extreme penalty is required by law. * j
is therefore highly necessary to inquire whr £
ther those persons responsible for the do»d
of the four men at Laplaine on the 13d
April last, and on whose behalf the majesty j
of the law is invoked as an excuse, re*Uj |
have any law on thoir side to justify the* j
for what they have doue. $
In the first place we submit that, a9 a gea*j
eral principle, it is wrong and illegal to sra
policemen ptevious to their being soot t®
execute civil process; and wo quostion wh9**
ther policemen should properly be seat



any case to perform such duties, for which
the law has provided a bailiff. Secondly, it
is not lawful to raise a force for the execution
of civil process unless a previous resistance
has been met with. If these two proposi propositions
tions propositions be applied to the occurrences of the
13th April, it will be found that a force was
raised and taken to Pierre Colard’s house
before any attempt had been previously made
to execute the process, which moreover was
entrusted entirely to nine policemen, no
bailiff having been engaged either beforehand
or at all. As to the actual shooting of the
four men, so long as it is said that the police policemen
men policemen fired “ without orders" the illegality of
the act is conceded, and neither “extreme
provocation" nor “ self defence" will avail.
But supposing that there actually occurred a
rii/tJas it has been called by the Governor’s
apologists] at Laplaine on the 13th April,
that would not of itself justify the shooting,
for it is hid down that in case of a riot, the
peace officers and their assistants, endeavour endeavouring
ing endeavouring to disperse the mob, are justified both at
common law and by the Riot Act, in pro proceeding
ceeding proceeding to the last extremity, in case the riot
cannot otherwise be sujjpressed. It must be
shewn that every other means was exhausted
before proceeding to extremities.
But apart from these general principles,
we contend that the whole action of the
Governor and those who advised him was on
that day unlawful from beginning to end, and
for the following reasons: We have already
pointed out how the Government endeavoured
to get the benefit of the Act No. 10 of 1892
by directing the Provost Marshal to send a
bailiff with an authority to eject defaulters
from their houses, and it will be remembered
that Boyer was sent to Laplaine for the pur purpose,
pose, purpose, and that he began with Pierre Colard.
Now, it is clear that the first warrant or
order to eject Pierre Colard was issued to
bailiff Boyer, who went to execute it about
the Ist or 2nd April last. Meeting with re resistance,
sistance, resistance, he sought and obtained the aid of
Mr. Jarvis, Inspector James and four police policemen,
men, policemen, and they all returned to Pierre Colard’s
house on the sth April, when the xoarrant
teas executed and Pierre Colard was ejected
on that day. This is admitted in the Gover Governor’s
nor’s Governor’s official statement, and 6worn to by Mr.
Jarvis at the Inquest, when he stated that
they lifted Pierre Colard bodily from the
bouse and cariied him away and deported
liim in the road. Here then had been a com complete
plete complete vindication of the law. Pierre Colaid
had been ejected. The warrant had been
executed. No doubt Pierre Colard returned
to his house after being ejected. If he did
so, he may or may not have committed an
offence for which he could have been prose prosecuted
cuted prosecuted and summarily convicted before a
Id agistrate. The remedy against him in such
ft case would not be to issue warrant after
warrant, merely for the fun of taking him
out of his house every time just to give him
the trouble of walking back again. The
ejectment warrant having once been execu executed,
ted, executed, there was an end of it. Pierre Colard
might be a wilful trespasser for returning to
his own house after being put out, and he
i might no doubt have been punished as such,
j but not l»y the issue of any further war war.
. war. rants of ejectment.
i Yet on the 13th April when the Governor
t started on his expedition, he ordered and
, obtained from Mr. Musgrave, the Provost
* Marshal, a second warrant of ejectment
s against Pierre Colard, directed this time to
*â–  Corporal Green (a policeman) to put him out
[» of the house, just as though the first warrant
1 had never been issued to Boyer (a bailiff)
K and had not been already executed since the
j, sth April. Now, if the issue of this second
warrant was, as we contend, illegal, no one
e had auy right in Pierre Colard’s house at all
j on the 13th, and every one present and pro protending
tending protending to act under the authority of that
j, warrant was a trespasser responsible for all
the consequences of an illegal act. So
that if the Governor started on his mission
J without any authority of law,he and all vbo
J assisted him acted illegally; and if they
* acted illegally from the first they cannot
jT be said to have shot the people who resist resist*cd
*cd resist*cd them because it was necessary to
*: enforce the law, when they had no law on
** their side. For these reasons also, and
yJfor the further reason that the policemen
“J had no business at Pierre Colard’s on the
el 13th, or if there, had no right to go there
armed, they cannot be said to have been
e0 * res is tod in the execution of their duty.
r “ Such is the aspect of affairs as they
."present themselves to us from the point of
“Lview of ‘'law and order."
>

THE DOMINICA GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 189.1

THE GOVERNOR AND THE ROAD
BOARD.
The following letters, which have
been sent to"us for!] publication, ; will
speak for themselves, and serve to
shew hew the Governor observes the
laws of his own creation, and how
His Excellency propitiates gentlemen
of Dominica ready and Hble to advise
him. Mr. Hamilton is still a member
of the Board and an attempt at a
meeting of it has been made since
these letters. The concluding para paragraph
graph paragraph of Mr. LeHunte’s reply to Mr.
Pemberton is both inaccurate and
pointless. Mr. Davies also received
a reply identical in terms, and of the
same date. The members of the
Board have had no voice whatever
in the ordering or direction of pub public
lic public works, and at the two soli solitary
tary solitary “ revived meetings” mentioned
by Mr. Pemberton the only “wishes''
put forward were those expressed by
the Governor himself in his usual
disconnected and informal style, as
the Minutes can prove :
Dominica,
15th March, 1893.
Sir, —I beg that jon will convey to the Gov Governor
ernor Governor notice of the resignation of my seat at
the Road Board, which I hereby tender.
When llis Excellency recently intimated to
the House his iuteutiou at length to comply
with the lload Act and to resuscitate the
Board, which had not boon summoned to meet
for a year and eight mouths previously, I put
aside my own personal feelings at the treat treatment
ment treatment wo bad received, and l obeyed the sum summons
mons summons to attend the first revived meeting, on
the lGtli December last, in a loyal spirit and
as if nothing had occurred.
As, however, I observe that there is no real
intention to deviate from the old order of
tilings, and that the members of the Road
Board have neither the voice nor the power
which aro vested in them by law over the
management, control, expenditure or upkeep
of the roads of tlm island, and that transac transactions
tions transactions and operations in regard to roads and
bridges are (as heretofore) carried o»n without
an}’ reference to the Board and of which,
moreover, the members of the Board are igno ignorant,
rant, ignorant, I must decline to continue to occupy
what I cannot do less than designate a false
position.
Eveu since the attempt at its revival the
Board has met but twice up to the present
time and then merely to ho told (to some
extent only) what has been done rather than
to consider and sanction what should he done,
while the members of tho Board are unfairly
regarded by the taxpayers as responsible for
the expenditure (unnecessary, wasteful or
otherwise,) of their money which, by the
way, should be previously voted to the Board
by the Assembly.
And I may hero be permitted to inquire
why the reply of the Secretary' of State to the
complaint addressed to Ilia Lordship by the
Road Board nearly eighteen months ago, has
never been communicated to tho Board,
although the Governor, upon being interro interrogated
gated interrogated ou the subject more than once iu the
Assembly’, stated that such reply would be
announced to the Board at its next'' meet meeting,
ing, meeting, such “next" meeting being at the tiino
highly problematical and depending entirely
on the will of His Excellency, who did not, as
I have said, eventually summon the Board to
meet until tho lfitli December last, neither
did he then communicate the promised reply.
I am ready and willing at ail times to assist
the Government in any thing in my humble
way, and to the best of mv ability, but my
obligations are many and my time is pre precious
cious precious ; and it i 6 preferable that I should devote
my energies to my own affairs and make
room at the Board for some one whose ser services
vices services will be better appreciated and to whose
suggestions more attention will be paid.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
SHOLTO R. PEMBERTON.
To Ilia Honour Tiie Commissioner,
Ac., &c., Ac.
Dominica.
Roseau, 21st April, 1893.
Ilis Excellency
Sir W. F. Haines Smith, K.C.M.G.,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
Sir, — I hereby tender my resignation as
member of tiie Roml Board since I perceive
that Your Excellency’s promise to carry out
the working of the ifoaid according to tho

Road Act was but a blind to cover some
purpose.
I am, Sir,
Y'our obedient Servant,
Wji. DAVIES.
Dominica, No. 94.
Commissioner’s Office,
28!b April, 1893.
Sir,— I am directed by tho Governor to
acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the
Jsll l March intimating your resignation of
your seat at tho Road Board.
With reference to your remark as to the
working of the Board, 1 am directed to point
out that since the Board recommenced its
sittings the meetings and proceedings of the
Benid have been entirely regulated by the
members and that in every case the Local
Governments (sic) have at once acceded to the
wishes of tho Board.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
G. RUTIIVEN LiIIUNTE,
Commissioner.
To Sholto R. Pemberton, Ei-q.
Roseau.
And William Davies, Esq.,
Melville Hull.
UU* TO DATE.
On Saturday last St. Villa Gregoire was
committed for trial by Mr. Magistrate Uo.
per, and on Monday the Attorney Gener General
al General concurred in an application by Mr, S. 11.
Pemberton, who appeared for the prison prisoner,
er, prisoner, that the case stand over to the next
Circuit to be held in this Presidency.
The Governor says that Gregoite raised
his stick to strike Mr. Thompson. Mr.
Thompson says Gregoite struck at P.O. Jar Jarvis
vis Jarvis with a cutlass. But Gregoite had neither
stick nor cutlass, or he would have made it
very much warmer for the sailors and police policemen
men policemen who half killed him.
The St. Lucia Voice, is in error only in
stating that Captain Bay ley ol tin* Mohawk
was a passenger with Mr. Jarvis to Eng England.
land. England. The passenger was Mr. John Myers,
Boatswaiu of the ship. No religious feel
ing lias, however, as far as we know,
been imported into the Laplaine matter.
The Mohawk is still in port, and from
all appearances is likely to remain lor
some time longer. It it is true that tho
Presidency will have to pay the expenses of
this ship’s stay at the rate ol illoo per
day, the bill must by this time represent,
an amount which would fully justify the
filing of our petition in bankruptcy.
The following paragraph is taken from
the latest telepraphic bulletins received here
last night. Whether the enquiry be consi considered
dered considered special or not, it is certain that an
inquiry of some sort must be held, if even
it be merely the usual magisterial and sub subsequent
sequent subsequent judicial investigation into a charge
against some one for the deadi of the four
men:—
London, May 12tb.—In the Ilou?o of Common.',
yesterday, the Under Secrotary of State for the Co Colonies
lonies Colonies siaiscl that there was no necessity for the
appointment of a special enquiry into tho recent
disturbances in Dominica.
Ik the Governor was told that the people
had said they would rescue. Mr. Jarvis’
nnuggler rather than allow him to go to
jail, as is stated in the official report, Ilis
Excellency was again misled. Mr. Jarvis
certainly seized a bottle of tafia and a
bundle of cigars, but whether no duty bad
been paid ou them was never put in issue.
Every “smuggler ’ is upon conviction lined.
Iu delault ol payment the fine is levied
by distress. Failing that he goes to prison.
But before all this happens lie knows too
well his right of appeal , which he always
exercises, lie would not require to bo
“rescued.” Nor would he make an “at “attempt’’
tempt’’ “attempt’’ (how ?) at Laplaine to seize rum
already removed to Roseau !
The Circuit Court resumed its sitting on
Monday and Tuesday this week when tho
remaining criminal cases were disposed of
and the business terminated. There were
no civil cases on the list for trial. Tho crim crimiual
iual crimiual cases were unimportant, and there was
but one appeal to be heard. This was
,an appeal by Mr. S. R. Pemberton from
the decision of tho Commissioners of Val Valuation

uation Valuation who, on the mere application of the
Treasurer, had suddenly, on tho Bth Feb February
ruary February 1893, increased by fifty per cent
the value placed by them since 1886 on
tho house property in Roseau occupied
by tho appellant. The acting Attorney
General, Mr. C. 11. Beard, was instructed
to appear for the Treasurer. The Chief
Justice, Sir 11. T. Wrenfordsley, held that
in tho absence of any evidence by tho
Treasurer that the property had been im improved
proved improved or increased in value, but on tho
contrary had suffered the wear and tear
and decay natural to house property, tho
old value on which tho tax had ? -*ti
paid for six years m ist remain and tho
new value annu- ed.
The only evidence taken at tho Inquest
(so called) held bv M
lainc was that g reu by three pet .•'.ms:
1. Inspector Thompson, who .-ays he never
gave any orders to the policemen to,fire,
nor did he hear the Governor give any
such order. 2. Mr. John Jarvis who con confined
fined confined himself cntirely'to the previous pro proceedings
ceedings proceedings which took place on thefd/t April,
and which were uot then in issue ; and 3.
Dr. Hunter who swore that the four men
were killed by Snider (police) bullets, but
that the two women were wounded by
Martini-Henry (ships) bullets. It is duo
to the jury to say that they asked for moro
evidence and that they called for the ship’s
people, but they were told no one from tho
ship could come. On such evidence it is
impossible to find as a fact that the police
fired “ without orders,” although Inspector
Thompson says he gave none, and that ho
did not hear the Governor give any.
What were the police doing at Laplaine
that day with loaded ritlcs at all ? Why
wore they given rillcs, and ball catridgcs,
and by whom? That is the question.
Besides thi3, tho jury found that the police
fired “ under extreme provocation.’’ Such
an excuse, if even it were valid or could
stand argument for a moment, is quite
contrary to the ordinary idea of a police policeman’s
man’s policeman’s duties, and it was the Coroner’s
business to have told the jury that the ques question
tion question of “ provocation” was not for them. It
will be a very dangerous thing for a police policeman
man policeman to imagine that he can run and fetch
his rifle and lire it ofi whenever he is
“ provoked." The jury were :
W. H. Johnson—Foreman,
E. Hutton— Overseer,
11. Henderson—Road constable,
A. St. Hilaire—Planter,
W. Bowers— School master.
It seems now to be perfectly clear that
the twenty blue jackets landed from tho
Mohawk are as culpable as the nine police policemen
men policemen who fired at and killed the four men
at Laplaine on the 13th April. It has been
contended all along that the poor police policemen
men policemen alone did the dirty deed ami fired
“ without orders" ; while the Man-of-war’s
men are said to be too well disciplined to
do anything so outrageous. But we em emphatically
phatically emphatically assert that the sailors fired at
the people as well as the police. In tho
Governor’s official statement he says:
“ tho blue jackets fired in tho air,’’ white
Mr. Stevenson says: “suddenly a few
shots were heard. They came from tho
police wlio were told (by whom f) to stop.
Lieutenant Philpots, seeing the police flro
ordered two ol his men to fire in the air.
No otlwr shots were sue l by the Hue jackets ."
Now these two statements do not agree,
and we are in a position to prove that
neither is accurate. At tlie inquest, In Inspector
spector Inspector Thompson deposed as follows:
“Shots were fired by the police and tho
seamen. The seamen fired first. The first
shots were fired in the air over tho heads
of the people." Wo have heard that
Captain Baxley also says that, only f">
single shots were fired by hi- men. This
is disproved (l) by
Inspector Thompson, (2, by tun facitiiat
the wornea were wounded (as the Doctor
of the ship swore at the inq . ’) by . .
bullets, (3) by the marks at the fatal spot
left by tho ship’s bullets, and (4) by tho
empty Martini-Henry (naval) cartridges
since found ; and the two last mentioned
circumstances also disprove the theory
that “ the blue jackets fired in the air"
only. But we are grateful to Mr. Steveu Steveuson
son Steveuson for the “official" admission that an
order to fire was at any rate giver* by
Lieutenant Philpots to two ol bis men to
lire in the air 1! !



THE CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTION IN
TRINIDAD.
. • . : . .1
Tm. Cor.ititu'.i :>r.al question in this island
Fecn.' r-s f ii oil a satisfactory i<»u as ever. !
It is admitted that in a i.vh aii.i growing!
coi. i |>Oj>u!ati n near on *>o.ooo, the!
existing sv*tcm of Crow n Government has j
lilousanaehi nisro. The mih '
verratinn* _f public funds by hi"h officials, j
the i.ei.i’ai corruption reigning in the public .
ret vice. tiic profligately wasteful expenditure |
\Uiit h. there as cUcwheie, arc the predestined j
irui:» oi st.rh a system of Government would
have long ago ruined any less wealthy de dependency
pendency dependency ut the British Crown, in sptte,
however, of the wholesale robbery of the
earnings oi her people by an Administration
which costs jii«t twice what it should, she
Col'.my is still able to go on, but the men oi
the new and growing class of small land landowners,
owners, landowners, which may t: u!y be sa : d to have
been called into existence by the wise mea measures
sures measures of Sir Arthur Gordon, have pretty well
resolved now to have a voice in the mode of
raising and the expenditure of the public
funds to which they in one way and another
contiibute the largest portion. The agitation
for representation in the Legislative Council
by the taxpayers was sufficiently strong (lur (luring
ing (luring the Administration of that agreeable
ch.il.Uan Bir Williim Robinson to compel
the appointment of a Commission to frame a
suitable Constitution for Trinidad, but the
selection of Mr. Attorney General Gattv,
the open and avowed enemy of the native
race in these colonies, the propagandist of
stronj aoveniment for places inhabited by men
cd Afiican origin, was sufficient indication of
tho design of the Government merely to
emu e the leaders of the movement by pre
tending to take them into council and ultim ultimately
ately ultimately to send them away empty handed,
battled and discredited. This is precisely
w hat happened. Under the pretext of con consulting
sulting consulting public opinion, which had already
pi on tinted itself, the notables of the
Colony w ere called be fore a Commission to
gi\e their ideas as to the kind of constitution
suitable : *r Trinidad, and then submitted to
a s<>rt of cross-examination by Mr. Gattv,
in the course of which, with great ingenuity
end malice, he got them one after the other
to commit themselves to the most damaging
judgments nr the capacity of one class or
another of their countrymen, and at the
same titire to disclose the most gn torque and
cot dieting theories on the objects and func functions
tions functions of representative government, ft is
one of the most fatally evil results of inei
pondble Government that it so degrades the
p -lineal sense of men who have long lived
under its influence, as to unfit them for tho
intelligent comprehension and handling of
public affairs, and it is as little to be won wondered
dered wondered at, as it was unfortunate, that men A
si kiidim; and of proved capacity in the con conduct
duct conduct cl the otuinary affairs of life in Trinidad
should have unconsciously played into the
lands of the arch enemy of their race by
the exhibiti n they were led to make befote
the Trinidad Ueform Commission of their
ignorance of public waists and of the proper
conduct of public business. The situation
created iheteby was of course gleefully ex exj
j exj toiled by Mr. Gattv. to whom carte itanche
was given by bit William Ilobir.sou. anxious
to retain to the last the sort of factitious
popularity he had acquired in tho colony,
and ibet chore hy|*.*crui<*aUy keeping in the
background. Tho evidence taken and the
opinions expressed be foie the Commission
were summed up in a confidential tcp.wt in
which ah the absurdities and incongruities
we«e elovcily and miMciksslv exposed in
order to show the urprepaicdius* ct tlie pec pecpie
pie pecpie of the Colony for a nne liberal consti constitution;
tution; constitution; and, of course, the majority rc|*ort
ot the Uornmissior-. in which the articles of
a neur and reformed constitution woie inno innocently
cently innocently formulated, wa.- simply docketed as
an insincere concession to an unreal agitation
f menus! bv a few ambitious but broken men
lighting for place and power. And there was
jit*t that slight element of tinth ru this
representin' n to seture for it immediate
acceptance the part r>{ the bureaucrats of
the t tlonut Office, whose natural instinct is
to retain a* mruh ot the direct government
of the t.\ denies as is pw hands. The Secretary of Butc accordingly
deckled that Tiinida i was not yet fit h>r
llepn # uiiative Government. This di.-ap di.-app.'intment
p.'intment di.-app.'intment of their lro|<, teemed to have
produce-i for the time :» sort of despairing
tcdgi.ati >n iniong on; fcilow Colotdsts, and

THE DOMINICA GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1893.

f<>r a while nothiug was heard again of
Reform. In tlie meanwhile the Government
was inspired of its own will to make a change
iu the constitution of the Legislative Council
which, but for the tact of the whole thing,
being so monstrously ridiculous, would be
taken as a gross insult to the people of the
C -lony. The non-official members of the
Council—appointed by the Governor equal equally
ly equally with the official members—were desig designated
nated designated to represent different divisions cf
the island, and arc now made to figure
in the records as member for Arima,
member for Caroni, Arc., Ac. This really
farcical invention has, however, had a
different ellect to what was probably contem contemplate
plate contemplate 1, for it has greatly helped in reviving
the demand for Reform. The present pos posture
ture posture of affairs is nevertheless anything but
re assuring to the friends of Trinidad. In
all ar, 1 in tach of these Colonies there is a
class of men insignificant of themselves ami
in their numbers, but influential by reason
of their wealth and social position, whom
Fate makes the inevitable instrument for de defeating
feating defeating every legitimate political aspiration
of their fellow citizens. Belonging to the
people by their origin and unable on account
of the colour line to force the social barrier
which in the West Indies separates the man
cf African descent from the man of European
descent, yet they snccecd in acquiring sym sympathies
pathies sympathies and infecting themselves with ideas
which are not less dangerous to the well— well;
; well; being and advancement of the bulk of their
race because usually suppressed in public. In
! all popular movements these men seem to
! stand out as the naturally appointed leaders;
but the too-often-repeated failure of popular
movements in the West Indies is invariably
i due to their timidity, treachery and secret
hostility. To eliminate these men, to pi.t
them down from their position of vantage is
' unfortunately impossible. They are invaria invariai
i invariai bly men of good repute, and their social
stnndingmakesthemunattacknble. Neither
can !hoy be left out of any combination lor
political objects, except at the ri.-k of hav having
ing having the movement looked down upon as
disreputable. The problem how to utilize
the influQaceol such men while neutralizing
i their powers lor mischief has been solved
once only in Jamaica and once only in
* Dominica—on each occasion lor a short time
, comparatively—but no where else in the
West Indies, as far as wc can remember. In
â–  j lares like Antigua, St. Kitts. Ac., the po political
litical political degradation of the coloured race is
undoubtedly their work. In Trinidad they
j have been allowed to capture theorganiza
tion ot the Reform League, and everything
s now points to another juisco cf the Reform
j movement. When a popular leader shall
have arisen in Trinidad strong enough to
deal with the respectable men in that col
any as Parnell dealt with the Isaac Butts,
the O’Connor Dons, the O’Donr.ells. Ac., m
Ireland, then will Trinidad be in a fair wav
to get a certaru measure oi liberty aud of
i seif-government.
A. R. LOCKHART.
1 - -.-
JAMAICA.
! At a meeting of the Society of Agricul Agricul-1
-1 Agricul-1 tui *c and Commerce and Merchants’ Ex Exchange
change Exchange recently, a letter from the Colonial
Secretary was read in which it was stated
that the Governor had received a petition
troiii a number of Kingston merchants pray pray;
; pray; ing that a change be made in the supply of
j market reports, as at present furnished bv
au d P. Telegraph Company,
! vt>f j !c h hare been found to be unreliable,and
asking the opinion of the Society on the
matter.
The Secretary was directed to inform the
Colonial Secretary that in the opinion ol
the Council, market quotations should not
be supplied by any patticular agent or
finn. but that they should be secured from
! a reliable association, as for instance, the
f “ Produce Exchange” of New York or the
Brokers’ Exchange ol London.— Antigua
Standard.

ED. XEWMAX .St CO..
| General Commissian Merchants
AND
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Provisions and Liquors,
HJ Ith'h'T STLTEf,
ROSE A L', l> OM]N IC A .

JUST RECEIVED
Per S. S. “SI BUN” and other recent
arrivals from London:
LADIES’ Untrimmeil White Sun Sunbeam
beam Sunbeam Hats, Ladies’ untrimmed
Black k White Scarborough Hats,
Ladies’ Trimmed Fancy Straw Hats,
STYLES.
Gent’s Boating and Fancy Straw
HATS,
Gents' Coloured Felt, Terai and
Pa ,r ct Hats, Gents’ Black do. do.
A Choice Assortment of
LADIES AND GENTS'
soots & saoES,
Fancy Delaines and White Dress
StufTs
Colored Wool Shawls and Ladies’
Collars & Belts, (assorted styles,)
Sans Rival Corsets
Ladies’ Colored Silk Sunshades
L’d’s’ BTk Satin, Do with lace edges.
Cherry Blossom Essence, Soap and
Powder.
Gosncll’s Eau de Cologne (in small
Bottles,)
Jean Maria Farina’s ditto, ditto.
AND
A Large Assortment of
mm mnm
,IXD OTHER PERFUMERY.
Razor Paste.
Johnson's Bovril and Leibig’s Ex Extractor
tractor Extractor Meat
Preserved Smoked Bacon. Preserved
and Sausages in lib tins,
Petit Pois, Harricots Ye t h Olives,
Fine I,ucea|Oils, Yorkshire Relish,
1.1:1: PERRIN’S
wmamum mupcs,
PERSIAN SHERBET,
And a Large Assortment of
Confectionery and Syrups,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
L. A. GIRAUD & Co.
Old & Cork Streets, Roseau.
MACONOCHIE’S Perfection. Delicious
Ask for them and DC AI VflDll LI ALI Q
see you get them. ntAL lUnl\ fIAMO
THE PEOPLE’S STORE
WILL RE FOUND
A Large Lot of Fancy and Staple
GOODS.
RIBBONS, all colors; LACES, White anJ
Cream.
WIIITE COTTON TRIMMINGS
Black and Coloured SILK GLOVES
Do Do KID Do.
COLLARS, TIES, Silk and Linen HAND HANDKERCHIEFS.
KERCHIEFS. HANDKERCHIEFS.
EOBIERT.
loots shoes.
Gent*’ White and Colored Vests,
Tweed Pants,
Tweed and Serge Snits,
Felt and Straw Hats.
&GL3FH SYKIfP,
American Corn ft Hams.
W. I* BOARDS & PLANKS—dry.
Ac., Ac., Ac.
IIY. HAMILTON.
Hanover Street, 24th April, IS?3.

LAMPS!
The SUBSCRIBERS have just opened a
Fcnc Assortment of
£. JL m S» 8 »
OK A.L.T. STYLES,
which are offered CHEAP , and to which
an early inspection is solicited ,
viz .* —
HALL’S Suspension Lamps with ex extension
tension extension counterweigh!
Ditto ditto with ornamental crystal drops
Dining Itoom Lamps with assorted colored
founts
Brouzed Stand Table Lamps with Globts, :
assorted sizes j
China Stand Ditto, witL Etched Bulb
Chimneys 1
Nickle Plated Candle Lamps, with ruby
and posted Globes
Bronzed Bracket Lamps with Globes and 1
Reflectors
Opal Night Lamps with Globes 11
Shaftesburv Safety Lamps
LAMP CfSIMNLVS
AND
GLOBES OF ALL STYLES)
Brass Balancing Balls for J
Hurricane & Glass Lanterns, 3
SHIP* LAMPS. !
&c., Ac., Ac.
L. A. GIRAUD A Co. £
Old A Cork Streets.
PROVISIONS “
in
AT ti
swirima & go, s
\7 ORK Cut A Prime York Hams 01
Spiced Bacon, art
Shetland Cured Ling Fish, Roast, Boiled D
and Compressed Corned Beef, q, e
Bee\ a la mode, Stowed Kidneys C
Roast, Boiled and Haricot Mutton a<
Cod Roes, Tripe A Onions, Fresh Tripe rha
Irish Stew, Mock Turtle, Mulligatawnj
and Oxtail Soup ; Cambridge, Oxford o
and Mortadella Sausages, A
POTTED HAH and TONGUE, t
Sardines, Salmon, Lobsters A Oysters
Kippered Herrings, Petits PoisMoycu
Lea A Perrins’ Worcestershire Sao«Ev«
Goodall’s Yorkshire Relish
SUBLIME GLIYE GIE=
Round, Medium A Fine Ground Oatnwi
Ground Rice, Tapioca and Pearl
Brown A Poison’s Corn Flour, Gd»
tine, Jams and Comfits, Froitir
Syrup, Imperial French Piumi| j[
8A I S IS. S , '«i
Candied Citron, Lemon A Orange P« * M
Preserved Figs in tins, Raspberry, St»s»
berry, Lemou, Pine Apple, Almond® . '
Black Currant Syrup, t j ie
Huntley A Palmers"’ Biscuits,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
Roseau, 4th May, 1803.
BURTON J
(Successors to the late G. 1 . Bellot)
General Commission Iferch®
ROSEA U, DOMISICA, B. IT./- ’J
Aspinalls Enamel Paints,
In small tins, and BRUSHES
applying, at
L. A. GIRAUD A 0
- *
Printed aud published every SATCBI
morning, by JosKini flii.TOK Stkbkb, *•
o/lioe, 14S, Market Street, Roseau, Dot® l
lMi May, 1893.

, *7/ • IA
c- ./' c< 'V a r