The Arthur J. Marshall, Jr. Collection contains digital reproductions of papers by Arthur Raymond Marshall, Jr., (1919-1985) a south Florida ecologist whose work spanned "every significant environmental struggle in South Florida ... from dredging and filling issues in the 1950's to the repair of the Everglades today" (Al Burt, "The Marshall Plan", "Tropic", The Miami Herald, October 21 1984.) He campaigned against building a jetport and a barge canal in the Everglades, and, through his "Marshall Plan", promoted the restoration of the Kissimmee River to its natural state.
Sponsored by the Arthur R. Marshall Foundation & the Florida Environmental Institute, this collection of papers has been furnished to the Everglades Digital Library to provide a total perspective on the career of Arthur R. Marshall. His "total system view", recognizing the scientific basis for treating the Everglades from Lake Kissimmee to the Florida Bay as a single ecosystem, has emerged as the prevailing approach for restoring the south Florida ecosystem today.
If you would like more information on the ARM archives, please refer to the archival register from the Arthur R. Marshall Collection at University of Florida. You may also contact the Art Marshall Foundation for more information.
Guide to the Collection
Prepared by: John Marshall, Arthur R. Marshall Foundation
This collection of papers from Arthur R. Marshall starts with Marshall's March,
1972 Proposal for a Florida Environmental
Institute (FEI) . The questions raised in the proposal are very
contemporary, and indicate Art Marshall's appreciation for the system approach,
and the system scientist, or "generalist" which he was. The particular copy
digitized in this collection was found with papers establishing a Marshall
Foundation in 1982, with the assistance of Marjory Stoneman Douglas, and her
organization, Friends of the Everglades.
The next few items in the collection represent a series of "Petitions" entitled
For the Future of Florida, REPAIR THE EVERGLADES,
published quarterly from 1981 to 1983, by the Friends of the Everglades. The
essense of this four page petition, known as the"Marshall Plan", makes for
interesting comparison to the Comprehensive
Review Study (Restudy) of the C&SF Project authorized by Congress
in 1992, and now under consideration. Art Marshall has penned his approval
on the 1982 edition, which appears virtually the same as the 1983 edition.
Art and Marjory took this petition to the South Florida Water Management
District (SFWMD) per the June 11, 1981 Statement
to the SFWMD Governing Board. This was not the first time, nor
the last time, the Marshall Plan would go to SFWMD, per the 20 Nov 1980 Critique
of Water Management in South Florida paper. A current perspective
of the "Marshall Plan" and the interaction of Art & Marjory, as well as
Johnny Jones, Art's legislative partner, is provided in the Spring 1988 issue
of the Everglades
The Kissimmee Basin - Lake Okeechobee restoration was and remained Art's
primary focus. The issues were presented to Governor's conferences in 1972
and 1973, as indicated in the Energy &
Growth, and the 1971-72 Water
Management Bulletin autographed by Art Marshall. He had a way of
circling things, his sign of unity. His short paper
of 26 March, 1982, Another Prediction for the Everglades System, indicates his growing concern that his favorite project
would not be completed in his lifetime. Art passed away in March, 1985. The
fate of Kissimmee Basin restoration is still uncertain.
The Marshall Plan was also presented to the Florida and U.S. Congress per
Statement to the Joint Committee of the
Florida Legislature 17 Jan 72, and Statement
to the Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, 15 Feb 72.
An Arthur R. Marshall Foundation founder provides an historical punctuation
mark: "We have not acted on it [the Marshall Plan] 26 years later", per the
April 6, 1998 Palm Beach Post Article.
The initial collection is rounded out with a few more papers. South
Florida - A Case Study in Carrying Capacity released 29 Dec 1972,
is an overview of growth problems that also reads very contemporary, and answers
many of the questions posed in the March 1972 FEI Proposal.
Also included is the document The Environmental
Impact of the Big Cypress Swamp Jetport, released by the Dept of
the Interior, for which Art was a major contributor. The lessons-learned here
apply to the current Homestead Airport Controversy as a local issue and how
it affects the current plans for Everglades restoration, in general.
Index to Titles in the Collection
- A proposal to establish the Florida Environmental Institute, (March, 1972)
- For the Future of Florida, Repair the Everglades, (1982)
- The Kissimmee-Okeechobee Basin, (December 12, 1972)
- South Florida -- a case study in carrying capacity, (1972)
- Statement to Governing Board, South Florida Water Management District, (June 11, 1981)
- Water problems of South Florida, (January 26, 1971)
- The Marshall Plan (Al Burt's Florida)
- Another prediction for the Florida Everglades System, (March 26, 1983)
- A critique of water management in south Florida, (Nov. 20-21, 1980)
- Energy and growth, (March 13-14, 1973)
- Water Management Bulletin, (December-January 1971-72)
- Statement to Joint Committee of the Florida Legislature on South Florida Area Regional Organization, (January 17, 1972)
- Statement to the subcommittee on national parks and recreation of the committee on interior and insular affairs, (February 15, 1972)
- Environmental Impact of the Big Cypress Swamp Jetport, (1969)