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The Havana post
Uniform Title:
Havana post (Tourist ed.)
Alternate Title:
Havana daily post
Place of Publication:
Havana (Cuba)
The Havana Post
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Caribbean Area ( lcsh )
Cuba--Description and travel--Periodicals
Spatial Coverage:
Havana (Cuba)

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Source Institution:
Florida International University
Holding Location:
FIU: Special Collections
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier:
F1799.H3 H38
27749894 ( OCLC )


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' .._., -; / J I TOURIST EDITION .,; ... ~. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVA..'\TA, CUBA WESTERN RAILWAY bacco instead. From Guira onward tion of Paso Real, with which town i.t, around San Juan y Martinez and THREE GREAT CROPS. white cheesecloth covers under which it is connected by excellent macadamS an Luis, the whole country seems OF HAVANA, LTD. the crop is grown are striking highized government road, is the village one scattered village, so thickly scat_ lights in the picture the passenger of San Diego de los Banos, a favorite tered over hills and little valleys beWeS t ern Cuba Produces Sugar, ToThe Road That Runs Into Vuelta Abajo views. social and health resort. The medL tween are the red tobacco barns of bacco a nd Pineapples_.:Sugar Where World's Best Tobacco Pineapple Fields. cinal qualities of the waters here is "the trust," and the shaggy huts which Industry Reviving. Is Grown. In a single short journey the tour ist who travels from Havana into Pinar drel Rio Province over the West ern Railway of Havana, Ltd., sees Cuba's three principal industries close at hand; for sugar plantations, to bacco estates and pineapple fields arc part (but only part) of the very in_ teresting scenery through which he is conveyed. Sugar Plantations. Cristina Station, the railway com pany's city terminal from which he sets out (at 7 a. m.) is twenty-five miles behind him, when, looking from the car window as he approaches the station of Gabriel, he may see on t"e right hand the tall factory chim neys of the sugar plantation Fajardo. This is the heart of what w a.s for. merly a most prosperous sugar dis trict. Fajardo is sole survivor among a very large number of mills, some of which were abandoned when the Ten Years' War (1868-78), aboli tion of slavery and general hard times resulting therefrom, made the sugar business as then conducted, unprofit able; others were destroye WESTERN RAILWAY TERMINAL IN HAVANA, CRISTINA STATION. Before abolition of slavery and other economic changes for which the indus try was unprepar-ed, rendered the growing of coffee in Cuba unprofit able, Pinar del Rio province produced an excellent and plentiful crop not on ly in the Organo Mountains but on the pLa,ins south of these, in a wide neigh borhood centering in San Antonio de los Banos especially. Now that still ored houses, thousands upon thousI At Taco Taco ,and at Herradura are ands of crates of "Spanish reds" leave groves of American and Canadian cit in their season for the markets of the rus fruit growers. United States. Over 60 per cent of Vuelta Abajo. other economic changes have made a cheon at either of two excell-ent horevival possible, coffee estates are de tels, El Ricardo and El Globo) is a veloping in the mountains again. Es typical provincial capital. Wide tates here cost more to cultivate than white country roads enter to form the those of the center 1a,nd east of the Partido Tobacco. Cubla,'s whole pineapple crop last year At Consolacion del Sur the traveler principal aV'enues on which gaily coL island, but they yield more per acre, At Guira t.hle traveler along the was produced along the line of the enters the sacred precincts of "the ored, low houses face. There is a and the crop s eUs at higher prices. Western Railway ~ntered the district Western Railway. genuine Vuelta Abajo," a region plaza, where the band plays on cer---+--where partido tobacco is produced at San Diego de los Banos. lying we stward from this town to the tain evenings. its best. The fact that this crop is li'rom Candelaria onward the blue sea on every hand, where is produced The Valley of Vinales. Rice was formerly grown on land exceedingly profitable has actually bulk of the Organo Mountains on the the very best tobacco the world's marGood roads invite to several intersouth of the Western Railway line deterred the development of the su_ northern skyline holds the eye. In ket knows. From here to the city of esting drives out from the city; car below San Cristobal, and it may prove ga.r business, attracting capital to tothese C'ool green hills, above the staPinar del Rio, and especially beyoJ?.d riages are available. It is from Pinar a profitable crop there in the future.


THE HAVANA POST TOURIST EDITION HAVANA, CUBA TOURIST EDITION FOUNDING OF HAVANA bites of the pestiferous insects. The Christopher Columbus was never in founded in 1518, which later moved or a 01.t.tinent; nor was llS size village moved, bodily, clear across the his life in Havana. He visited Cuba bodily across the island, and finally known or whether it. was dry land-in Located First on South Coasrt, the Island to a site near the mouth of twice, however, once in 1492, and in 1519, took the present location and fact, it was reported that the larger the river now called the Almendares, again in 1494. the full name of this city of San Cris. part of it was full of swamps." Who Vi lll~ ge Moived Bodily Acr-oss which comes into the sea just beyond Again in 1494 leaving from La Isa tobal de la Habana. had spread that slander does not ap. t!he Island. Vedado. The location, however, was bela, in Santo Domingo, Co!t;inbus Sebastian de Campo. pear, but possible it was that party not easy to defend against pirates made a voyage along the south cm:st The port of the present Havana was of Juan de la Cosa's men who, strug .. :San Cristobal de la Habana (St. who roved the seas in seai:ch of spoil. 01' Cuba as far as the Isle of the Evan. not discovered until 14 years after in gling back to Santo Domingo from an Christopher of Havana) was the last In 1519 the town again moved, this gel, as he named that one which is 1508 when the Comendador Mayor in unfortunate attempt at settlement on time to its final location on the west known today as the Isle of Pines. In Santo Domingo, who was Fray Nicothe mainland of South America, were, of the seven cities fou nd ed in Cuba," shore of Carenas Bay, discovered in returning Columbus touched (again as

I l l O;' i HAYA.NA DAlLY .PU~'l' HAVANA, THE CAPITAL de Oquendo and was printed, 1vith to Anton Ruiz died the victim of the large number of wild dogs that in the enclosures of the houses, is some modernizing of the langu::ig:ai, by these venomous insects. infest the streets and because of the the principal, not to say the only, dish How "The Key to the New World" Jose Joaquin Garcia, in 1846. "The furniture is four-legged boldness of runaway slaves who seek used by the primitive inhabitants. The following is a translation which benches and seats of cedar or coaba, food in town. Corn prepared in many ways is an_ Grew to Her Present Honors. Curious DetaHs. will aid the tourist in conjuring up, without backs, the seats being of can_ "The cooking utensils are usually other preferred food. Cazabi bread is as he passes along Havana's quaint vass or hide, of which materials are of iron, although the native~ -:r ,i::e insipid and disagreeable to the palate, ---streets, a very vivid picture of the the beds of the poor people. The earthen pots, in which they p'ref 0 r tl. but custom, or better said, necessity, The first capital of Cuba was Baratown as it used to be: richer inhabitants ship to Castile prepare their special dishS. The makes it familiar to us, and very coa, where the first Spanish settle_ An Old Ma'1:..t-.cript. black and red ebony, precious woods tableware is of Seville crockery, re_ shortly we find it exc1,1llent and nutriment ;was made; Santiago de Cuba de"This city is being built very ~rwhich abound here, and the lumber inforced with platters made of wood. tious. This bread is made in the spoiled Baracoa of the honor, and Ha_ regularly. On Calle Real (now Mma returns made into rich beds called The cups of wood called 'guayacan,' neighboring farm houses from a pois_ vana in turn outstripped the eastern Ila street), Redes (now Inquisidor), 'imperial couches.' In every parlor is are very pretty and the material of onous root the natives call "yu-cay city. ================================================== (yuca). In some districts they make By 1532 Havana was already pressit better than in others sometimes be. J; ,: :i~ ; .. cause they leave more juice in it or again because they also know how to temper the ovens so the fire cooks it evenly and it comes out as brown and brittle as biscuits in Castile. "This Land Is Lovely." "This land is lovely; its fields are green as spring the year around. There is good and abundant water. Flocks multiply marvelously. But so far as I have seen no prospect of the rich mines which brightened our 1mag iantions. If the sugar and tobacco \ ing Santiago close for honors as the most important settlement in the In_ dies, but in 1538 the town was sacked by pirates, and even the parish church on the Plaza de Armas was despoiled. Immediately, however, work on La Fuerza (the Fort) was begun and the fortification was almost finished in 1544; in that year a royal decree went forth that all warships entering the port thereafter should salute the place with a ceremony never before enjoyed in the New World, except by the city of Santo Domingo only By 1584 the town had four fine streets, principal among them being Oficios, which Mercaderes later su:rpassed. In 1589 work was begun on Morro Castle at the harbor's mouth, and on the fortress of San Salvador of the Point. just opposite; in 1597 or thereabouts, they were done. In 1592 Havana re ,ceived her proud title of "city." In 1598 her inhabitants were estimated at 4,000. In 1634 a royal order de_ dared that Havana might thereafter entitle herself "Key to the New World and Bulwark of the West In dies." In 1650 the city walls were erected. In 1665 there was conferred upon the capital the shield of wn ~h she is s!Ul proud; three silver castlP.3 (Morro, 1 unta and Fuerza) upon blue, and a golden key, symbolical of the city's strategical importance." projects prosper in Havana (recently elevated to the rank of city), perhap a.__._______ traffic will increase (thanks to the advantageous geographical position of LATEST VIEW OF MORRO CASTLE-ENTRANCE OF H AYANA HARBOR. the place), until this city becomes the richest and most important in his majesty's New World colonies .... "Cane and tobacco planting pro_ gresses rapidly-very rapidly, indeed. "In Cuba everything is beautiful, new, enchanting to him who comes from the other hemisphere and can accustom himself to pastoral life. ". . . But I don't find those birds with gold and silver beaks and enameled feathers which they told us about before we left Castile.' ---+--CAMAGUEY. Camaguey, capital of Camaguey, is one of the oldst s e ttlements of Cuba, "What We Were." now coming very rapidly to the fore. D. Jose Maria de la Torre, in his Sumidero (O'Reilly), and Basurero a sacr e d picture, before which lights which they are made has great and It is located on a plateau several excellent handbook on Havana en (Teniente Rey), the houses are in are burned at night, when the cusprodigious medicinal qualities. hundred feet above sea-l 1 vel, ,a nd ie titled "What We Were and What 'We rows . Elsewhere they are set as the tomary prayers ure said. The poor What They Are. famous for its salubrious climate. The Are," has preserved a curio113 deowner pleases, fenced and defen :eii families use tallow candles, the rich, "The native food is prepared in so Cuba Railroad owns and operates the scrlption of the Ha"l.ana of the earlier at front, back and sides by a double brass lamps, which they bring from strange a manner that at first it is excellent hotel "Camaguey" located days. It was found in a manuscript wall of prickly cactus; and the hn11:c,.i Seville and feed with olive oil. repugnant, but gradually foreigners in this charming locality. book dated 1598, which purports to are of thatch and cedar planks, wi1h A Savage Situation. grow so used to it that finally they ----+--. be the fifth copy of certain n0~~,.. fruit trees planted in their enclosures, "After nightfall no one ventureR out forget the dishes of their own country Pirates sacked Havana even aftermade by Hernando de Paula, servant from which arises an insufferable unless compelled to do so, and t11en and prefer these. A mixture of fresh the erection of Fuerza, where they of the governor, Juan Maldonado, and plague of mosquitoes that are fiercer he goes with a goodly company, and salt meats cut into small bits and took up their abode, driving the au continued by Alonso Iiiigo de Cardo_ than those of Castile. They t JI mf armed and carrying lanterns. Thesecooked with various roots, all flavorthorities across the bay to Guana ba. The book once belonged to Diego that a roy aboard the ship b:;,Jong;.ug precautions are necessary becau'lo oi: ed with a seed that grows wild, even bacoa.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST TOURIST EDITION NOT THE WHOLE OF CUBA phonograph in the back room has a five minutes from New York measurall the sugar factories in the rumble AN OLD TOWN NEARBY. disc of "Waltz Me Round Again, Wiled by Morse. and roar of traffic around the Havana Provincia l l i Points of Interest Accessilie." A Lingering Charm. customs house in the open stores and Gua.najay an Interesting Place to Visit, The fast night express wakes the Still there lingers the old charm, every shop where "something's doing" Only 90 Minutes from Havana. ble to the Touri 5t i n th e Capital, echoes in the forest where formerly found in the narrow streets of the for it means that Cuba is awakening New Era Arriving. only the Cuban guerrila, fighting for towns, with their overshadowing balfrom a lethargy to a new era of comG c: : majay, the present terminus of liberty, could hack his way. The conies, and in all the dim, cool cormercial and industrial activity. the Havana Central, is an interesting Too frequently the visitor to Hablock-houses on the hills are falling ners of the forts-in dungeons, and ----+---town, and with the rest of the towns vana sees this city only, and, returninto a dignified decay. Gone are the moat, and tower. There is a delight SANTA CLARA. on this line, enjoys an hourly service dangers and the fearful inconvenin the language, strange to an Amer---to iand from Havana from 5 a. m. to ing home declares to all th at he has iences of travel inland; no more banican; in the serious eyes of the little Santa Clara, the capital of the prov8 p. m. for which reason a trip to seen Cuba. Havana is not all the ditti, no more sounds of scattering Spa11.ish boys who try to unoerstand, ince by that name, is located just Guanajay and r e turn, which can be country of which it is the capital. It ================================================== made in three hours, is very popular, is, to be sure, the principal port and ~---------------------------------------------~ not only with the tourists, but also the largest city, the front door, as it with residents of Havana, who ,enjoy were, through which the caller enters this delightful rural outing, as the trip into the republic. But behind it, and is full of interest from beginning to to west and east, lie the provinces that support it, in all its beauty and its wealth. They are Cuba, and the products of their economic activities made the name Cuba famous in the world's market for sugar and tobacco before the syllables became synony mous with all the delights desired in a winter resort for pleasure seekers. The very fact that they are not so widely known as Havana, makes pro vincial points in Cuba of keen inter est to the traveler. He yet may see the real life of the country as lived for itself, without any regard to his observation. But his opportunity is passing, for travel into the interior is no~ both cheap and convenient and the visitors as they go every year in increasing numbers are taking with them influences that affect the primi tive conditions that were, altering them for the better perhaps, but ruin ing their picturesqueness and their end; the beautiful scenery en rout e being equal to thia t of any section of Cuba, and in some places it is sur passingly picturesque. The distance from Havana to Guanajay is 31 miles and the farie 55 cents. The country about Guanaj 1 a y is largely devoted to cattle raising, to which industry it is admirably suited. But the excursions of the visitor need by no m e ans end here as about nine miles north lies the quaint and fascin ating town of Mariel, on a beautiful bay of the same name, and which can be reached by automobiles at reason able rates, or by omnibuses which make frequent trips between the two towns daily. And nine miles southwest of Guan a.jay is Artemisa, a thriving town in the midst of another famous pineap ple district, and where also some of the best tobacco in the world is cul tivated extensively. It is served by charm. a line of automobiles from Guanajay Passing Away. ovier an excellent highway through a The oxen still tug at the wooden country charmingly beautiful. plow in the fields, to be sure, but the An excellent service is ia.Iso mainlatest patent in agricultural motors tained over this division to the fapuffs past in the next enclosure. The mous Marianao beach, where the exvolanta ~as fled to the mountains bf>UNITED STATES BA TTL ESH IPS IN GUANTANAMO HARBOR. hilarating pastime of midwinter surf fore th~ advance of the touring car bathing may be indulged in. Connecon the wide white highway. ThP ================================================== tion for the beach trains is made at country lass still owns a mantilla, but shots as the Liberators charge some for they are bent on business and a one hundred and sixty-six miles Marianao station. she wears a hat on Sunday becaURP unsuspecting Spanish outpost. Gone, Yankee is made to sell to; in the east of Havana in the center of ex~ the foreign ladies she sees smiling at too, are the fears of fever and sudcurious regard of the black-eyed wotensive sugar, tobacco and grazing ANTILLA. her from the sleeping car windowsden death in towns cut off from all man half suspicious of a foreign peodistricts. This island town has always do they not wear marvelous bats? In communication with the outside world. pie; and in the courteous, hospitable held a peculiar attraction for tourAntilla, located on Cuba Railroad, is the country town the old people preYellow Jack h as vanished from his attitude of the men, who assure you ists, and very comfortable accommoa city of the future, pleasantly lo fer the sweet tinkle of the bandurria, strongholds as completely as the that they and all they own are at dations may l:)e had in the hotels cated and destined to prove a strong but the mayor's son who attends black flag of the pirate ships has your immediate command. there. 'c:Lttraction for tourists. It enjoys a school at Baton Rouge-he plays the vanished from the main. Telegraph And there is a new charm develop----+---direct fortnightly service with Kingmandolin. T~e "guajiros" who loung-ei:: wires net the country from Maysi to ment-a charm to which an American Sugar cane in Cuba grows in new ston, Jamaica, and splendid accommoin the corner cafe will sing you a San Anton and the cable ties the islis keenly sensible, for it appeals to land from fifteen to twenty years dations may be had in the rec~mtly Cuban ditty on request, but the and tight to the mainland; Havana is him from the smoking chimneys of from one planting. constructed Hotel Antilla.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA'S STREETS HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA without names, localities being desigcommander who had lorded it over Lamparilla (Little Lamp) street frot was caught in a storm and found nated by the names of residents there. the town since he and Admiral Peawas so called because of a light which shelter in the house of a widow Royal Law Req uired Them to Be But as the capital grew the lack of a cock captured it the year before rea devotee of All Souls kept burning named Mendez who lived there. Blan definite nomeclature became incon. tired down Obispo street as the Span. on the corner of this street during co (target) street was so called beNarrow-Conve nience Not venient and titles were selected and ish came marching up O'Reilly. Lent. cause an artillery school had a target Cons 1 i d 1 ered. bestowed on all the streets of the Obispo (Bishop) street, generally Amargura means "bitterness" and there. town. so called despite the fact that it has in years when it was still per. In addition to the street names Havana's streets, especially those Tejadillo (Little Town) street was been officially renamed in honor of mitted, religious processions proceedmany street corners used to have in the older section of the city, lying so named because a house on that the Cuban patriot Pi y Margall, was ing from the Franciscan convent their particular titles. The phrase between Monserrate street and the street was the first in the city of entitled Bishop street because the (now the customs house) used to "the corner of the little lamp" be Havana to show a tiled roor. All the bishop of the diocese, D. Pedro Agusobserve the stations of the cross the cause, in a tobacco shop there shone waterfront, are narrow, a nd th e side other roofs were of guano. tin Morel de Santa Cruz, who lived at full length of Amargura to the her. stea0ily the only street lamp in the walks which edge them vary in width==========================-========================== district. The corner of Compostela from three inches to a breadth suffi. cient, on some avenues recently re paved, to accommodate two persons walking side by side. Havana even within the area of the old walled city (Punta to the Arsenal, Monserrate to the bay), is laid out with considerable regularity. Thf) streets were made narrow because it was royal Spanish law that they should be; "in cold places," read the requirements, "let the streets be wide; in hot places, narrow." And narrow they are, the idea being that they should be pretty well shaded by adjacent buildings. No Sidewalks Planned. There was no provision for side. walks. A narrow curbing was laid along the house wall to protect it from passing vehicles and horses. If the pedestrian could find footing there, well enough, but the curbing was not laid with any view to his and Jesus Maria was known as "Snake Corner" because of the picture of a serpent painted on the wall of a house there. Sol and Aguacate was "Sun Corner" for a similar reason. The block of Amargura between Com. p01?tela and Villegas was known as the "Square of the Pious Woman" be cauc-e two very religious ladies lived near and because, too, <:>f the particu l<1r ~tation of the cross located on /,ma:rg-ura at that point. The corner of M ercaderes and Amargura is the '.:'orPer of the Green Cross." The r,ross is there and it is green, though hy ~t e!loulrl be nobody knows. Sn,.cucli:ng painters, however, respect tradition and on refurbishing th& house, in the wall of which the cross is :)uilt. they invariably paint it ----+--PINAR CITY. accommodation. The City of Pinar dei Rio is a typWhen the present city was founded ical provincial capital, by no means in 1519, the Plaza de Armas was imas interesting as the country beyond mediately set aside as the public it, where, especially around San Juan :square which is the heart of every y Martinez and San Luis tobacco Spanish town. There were located barns and sorting houses la.nd the the parish church and government palm-board, thatched homes of guaheadquarters. The first street built jiros ( countrymen) are i:10 thick over up was Oficios (Trades). In 1584 ----~:_ ____ ='-'---"----""~---._.111(11111 ;;.._~~_.....; .,,,_, __....._ ,_.., hill and valley the district seems a Oficios was the leading retail mart. long-drawn village. At a point a litBy 1761 Mercaderes had surpassed it, VIEW OF THE CITY OF SANTIAGO DE CUBA. tle beyond Ga1afre the 1>' 1ie ,vaters for in that year Arrate wrote: "The =================r=================:::::=:================== of the wa::;hmg th~ south Street of the Merchants is four blocks shore of the province Me visibJP from long and on both sides are the shops Empedrado (Paved) street was the Oficios 94 was accustomed at the mitage then located where Cristo the train windows. The railway of merchandise, where are displayed first street paved-from the Cathed time the streets were being named, church is now, on Cristo Plaza. tracks then swerve northwestward to exquisite cloths of wool and linen and ral Plaza to San Juan de Dios to take his evening stroll up and Damas street was called Ladies' Guane, arriving after a turn or so silk, and jewelry of gold and silver. Square. down that avenue. street because of the number of pret among unexpected hll!s. Guane is the The street is thronged and while what O'Reilly anl Obispo. Obrapia. ty women who at one time decorated oldest town in all this endof the isis bought is measured and counted O'Reilly street received its name Obrapia (Pious Act) street got its its balconies. land; it has existed since before 1600. and weighed, what is spent is count. from General Alejandro O'Reilly (a name from the house on the corner lnquisidor. Still further west, where the railway less, not measured nor weighed, such Spaniard despite the cognomen), who of Mercaderes, the income of which, Inquisidor street was so called be. has not yet arrived, there are prosis the extravagance of the Havanese entered the city by way of that according to the will of D. Martin cause of Commissary of the Inquisiperous communities (around Mantua, and such their splendor of attire." avenue when Havana was delivered Calvo de Arrieta read in 1679, was tion lived in a house facing upon it. Ra.mates, Montezuelo and Las MarOrigin of Names. to the Spanish by the English in 1763. I devoted to dowering five orphan girls Refugio (Refugee) street got its name tinas) where very famous tobacco For years many of the streets were The Count of Albermarle, the British I yearly. from the fact that once General Rich. (genuine Vuelta Abajo) is produced.


TOURIST EDITION SANTIAGO DE CUBA II/lost Cuban of Cuban Cities Desoit:e Extraneous-French, British and American Influences. Santiago de Cuba (by Cubans called Cuba and by Americans called San tiago), is the city of most interest among all in Cuba to most tourists visiting this country, because, princi pally, its immediate environs were the scenes of fighting done during the Spanish-American war. Aside from this, its very recent history, the city is possessed of all the romance imagination attaches to its shares in events even more picturesque though possibly not always as important which transpired at earlier dates; its highways and byways, its parti-col ored buildings; its gardens in nooks and crannies, the very people upon its streets as well as their language and their customs, reflect accurately the effects of events and conditions which have shaped the city s devielop. ment. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA in itself an invitation to them to reAmericans are prone to call French, and the sky-line they present would busy town. In trade and commerce as main, for it offered safe harbor to in ignorance of any other term to exas a study in lines and angles, conwell as in population it is the second their ships. press even inadequately a certain genfound Euclid himself. city of the republic. Its business The French. eral effect which is, the writer beIt is true, too, that the negroes who streets are frequented; its stores are In 1803 or about that time, 27,000 lieves, physical-caused to the eye by frequent the markets speak a patoiswell stocked, but especially its whG>le French citizens, fleeing from Haiti, especially daring combinations of colhalf Spanish, half French. Many of sale establishments and the ware where the negroes had gained control, or. Others have called Santiago "a the leading families bear French houses and offices of its merchant came into eastern Cuba and settled dream city," laboring evidently to names. Out in the suburbs, at Cristo, traders are active. There is nothing especially around Santa Catalina. word clearly the same feeling of Dos Bocas, Boniato, there are gaudily of sloth here, but instead an alertness Santiago proSJlered greatly, owing to something unreal, exotic, or incongrupainted country homes, in glades and of wit and execution most untropical. their ability, energy and money; but ous in its make-up. Visitors whose on hilltops, reached by flights of Old settlers whipped off the Eng in 1808, Spain being at war with experience acknowledges "sky-scrapsteps up or down, half hidden among lish under Vernon, and got rich in ., smuggling with Jamaica. They worst ed French corsairs at their own law less game on the high seas, winning titles and praise from the Spanish king; but they trafficked in slaves and rum with the isles France owns down around Martinque, despite indignation. In short the very can niest of English and French traders those same old pirates to whom slaughter and pillage were only part. of the game taught the residents of Santiago that game so well that they have not forgotten it in long years since elapsed. From their lively and energetic ancestry the Orientals (as natives of Santiago province are callEssentially Spanish. ed) inherited vigor and an aptitude In large externals, Santiago is a ,..~~rz~!~~ ~-~~:;?l-~ii)IRII for business; along with it and even Spanish colonial town. From close more important they got a certain along the water front where settleopenness of mind-itself an effect of ment first grew with the traffic association with foreigners, and also brought in ships from Spain, it has a cause that permitted these foreignextended uphill along steep and narers to leave a lasting impression upon row streets overhung with balconies the town and its people. The same and barred windows. High over all people who built Frenchified villas at loom the twin towers of its gloomy Cristo, whose servants learnee to cathedral, still the most imposing mingle French and Spanish in their structure even in the modern town. daily talk, assumed also a freer atHow mightily it must have overshadtitude of mind that began to show owed the commencement of the city, early in their customs. It was, for with which it has grown and suffered instance, a Santiago newspaper which -in fire, earthquake and pillage. rirst desired "foreign exchanges" and Founded in 1514. wished to print foreign news. Spaniards arriving in Cuba from : ~--~'-'-~~,__, --~~--Santi:ago never lost hold on hope or <::!~ 4l ngo, under Valazquez, in VIEW OF MATANZAS FROM MONTSERRATE CHURCH. on real prosperity (because, partly of wer, .... :t

I TOURIST EfJIT ION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA SAN DIEGO DE i.OS BANOS Cuba's Most Famous and Fashionable chanced upon a: cavern (the cave of known as Templado and Tigre; where Taita Domingo is still shown to visitheir overflows met was designated tors) near the left bank of the San as Paila Batl:i coast and thence to Havana, by boat. I REMNANTS OF iQ[LD WALL The revolutionists entered the town freely. They would have burned it, Angle and Turret o n Monserrate-A Health Re sort-Si~uat ed in the Cool Gree n Orga,n os. Diego river close by the present The fame of the waters went abroad save that a ransom was promised. town, wherein he made his lair, living early. The sick sought them, and While negotiations were in progress as best he could on roots and fruits. were cured, the really beneficent concerning the sum of money to be He bathed in the stream. One day as qualities they possess being aided in raised, the Spanish came back and The village of San Diego de los he was wading up the river he noticed their work by the resinous, clean~occupied the barracks. Banos lies nortward of Paso Real, with surprise that the water had becool atmosphere of the place, and by In 1895, too, it was that a freshet the station where passengers enroute came warm. He glanced at the botthe calming restfulness of all the sur., ( .. -. n o t unusual to the San Diego river) to its renowned sulphur springs leave tom on which he stood, and saw that roundings. In 1868, San Diego wa came :ripping down the canon and the Western Railway train for carfor some three yards all about him it made an acclimation and hospital l,i ~ i\ ?&e mad whirl carried away bath riages awaiting to convey them over the 14 miles of good government road that leads away, like a boulevard, through a tropical park, to the health resort nestled among foothills of the Organo Range. San Diego is comparatively modern, it was built in 1843 by D. Luis Ped roso second president of The Wes tern Railway Company who succeeded his brother, the company's very first president. The streets of San Diego are laid at strict right angles; they are rocky where stones meant to pave them have been trodden out of placP or lifted by vegetation growing be tween flags and among cobbles. Some of the houses are raised, in the en deavor to maintain a level against the sudden dropping away of the street, on foundations the height of which makes necessary a flight of steps from the sidewalk, when there is one, to the front door or portico. The village, "situated in the bot tom of a valley (altitude, by the way is 225 meters above sea level) . seems to be quite surounded with compact and beautiful palm groves, which lend it an enchanting aspect, and form an outlook sufficient in it self to enliven the spirit of the mOli,t melancholy."-Dr. Jose Miguel Cabarrouy. Fragment Le.ft o n Te niente Rey Street. H~vana was once a walled city. The walls extended across the prom ontory on which the city stands, from the Arsenal to a point near Punta. The city proper lay then between the walls and the waterfront. Outside, where is now the Prado, Central Park and all the newer section west of' them, was open country, divided into estates owned by wealthy families. The building of the walls was be gun i:tr 1633 and 9,000 men, mostly African slaves, contributed pro rata by residents of the city, labored upon them. A tax on wine went toward the payment of the work and the coffers of Mexico contributed. _Protection Against Pirates. The walls were intended to protect the city from pirates who moored their ships in San Lazaro inlet and attacked Havana from the northwest. Lest he facilitate their dreaded raids, no man might open a road or other wise utilize the land thereabouts, hence the name Vedado, which means "forbidden," given to the aristocratic suburb which has developed between the hill which shelters Santa Clara battery and the mouth of the Almen dares river. Originally there were two gates only in the city walls one nearby Punta and another at the head of Mu ralla street. Later two other gates were opened. Work on the walls was completed in 17 40. Walls Demolished. The San Diego river bounds the Havana soon, however, outgrew w; town upon two sides. This stream their protection. No longer a neces.:. takes its rise in the mountains SANTIA~O DE CUBA LOOKING TOWARDS EL COBRE. sity, they became a nuisance:' 8-,)it1 above, and flows southward, passing ================================================== ting tenements sheltered squalor all through the Portals. All the left was white as though the rocks there camp for Spanish troops. Municipali. houses, promenades, p1pmg, garden along their length. It was only under bank of the river is "sown," as Dr. had been whitewashed. He discovties all 0Vf1r the Island shipped their seats, arches, and all that stood for the Palma administration, 1902--6, that Cabarrouy puts it, "with springs of ered, too, that in that spot the indigent sick to the springs. Fashion the opulent, indolent resort of the the last of their wreckage was resulphurous water, renowned are withwater welled forth, rising slightly at the same time favored San Diego. passing regime. moved, leaving, as curiosities, a frag in the village of San Diego. "A slave above the level of the rest." HandsomP. hath houses, with ornate The health-giving springs remained, ment at the head of Teniente Rey named Domingo ,developed a repugIn short, Domingo had stumbled columns. garden seats, and long imbbling among the debris. Their street and an angle and turret on nant skin disease, and his master, upon the sulphur spings of San Diego. walks under arches, were erected flow continues unchanged, year in, Monserrate just back of the Church with the laudable intention of avoidHe bathed in them, and was cured there. Jn 1895, however, Maceo rode year out. Temporary bath houses of the Angel. ing its transmission to his other o~ his malady, whereupon he returnover Pinar del Rio. The village of have been erected. Society still foreslaves, freed the man giving him libed to hi~ ma~~er and spread the good San DiP.iro was aband oned by its resgathers at San Diego during its seaCuba's best known season is the erty to go away where he would. tidings. idents, who fled-men, women, and son, which is from February on into winter, but don't forget there is a Wandering among the hills Domingo The two main springs were early childrP.n-over the hills to the north the summer. summer season almost as delightful.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA HAVANA'S CATHEDRAL It was several times remodelled and ceived on a year's probation. At the I monastry, and free school in connecCuba's shipping in the hurricane seaimproved. The porter at the enend of that time they may leave if tion, were maintained by the Franson. The seismic station at Luyano Niche Where the Remains of Columtrance will admit visitors. One is they will, but they generally remain, ciscan monks for nearly a century, belongs to the observatory. The Be free to inspect the courts and corrisometimes despite the prayers of tl rnn the buildings were taken by ler,, arch spanning Calle del Sol is dors, beautiful in the simplicity of their families to whom they are lost the government for use as barracks. one of the picturesque bits of Ha their recurrent arches. It was deseforever when tic great doors ciose In 1853 they were given to the Jesvana." bus Rested-Interesting Churches. crated by the English, who held their on them at the end of their novitiate. uits, who formed schools, established La Merced Church. Havana's cathedral faces Cathedral F1C'testant services there when the) The convent is very wealthy. It has the College of Belen, set up an obLa Merced Church on the corner of or Cienega Square. It is an agehad captured Havana in 1762, and received many bequests and ynung servatory reputed to be the best orCuba and Merced streets, is one of from that date it has been considgirls on becoming "Brides of Chiri::t" ganized in Latin-America, collected a the most fashionable of Havana's st ained edifice, planned by th e Jesered fit for secular uses only. It is by joining that sisterhood usnt ly library rich in prints and drawings churches. Among its possessions is uits as early as 1656. It was erected t~1e Havana customs house no1v. bring some dowry to the institution. illustrating Cuban history; and forma faded painting representing, with by them in 1724 and after their ex==================================================== considerable inaccuracy in dates, pulsion, became the Cathedral in 1789. names and drawing, what is considerTheretofore the principal church had ::ar-i.... ... -~~ed to have been the first miracle perstood on the Plaza de Armas where ---~'"'r-..,_ formed in the New World, on a batthe presidential palace is today. __ ...,..," tlefield in Santo Domingo when ColThe Cathedral contains many paint~~-a;_ um bus and his men appealed to Our ings, some of them of considerable _..,_.._ ... .:., -~~-r Lady of Mercies for help against the antiquity. The interior walls of the Indians and were rewarded with sight church are finished in dark marble, '.illlllifj'~~~~~.tE;;~~~~~lt of the Virgin and the Child. the massive columns that support the domed roof are of somber mahogany. The general effect is of majestic and gloomy repose. Cristo Church, In a niche in the chancel wall sealed now-rested at one time the bones of "The Discoverer," Christo pher Columbus. In 1898, when the ~panish evacuated Havana, they took the remains with them, reinterring them with ceremony in the Cathedral at Seville. Old Dominican Convent. Filling the block bounded by Obis po, San Ignacio, O'Reilly and Merca deres streets, is the old Dominican Convent, founded in 1578. The white ,., .. ,.,i-:._ Cristo Church on the plaza of the same name at the head of Amargura street, has Catholic services in Eng lish on Sunday mornings. Immed iately in the rear is the Augustinian College for boys, at the head of which is Father Moynihan, an American, who succeeded Father Jones, also an American, now Bishop of Porto Rico. Other Catholic Churches. The Church of the Holy Angel, a minaretted edifice on Pena Pobre hill, is a comparatively modern structure, but well worth visiting if for nothing more than the views down the queer, narrow streets that lead to its door. friars deserted it long ago. WareSan Agustin Church is on the corner house clerks and brokers hold forth of Cuba and Amargura. The view in its cloistered corridors now. In from the churchyard of the Jesus del 1728 the Dominicans opened in this Monte Church, located on the Jesus building a school which later became del Monte Caizada and reached by the Royal University; it was only afstreet cars passing Central Park ter the establishment of the republic (marked Jesus del Monte in r'ed) is that the institution, become, mean""""'.....__..,.._= ==--<-=-== ="""-'==~~ "!.:? ~ -""'"--~ ............. =--~~--~-~~~-one of the most beautiful to lJe 1 1ad while the National University, withanywhere. drew to more commodious quarters HAUL! NG SUGARCANE TO ROSARIO SUGAR MI LL. Protestant Missions. wen Lmcipe Hill. The Havana InstiThere're many Protestant churches tute of Seconda'ry Education (the ================================================== in Havana. The Episcopal Cathedral high school) occupies rooms in the Santa Catalina Convent. The convent building was begun in ed a museum of native woods and is. at Neptuno and Aguila; the Baptist building, facing Obispo street. The On O'Reilly street, between Com 1680 and the church was dedicated natural history specimens. James Temple is on the corner of Dragones Church of Santo Domingo keeps its postela and Aguacate, is the dreary in 1700. It containes relics of the Anthony Froude wrote of them in and Zulu eta; the Presbyterian church place still, in the Mercaderes-O'Reilly pile of Santa Catalina Convent, a holy martyrs Saints Celestino and 1887, when they had a school of 400 is at Salud 40 (take Principe cars to street corner of the block. nunnery of the old style. Some hunLucidia, brought from Rome in 1803. pay pupils and hundreds free: "They Lealtad and walk one block north); The Franciscan Convent. dred women, bound by strictest vows, Belen Church and College. keep on a level with the age, they the Methodist church is at Virtudes The Franciscan Convent, its tower pass their lives within its enclosure. Belen Church, corner of Luz and are men of learning; they are men 10, and the Congregational at Somerstanding well above any other in the The windows are boarded up. No Compostlla, was built in 1704. It of science; they are the Royal Socieuelos 6. All hold morning i,ervices city, faces the Plaza de San Francisgleam of light ever shines through. takes its name from Santa Maria de ty of Cuba. They continue to live on Sunday. Strangers are welcomed. co, the center of the wholesale disNothing of the busy outside wo!'ld can Belen (Our Lady of Bethlehem), paup to their reputation. The observatrict now. The convent building was penetrate. Acceptable girls wbo detroness in Spain of the Franciscan tory's reports on storms and especialHeat prostrations in Cuba are unbegun in 1574 and finished in 1591. sire to immure themselves are reorder of Jeronymites. The church and ly on cyclones govern the conduct of known.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA VENE RABLE LA FUERZA ance.' For four years she awaited Haiti in size and architecture surthe American war for independence course and brought up with a crash, his return, scanning the sea, the story passing, their ruins show, any church was on, that out of the north came in a storm, on the shores of eastern The Oldest Inhabitable and Inhabited goes, from the little tower above edifice upon Fifth avenue today exsailing the Yankee sloop Hero, squ1;tre Cub a. Here is no place to repeat de Building in the Western Hemisphere Is in Havana. Fuerza which one may discover by cepting only the Catholic cathedral sterned, 20 tons, carrying four gunl tails I read with such interest in Mr. looking close through intervening there), but they are abandoned and 40 men, Captain Caleb Green of Bryant's log book preserved in the tree-tops from a certain position in wreckage, whereas La Fuerza houses Providence, Rhode Island. She had a files of the National Archives of Cuthe Plaza de Armas. The little a garrison of Rural Guards; its duncargo of hoops and long staves and ba, then in the upper story of La To the tourist the most interesting bronze image upon the top of it is geons are storerooms and General she was bound to sell the same at Fuerza. They 'caught a young shark features of Havana are its "castles" 'La Habana' and until one has set Monteagudo and his family reside on Santo Domingo, in commendablt'l Yanand eat him;' they caught 'some crab which are fortifications; they have eyes upon it one has not 'seen Hathe s cond floor. kee fashion. There were, however, bies and eat them', too; and they long since ceased to be used as resivana,' as the usual raillery runs. "To make him comfortable they two British vessels, the Carlisle and robbed a pelican's nest of its young. dences of royal officials of highest Wh en at last the remnants of De have repaired the stairway; smooth the Gayton, cruising West Indian They flew "signals in distress" and rank, but they have retained the gen==================================================== a brig and a sloop went by, disregarderal title given them, in days when ing these as well as the voice of the supposition, at least, was that """' ~--~ ===========;;.;;;;;;..,.:; =:============== -------. their swivel gun. They were finally they were so used. taken off by 'ye Havannah,' a small "The oldest and by all odds the schooner whose master 'used' the most interesting fortification in all castaways 'discreetly,' but at its desCuba,'' according to I. A. Wright, in "Cuba/' "is La Fuerza, half hidden between the senate and the old post office building on the Plaza de Armas. Here, now, is a place to see. It is, in form, quadrilateral, having a bastion at each of its four corners. It is 25 yards in height; the walls are double and terrepleins are supported on arches, so I read, though what the statement means I have no more no tion than others who ponder guide books and are impressed with war like terminology. There used to be a moat. The drawbridge is replaced by a permanent pla.nk walk. They say there is a bell in the tower which formerly sounded the hours and clanged alarm at sight of a hostile sail in years before there was a Ca banas, a Morro, even a Punta or any walls to protect the town La Fuerza alone guarded. Begun by De Soto. "Work on La Fuerza was begun by Hernando de Soto and by 1544 a royal decree went forth that all warships entering thereafter should salute the place (then almost completed) with a ceremony not enjoyed by any other city in the New World save Santo Domingo. Here in Fuerza De Soto liy,ed and from here he sailed awa1 to explore unknown areas of his ju risdiction which em braced everything he might discover to the north; he found the Mississippi and a grave in its dark waters. On his departure De Soto left La Fuerza and with it his office as gove rnor in command of his bride, the Lady Isabel de Boba dilla, 'like her mother, a woman of character, and kindly disposition, of very excellent judgment and app-earONE OF CUBA'S FAMOUS AUTOMOBILE ROADS. tination, Port au Prince, they were, in accordance with the hospitable customs of the time, committed to the guardhouse. Mr. Bryant escaped 'just as the Spaniards were saying their pater nostra.' A guide he brib ed left him 'to wander about to and fro in a very dark and dismal night far from house or anything like a house, although I had,' Mr. Bryant adds, 'before paid his fee.' Fortune had not, however, entirely dese rt-ed 'the Englishman,' for he got liberty from a 'Humain Spaniard, a gentle man, to stay at his house,' upon which he came, where he amused himself, until opportunity should off-er to get to the Br,itish possession of Jamaica, by teaching English to the family of his benefactor, Capt. D. Bernabe de la Torre, and from them, in turn, ac quiring at least their names in Span ish. He left on hearing that a fish erman from Jamaica was on shore. The ladies assembled as he departed and wished him 'good luck,' on which he, not ungallant, gave them three chears.' The fisherman refused him passage and set him ashore on Sandy Key 'where two Spaniards, a mulatto, and a portageezeman was living fish for turtle.' Time went by. 'No Soto's fleet limped in by the harbor's cement steps have replaced the old waters in wait for precisely such as appearance of any relief,' Mr. Bryant mouth, and survivors, landing, hasstfmes, worn hollow by the foet which she. She was taken, to be brief, and confided to his log, 'and God only tened to ten the Lady Isabel of her through the centuries had passed, up a prize crew was put aboard, in com. knows when any will offer . . husband's fate, her heart broke, and and down. Arms and ammunition of mand of 'Mr. Bryant, prize master.' Every day seems a year and still not the chronicil'ers add briefly 'she died.' latest designare packed away in tho 'With strong gales and cloudy' they the smallest appearance of any reOldest Building. dungeons-damp and silent chambers, got her by Monte Christi, bound lief .... Then blank pages. Mr. "La Fuerza is then the oldest hablighted by way of narrow apertures straightaway for the prize courts of Bryant reached Cuba alive, howey,er, itable and inhabited building in the cut in the thick walls. I wonder into Jamaica. They were chased, howevfor from Bayamo they forwp.rded to western hemisphere. Certain edifices which of these they thrust "Mr. er, by a Yankee brig through 'brisk i the captain general the documents I at Santo Domingo antedate it (conBryant, prize master!' gales and hazy' and to keep right be1 examined-'papers found on the Eng vents that while Christopher Colum"It was in the year 1779, to digress fore the wind and outdistance her, as lishman.' Possibly they brought him, bus still lived arose in now despised in consideration of Mr. Bryant, while they did, they went far north of their too, to Havana. . .


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST PROVINCE OF CAMAGUEY and one is continually piqued to distoday. Funds were contributed by cover what new pictures may be the state and by private persons. The Hel'\e-tofore Inaccessible, Now Rapidly around the bend. No two streets in first tower was built in 1776; it fell Camaguey run parallel, nor do any through the roof soon after. The Developing in Sugar, Cattle a nd two meet at right angles. Th,e street present tower was built in 1794. The Varied Enterprises. plan is a study in curves; the strangbuilding was improved in 1775. er must direct his course by pure La Merced, according to the StanThe territory which is now the proorientation." vince of Camaguey was early settled Its Churches. by the Spanish conquerors of Cuba. Among the chief attractions dard Guide again, "was built about the year 1628, by missionaries of of Our Lady of Mercy . . In Cama guey the order d.ied out until only one old priest was left to care for the Columbus himself may have visited Camaguey are its several time-worn its north shores in 1492; certainly churches. They actually look older Campo coasted them in 1508. Its next European visitor seems to have been Alonso de Hcijeda, wrecked on the south sid ,e in 1510-11 and saved from death by kindly Indians. In 1511-12 a party reconnoitering for Diego Velazqu,ez, first governor of Cuba (established then at Baracoa), marched into the district from the east, under the command of the same Panfilo de Navarez who later figured in American history. At some distance from Caonao (the Indian village where Hojeda had been welcomed and fed when most he needed care), Navarez and his hundred men established the first settlement in all this part of Cuba. The town, however, which later became Camaguey, was begun at some point on the north shore, in 1515-probably at Baga on Nuevitas bay. It must have removed to the interior very early (1530), however, sinoe no records and few traditions exist concerning a site earlier than that it now occupies on a plain mid way between coasts and 850 feet of Christ .. The church is remarkable for its extremely massive construction . . La So1'edad, another church worth visiting, was a hermitage in 1697; the present building was begun in 1758. The frescoes which make the interior unique were painted about 1852. HAVANA, CUBA MOTORING IN CUBA Some of the ,Ru les an 1 d J Uisages Gov ernin 1 g Co nduct of in the City and Country. The center of the street in Havana is the automo bilist's; other vehicles keep to the sides where when a crowd Hotel Camaguey. is out, at carnival time, the police There is, moreover, a good hotelhold them in lines moving in opposite Hotel Camaguey, owned and operated directions. There are no rules or regulations governing automobiles once they are outside the city limits, excepting at Camp Columbia, where army authori ties have fixed eight miles an hour as the speed limit while passing through the reservation. Cars should slow up on aproaching hamlets and villages. This is a courtesy which should be the more readily accorded because it is not demanded, but merely confi dently expected as a matter of course. As few accidents have ocurred on country roads of Cuba, the automo bilist is welcome everywhere. It is customary for persons meeting on the road to salute each other. The sur prising variety of smiles and grave in clinations of head and body received in recognition makes the effort well worth while. A knowledge of Spanish is not nec essary. The tourist should, however, learn to pronounce properly the name of the place he means to reach or have the name written on a card in plain characters. Then in case of doubt as to his way there, he need above sea level. but pronounce the name or show the By 1827 Camaguey had become the card to persons he meets. The tourist second city in the island. It no'V will find everybody willing to help ranks fifth, Havana, population, hini. The Cuban who directs him may 297,159; Santiago de, populanot speak a word of English, but he tion, 45,470; Matanzas, populaticn, will converse so well in pantomine 36,000; Cienfuegos population 30,100, that the traveler, even without any pr,ec4i)ding it. knowled~ of Spanish will understand. werP -~ The City of Camaguey. HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE STEAMSHIP "HAMBURG" EN ROUTE TO CUBA. It is quite Impossible to get really The city of Camaguey looks its==================================================== lost in the country; there is always antiquity. It is full of quaint and than they are. The cathedral existed church; before his death it was taken by the Cuba Railroad Company. The the alternative of turning back to picturesque nooks and corners. "The (in organization) when the settleover by the Barefoot Carmelites, of immense structure this hotel occupies Havana (or Matanzas or Pinar del projecting wooden window grilles, the ment becoming Camaguey stood on whom there are now 15 in the monaswas built and long used as a Spanish Rio), for in the provinces all good heavy cornices and overhanging, flutthe north coast; with the town it was try attached to the church . . cavalry and infantry barracks. The roads leading in the general direction ed tiled roofs, the crumbling masontransported to its present site about The architectural lines of the church great corridors are striking features of the capital city inevitably arrive ry, and the venerable aspect of 1530. The building originally erectare interesting, but there is lacking and the inner garden (patio), bright there. Cuba is properly policed in the streets and houses," as the Standard ed for it here was burned on Decemrichness of mural decoration. The with foliage plants and tropical flowcity and in the country; but even Guide observes, "make a succession ber 15, 1616, in a fire which destroyhigh altar of silver is resplendent; ers, is beautiful inde-ed. The drainwere provincial police in blue, and ru of attractive pictures which lure the ed almost all the town. The present it was fashioned of 40,000 Spanish age, plumbing, and all sanitary apral guards in khaki entirely absent visitor to extended explorations. edifiee was at once begun. Its condollars. There is a sepulchre of hampointments are of the best. Pure from the government highways, which Many of the streets are so torturous struction cost $16,500, at a time when mered silver, weighing 500 pounds, i drinking water is supplied from an they patrol in pairs no traveler would that it is impossible to see far ahead, a dollar was worth more than it is which contains an effigy of the body \ artesian well. be in any wise molested.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA. CUBA HAVANA'S OLDEST FORT / infested the waters of the New to be an engineer also, and to him The fort was for a long time the the tower sounded the hours day and World. The Spaniard had up to tha t was entrusted the building of the fort. official residence of the governors of night and was rung by the sentinel La Fuerza Is a Romantic Relic of time only a precarious roothold on De Soto remained here until the dethe island. Among the most notable always posted there, to alarm the his New World possessions, and any fense was completed on May 12, 1539, of thes e is probably Pedro de Menentown at the approach of a hostile sail. settlement was at the mercy of any when with a large force of men and dez d'Aviles, who, three years before, Later when Morro was built La Fuer pirate ship's captain who decided to ships, said to have b e en the largest in 1563, had founded St. Augustine, za would repeat the signals from that make a raid. and best equipped ever seen up to Florida. Arrete writes that the offifort. The bronze figure of an Indian Havana's Remote Past-Was Begun in 1538. Near the foot of O'Reilly street, to During these precarious times, Herthat time in the Indies, he s et sail for cers of that period did -much to adorn girl on the tower, holding a cross and the left of the Presidential Palace, as nando De Soto was the Spanish govFlorida on his voyage of discovery. La Fuerza providing reception halls facing the gulf, was known to the one faces the harbor, is to be seen a rnor of Cuba. He had just come over He left his young wife Isabel as comand luxurious sculpture in the interior sailors as La Habana. quaint old fort, of little importance in to the New World, bringing with him mander of La Fuerza fortress. and ornamental balconies on the outCuba's single-starred banner is the this day, except for its antiqueness, his iovely Spanish bride, who preferSeveral times in the years immedside. third gazers from this old tower have but once the only defence the little red to share, as far as she could, the iately following the building of this The work is a quadralateral fortress seen flying there as symbols of sove town of Havana boasted in those days perils of her husband in the new and fort, was the foresight of De Soto evihaving a bastion at each of th e correignty. The bell now in the tower of the supremacy of the jolly rover comparatively unknown land. About denced, for often was it the only proners. It is 25 yards in height, the bears the date 1706. With the excep and his black flag. this time French pirates visited Hatection from assaults of the rapidly walls are double and the terrepleins tion of the fort at Santo Domingo, La No place in Cuba is so full of rovana and carried off much gold growing town. In 1543, four warships are supported by arches. It was surFuerza is the oldest fortification in mantic interest as this little fort. Quaintly but very forcibly Ogilvie decommanded by a French captain rounded by a deep moat. A bell in America. Here it was that Hernando de Soto scribes the visit of the Frenchman as named Robert Baal, attacked the city kiss ed his bride good-bye, as he sailfollows: and landed where La Punta fort now ed away for Florida, on his journey "But Havana was not so strongly stands at the foot of the Prado, but which resulted in the discovery of the fortified in former times, for Anno the guns of La Fuerza repulsed the great "Father of Waters," the Missis, 1536 it could not resist a mean French Fr>enchman so vigorously that he was sippi. From that little watch towtir, Pyrate, who, losing the rest of his comptilled to flee to his ships panic nearest the harbor's edge, did the disFleet, was driv en hither by storm, stricken, leaving his killed and coverer's wife wave him a fond fareand conquering Havana, had burnt wounded behind. Later a French cor well and godspeed as he sailed down the same, consisting at that time of sair named Captain Jacob de Sores, the harbor's mouth and turned his wooden houses covered with thatch, attacked Havana with better fortune, vessel's nose toward the Floridian had not the Spaniards redeemed for he captured both fort and city. shore. From that same tower for four them from the fire for seven hundred He sacked and burned churches and long years did the little Spanish wornDucats; with which money the French houses and greatly damaged La Fuer an strain her ey,es for the return of set sail, when the day following three za but the latter was quickly repaired her warrior husband, she offer-ed up ships arriv,ed from New Spain before and garrisoned with many more troops prayers to the Holy Virgin, to save Havana, and having unladen their and equipped with more guns. him from the perils of fever and Ingoods, and preparing themselves for All the old maps of the West In dians lurking in the wild country to battle, pursued the Pyrate: who getdies bear Iegends showing the tracks which he had gone. From it she saw, ting sight of the Admiral, who sailed of the old galleons, the harbor here after so many years, a sail from Florbefore, durst not venture to engage being the rendezvous of the plate ida's direction and her heart was fillhim alone, but staid for the other two fle-ets from Mexico and Peru. Some ed with joy and expectation. The ships: from which cowardly action of these read as follows: travelers were of De Soto's party, but the French Pyrate taking courage, fell "Advice is sent hither from whencetheir leader was not with them. Genton the Spanish Admiral, who without it is despatcht over Land to Carta ly they told her how they had laid, as firing a gun ran his ship ashore, and gena, Panama and Lima to hasten the he requested, his body in the bed of deserted the same; the next one King's Treasure. From Cartagena the great river he had discovered. thereby discouraged, tacking about, after so~ stay they sail for ye Ha Even their war-hardtined features made away from the enemy; on which vana to meet there the Flota. The quivered as th-ey told the last love the third also fol1owed, insomuch that Gallions I& Flota usually joyning at messages sent by the dying husband at last they were all three taken by the Havana ye whole Armada saih to his short time bride. Near the the French; who encouraged with this for Spain." same little tower, and in a room unexpected victory steered th-eir Thus it can be seen that the little which may still be seen, the little course a second time to Havana, fort played no small part in the early woman, like a delicate flower exposed where th ey got as much more money history of Spain's possessions in th~ to the direct rays of th,e sun, wilted from the inhabitants as before." New World, guarding as it did not away and died four days after she When De Soto heard of Havana's only Havana but the many cargoes 6.: learned her busband's fate. _plight he was at Santiago de Cuba, gold and silver stopping here on their La Fuerza was built about fifty then the capital of the island but way to the Spanish treasury. In re years before Morro. As the latter came at once to this city where, afcognition of the services of that 11ttla and Cabanas were built owing to the ter looking over the ground, he depile of stone, the King of Spain in depredations of the English, La Fuercided a fortification should at once 1544, issued a royal decree in which za was built because of the French. be begun and the site of La Fuerza he ordered all Spanish warships to Along in 1538 Havana was at the merwas seiected. Captain Mateo Acerfire it a salute upon entering the har cy of the pirates and freebooters who tuna, Havana's first mayor, happened bar. STREET SCENE IN SANTIAGO.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA. island and his staff attended in their I CLUBS AND SOCIETIES $1.50 and made him a member; they iards and friends of theirs of other gayest uniforms and the bishop was will find work for him and help him nationalities. There is the German resplendent in his pontificial robes to get to it without being "fleeced" club, considered very exclusive, and Site Where Mass Was First C,elebratFive thousand soldiers took part i~ The s p anish Provincial Organizations. by sharpers. If he arrives sick they the Union club, which is Havana's C:OLUMBUS TEMPLE ed When City of Havana the military proc ession and many Clerks of Commerce will care for him without charge Jockey club, a very aristocratic as. Was Founded. thousands of citizens. Images of Building. above the monthly fee. semblage of gentlemen. There is the saints were taken from the churches There is also a Galician society, Ateneo, a literary and social club, Unostentatiously nestling under the and mass was again said in the same There are in Havana many mntu:il which recently bought the National and the American club, around which shade of giant ceiba tree, across the place as three hundred years before. benefit associations. The biggest of Theater on Central Park, to erect a centers the social life of English. The bronze tablet which the visitor new club house there. There is a speaking residents of Havana. Plaza de Armas square fronting the sees on entering the little enclosure these are the Clubs of the Clerks of Balearic society, and a Canary Island ----+---Presidential Palace, is an unassuming says: Commerce and the Asturian Society. association, and a number of other .... I have been Priest of Partagas little building which no visitor should "During the reign of His Majesty Each numbers nearly 30,000 members. smaller organizations of the same a matter of ooven years; fail to see and learn of its historic inDon Fernando VII, under the PresiThe Clerks of Commerce own a variety. And the gloom of my bachelor days terest. Under the shade of the pardency and Governorship of Don Franmagnificent new club house on the Leading Clubs. is flecked with the cheery night. ent of the same tr ee, occurred the cisco Dionisio Vives, the most faithcorner of Trocadero and Prad'l. It is Havana also has her clubs of a difOf stumps that I burned to Friendship first religious ceremony ever held in ful, religious and pacific Havana well worth a tourist's inspection. ferent kind. There is the Spanish and Pleasure and Work and Fight. Havana. The occasion was the founder ected this simple monument, conThe ball room on the top floor is a Casino, a social commingling of Span. -Kipling in The Betrothed. ing of the present site of this city. secrating the place where, in the year very beautiful hall; there is nothing The Spaniards carried the Christian 1519, was celebr~ tea the first mass_ religion with them wherever they went in their journeys to the New like it elsewhere in Cuba. and holy office, the Bishop Don Juan To this club belong grE-at numbers Jose Diaz de Espada solemnizing the of the clerks in the stores of the city. World and no colonies were estabDivine Sacrifice of the Mass on the and also the owners of shops and es lished without elaborate religious for9th day of March 1828 tablishments (they were clerks once malities and the saying of mass. In 1519, when Diego de Velazquez founded Havana, and before any buildings were eriected, the priests Three paintings of large size by in their own day). Membership is Escobar are very interesting. The not, however, confined to clerks. first one pictures the installation of Membership costs a dollar and a the first municipal council of Sanhalf a month and entitles a man to prepared to say mass and the inviting tiago de Cuba with Captain General the use of the clubhouse with all its shade of a great ceiba tree standing Dt e go de Velazquez presiding. The conveniences of reading rooms, night near the harbor was chosen as the painting giV's one an excellent idea schools, social halls and cafe; mem. best available place. There the eerie... of the costumes and customs of that bers and their families are invited to mony occurred and the place was al-distant time. The second picture porall the dances and other entertain ways, even in that remote time, held trays the first celebra lion of mass, sacred by the inhabitants. Just a and shows the Indians looking on in ments the club gives. Moreover, in case of sickness, a member receives short time after the historic cerewonder and raised hands exclaiming medical attention. A cot in the hos. mony the place was carefully marked "Habana." The third painting comand its significance shown. In 1747 memorates the dedication of the pital his club supports is his if he Captain General Francisco Cagigar building itself showing likenesses of needs it. If he dies th e club will erected as a permanent memorial an Governor Vila and officers of his staff, bury him decently. obelisk of stone. The bust of Columbus in tt-a court is Provincial Societies. Arrete, the historian, writing in considered as a good portrait of the The Cantro Asturiano is similarly 1755, stated that this year the ceiba discoverer, and was carefully studied organized. It has a committee on tree was in "full bloom" and its age by the American painter John Vanimmigration which is, in fact, a sort of then was calculated at 400 years. Underlyn, when he came to Havana to employment agency. When a mem_ der the shade of the tree rested the find a model for his painting of "The ber or an outsider either, for that remains of Christopher Columbus. Landing of Columbus," hanging now matter, applies to the Asturian club When the bones of the discoverer in the rotunda of the capitol at Washfor so many men for this or that were brought to Havana in 1795, they ington. ,,,c.,rk, this committee on immigration were, before being depositP.d in the The Temple is open officially once will look over its lists and hunt Cathedral, placed in an ebony sara year, November 16, and that on members to meet the demand, or if cophagus under the tree and formally Saint Christopher's Day. Then it is necessary it will go to Triscornia Im. inspected by the Captain General and visited by hundreds of people migrant s'.:::. '"n and find the men staff and were pronounced to be the throughout the day, many people among recently arrived immigrants. genuine remains. making the pilgrimage to the place The agent may at the time he gives A more elaborate memorial was dereligiously once a year. Visitors who them the job persuade the immigrants cided upon in 1828 and on March 9 make special arrangements can gento join the club, but they are repaid of that year, the present building was erally be allowed to see the Temple in tremendous benefits for the sm':111 dedicated and called El Templete or through the courtesy of the mayor of investment of $1.50 "plata" a month. Littlie Temple. The dedication was Havana, who will deliver the keys to Similarly, that committee will take the occasion of a great clerical and an employe of the city who will act charge of an immigrant arriving from military display. The governor of the as guide. Spain, if friends here have paid his STREET SCENE OF PICTURESQUE SANTIAGO.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA. CUBA HAVANA This drive, through the oldest portion and have great massive bars and the evenings. In 1851 Frederika Bremer, city. The air is delicious and calm, of the city, through streets so narrow key required to lock them is no joke. writing of Havana, said: or breathes merely like a slumbering Visitor Here Finds Within Ninety that coaches must drive in the same It sometimes weighs a half pound and "In the evening after tea, I go up child around me. I hear on all sides, direction because th-ere is not room would make a good weapon in the to the roof of the house, which is the swootest, most serene little twit to pass, with the Spanish tongue hands of the house own-er were he flat as are all the roofs here, and is ter, not unlike that of sparrows with Miles of the United States a European City. flooding the ears with its pleasant attacked. Sometimes the door has a called azotea, surrounded by a low us, but more serene, or with a softer ---cadences, causes one to realize he little wicket door fitted with a slide parap-et, upon which stand urns, sound. I am told that it is the little Within ninety miles of the United has stepped into a new world disso that the house occup&.nt can inwhich are generally gray, with ralslizards, which are here found in such States the visitor to Havana finds tinctly diff-erent to that he has left spect any one asking for entrance beed green ornaments, and little gilt abundance, and which have the gift himself in a city as completely Eurobehind. fore the door is opened. frames at the top. Here I walk alone of voice." One feature always impressing the Architects from the United States until late into the night, contemplat-----.-. pean, ia nd in some ways more so, visitor is the heavy style of the archihave criticised what they term is ing the starry heavens above me and Delightful trade winds keep Cuba than Europe itself. Here are to be tecture. Most of the houses are of wasteful construction methods in Hathe city below my feet. The Morro cool and delightful when people are found streets, customs and peoples one story or of two, but one story in vana, but th-ere is reason for everyLight, as the lofty beacon fire in the sweltering in the north. just as they wer e hundreds of years Havana is almost as lofty as two elsething. The reason in Havana is the Morro fortress is called, is kindled ----+---ago, while in European cities much where. Skyscrapers are unknown in climate. Houses are so arranged that and beams like a large, stadily Some of Cuba's scenery is admitted of this is hidden from the average Cuba, but within the last few years they a 11 e generally cool no matter gleaming star, with the most resplenby landscape painters to have no su visitor unless he strays outside of the a tend-ency to use air space to more what kind of tropical weather predent light over the ocean and the perior of its kind. beaten path. Modern ways and in profit has been shown and there are vails. The thick walls and heavy ventions have robbed much of internow several buildings of three or roofs are to withstand the glare of est to the traveler in Europe. In vismore stories. One of these is that the tropical sun, the windows are iting ancient cities such as Havana, of the Henry Clay and Bock 1 & Comwithout glass so as to let in the cool the visitor expects to see something pany, another is that of the National breezes. One is not long in Havana different and here he is not disapBank of Cuba, and another is that of before he realizes the good sense used pointed. the produce exchange building, known in building hous,es as they are. The Approaching Havana from the sea as La Lonja. open space in the center of each one is attracted by the bright colors The walls are constructed of limehouse, so strange to the visitor, serves of the city's houses. The view has stone and rough rubble work called a most useful purpose. By means of oft,en been described as very much locally "mamposteria." They are it the problem of ventilating the like Naples. The houses are gaily very thick and massive and whether houses is always solved. In these pa painted in bright yellows, blues, pinks they are lasting is easily answered tios there is always a bit of green, if and browns, all crowned with their by inquiring the many years these old nothing more than a cocoanut strug terra cotta tiles. There is something house have been built. There was gling for its existence in an empty about the view that commands adnothing cheap about the early conJohn D. Rockefeller oil can. Many miration even of the artist. Strange struction methods of the Spaniards, of these patios are converted into as it may seem, the variety of the their houses were built to withstand veritable little gardens. The flowers colors does not strike the eye as lackthe test of time. are grown in cans or tubs, the earth ing in harmony. No matter when the One is surprised to see heavy iron being brought to the front door by sight is seen, whethr by the morning bars before every window, making it real estate dealers who peddle t:heir sunrise, the sunset or in midday, the more than true that every man's land in carts, selling it not by the lot sight from the sea never fails to exhome is his castle. It has been sugor by the square foot but by the five cite admiration and pl-easure. gested that the first permanent strucgallon can. Passenger ships coming to Havana ture in Havana was a fortress and Havana's houses are so constructed do not, as a rule, come to the dock, the rest of the architecture followed that on-e can live in them and practi but anchor out in the bay. This is the style. The facts are that in the cally enjoy all of the benefits of an due to certain p,eople high in power olden days and up to recently, Haoutdoor life. It has had a distinct owning the lighterage privileges. A vana's streets were filled with voleff-ect upon the physical health of the tug takes the passenger to the Maunteer soldiers, among whom, as in inhabitants and this benefit would be china wharf where polite custom all armies, there was a very large still more increased were it not that house officials examine the baggage lawless element and it was largely to nights natives close up their rooms quickly, and once thetr stamps are protect against this class that those so tightly as to almost hermetically on bag or trunk one is free to seek heavy bars were placed. No yards are seal them. This practice among the his favorite hotel. Tourists coming seen in the old part of the city. The poorer classes has had a detrimental to Havana are known by the officials houses are built flush with the street effect, that the open air life of the to be coming for pleasure and are and each wall is built flush with the day time has not been altogether able not bringing in dutiable goods so that house alongside. The doors harmonto remove. Tb_e health the examination of such baggage is ize with the barred windows, they are, howev-er, predicating the evil of mooo formality than anything else. are massive affairs, ten and somesuch habits and is accomplishing Outside the wharf gates carriages times fifteen feet high and often made much good. are waiting and for twenty cents one of solid mahogany or some other richNearly all houses have flat roofs or two passengers are hurri.edly drivly colored and valuable native wood. which greatly add to their attraction, en to any hotel in the city proper. They are sometimes heavily studded as they are favorite resorts in the CAMPO MARTE, THE HAND SOM EST PARK IN HAVANA.


.l TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA 'J'HE CABANAS FORTRESS onies in Africa, in which case, if he could always fall back upon another been dug nearby. Lopez was later the loss of lives she was intended to was able to withstand the ravages of equally as strong. caught and publicly garroted at the defend. To her is charged the imCost $ 1 4,000,000-Was Sulit by the disease, he might, after many years, Despite the millions spent upon this foot of the Prado. He was a Veneportation of yellow fever to Cuba, be seen again by his family and fortress by Spain the expediture was zuelan by birth, but had been a genthrough slaves brought from Vera friends and his appearanoo was often useless, for never has it be-en put to eral in the Spanish army. His symCruz to work upon the structure. This times the only intimation had by them the test of war. It has always been pathies, however, were with the has be,en the greatest enSpaniards as Defense Againt the English-Rich in History. that he had not met his fate at the used by the Spaniards as barracks bans in their struggle for liberty and emy with which th:e Spaniard has had Costing fourteen millions of dollars hands of the firing squad years befor their troops and as a prison for in 1849, after having instigated an to contend in Cuba. Up to the coming and rising a sheer one hundred feet fore. Few records were kept by the political offenders. It is now used by unsuccessful revolution against the of American methods of sanitation at from the harbor's edge Cabanas Fortcommander of Cabanas of the prisonthe Cuban government as the headSpaniards, he fled to the United States the end of the Hispano-American -ress excites the curiosity of the visiers entering and leaving there. There quarters for artillery and in the place where he became an active conspirawar, when the scourge was absolute tor as he enters Havana from the sea. were too many for such records to be of the Spaniard who ruled his bloody tor in the revolutionary junta in New ly eradicated, thousands of subjects To the English was due the building kept with much detail and the Cuban way within those walls, are now to York. of Spain succumbed yearly to its of Morro Castle and the same can be patriot was looked upon as a traitor be heard the tones of command from Aside from the fourteen millions of deadly effects. Not only did Cuba said of Cabanas, because the capture unworthy of much trouble once he voices of relatives of those who only dollars required to build Cabanas, suffer from the ravages of yellow ot the former fortress by the British was caught. Records of supposed a fiew years ago knelt before the there is a debt charged against her fever imported to build Cabanas, but convinced the Spaniards of the necestraitors, however, were kept carefully fateful "dead line." account which has resulted in the exthe United States and Europe were sity of building a still stronger deup to the time of capture so that The view from the ramparts of pe nditure of sums far more vast and scourged for 150 years. fense to aid Morro, if another attempt their conviction when caught would Cabanas is very beautiful, taking il\ was made upon Havana. The work be swift and sure. as it does, a comprehensive panorama was begun during the reign of Carlos The impression of the bullets after of the harbor, the city of Havana an~ r 111, in the year 1763, and reouirPd they had torn their cruel way through the hills beyond. Upon the parapets eleven years to build. It is told of bodies of Cuban patriots is still to are to be found interesting relics in this fort that when the Spanish king be seen in a d e ep line eight-five feet the sJ.,ape of bronze cannon, elaborwas informed of its cost, he shaded long, and for some time after the ately ornamented and each bearing his eyes with his hand and gazed inevacuation of the Spaniards souvenir the date of some Spanish sover 2 ign tently to the west explaining to hifl hunters, with little s 2 arch, could find These guns are useless today except courtiers that the walls of Cabana!'! flattened bullets once r-eddened by for the firing of official salutes. For must be so high as to be visible across blood shed for freedom's cause this purpose are they used. Wh e n a the sea. Hundreds of political prisoners were foreign warship enters Havana harb01 Though not nearly as strong a fortkilled in this ditch. They marched th e se old relics are loaded with blank -ress as Morro and absolutely useless sometimes singly and sometimes in charges and boom their salutes quite today for purposes of defense, Canumbers, and li~ed up in front of the as loudly and effectively as the guns banas is s e cond only to the other in "dead line," were made to kneel facof the latest model aboard the visinterest to the visitor in Havana. ing it, while they waited for the seriting ship. Crossing the harbor in one of the geant of the firing squad to give the Rising from the parapet is to be small boats from Caballeria wharf and word for hurling toward them their seen a marble shaft erected in honor climbing a very steep covered walk leaden messengers of death. In memof the valor and loyalty of the gar one may enter by what is known as ory of thos e who suffered martyrdom rison in repulsing the expedition of the "Laurel Ditch," so called because For freedom's cause at this place, the Narciso Lopez and th!e American, of beautiful laurel trees growing Cuban people have by popular subColonel Crittenden, at Las Pazas in there. This place is look ed upon with scription erected a handsome bronze 1851. Colonel '\V. L. Crittenden, a horror by the nativ;e Cubans because memorial representing an angel reWest Point graduate and a native of it was here that relatives and comceiving the soul of the dying patriot. Kentucky, was persuaded by Lopez to panions in arms met their death in The plan of Cabanas reminds one join an expedition to Cuba for the great numbers, when condemned by of a Chinese puzzle. Legend has it purpose of attempting to free the CuSpanish court-martials to be shot. that the architect had his eyes put bans from the hateful Spanish yoke. When a Cuban patriot entered the out and afterwara.s killed so that the The expedition landed near Bahia confines of this fortress he was lost, secret of the fortress might never be Honda, about thirty-five miles from as ia rule, entirely to his friends known. Certain it is, frequent visits Havana. The Spanish captain general and relatives. Only occasionally, and will hardly be sufficient to prevent sent a large force from the garrison then only by means of heavy bribes, one becoming lost in its labyrinth of at Cabanas to meet Lopez and Crit. did one learn the fate of loved ones moats, walls, twistings and turnings, tenden, and the latter were overcome who climbed those steps to enter the ascents and descents, covered and unby numbers and defeated. Lopez ob vast confines of Cabanas. A man covered ways, barracks, prisons, duntained temporary safety by flight, but would be marched by the Spanish geons, drill grounds, officers' quarters, Crittenden and fifty of his men were soldiers up the hill and henceforth parapets and other things all in becaptured and confined in a little fort that man was seldom heard of again. wildering confusion. It is a succescalled Atares across the harbor from On the other hand the prisoner may sion of fortification after fortification, Cabanas. A little later these fifty have been sentenced to be confined in apparently endless extent, the obone Americans were lined up and shot within one of the dark 'dungeons or ject being that when the defenders down by Spanish soldiery and their to be deported to Spanish penal colwere driven from one position they bodies thrown into a ditch which had THE ENTRANCE TO CABANAS.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA as day. Men less fortunate than [ opera house in the world, the Grand I A TYPICAL VILLAGE, The drinking water, also, known as those with families or friends to pass Inglaterra Hotel with its inviting cafe, ---"Copey," enjoys equal fame, and is Is Havana's Chief Recreation Ground the time, may be seen here and there the exclusiv e Cosmopolita Restaurant Madruga Is Pleasant for Tourists to highly recommended for disorders of CENTRAL PARK Where the People Gather enjoying the evening papers while and the Telegrafo Hotel, cafe and icc'l Visit-Famous for Sulphur Baths. the digestive organs. There is no others are inwrested deeply in a book, cream parlors. On the south is the doubt that on account of its excelin Large Numbers. fully as comfortable, if not more so, Payret Theater with the Hotel PaA very charming excursion may lent location and its close proximity than if at home in easy chairs. saje just beyond. On the east is the be made to the town of Madruga, to HaV1ana, Madruga is a town with Fa;rned by the cool sea breeze as it The band concert is one of which Albisu Theater, the Spanish Cluu, which can be reached in a few hours' a great future before it. Already, sweeps up the Prado, shaded by the any city or country might well b/3 Centro Asturiano, the Polyteam:?. ride from Havana. It is a typical very desirable hotel accommodations beautifully trimmed laurel trees, deeproud. Professor Tomas of the muOpera House, the Polyteama VaudeCuban of about two thousand may be had there the year round, orated with a wealth of flowers and nicipal Band, took second honors at ville, the Polyteama Restaurant and inhabitants, nestling among a pleas_ and, as in the case of Mata.nzas, it foliage plants of every color, with the Buffalo Exposition, and was highthe Salon H. On the north are to be ant group of hills, and has been farois so locawd with respect to the ex here and there inviting chairs and ly complimented by Phillip Sousa, found the two popular cafes and res-ous for generations in Cuba for valucenent highway system of Cuba that benches where the rich or the poor against whom he played. He is himtaurants, Central and Aleman, and able sulphur and iron springs which several delightful automobile excur may stop to rest, Central Park is self a composer of high merit. A last, but not least, the Hotel Plaza. abound there. There are large bath_ sions may be enjoyed. easily the most popular public institypi~al program of one of his concerts All of these establishments are such ing establishments in this town, so ----+-tution in Havana. Here it is, that the is herewith given. a part of Central Park that they that the healing wawrs may be adReaping and sowing are continulittle children of families living with1. Paso doble "Oportunidad," share its fame. vantageously enjoyed by the visitors. ous in Cuba. in several blocks are taken by their . . . . . Schremser In the center of Central Park and nurses in the cool of the afternoon 2. Fantasia "L'Asedio de Arupon a raised pedestal is the star:ie that they may escape for a little while bem" . . . . . . . Verdi of Marti. Marti is sometimes called their four walled cages, and get a 3. "Polonesa" ...... Chopin the George Washington of Cuba, but little glimpse of God's blue sky and 4. Sel,eccion de "Lohengrin" he is generally known as the Apostlf> sunshine and breathe into their little . . . . ..... Wagner He is the figure standing out most lungs deeper draughts of his pure air. 5. Poema Sinfonico "Phaeton," prominently throughout Cuba's last Every afternoon the little tots, dress. . . . . . . Saint Saen~ great battle for freedom. His was ed in their "Sunday best" may be 6. Two St,ep "Bedelia" .... Schwartz the guiding mind for years, and he seen in the care of their nurses play7. Danzon "Alquizar" .... Cisneros was well and favorably known in the ing games like "Ring Around the El Director, G. M. Tomas. United States, wh-ere his sterling Rosy," "King William," and other No less popular are the concerts worth was recognized, and where. childish sports. To these little ones, given by the Military Band, an orthrough him, much sympathy was is indeed the park a great institution ganization belonging to the Cuban Cl"P

TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA VUELTA ABAJO TOBACCO jurisdiction (both civil and religious) cause events more spectacular than I SANTA CLARA FORT. and on e -half miles from the harbor ---was subdivided, and the parishes of the cultivation of tobacco, but not as I ---mouth and commanding the sea apFinest Leaf Is Produced Along Banks Mantau, Baja San Juan y Martinez, profitable, were holding general attenIs a Battery Just West of Havana proach. It is reached by the Vedado of Coyaguateje River, 180 Miles and Pinar del Rio itself, acquired tion elsewhere. When the smoke fiWas Completed in the Year cars. Not far from it is the old Marfrom Havana. distinct identities. nally cleared away it appeared that 1797. tello watch tower (Torreon de Vigia} Supremacy of Far West. the five other provinces of Cuba were at the San Lazaro inlet, where the The moment Spain's demand was Just as it was tobacco which first in possession of bloody annals, and of Santa Clara and Reina BatteriesCuba-Key West cable lands. Near for the best tobacco in Cuba, it debrought organized government into little else. Pinar del Rio, despite paUnder the old order Havana was surthe inlet, between the car line and veloped that the finest leaf was that the Vuelta Abajo, with Lieutenant triotic protests to the contrary, is rounded with defenses, the forts bethe water, formerly stood the baL which had been furnished in small Governor Fernandez in 1774, so it was lacking by comparison in those maring supplemented with batt e ries in tery called La Reina, a stone work lots by certain isolated growers along tobacco in the Cabezas de Horacio distial records mistakenly accepted in every commanding position. One of which commanded seaward and was the banks of the Cuyaguateje river, trict which caused the development of subtropical America as constituting the most important of these was the intended to resist the advance of an 60 leagues west of Havana or further, Mantua (founded about 1716); it was the magna pars of history. In recomBateria de Santa Clara, completed in enemy from Chorrera. It was de in lonely, neglected, unpopulat d the fact that their lands produced the pense she has intens e ly cultivatd 1797, and named after the Count de molished in 1904. country, nominally a part of Havana's best tobacco of all which changed the areas, a master grip on the world's Ricla., otherwise known as the Count ----+---jurisdiction, but still in reality withbat.tie ranches of San Juan and Martitobacco market, and a reputation for of Santa Clara. It is the most wesL No where in the world are peopl~ out government at all. nez and San Luis into the best known tranquility calculated to assist toward erly of the city's defenses, being so care free as in Cuba. The secret Governor de la Torre resolved to plantations under cultivation today; even greater prosperity than that at placed in the hill near the shore, one is the climate and the country. found a town out there, in the far and to the volume of tobacco business present enjoyed. west, and to name a lieutenant govtransacted there the city of Pinar del Also it is worth remarking that out ernor to reside in it, in representation Rio (made the capital of Nueva Filiside Cuba which r e cognizes them as of his authority. His obj e ct was to pina in 1810) owes its importanc e ', names of battles here considered fa encourage the cultivation of the exsolely. mous, the words Dos Rios, Las Gua quisite tobacco of Vuelta Abajo From the moment in 1774, that a simas, Palo Seco and Wajay, have no ("down country," as the west was indistinction among good tobaccos was definite signification; on the contrary definitely designated), by placing wesdrawn in favor of the best, the rise there is not a city on the globe to tern vegueros in touch with the civil of VtJPlta Abajo as a center of tobacco whose smokers the name Vuelta and social life of the rest or Cuba. production was quick. The far west Abajo does not mean tobacco-and by protecting them from pirates, and immdiately attained a supremacy the best of it to be procured. also from the extortions of district which has never since been questionIn the course of the centuries Vuelta captains-petty officials-who wer e ed. Tobacco culture throughout the Abajo has developed a tobacco plant the more daring and arbitrary the rest of the island has regulated itself peculiarly its own. Formerly this va further their commands lay from the with referenc e to business there. In riety predominated in the vegas of the reach of central authority. districts where once it prevailed, towe st Transplanted to other countries. Legalization of Guane. bacco h::is been abandoned (i. e., in the e ven to other sections of the island, In 1774, Captain Fernandez, first immediate neighborhood of Havana); it lost the distinguishing qualities de governor of the newly created lieutenin others where it has not heretofore veloped solely in Vuelta Abajo. Dur ancy (it was called Nueva Filipina). been attempted, it is developing (i. e., ing the wars which swept Cuba this went into the west to establish his in the crnter and east of the island, genuine Cuban tobacco was largely authority over the country from the at Cabaiguan and along the Cauto). destroyed; in the mountain fastnesses Palacios river to Cape San Antonio. In Vuelta Abajo, however, production of the far west, however, there wer ci He discovered that he had no need has been uninterrupted (save during seedbeds add Vegas which were undis to found a new town-one almost two one short period in war times 1895-8) turbed and tliese, when peace was re hundred years old alrrndy existed from unchroniciled years, prior te ~tored, replanted Vuelta Abajo. At within his jurisdiction; he had mere1600, to date. th e 'same time; certain foreign varieIy to legalize it to provide himself "Just Growed." ties of tobacco-namely, Mexican with a capital, and this he proceeded The prosi:erity of tobacco culture plants and hybrids from the United to do at once. The town was Guane. has always been the prosperity of the States-were introduced there, at once Guane seems to have been, in thos west; and the prosperity of the west attaining superior qualities, not days, of an ambulatory disposition; its is, in notable degree that of all Cuba, equalled even in those places where first location was Hato Guane, 12 since tobacco is the country's second they were indigenuos. miles from its present site; thence it largest export. These circumstances prove conclus moved into the Acosta Hills, from History of the tobacco business and ively the excellence of the Vuelta where it traveled to Sansuefia, and that of Pinar del Rio province are Abajo tobacco is derived from pecu next to Barrancas, finally settling one-and hard to trace in detail. liar conditions of soil and climate pre down to stay atop a ridge of high "Happy," they say, "is the country vailing just within that small region land beside the Cuyaguateje river. which has no history." The remark and nowhere else. Thus has Nature Originally, persons in 50 leagues is applicable to Pinar del Rio; that protected Vuelta Abajo against suc around brought their children for bapprovince, as it is today-rich, modern, cessful rivalry. The quality of the tism to its church; there are entries and a factor in the world's commertobacco grown there early recogniz dated 1602 and these are not the first cial affairs-"just growed,'' in UJ?,Obed as the best there is, cannot be : made, evidently. Gradually this great trusive fashion, and unobserved, beequalled. FIREMEN'S MONUMENT, COLON CEMETERY.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST MORRO CASTLE victs and slaves. It was a tremenimpression, because at the bottom is dous undertaking bcause the deep "The Shark's Nest," and there can Ancient Fortress Was Captured by the moats had to be cut from the solid always be seen from one to several English and Americans in 1762. coral rock. Most of the fortress is of the cruel mouthed, hungry hyenas Building Due to Francis Drake built on this solid formation and a of the deep, watching you with wary large part of the structure is actually ey as if hoping that you, too, might Morro Castle, the ancient fortress hewn out of the rock. It has the apbe thrown ovr to feed their insatiapearance of an immense natural forble appetites. mation in which the hand of man asTowering above Morro is the great sisted in its outline. It required lighthouse, built in 1844 by the then twelve yars to build it. Practically Governor General O'Donnell. Poster impregnable in its day, but of little ity is not destined to forget this Irish use in this age of thirteen-inch guns, name for it is blazoned in large letters this antique stronghold still impresses which will only p e rish when the im one with its great strength. posing pile of stone is no more. Any HAVANA, CUBA vent the landing of the British at CoCaptain Velasco, telling him the fact s jimar, but the fort there fell and the and advising him to surrender as re troops, defeated, retired to Havana. sistance was no longer possible. The Cabanas heights were captured soon brave Spaniard replied that he would afterward by assault and the enemy fight to the last, and he did. The began erecting batteries on the hill mine was fired the next day and caus so as to concentrate a murderous fire ed great destruction. The English upon Morro. This work was completcharged in over the fallen walls, but ed by the end of June and the guns were met by Captain Velasco, who of the two opened fire on each other. with his men, fought like Spartans The part of Morro just opposite to until the brave captain fell, sword in Cabanas was soon reduced to ruins, hand. His second in command, Mar but still the brave commander, Capques Gonzalez, when his chief fell. tain Velasco, refused to give up. Fitook the authority and fought just as nally the English commander, Lord desperately until he was killed. Then commanding the attention and admir ation of every one ,entering Havana harbor, just as it stands out promi nently from the mainland as one ap proachs Havana from the sea, so is its relation in history to the city it was built to dfend. Since the year 1585, when the need of a Morro was realized, has the history of this city been inseparately wov~n about this stronghold. No place is richer in his toric interest to the visitor to Havana. To yisit Morro Castle, one takes one one whose avoirdupois is not too Albermarle, mined under the roundathe garri'Son, overcome by mere force of tht?small harbor boats to the Morro plentiful, should climb the dark windtions of the fort and when he was of numbers with both commanders landing. Following an old shaded ing stairs of the lighthouse to the ready to blow it up, sent word to dead, could only surrender. To the English is due the building of Morro Castle, although they had nothing more to do with it than to walk, lined on each side by thousands summit, because from it will be unof stone ale bottle, emptied in days folded a panorama of Havana that will long past by Spanish officers in their more than repay the effort. efforts to drive off homesickness for The guns on Morro are neither of show the Spanish rulers the necessity those left in Old Spain, the visitor, great age nor modern. They are the for such a defense. It is a coinciafter a steep climb, comes to the anbest of any fortification in Cuba. dence that England, many years later, cient drawbridge. Here, as in days Twelve of the cannon destined to lost many of her sons to capture the of yore, a s e ntinel stops you, examguard the channel of the harbor are ~ry place which her former acts had ines your pass, and if it is right, alknown as "The Twelve Apostles," caused to be built. lows you to enter. and each bears its apostolic name. The necessity of a Morro Castle Like most Spanish fortresses, Morro The capture of Morro Castle by the was first realized by King Phillip II. is not a place to strike che er to one's English is one of the most interesting It was due to a visit to Havar:a in l:eart. Oii. foe contrary one feels a portions of its history. On June 6, 1585 by Francis Drake. This great depression while within its gloomy 1762, the captain general of Havana English corsair was on his way home walls and tales by your guide of the was notified that an English fleet of after having sacked and plundered human suffering endured therein, in two hundred nails had be e n sighted Carthagena and stopped here on his days not so very long ago, and the off coast of Cojimar, only six miles way to renew his supplies of water consciousness of horrible stories from Havana. Rumors of the coming and provisions. His coffers were alwhich could be told by those silent o! this fleet had reached the captain ready full of spoils from former constones if they could but speak, causes general, but he was incredulous, and quests and he and men were anxious the average visitor to rather hurry as a result, was entirely unprepard to return to their flesh pots .:tt home. through the long dark corridors and for the emergency. The British fleet Fo.r this rason he took nothing here satisfy himself with but a glance withwas under command of Admiral Sir beyond a supply of turtles' eggs and in the dark recesses of the dungeons, George Peacock, and was taking ad hundreds of live turtles. These were where Cuban patriots ate out their vantage of the war between England, killed and dried and added much to hearts while awaiting the pleasure of France and Spain to attempt the cap change the monotony of the bill of their Spanish masters. As one is ture of Havana, already become one fare on board his ships. conducted to the saward side and of the richest prizes in the New World The Spaniards feared Francis Drake catches a glimpse of the beautiful, and the key to all Spanish-American almost as much as they hated him, deep blue waters, he feels relief possessions. and while his visit to Havana did not until shown an innocent looking chute The Spanish captain gneral, on result in harm, it was realized that, leading down to the depths, and is learning the enemy was at hand, im with this city's constantly growing told, while built for the dumping of mediately caused the alarm to be wealth and importance, it would soon refuse, political prisoners were often sounded and began to assemble every become a prize, attractive not only to cast alive into the waters below. Peravailable fighting man. With the such sea rovers as Drake, but also haps the visitor may think that, havtroops in the different garrisons and as a jewel which any king might some ing been thrown into the water alive, the mustering of every citizen able to time desire to add to his crown. some prisoners may have, like th e carry a gun, he succeeded in gather Then it was that King Phillip ordered hero of Alexander Dumas in his Count ing a force of 27,610 men. The Brit the construction of an impregnable of Monte Cristo, freed himself of his ish had 14,041 men recruited in Eng fortress to protect Havana. bonds and swimming to the shore, esland, Jamaica and the colonies of The plans were drawn by an encaped into the world once more. A North America, now part of the Unit gineer named Don Juan Bautista Ancareful glance into these waters on ed States. toneli and the labor was done by conclear days will disabuse one of that The Spaniards sent a force to preBELEN CHURCH. ..J r


THE WRECK OF THE BATTLESHIP MAINE IN HAVANA HARBOR TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HAVANA, CUBA. j Copyrighted ey The American Photo Co., Havana, Cuba. The Last Decoration of Maine by Spanish War Veterans and Thughters of the American Revolution, February 15, 1911 I I


THE WRECK OF THE BATTLE HIP MAINE IN HAVANA HARBOR TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HAVANA, CUB.A. Copyrighted by The America!\ Photo Co . Havana, Cuba. Pumping Clay F1on1 Harbor Bottom, Filling Caissons Arc.ind Wreck of Maine, by Huston-Trumbo Dredging Company


1 1 OURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA ROUTES TO HAVANA [ about eighteen by way of Port Tampass through Jacksonville-the gate1 men s paradise. All these things you electric lights, automobil e s, etc., and I pa, including a stop of a couple of way to Florida-and s peeding south may see and do coming South, or if ancient in that it's picturesque old Florida Tourists' Logical Point of Dehours at Key W e st, wh ,e re one can be landed at shipside without change you prefer take th e m in after your fortifications, churches, walls etc., are parture for Cuba-Five Days spend the time profitably as well as of cars. For those d e siring to tarry visit to Cuba, as tickets on sale all side b y side with the wonders of modFrom New York and Return. pleasantly in inspecting Uncle Sam's awhile liberal stopover privileges are over the United States and Canada, e rn times. fortifications which are of such forallowed on all tourist tickets. Surely known as Winte1 Tourist tickets, 1 Let no one think, however, that be(By L. D.) midable proportions as to have earnthere is temptation enough, with the have a six months' return limit and cause they are in a foreign land they ed for this island the sobriqu e t of the trains passing through such towns as permit stop-overs at all points in are out of touch with things at home The enterprise of The Havana Post "Gibraltar of America"-but, there Sanford, Orlando, winter Park and Florida. -The Post and other up-to-date in getting out its annual Tourist Edi1 are many other attractions aside from DeLand and th e west Coast; or if It is important that the tourist connewspapers will disabuse your mind tion is indicative of the push and enthe troops, forts, ships-of-war, etc.1 your tickets r e ads via the East Coast templating a trip to Florida shoulcl at once, from their -Columns you can ergy of the times in Havana; as it is cigar factories, sponge fisheries, excelyour rout e will take you through the know that for a very small additional glean the news of the world as given intended as a guide and directory for I out by the Associated Pres.;, and you Cuba to be largely distributed can cable New York and have an n.nthroughout the United States and ----~1 swer in less than half an hour. Canada, its issue would hardly be When your visit has ended you go complete without at least a brief arto the offic e of the Peninsular and ticle on "How to Reach Havana." This, indeed, is a progressive age, and nothing more clearly marks it than the methods of modern travel. Strange to say, our methods of travel have outstripped the knowledge of the traveler in many instances; as an ex ample, a short tim e since while the writer of this article was traveling by train through one of the Eastern States he heard two men in the Pull man smoker discussing various for eign countries, and was surprised at hearing one of them say he had al ways wanted to visit Cuba, but that one might just as well take a trip to Europe, as Cuba was so inaccessible and it took so much time. They were exceedingly surprised when I told them that busin e ss men from New York called to Cuba on business that required haste in travel could leave I Occidental Steamship Company, and in addition to securing your stateroom on shipboard, you can also secure your Pullman reservation, Pull I man tickets, have your baggage 1 checked through to destination and transferred from your hotel. Arrange ments have been made to save pas sengers, via this Line, the necessity I of having their baggage insp e cted upon landing in the United States, as inspectors at Havana do that ere passengers leave; so that on landing once again on United States soil you pass on without hindrance. --+--:Fm.EE EVENING CONCERTS Municipal and Artillery Bc1nds Render Program in Park and at Malecon. New York during the winter season, Havana has several excellent !;lands. when the justly celebrated New York The Municipal band proudly retains and Florida trains were in service, first place, under the able leadership make the round trip, have a day in of Director Tomas. It has won recogHavana, and be back in New York in nition at home and abroad. The five days-not only that but travel in Cuartel General band comes second. every comfort while doing it. ~ii li ~~~~~2-------=-----....:..--"-'----'----~----_;___~--~11 Both these bands play to the public The Florida Special trains are an ; on Sunday afternoons and evenings education in themselves-electric1 1 and on certain evenings during the lighted, solid vestibule steel Pullmans, "THE PRADO," THE WALK TO THE OCEAN. week. library, barber shop, dining cars, elecThere is a bandstand at Malecon tric fans, etc. These trains, the arislent fishing, boating and bathing, and garden spot of the world-through [ sum he may purchase his tickets and another arranged ,ound the Mar tocrats of the rail .sweep North and most interesting of all the line of quaintly interesting old Augustine, [ through to Havana and return; and ti statue in Central Park. When the South, with the regularity 9f a. clock, steel rails leading north over the blue Rockledge, Palm Beach and Miami, surely all who come to Florida should bands play the people apoear in landing their passengers at either waters of the ocean, that marks the and south of that to the delightful I make the trip to Cuba. crowds and walk round and round, Knight~ Key on the East Coast or at coming of the new railroad, the exfishing camp at Long Key. If you Other articles in this editon of The listening to the music. There are Port Tampa on the W E t C-0ast of tension of the celebrated East Coast happen to b e fond of good fishing this Post will amply d e scribe Cuba as a chairs at Malecon and in the park. Florida; then it is but to step on Railway, which is to be completed and will sur,ely tempt you to stop off, for tourist point in these days; so will They are free during the day until board of one of the fast mail ships of in operation in January, 1912. here all arrangements have b e en merely say that having come to an5 o'clock after which a charge of five the Peninsular anrl Occidental SteamAs it is only ninety knots from Key made for your coming-boats, tackle, I chor in Havana's beautiful harbor, cents Spanish money, is made. A ship Company's, and a short and West to Havana, this means that bait, ev e rything to tempt the angler, you have before you a city at once I ticket bou g ht in either park is g ood delightful sea voyage, eight hours on leaving practically any of the large and in addition a fine camp delightful modern and ancient-modern in it's in th e oth e r. The b e nches are free :h e sea by way of Knights Key, and cities of the East or West, one may cuisine makes Long K e y the fisher1 splendid hotels, ele c tric car service, la t all ti m e s


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA GUIDE TO HAVANA I Ferries leave Luz wharf for Regla vana Electric street cars lines to Vefrom Concha station or Arsenal sta: O'REILLY ANDO 'DONNELL and for the Regla station of the I dado. Fare is ten cents currency. tion, or via Vedado stre t car lines to ---Condensed Statement of Points o1 United Railways, Cuban Railroad, l\Ialecon.-Ilavana's famous drive Marianao. Two Irish Names Playing a PromiPrincipal Interest in and Near the City. Havana Cntral. Fare, 5 cents. and promenade. One of the most Plaza de Armas.-This is the little nent Part in Havana's Mr. Foster's Information Office.beautiful in the world. At foot of park in front of the Presidential PalHistory. Corner Prado and Central Park. Prado. ace and is located at the foot of ---The following is a condensed list La Fuerza Fort.-The first fortifiMarkets. Monserrate street, two O'Reilly and Obispo stri>ets. General O'Reilly, after whom to points of interest in and around cation built for the defense of Hablocks from Central Park, towards Park Seats. The chair seats in O'Reilly street was named, and Genthe city. vana. Near foot of O'Reilly and oppobay. Central Park and at the Malecon are eral O'Donnell, whose name is assoAlbear Statu 0 erected as a memosite Plaza de Armas Park. Matanzas.-Excursions by the Unitfree during the day. From five o'clock ciated with the Morro Lighthouse, rial to the architect planning Hava1 Libraries.-National, in Maestranza ed Railways of Havana. in the afternoon until ten at night and the O'Farrills and O'Lawlers, who na's waterworks, Albear Park, one building, Cuba and Chacon streets. Morro Castle.-Take small boat there is a charge of five cents Spanwere prominent in the history of Hablock from Central Park, between =======================-============================= vana, were descended from IrishO'Reilly and Obispo streets. men who emigrated from Ireland to American Club.-No. 83 Prado. -----------~~--~--=--~-----~-----------Spain after the battle of the Boyne in Atares Fort.-Place where Colon<:rl 1 . Crittendon and his thirty Kentuckians were shot. Take Jesus del Monte cars to Cristina and then walk. Botanical Gardens.-On Paseo Car los III. Take Principe cars to en trance. Caballeria Wharf.-Foot of O'Reilly street. Cabanas Fort.-Take boat from Ca bell ic ria wharf. Fare ten cents. Morro Castle can also be visited in connection. Carcel.-Jail formerly used as state prison. Foot of Prado. Cathedral.-Where Columbus was once buried. Empedrado and San Ig nacio streets. Cervantes Statue. San Juan de Dios Park. All cars reading San Juan de Dios pass by the park. Churchs.-Roman Catholic Cathed ral, Empedrado and San Ignacio. Be len, Compostela and Luz streets. La Merced, Cuba and Merced strieets. San Agustin, Cuba and Amargura streets. Santa Catalina, O'Reilly street. Santo Domingo, O'Reilly and 1690, and attained eminence in the Spanish servicf' The O'Reilly, O'Farrill and O'Law ler families were prominent among the wealthiest sugar planters of the island during the last century. In the year 1704, in return for his ser vices as alguacil mayor (high con stable), Count O'Reilly y de Buena Vista re<:eived by royal grant a mo nopoly of carrying the carcasses ot beef from Havana slaughter house to the butcher shops. The office of high constable long since ceased to exist, but the beef monopoly was handed down through the O'Reilly family and was enjoyed by them as a vested right until the year 1899, when it was ter minated by General Brooke, then Mil itary Governor of Havana. The pric3 per carcass under the O'Reilly regime was fifty cents; when the monopolJ was taken from them it was given to the city, which performed the same service for from 25 to 30 cents, a saving on the 300 carcasses daily of from $75 to $!:10. When in 1784 France ceded LouisMercaderes streets. Cristo (AmeriI iana to Spain, and Don Antonio Ulloa can; Augustinian Fathers), Villegas ~-~---==--'""", went from Havana to New Orleans ts and Amargura streets. ...__-~----.;:......----~-----~------~--~-------...;....-... ...... .:....;._........;....:.--.:.....;:,,.;:.,... take possession of the country for Protestant Denominations.-(SerTheir Catholic Majesties, the French vioes in English) .-Holy Trinity CaLA FU ERZA. inhabitants rebelled at Spanish domithedral, Neptuno and Aguila; W. L. I nation, and drove Ulloa back to HaPlatt, secretary, 105 Prado. Methodc==================================================== vana; thereupon General Alexander 1st, 10 Virtudes street. Presbyterian Library of the Economic Society, DraI from Caballeria wharf. Fare ten ish silver. A ticket bought in either O'Reilly organiz,ed a force here, sailed church, Salud 40. Baptist Temple, gones No. 62. cents. Cabanas Fort can be visited of the two parks is good for vacant to New Orleans, and straightway corner Dragones and Zulueta. Guanabacoa.-Formerly the summer in the same connection. chair found in both places. The made good the Spanish sovereignty Congress.-Senate Building on residence of Spanish officials. Ferry I Palace.-Residence of the president benches in both parks arie always over Louisiana. O'Reilly street, fronting Plaza de from Luz wharf to Regla, th 1 ence by and official center of the Cuban govfree. Of Governor Leopoldo O'Donnell, Armas. House of Representatives is electric car. ernment. Entirie block near foot of Police Headquarters.-Corner of who was governor from 1843 to 1848, one half block from Machina wharf. Luz Wharf.-Ferry to Regla, is at O'Reilly and Obispo streets. OppoEmpedrado and Monserrate streets. it is recorded that by an ingenuous Cristobal Colon Cemetery.-Reachthe foot of Luz street. It is reached site Plaza de Armas. Regla.-Takie Muelle Luz cars to system of personal revenue (in moded by the Universidad-Aduana line of by all Muelle de Luz street cars. Paula Hospital.-San Isidro street, Luz wharf then transfer to ferry. ern phrase, "graft"), he acquired in cars, fare 5 cents. Marianao.-Suburb west of Habetween Cuba and Havana. Temple of Columbus.-Where mass his short term such immense wealth Custom Homlle (Aduana).-Oficios vana, reached by rail from Concha La Playa.-Cuba's popular bathing was first said at founding or Havana. that when he went back to Spain th& street, foot of Teniente Rey. station, or Arsenal station, or via Habeach. Trains every half hour either Jj'oot of O'Reilly street. King himself was envious of him.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA COLUMBUS CATHEDRAL Carrara marble. The baldachin consin. Above the altar of San CristoI may be noted a slight discolorization Lorenzo. They were received here tians a sculptured image of Our Lady bal, St. Christopher, the patron saint in the wall. In this place in a small with imposing ceremonies and placed Discovering the New World as he of the Immaculate Conception. The of Havana, is a picture which repreniche are supposed to have been plac1 in the niche of the chancel heretodid, anything recalling or associated floor is a mosaic of colored marble. sents the giant-statured Christopher ed the bones of Columbus. The fore described. with Columbus is always of interest The ceilings are all elaborately and bearing on his shoulders through the Great Discoverer, when he died brokIn the year 1898 when the Spaniards and the Havana Cathedral where the beautifully painted. In the dome are flood the Christ Child, who holds the en hearted in Valladolid in 1508, statevacuated the Island of Cuba to the bones of the great discoverer rested, likenesses of Moses and Prophets and world in His hand. In an ante-chamed in his will that he wished to be Americans, again was it against their is a never neglected Mecca of visiEvangelists. On the walls, Abraham ber off from the altar is the chapel transferred to Seville and later Spain will to leave these precious relics to tors in Havana. and Sarah to whom the promise is of Santa Maria de Loretto, a reproobeyed the last wishes of the man the care of an alien race so they were The Cathedral's real name is Cagiven: "Sarah thy wife shall bear duction of the shrine of Loretto in who had added so many new countaken back to Seville where they had thedral of the Virgin Mary of the Imone son," and Christ and the Woman Italy. The legend is that when in the tries to her possessions and transferbeen once before, and there they rest maculate Conception. rt is located on of Samaria. A small painting always year 1295 the Santa Casa or Holy red his bones to Santo Domingo. today. In the meanwhile Santo Dothe corner of San Ignacio and Empe drado streets, and though it is only a little over two hundred years old, im presses one with its great antiquity. It is of the Hispano-American type of architecture, with two towers and a dome and is built of Cuban lime stone from which until the recent advent of cement and steel, the prin cipal edifices of Havana have been built. The Jesuits built this Cathed ral in the year 1704 on the site occu pied by a former church. Two of its bells which still ring out their deep rich tones all hours of the day and night, were cast in 1664 and 1698, re spectively. The visitor who would see the Ca thedral during hours that it is not open for services, is admitted through a gate to the right into a triangular courtyard. On one side is the ecclesi astical court room, the walls of which are adorned with portraits of former bishops of the Island. Beyond are the the cloisters and the yards of the Theological Seminary of San Carlos. i If the visitor comes well recom mended, the good priest in charge of the Cathedral will take interest in showing one through the mahogany chests in which are stored fortunes in magnificent robes, trimmed in rare laces and gold and silvery embroid ery, used in the various ceremonies of the church. No woman will call her visit to Havana in vain who has gained a peep at the treasures hidden COLUMBUS TEMPLE. mingo claims to have found other bones which have been "positively" identified as those of Columbus, and it is asserted that those brought to Havana were those of a son of the discoverer. An old priest who attend ed the exhumation of the bones from the vault in the Havana Cathedral has assured The Post that among the bones was a little golden cross in scribed in Latin as having been pre sented to Columl:lus by Queen Isa bela and this in his mind establishes the identity of the bones beyond a doubt as it will also in tbP minds of others. B EAUTIFUL VEDADO Aristocratic Residence Quarter Was Once Wilderness Feared by the Street cars, with sign-boards read_ ing either Vedado_San Juan de Dios in white and red or Vedado. Muelle de Luz in white and green, which pass Central Park, will convey the tourist into the aristocratic resi dence district of Havana, called "El Vedado," which means, translated, "Forbidden Ground." Now this whole vicinty is built up [ with villas, which are the summer homes of the wealthy, each set in its 1 garden of flowers and foilage plants and shading evergreen trees. The Calzada, the boulevard follow. in this room. greatly admired and reputed to be by House of Nazareth, the birthplace of I ThHe they were placed in the Coed by conveyances driving out from On the walls are life-like paintings Murillo, represents the Pope and the the Virgin and the scene of the Anlumbus Cathedral until the island was the city, is one block to seaward of by some of the oldest and most faCardinals celebrateing mass preparanunciation, was threatened with protaken by the French in 1795. The the car line, which follows Linea mous masters. Some are of almost tory to the sailing of Columbus. The fanation at the hands of the Saracens, Spaniards did not want to see the restreet. The visitor should alight, say incalcuable value. Madonna del Carmen, the Virgin and buried on the island of Santo Domains of their great countryman pass at Second street, and walk over a From the robing room a door Child releasing souls from torment, a mingo. He was first buried in Valunder the control of an alien race and block for the pleasure of seein~ to the high altar and chancel the infavorite subject in Spanish ecclesiasladolid. Afterwards his remains wen, their removal was ordered to Cuba. homes typical of the quarter. Near. terior walls of which are finished in tical art. Maria de la Concepcion, it was borne by angels over land and The bones believed to have been those by is Chorrera fort on its rocky islet. dark marble. The columns are of the Immaculate Conception; the Virsea and deposited at Loretto, which of Columbus were exhumed from the ----+----highly polished mahogany and the gin stands on a globe with foot resthas ever since been one of the famous floor in front of the altar of the Santo THE LI MA. choir stalls are of the same wood but ing upon a serpent, typical of her shrines of Christendom. Domingo church and brought to HaThe lima is somewhat like the lime magificently carved. The altar is ot triumph over a world fallen through To the left of the altar in a corner vana in the Spanish battleship San l with the flavor of the grape.


TOUlUS'r EDITION UAVA TA DAILY POST HAV..:UU .. CUBA -:: VENTO SPRINGS. 1 heavy iron pipes located in a tunnel seen just off Central Park and at the an open ditch which succeeded anJ HAVANA'S POLICE der the river by this means in two head of O'Reilly and Obispo streets. other open ditch built in 1592. This Furnish Havana With One of the of masonry. Travelers in automobiles Albear was born in Havana in 1811, ditch can still be seen filld with Purest Water Supplies in World. out toward Vento often wondE:r for and was graduated as a civil engineer running water running back of the Comes from 400 Springs. what purpose are a number of uniin Madrid. He entered the Spanish botanical gardens. The use of t'1e I form little brick houses stretched army and because of his engineering water because of its exposed conCComposed of a Fine Body of Men Who Reflect Credit Upon Community. Vento Springs, the source of Haalong at equal intervals for miles. attainments rose rapidly. He was tion is prohibited by the health de vana's water system, is one of the Under this line of houses is flowing made a major and later a general. partment. most interesting and picturesque loHavana's water supply and they are I His greatest achievment was the Ven 1 The surplus water from these calities in Cuba. It is located nine built to render easy and quick any to system. He died here in 1889. springs form the source of the Almen miles south of Havana at a place callrepair which may be required at any The monument is by the Cuban dares river which empties into the ed Vento and daily automobile extime. But it is seldom anything ever sculptor, Saavedra. It is life-size and sea at Vedado, Havana's most popucursions are taken there for the con=-======~===-=============-============================= venience of tourists. The clearness and apparent purity of Havana's water never fails to cause the remark that it looks "just like spring water." That is what it should look lik 0 for that is just what it is. The vit.tor on being told this, will, as a rule, wear a rather incredible smile, expressive of doubt that one spring can supply this city of over 300,000 inhabitants. The answer is that the supply is not from one spring, but from four hundred, all boiling up within a small circumfor ence and imprisoned in a heavy wall of masonry down which are steps al lowing one to approach to the very brink of the water. The water is very deep, but just as clear there as it is in the crytal goblet when drawn from the hydrant. The daily supply from these springs is 40,000,000 gal lons, and it is absolutely free from all organic matter. It is somewhat hard owing to the limestone in solution. whether one is engineer or just an ordinary layman, with no knowledge of such things, the engineering work which imprisoned these springs and drew tlrnm to Havana, never ceases to be admi~ed. The water is deliv ered to the suburb of Cerro entlre1y by gravity, requiring no pump or ex pense whatsoever other than a care taker to see to it that no foreign matter is allowed to get into the .. ON THE RAMPARTS OF CABANAS. Surprise is almost always express2d by visitors in IJavana at the ex cellency of the municipal police force. Travelers who are accustomed to many shortcomings of other similar organizations in the Latin-American countries where the policeman is a small lord and is to be served rather than to s rve, know how to appre ciate a body of policemen such as pa trol the streets of Havana. There are exceptions, of course, but the av erage Havana patrolman is very po lite and if a tourist comes to him in trouble or merely after information, he will, instead of merely shrugging his shoulders, if he does not under stand, hunt an interpreter, and learn ing the trouble will do all that he can. Woe to the Havana cabman who is caught trying to cheat a visitor. To the precinct he is sure to go and lit tle mercy is shown him the next morning by the police judge. Owing to swindlers, both American and native, who have made a living imposing upon visitors to Havana, a special squad o1: English-speaking po ilcemen has been detailed to do noth ing else but look after the welfare of tourists. These special officers are to be found at the passenger landing. I Havana's police force was organiz ed in 1898 by John McCullagh, ex chief of police of New York city. He was very careful in his selection of his men, choosing those who had I served in the war of independence, and enjoyed a reputation for cool headedness and bravery. In physique the Havana policeman will compare favorably with the average policeman in the United States, but as a rule springs. At Cerro the water is dehappens to this admirable system. In is supported upon a pedestal carved lar residential suburb. A trip up this what he lacks in stature and avoirdu posited in a great reservoir and then thirteen years' residence here the with faces wreaths and engineering river in a small motor boat is a very poise he makes up in bravery and en pumped to Havana for the purpose of writer only knows of two general inemblems. It bears this dedication in pleasant experience. It is very deep erP-y. giving it a heavy pressure. Before terruptions of the water service Spanish: "The City of Havana has and the current is treacherous so The force is being constantly im the building of high houses in Hathrough the bursting of pipes and the j erected this monument to her illusthat the visitor would better resist its j proved. Only recently the chief vis vana the pumping station was not a work of repair in each instance was trious son, D. Francisco de Albear y invitation to plunge into its clear, inited several of the larger cities of the necessity, as the water came all the only a matter of a very few hours. Lara." Havana is signified as a digviting waters for a swim. The seenUnited States so as to get ideas helpway from Vento, carried along hy its This systm of waterworks was nifi e d female figure bearing on her ery along the banks of this river, esful to his work. His visit has reown gravity. built at a cost of $5,030,000 by a breast the castles and the key of the I pecially in the vicinity of the Tropical wlted in much good, especially in the The secret of the construction of Cuban engineer named General Francity's escutcheon. Drewery, which obtains its power formation of special traffic squad to Vento waterworks lies in the use o! cisco Albear. A statue raised in grateBefore the construction of the aquefrom its current, is among the pretiook after travel in Havana's crowded an inverted siphon. It is carried unful memory to the engineer can be duct the water was brought through tiest of the island. stree'.


TOURIST EDrrION CUBAN OPPORTUNIT !B ~ 1 Great Possibilities Lie Here in P"v ducing Foodstuffs for Local Consumption. Gr-eat possibilities lie in Cuba for agriculturists who wish to produce staple products for island consump tion. United States Consul G-eneral Rog,ers has prepared an interesting article along this line. He says: In the table which follows, some staple articles of Cuban diet are giv en, and it is certain that the list con stitutes the bulk of the food stuffs consumed on the island. Add to the items given, those of bread, fish of various kinds, and fruit, and one has practically the food list of the great majority of the Cuban people. The ta.ble gives the importation of thesE: foods in the cal-endar year of 1906, the latest available printed statistics. Those of the current year will probI ably equal in volume those of 1906. but th~ prices will be somewhat higher. Article. Pounds. Value. Rice .. 192,766,374 $4,045,137 Coffee .. 21,357,127 2,432,797 Potatoes 82,155,823 1,104,577 Onions .. 20,319,560 398,862 Beans .. 28,241,356 1,010,629 Eggs .. 4,643,885 824,389 IIAVA A DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA Ika::s, p e r 1 0 0 pound s ...... .. 3.5 ') g rowin g in Cuba until labor gets g u a rant y of the con t in u anc e of the a s r e pres e nt e d by cold storage plants Eggs rer dozen . . . . . . . .45 1 ch e ap e r, and that probably can only d uty a t its pr e s e nt fi g ur e th e n would overcom e the latt e r difficulty Th es e prices are only ::in approxibe accomplished by the introduction Americ a n s or any others who can at least and b e profitable not only -nation, becaus e varying conditions of A s i a stics for s uch work as rice l e arn coffee raising and preparation for the native product, but also for muse chan ge s. growing. s hould make money in th e industry. the imported. ?os:;ibilit i cs in P roduction of Foods. Coffee. Although coff e e from the But l e t labor prices advance, or the Eggs. This product and its source, Rice. The island of Cuba in many world at large pays a duty of $23.40 g ov e rnm e nt abandon the policy of enthe chicken, constitute the greatest parts is well ada r ted to raising rice, per 100 kilos, and of $18.72 from th e c ouraging coffee growing, and there matter for wonder as to Cuban impor and this is es1, 2 da.'v true of the the United States, and although Cuba I is a probability of Cuban coffee growtation. Knowing that the chicken will south coast when r,!b .t:: ul irrigation was once a coffee-growing country, ing going the same way as in the old tbrive in Cuba, its apparent scarcity, can be had. It is alr-ady rais e d in J the industry in all parts of the counplantation area of the province of as judged by its price ( 45 cents a small quantities, but the price of Cutry has languished on account of the Pinar del Rio. pound), constitutes a ground for reflection upon the people. Theoreti cally, therefore, the raising of chickI ens and the production of eggs which would follow should be one of the most profitable of human endeavor here. The climate is not too hot, natural food is easily raised or is ob tainable by foraging, th e re are no ani mal enemies, and the chicken and the ,egg are now staple articles of diet. In the year 1907 the egg importation rose to over $UH)0,000 in value, and every gulf port st-earner is now crowd ed with chickens. Given protection in all ways, the chkken and egg busi ness in Cuba shoul:l attract capital. <}-GA IV! E AN D SHOOTING Quail and W i ld p ,-, ::, ns A re i n G reat Ab undance -D et., H u nti ng Is Popular ~ ,.,rt. The lover c~ huntin 6 find plenValue is given in U. S. currency. I r ~,,..~-.iilii;;;=ty of game in Cuba in the shape of The duties levied in 1906 upon these r--, -.IL quail, wil.d pigeons of various kinds, six gr,eat items for food stuffs was ,.. 11 .... and deer. The quail and pigeons are $3,832,278, accounting for about 12 1---,--..11-......, very abundant and the hunter is nearper cent of the total revenue for the 'll ,.._-J-. llr;;: E ........... i;.,,. ly always repaid for his tramp year and about 15 p,er cent of the total ['..J~Wrf!.'!'!~_,. through Cuban meadows. collection for customs. All of which n~~ ~ l~'r.' __.1 ..... ,...... The Cuban deer is of the antelope is highly significant when it is known I a, type, very much in favor with epithat the per capita charge on account --"""""'!llll!:l:.: cures becaus e of its tendern-ess and of customs duties in Cuba is about :Jhil'~ ~~ flavor. Deer hounds are kept in large $12.50, and that the duty levied upon ilflmii ~ ~-flli! ~~~~::..ia~~Y !!!B numbers in the city of Havana by lovthese food stuffs, a portion of which I ers of this sport who find abundant at least could be produced at home. I game in the hills within two hours' averaged about 39 per cent upon th e TYPICAL HAVANA HOM ES ALONG THE PRADO rid e of the capital. valuation assigned. =================::::;:::================================== The seasons are a3 follows: W h olesa le P rices in H a v a n a. ban l~bor, as c0rn p ared with that of cost of labor. This statement should I Pot::ttoes. Practical experiment has Quail, from November 1 to FebruTo show, howev-er, what the Cuban the East Indies, renders possible the be qualified, however, to this extent; proven that Irish potato s, as well as ary 28. and other people had to pay for them, shipment of Asiastic and Indian rice In Oriente and Santa Clara province .::; sw e et potatoes, will grow in Cuba and I Pigeons, and all other birds, from a table which follows shows the presmore than half w~y u round the earth it is stat e d that new plantings are grow well. They are raised in every October 1 to March 31. ent approximate wholesale pric e s and the payment of a duty of $1 2'.} per doin~ well physically and financially. province of the island now, and there [ Deer, from September 1 to Febru (they are higher than those of the 100 kilos (kilo equals 2.2 pounds) up Th e ir financial condition is account e d does not yet seem to b e good reason ary 1. year 1906) in Havana, the currency on all shipm e nts of rice from counfor by better production and by the why a liberal percentag e of the tubers There are also English snipe a nd used being that of the United States: tries other than the Unit e d States, ur. e of modern cl 2 an1ng machinery, u se d should not be tak::n out of Cuducks. Coffee (green), per pound ...... $0.22 which, in spite of a 40 per cent reboth of which, it is said broadly, alb '.1 n soil. It is alleged that the climat e License given by the governor of Rice, per 100 pounds .......... 3.65 duction, could not compete E v -e n if it I most erntble the raising at the price '.:lurin g about half of the y -e ar is not the province, $6 per year. May be rePotato-es, per 100 pounds 3.50 was desired to do so. However, this of the protection afforded by the duty. favorable to growth and storage, but j n,ewed every year by paying same Onions. per 100 pounds ........ 2.75 would not argue for profitable rice If such is the fact. and there is a it is 'believed that modern methods amount.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA and quite a number of adaptations of generous donation from the Cuban COLON CEM ETERY I president with a view to arranging the Cuban palm house. Most of the government. co-operation between the Cuban and LA GLORIA COLONY Founded in 1899 in Unbroken Forest cottages have attractive settings and The town has two churches, the Monument to the Student Martyrs. the American forces at the comthere are many neat yards gay with Methodist Episcopal and the EpiscoThe Firemen's Monument. mencement of the Spanish-American Americans Have Made it Blosflowers and ornamental exotic shrubpal. Garcia's Tomb. war. Almost opposite is the tomb of som Like the Rose. bery. The chief enterprise of the colony Cuba's most dearly beloved warrior, The daily needs of the people are is the Cliltivation of citrus fruits. To reach Colon cemetery the v1s1Generalisimo Maximo Gomez, comLa Gloria is an American colony well supplied by nine stores. There oranges and grape fruit. The manutor should take the AduanaUniversimander-in-chief of the Army of Lib situated on the nort coast of Cuba, I are three American and two Cuban facture of marmalade, canning of ty car leaving Central Park by way eration at the head of which he rode about fifty miles west of the old cugrocery_ stores, two dry goods stores, pineapples, etc of Neptuno. It will bring him to the when Cuba came into her own and ban city of Nuevitas, which is its port a clothmg store and a hardware and At the present time La Gloria can ponderous gateway of the cemetery the tricolor flag of the single star of entry. Nuevitas Bay is one of the stationery store. lay a box of fruit down in New York surmounted by its massive group of entered Havana borne by a victorious finest harbors on the north coast and ==================================================== host -:>f men who had fought and won capable of accommodating an imI their country's independence. mense shipping. The route from Nue: -------~.--. .. -~ ------~-------~ ----~------~--~-A little to the left, on a side avevitas to La Gloria is through the innue, is a monument erected to the side waters of Nuevitas and Guanaja bays (transportation). La Gloria lieB back from the bay four and one-hal1 miles, thus securing a desirabh~ ele vation. The Cuban government has built a macadam boulevard from the port to the bay, Port Viaro, to La Gloria. The town site is one mile square and lies on a side hill with an eleva tion of about one hundred feet to the mile, thus affording adequate drain age. Its broad avenues run up the hill, while its streets cross the ave nues at right angles. Excellent drink ing water is obtained at La Gloria from wells at a depth of from ten to fifteen feet. The health of the town has been most remarkable. I The climate is delightful all the year round, with a difference of but Student Martyrs, shot at Punta in 1871. The figures at the base of the I shaft represent Justice and History, truth written in her scroll. The winged figure emerging from the door open in the pedestal is symbolical of Innocence. The monument is the work of the Cuban sculptor, Saavedra. The boys buried here were charged with desecrating the tomb of a Span ish journalist. They were tried by court martial while a mob of Spanish volunteer soldiers and local riff-raff howled outside the prison walls. To appease the rioters they were lined up and executed, against the wall of a house which formerly stood opposite the Carcel, at the foot of Prado. A fragment of the wall, with a memo rial tablet, stands there. Behind the chapel, which is oppoten d e gres in the temperature beUl~.ll;;fl~~t'=-:11 site the main entrance, is a plot of tween summer and winter, the ther1 CI~;i:!i!l!!!!!!!!I "'~l!fll~"': ground where the victims of the mometer ranging in summer from 70 __ ~,_.,._ -,~-.. Maine were buried until their removal degrees at night to 90 degrees in the to the United States. Before one day time, and in winter from 60 de~-~"8~==~=;~;~:;;;~;~;;;~:;;:;; .... l!i~-:,:::. arrives there one passes the costly grees at night to 80 degrees in the .,...~--- I Firemen's Monument erected by popday time. I ...... ,.,.._,__ ular subscription to the memory of 30 In 1899 the town site La Gloria was members of the Volunteer Brigade laid out in what was then an unbrok1,._~~~--------~ ............. ........ ..... -.~.:....::...;:.;;......., ....... ____________________ ........,"-'---"-=""""".....,......,. ............. ___ ......,.....,.. ........ .who lost their lives in performance en forest, and in January, 1900, the of their duty when a warehouse burnfirst colonists arrived. TACON BOULEVARD, LEADlr:,,IG TOWARDS PRINCIPE CASTLE. ed on Mercaderes street. Gunpowder At the present time La Gloria has stored within the building, in defnacie a population of about 1,000, including ==================================================== of the law, exploded in the confla the nearby plantations, with about 300 There is also a sawmill, a blackat a low cost by reason of the allfigures of heroic size, symbolizing gration and many persons besides more settled in the surrounding colosmith's shop, a general repair shop, a water route to the steamer's side at Faith, Hope and Charity. Below is these here buried were injured and nies. barber shop and sveral carpenter's Nuevitas. Between Nuevitas and Port a bas relief, the central figure of killed. The plan of the town is distinctly repair shops. The bi-monthly "La Viaro an adequate service for freight which is Columbus bearing the light American, the wide streets intersectGloria Cuban American" has been and passenger transportation is of religion into the New world. ing each other at right angles, a large printed and published in the town for maintained l" y a steamer and two The cemetery contains many handpark in the center, and ample school over five years. gasoline launches. some monuments and not a few ---+--SAN DIEGO. and church lots. About 90 per cent In the matter of educational faciliTo bring the interior transportatombs of historic interest. Just beAbove Triscornia, the immigrant of the residents are English-speaking, ties La Gloria colony is fortunate in I tion facilities thoroughly up to date, yond the entrance on the left is the camp opposite Havana, there is an the majority being Americans with the possession of an unusually good a belt line railroad is to be bulit resting place of General Calixto Garold fort called San Diego, used now British a close second. primary school taught by an American around the colonies with branches cia, recipient of the famous "Message as a residence. It probably antedate~ There are about lfiO fr

TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA ISLE OF PINES that in time, as the island becomes suitable for tobacco, although it can been a large influx of Americans inMINERAL SPRINGS better known, it is dei2tined to be a 1 be used also in the cultivation of suto the island; it is estimated that most important health and winter regar. there are now nearly 8,000 American Cuba Has Several Which Are Very Is Largely Settled by Americans Who sort, as the conditions of the climate The soil is so f e rtile and the cliproperty holders, large numbers of Beneficial in Their Medicinal Own the Greater Part of Its and vegetation combined make it mate so salubrious that all the fruits which are making homes there. Effects on Various Ailments. Real Estate. attractive both to invalids and others and of the tropics, and There ar e American schools and who are in search of a more uniform nearly all the vegetables and some of churches, and a bank conducted by San Diego de los Banos, Province temperature or who may wish to esthe fruits of the temperate zone, can Americans. American money is the of Pinar del Rio, has sulphur baths The Isle of Pines is a small isla nd I cape severe northern winters. No be grown. I currency of the island. The Amerion the bank of the Caiguanabo river. situated off th e sou th coaS t of Hayellow fever, cholera or epidemics of I Poultry and live sto<:k do very well can govrnment of intervention exTh-e four springs for which the town vana province. It has been largely any kind have ever been known to all the year round. Hogs fatten on pended over $146,000 in building good is noted are named the Tig:re, the s ettled by Americans who now form make their appearance on the island. the wild fruits and palm nuts and catroads; of this sum $73,000 was spent Templado, the Paila and the Santa the greater part of the population. ===========================---========================= 1 Lucia. They are all inclosed under a These Americans are devoting single roof and have an average themselves principally to the growing c-a..----------------------~ -~ ------~ ,.......,--, ,..... .--..... temperature of 90 degrees. They are of citrus fruits for which the island claimed to have gr2at curative proJ)is especially adapted. 1 erties for all skin diseases and are The island in general is a plateau, also of great value in rheumatic dis ranging from 50 to 100 feet above the v eases and nervous affections. The sea level, and broken by ridges and place has a wide patronage and make clifts. The highest altitudes are pretensions as a popular resort. Genreached by the Sierra de Caballos, !._.""-fl!!.,-. eral Ulysses Grant during his tour of 1,674 feet, and the Sierra de Canada, """-c.;;.,,,,..,. l -III .. the world, spent some time at these 1,650 feet. Mount Casas also has springs, taking the baths. several hundred feet of altitude and Springs of mineral water are also is apparently entirely composed of found in the municipal district of very beautiful marbles of various Mariel. In the district of San Cristocolors. Mount Cristales is another Ill .. ~~! bal are springs called Soroa. remarkable formation earning its In the Province of Havana springs name because it is abundantly coverare found at Guanabacoa, Madruga ed with green rock crystals. The and Santa Maria del Rosario. The northern part of the island is covered Santa Rita baths of Guanabacoa are with pine trees and other valuable popular with many residents of Hawoods. This land is virgin and exvana. Madruga has warm sulphur ceedingly rich. Its area is 614.34 baths of curative qualities in cases of square marine miles, or 521,381 acres. skin disease, and also springs of minThe island's greatest fame has been eral water said to be excellent for earned by its warm springs which has given it a world-wide reputation, which, judged from official and in dividual reports as to the curative properties, are especially noted for curing stomach and kidney diseases and rheumatic troubles. Baths are erected over the springs and the isl and is visited by many invalids who find relief from the diseas 1 e men stomach trouble. The baths of Santa Maria del Ro sario are famous for their medicinal qualities. There is an abundance of natural springs all over the Isle of Pines, and those of Santa Fe have an established reputation for their curative proper ties, b6th in Cuba and abroad. The waters are said to be particularly rich tioned. i in iron and magnesia, as well as oxyt 1 b d I HAVANA'S CURFEW-CA BANAS' NINE O'CLOCK GUN. The climate can cer am Y e egen and carbonic acid gases, chlordie scribed as one of the finest on earth. ==================================================== of sodium, sulphate of lime, carbonate In fact, the soil, climate and water Although it is south of Cuba, the terntle on the rich grasses. The island J on the road from McKinley to Nueva of lime, chloride and nitrate of cal of the northern portion are ideal. The perature is somewhat lower, and it appears specially fitted for grazing, Gerona and in the construction of an cium, and silica. The temperature mercury seldom goes above 90 deis visited both by the sick from Cuba and in time will doubtless become an $8,000 steel bridge over one of the of the waters is generally about 82 grees and never below 58 degrees. and abroad, who come to be cured by important source of supply of cattle rivers of the McKinley colonies. degrees Fahrenheit. Some of the The average for the year may be statthe pure air and beneficial waters of and sheep for the West Indies. The island is reached from Havana larger springs flow a stream of water ed as 75 degrees. The sea breezes its springs and creeks. The soil of the Isle of Pines is adby the Union Railway, from Villanuthe size of a man's body. penetrate every part of the island, The island produces fruits of all mirably adapted to citrus fruit culeva station, to Batabano, there conand, passing over the pine forests, are kinds and certain parts are probably ture, vegetable farming, pineapples necting with steamer for Nueva Ge gentle and invigorating, tempering the as well adapted to tobacco culture as and other products, and these rerona (60 miles) and other ports. A heat of summer and lessening the cold that of the famous "vuelta abajo" dissources are being developed by setwireless telegraph service between of winter. The nights are generally I trict of Cuba. The rich arable land tlers from the United States. Since Havana and the Isle of Pines is main cool and pleasant. There is no doubt scattered among the hills is especially the Spanish-American war there has tained by the Cuban government. Beans.-All kinds of beans are said to thrive in Cuba, but the product is subject to the ravages of the worms, and therefore must be protected in storage.


TOURIST EDITION lIAVA A DAILY POST HAYA A, CUBA YELLOW FEVER NO minating the disase that they were in the sev eral provinces: Pinar del CUBA'S COMMERCE by commerce from the time the AmerMORE IN CUBA at once accepted by the sanitary auRio, eight years before. Havana, ican gov e rnment took charge until thorities in Cuba and put to the test January, 1908. Matanzas, December, The Island's Wonderful Recuperative the year 1908-1909. The figures since Disease Which Formerly Scouraged in Havana, where for nearly a cen1907. Santa Clara, February, 1908. Powers Are Eloquently Demonthen have been correspondingly large, Island Has Been Eradicated by tury and a half, by actual record, the Camaguey, November, 1907. Oriente, I strated in Her Trade. but although compiled by the Cuban Modern Sanitation Methods. disease had never failed to appear anJuly, 1908. Thre have been to this government have not yet been offinually. In February, 1901, the chief writing no subsequent occurrences. The movement of trade since Jancially published: Yellow fever is a disease of the past sanitary officer of Havana, Major W. ---......... uary 1, 1899, wh e n the Americans asYear Importations Exportations in Cuba. Modern sanitation methods C. Gorgas, instituted measures to Automobiles brought by tourists to sumed the government of the island 1899-00 $76,870,000 $49,399,000 together with the knowledge of how eradicate the disease, based entirely Cuba escape paying duty. Only a demonstrates in an unmistakable 1 1900-01 66,255,000 64,218,000 the disease is transmitted, has resulton the conclusions of the commission. deposit is required and this is refundmanner the recuperative powers of 1901-02 66,063,000 54,247,000 ed in its being entirely stamped out. When the warm season returned a ed when machine is reshipped. Cuba and the possibilities of this isl1902-03 62,620,000 78,383,000 The disease has also lost a great deal ================================================ 1903-04 74,492.000 94,399,000 of its danger becaur.e the means of I I 1904-05 92,957,000 101,166,000 preventing its spread being known, _ ...,.__ 1905-06 106,505,000 107,256,000 evn though a case is imported to the 1906-07 97,334,000 114,813,000 island, by placing the patient where 1907-08 98,829,000' 112,122,000 mosquitoes can not bite him, all posIJlill.llfllm 1908-09 86,791,000 117,564,000 sibility of infection is avoided. I I The above table shows Cuba's trade The eradication of yellow fever to have incrased from a d e bit of from the island of Cuba, where it had $27,471,QOO to a credit of $30,773,000, existed for one hundred and fifty equal to an increase of 138 per cent years, was one of the most remark..,..,._,......,.,.. in the exportations. The small balable and momentous achievments in I ance in the year 1905-06 is accounted the history of medical science. The for by the heavy importations for that result was made possible by discov~:,ill(p;-=-._ year. ery of the fact that a certain mos.... ~... The importations for the fiscal year quito was the agent of transmission 1908-09 were at the rate of $39 per of the disease from one human being to another. The theory of the mosI quito's agency in the transrr.:i:ision of disease was first propounded by Dr. Carlos J. Finlay, of Havana, in 1881; and in 1900 its truth was demonstrat ed by a series of experiments co:.: ducted by a board of investigators sent to Cuba by Surgeon-General Sternberg. The conclusions of the board, based on th e se experiments, were: "1. The specific agent in the caus ation of yellow fever exists in the blood of a patient for the first three days of his attack, after which time he ceases to be a menace to the health of others. "2. A mosquito of a single species, Stegomyia fasciata, ingesting the blood of a patient during this infectONE OF HAVANA'S QUAINT STREETS. capita, estimating the population at 2,225,000, and the exportations for the same year were $52.84 per capita, showing a gain of $13.84 per capita. Estimating the population for the United States at 88,000,000, the im ports, which were $1,311,920,224, would give $14.91 per capita, and the exports, which were $1,663,011,104, would give $18.89, or a gain per capi1 ta of but $3.98. The exports of the States for that year exceeded the im l ports by less than 27 per cent, while the excess of Cuba's exports over her I imports amounted to 36 per cent. The imports for Canada for the same year were $64.47, and the ,exports $48.69 per capita, showing a loss in trade of $15.78. The imports and exports of the United Kingdom were $13.33 and $10.06 respectively, a loss per capita ive period, is powerless to convey of $3.27; the same figures for France the disease to another person by its few cases occurred, but by September, 1 CUBA'S CAPITALS. I and, which has only a very small part were $37.50 and $35.00, a loss of $2.50. bite until about twelve days have 1910, the last case of yellow fever Havana is the capital of the Repubunder cultivation, it being estimated The imports and Xports of Germany elapsed, but can do so thereafter for originated in Havana. lie of Cuba, and is also the capital of that 9 per cent of Cuba's area is culfor the same year "'ere $34.03 and an indefinite period, probably during For a period of four years followthe province of Havana. The cities I tivated in cane; 2 per cent in tobac$26.23, a loss of $7.80. The imports the remainder of its life. ing, the island was free of the disof Pinar del Rio, Matanzas, Santa co, and 4 per cent i~ other crops. The and exports of Spain w,ere $186,501,"3. The disease can not in nature ease. Cases of y e llow fever have Clara and Camaguey are the capitals movemnt of trade shows that 47 p e r 800 and $186,170 200, or $9.44 and be spread in any other way than by since been introduced from time to of the provinces of the same nams. cent of the imports are from the $9.42 per capita, showing a slight loss. the bite of the previously infected time at different ports, but the disThe city and province of Camaguey United States, and 83 per cent of the --- ---Stegomyia. Articles used and soiled ease has been promptly extinguished. both formerly had the name of Puerto I exports go to the United States. The carriage parade on the Prado by patients do not carry infection." Writing in July, 1908, Dr. Finlay, chief Principe. Santiago is the cipital of The following data compiled by the on Sunday afternoon is something These conclusions pointed so clearsanitary officer, reported that the last Oriente province, formerly Santiago bureau of information cf the Cuban that interests every American who ly to the practical method of exter1 occurrences of yellow fever had been province. government shows the progress made comes to Havana.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA I STUDENTS' MONUMENT in front of the dead man s tomb had posed of forty young men was arwashed his hands of it and grant d did not hesitate but quickly shoved been defac e d r e sted. They were tried by courtthe request putting the young boys, his brother down one number and The story of the soldier created a martial. non e were over sixteen, for a second took his place. A prominent Havana Memorial Erected in Memory of In furor in Havana among the twenty So loud was t"! ie popular outcry time in jeopardy of their lives. merchant, on seeing his only son, one nocent st udents Shot by th e thousand Spanish volunteers who a g ainst the student~ that no lawyer The second trial, as could be exof the eight to be shot, on his bent Spanish Volunteers. were crowding Havana's streets. They eould b' e found to defend their ca:e COLON CEMETERY GATE. old catacombs, remains of which can The Spanish !=;Oldier who had heard I but bring in a verdict of acquittal. still be seen behind th e San Lazaro the remarks of the students made a The result of the court-martial only leper hospital. declaration before a judge and imSome weeks after the burial of the plied that he thought they had also editor, a party of medical students oi defac e d the tomb. the Havana University were in the The newspap e r which had been ed cemetery and a Spanish soldier who ited by Castanon was joined by others enraged the volunteers the more, and th e y petitioned the captain general for another court-martial trial, with the stipulation that two-thirds of the judg -e s should be officers of the volThe unfortunates were lined up of Spanish volunteers in charge of a sergeant, shot them to death. I The rest of the students were then shipped to Africa, sentenced to life imprisonment at hard labor. This awful crime naturally had its reaction. When the full details reach ed Spain, the Spanish people there were indignant and the Spanish cortes ordered an investigation and as a re sult pronounced the students guiltless, and those sentenced to Africa were pardoned. Years afterwards a son of Castanon came from Spain for his father's remains and opened the tomb in the presence of a notary public before whom he made the declaration that it had never been disturbed. I The monument was erected from funds provided by popular subscrip tion. It consi sts of an elaborately carved pedestal, supporting a shaft I which is draped with mantle and wreath. At the base of the shaft are i two noble figures symbolical of Jus tice and History. 'I'he scales of Jus tice are tipped and her sword is broken. Upon History's scrool is inscrib ed Verdad (Truth). Emerging from the open door, and bearing a tablet inscribed Immunir~ (Guiltless) is the winged figure of Innocence. The monum e nt is by the (Juhan sctltptor Saavedra. ---+--SANTA CLARA BATTERY. against the commissary building, a Santa Clara battery on the Havana fragment of which may be seen to the I side of Vedado is occupied by troops, right of the Prado at the Malecon as are those other battery-barracks with a little cement fonce around it, along the shore in that same suburb. and a Spanish s -e rgeant ordered every -+ --fifth boy to step forward. Th e bo y s RE IN A BA TT E RY. happen e d to be there at the same of the Spanish press in d e manding unt e ers. The captain gen e ral, lik e comported th e mselves like heroes. time asserted that he heard the stu dents speaking disrespectfully regard ing Editor Castanon. At the same time it was alleged the marble tablet summary vengeance upon the mediPilate, when Christ was brought beOne young man, counting more rapidReina battery has been razed to cal students. It was impossible to fore him, knew the populace was dely than the sergeant, saw that his form the park in front of La Benefi ascertain what student or students manding the punishment of the guiltyoung e r broth e r was the fifth and cenci.:i Maternity Home and 1 :plrn n were guilty, so the entire class, com' less, and like Pilate, he also said h e I c onsequently destined to be shot. He Asyl'.m


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST REAL HABANO CIGARS. very different quality. Yet tobacco posed upon manufa<:tured tobaccos consumer with taste and the means dealers and connossieurs know that entering tbe United States from Cuto gratify it accepts as final, using I Genuine Article Made in Havana this is a fact. ba. If removed to Florida the factorthe genuine article thereafter, to the Only of Legitimate Vuelta Abajo Tobacco. The tobacco plant is very sensitive ies of famous Havana brands, even exclusion of all substitutes, no mat at all times. During propagation, as though they continued to purchase ter how ingeniously marketed these seedling and as maturing plant, it the best of genuine Vuelta Abajo imitations may be. needs the most assiduous care. Its leaf, would cease to turn out real HaToday the most exclusive clubs, the The name Havana to the world at leaf while in storage preparatory to bano cigars the moment they aban1 large hotels and fashionable restau large means cigars. Real Havana cielaboration, and during the process of doned their present location, for they rants, do not insult the taste of their gars (or Habanos, as they are propmanufacture into cigars, is especially could not carry with them the cerpatrons by offering them any other erly designated) are those manufacsensitive and abs9rbent. The slighttain temperature and degree of atthan the genuine Habano cigars, just tured of genuine Vuelta Abajo tobacco est change in climatic conditions afmospheric humidity prevailing in this as the caterers and purveyors to the elaborated in the city of Havana-and not anywhere else. Just as Vuelta Abajo tobacco cannot be equalled by any produced else[ where so cigars made of that leaf by the expert cigarmakers of Havana, 1 under conditions prevailing in this city, cannot be successfully imitated, even by as expert workers situated elsewhere, not even though they use, I as some may, genuine Vuelta Abajo leaf. For just as real Vuelta Abajo to bacco plants, when propagated out side Vuelta Abajo, even in regions but a few miles distant from that favored section, lose their distinguishing qual ities, so Vuelta Abajo leaf though grown, selected and baled there, if transported outside Cuba and manu factured abroad, loses in transit the condition requisite to the fashioning of a real Habano, and if elaborated anywhere save in this city fails to make a genuine Havana cigar. These statements may sound in credible to persons not fully informed in the matter. It seems impossible to the inexperienced that certain lands in the west end of the island t HAVANA, CUBA CUBA'S GOOD ROADS For Excellency and Beauty Are Un surpased in the World-Are Automobilists' Delight. Cuba has some excellent roads, which for beauty are probably un surpased in the world. These roads were begun by the Spanish military authorities, and those constructed by them were purely for military pur poses. Today they have been extend ed, and are employed in the pursuit of trade and pleasure. For automobiling there is probably no place on earth which offers greater attractions, particularly during the winter season, than Cuba. These I roads are sixteen feet four inches wide (five meters), built on good foundations, well graded, and are kept in constant repair. On either side I lovely trees are planted, which furn ish shade and give an artistic touch to the road. At places the road is lined with royal poinciana, or flam boyante trees, which in the late win ter and early spring are a mass of I flaring flowers intermingled with the feathery plumelike leaves, the limbs meeting overhead forming a canopy of blossoms and bloom. At other places, on the older roads, immense laurel trees completely shade them, the dense dark green fol iage furnishing a striking contrast with the white ribbon of macadam which narrows in the distance until it disappears in the cool shade of the stately archway. should produce valuable leaf, while I Havana province, being the most certain other lands alongside them, densely populated, has the greatest and to all appearance identical in namileage of these roads. In all there ture, will not grow tobacco acceptable are 928.96 miles (1496 kilometers), at all, yet speculators who have tried distributed as follows: to produce crops upon the latter have I THE:. CATHEDRAL, ERECTED IN 1724. Province found to their cost in dollars and Havana . . cents that distinctions the natives ==================================================== Pinar del Rio draw between lands which are good fects it, and herein lies the secret of city, and necessary to the elaboration royal houses of Europe have not darSanta Clara .. for tobacco and others which are not, alteration which occurs in tobacco of a ral Habano. ed to provide other than Habano ciSantiago . are usually correct no matter how shipped from Havana for use in facMillions of American cigars made gars to their sovereigns and the royal Matanas . . arbitrary and capricious they may tories abroad. of Cuban tobacco masquerade, howhouseholds. The fact is that real HeCamaguey seem. Similarly, it sounds to the Because these things are true, capever, under the name Habano, and bano cigars are useq. to the extent uninitiated far-fetched to state that a ital invested in cigar and cagarette are sold upon the reputation of Hathat discriminate and exclusive taste Total .. Kilometers 483 405 191 187 178 52 .. .. . 1,496 Miles 300 251.50 118.62 116 110.54 32.30 928.96 bale of tobacco, if manufactured into factories in Havana maintains estabvana cigars. They ar-e commonly is cultivated. The imitators who The above extension of roads ar-e cigars in Havana will produce real lishments here instead of removing called "clear Havanas." They serve, thrive upon their reputation s-erve, as all completed, and in addition to them Habanos whereas the same tobacco, them to the United States (to Florida, nevertheless, to educate the consumhas been stated, a good purpose, howthere are about 10 per cent more now if shipped away from Cuba and there for instance) where they might operer, leading him up from the five-cent ever, in leading the uneducated up to under the course of construction, handled by as clever manipulators, ate at less expense and their prodomestic cigar to the real Habano, the cigars which finally gratify the will, nevertheless, make cigars of a duct escape heavy customs duties imwhich. when once he meets it, every: longing for perfect satisfaction. Good money may be made in Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION COLON CEMETERY HAVANA DAILY POST I who lost their lives in a fire on Mermov'3d to Arlington Cemetery caderes street on May 17, 1890. The Washington. HAVANA, CUBA at I in Havana, the Jewish, the Baptist the men occupy the carriages. Arriv and the Chinese. In the latter cemeed at the cemetery the coffin is takeu teries graves once bought are the from the hearse and carried into the permanent property of the deceased. sacristy in the left of the entrance. Is Very Different from Cemeteries in shaft stands seventy-five feet high The letters E. P. D. or E. G. E. are and is surmounted by a cross resting the Spanish abbreviations for "Rest against which is an angel with outin Peace" and "He is in Grace." the United States-Graves Are Rented for Certain Periods. stretched wings, supporfting the body The prevailing mode of burial is Much of the solemnity attending a Here the priest in charge says a brief funeral in the United States is abservice for the dead after which the of a fireman. The monument cost a stone cased grave covered with a sent in Cuba. Here the hearse is a body is again placed in the hearse Columbus Cemetery, where proba$79,000. marble slab, or in vaults above the most gorgeous affair, trimmed in and taken to the grave or it is carried bly ninety-nine per cent of burials To the right of the Firemen's monground. In this cemetery if one has bright colors and sometimes costing on the shoulders of the real mournoccur, is one of the most notable inument is the tomb of the late General enough money he can buy a permathousands of dollars. The horses, some ers. stitutions of Havana. Maximo Gomez, probably the most nent grave, but if he has not the times eight in number have trappings The dead of the poorer classes is A monumental arch of granite is noted general in Cuba's two great graves are only rented for a term of of orange, crimson and purple and sometimes borne for miles through over the entrance to the cemetery ==================================================== the city to the cemetery on the shoul and it has three openings, two for ders of relatives and friends. Some pedestrians and one for carriages in the center. Above the central arch is a sculptured work by Saavedra, representing the scene of the cruci fixion. Surmounting the whole is a group of heroic figures, representing Col um bus bringing the light of the new religion to the New World. The cemetery has many handsome ly sculptured marbles and tombs. I Porcelain flowers are greatly used in Cuba for grave decoration and are to be seen adorning the graves on every hand. Beautiful trees and natural flowers are seen on every hand. Just within the enclosure the first tomb of special interest is that of the famous Cuban general and patriot, Calixto Garcia who died in Washing ton soon after the conclusion of peace between the United States and Spain. He was one of the best generals on the Cuban side and was greatly loved by the Cubans. The memorial was provided by public subscription under the auspices of the Club Calixto Gar. times a coffin is rented from an un dertaker for the occasion and upon arrival at the grave the body is dump ed into one of the common ditches and the coffin is returned. Another time the coffin is constructed from dry goods boxes. A few remnants of one of Havana's most interesting burial places are still to be seen back of San Lazaro Hospital. In this space the walls of which are still to be seen, bodies were deposited in niches in catacomb form. Some seven years ago the cemetery was bought by private par ties and the remains were removed to Colon Cemetery. During the time of General Weyler it is stated that the empty tombs often offered the only night's lodging available to many Cuban vagrants. The cemetery which was called Espada, has not received new bodies since the late '70's, or since the completion of Columbue Cemetery. cia. It is decorated by a great mass :-.;,.~llal CUBA'S SIZE. of floral wreaths and banks of flowI ers in porcelain. On the tomb is The Republic of Cuba is very near carved this sentiment: "To die for as large as the state of Pennsylvania; country is to live." ~""'"''*""'''. "'-, 4 ~;;;~~;~.,,~.; it is larger than Ohio, larger than A short distance from this monuj.;... ____ ....., ___ .....__....;:..;:.......:;;; ...... _.._ __ ..... __ .......... ____________________ ~_....., _______ .....:;; Maine and Vermont together, and ment and on the left is the Students' twice as large as the other four New monument, erected as a memorial to THE MONUMENT BY THE CITY PRISON. England States combined. Were the Cuban medical students who were Cuba Jaid across the map of the slaughtered by the Spanish volunteers ==================================================== United States, placing one end at of Havana on the false charge of havwars for independence. He was born years after which if the rent is not black. The driver and footmen genNew York, the other would almost ing desecrated the grave of a Spanish at Boni, Santo Domingo, in 1836, and renewed the bones are taken from the erally wear a court dress of purple or touch Chicago. editor. This story is told on another died in Havana in 1905. The monugrave and dumped with countless scarlet, with three cornered hat, ----+--page. The monument consists of a ment was voted by congress. thousands of others in the bone pile some times over a powdered wig, JATI BON ICO. carved pedestal, supporting a shaft The building beyond the Firemen's to be seen at the southwest corner knee breeches and silvered shoe which is draped with a mantle and monument is the chapel where masses of the cemetery. A grave for one buckles. There are liveried footmen The plantation of Jatibonico is own wreath. At the base are two symboliare said for the repose of the souls of person for a term of five years costs or mourners in proportion to the ed by the Cuba Company. The gray cal figures representing justice and the dead. Nearby is the plot which ten dollars, but if three bodies are wealth of the deceased. walls of its sugar house shelter ma history. was used for the burial place of the placed in the same grave then the There is a dearth of woman's tears chinery reputed to be the finest in The most imposing mounment in victims of the battleship Maine. All cost is three dollars for thf same at a Cuban funeral. Cuban women the republic. Its capacity is to be the cemetery is that erected to the of the bodies of those recovered were term. never go to the cemet.ery with the doubled; it will then rank among memory of thirty volunteer firemen interred at this until they were reThere are three other cemeteries remains of relatives or friends. Only the monster mills of Cuba.


rrOURIST EDITION JL\VANA DAILY POSrr HAVANA, CUBA =-=======================================--::-=================;: ============== CUBAN NATIVE FRUITS ward the top, where it is half an inch Custard Apple (Chirimoya). fruit to which Americans are accusranging from three to ten inches in narrower. The seed is small grayishThe custard apple, known in Cuba 1 tomed. It retails in Havana at about I diameter, the larger sizes weighing brown and kidney-shaped, and is as the chirimoya, variPs from a light two and one-half c e nts apiece. 11pward of 700 grams (1-5 pounds). There Are Many Varieties, All Are found on the outside of the fruit at green to a riddish brown in color, and Guava (Guayaba). It has a heavy stem and a small blosits lower extremity. This seed is is shaped like a strawberry, being There are several varieties of guava som navel. The skin is thick and fiVtry Good, Though Taste for Some Must Be Acquired. poisonous until roasted, when it is somewhat broader than it is long. It growing wild in all parts of Cuba. hrous, the outer surface being tough eaten with great relish. The meat rehas a thick skin, black seeds ana. a The guava is sometimes eaten raw, and covered with small dark brown Cuba has a large variety of fruits, sembles that of roasted ch e stnuts, pulp v e ry similar to that of the sweetbut the finest jellies, pastes, etc., are spots. The pulp is dark yellow in most of which are very good, though but contains more oil. The pulp is sop in appearance and flavor. The made from it. color, firm and very juicy. It has a the foreigner sometimes has to acof a dull yellow color, tough and very fruit is eaten raw. H icaco. sweet characteristic flavor and a quire a taste for them before he can JUICY, with an acid astringent flavor Figs (Higos). This is the fruit of a small shrub pleasant aromatic odor. In the large appreciate their true worth. Many ot and a marked disagreeable odor. The Figs of all kinds grow luxuriantly. and is sometimes called the cocoa fruits the seed measures three inches these fruits can be obtained in the markets throughout the tourist sea son, and an excursion through th 1 fruit stalls and a purchase of a sam ple of all will do no harm and will be educational. The Cuban fruits which withstand shipping are grad ually becoming known in the United States and the visitor from Cuba is I often astonished at seeing fruit from the island, which at home is worth but a cent or two, commanding fancy prices in some fruit stand in the North. Some of the more prominent of these fruits are as follows: I Aguacate (Alligator Pear). This is one of the most popular fruits in the Antilles; it is pear-shap ed, green or purple, and often weighs two pounds. On account of the pulp being firm and marrow-like, it is also known as vegetable marrow or mid1 shipman's butter. The tree is an ev ergreen about twenty-five or thirty feet high. The aguacate is native to Cuba, thrives everywhere and is easi ly grown. It is free from insect pests and diseases. The Havana market I consumes vast quantities of the fruit in July and August. The aguacate is eaten as a salad. It is becoming known in the United States, and is I found in the fruit stores of northern in diameter and is dark brown, very rough and hard, and clings tenacious ly to the pulp. In som e respects the fruit resembles a very large clingstone peach. It is eaten raw, and is also highly esteemed for preserving. The "mammey en almibar" are slices of the fruit preserved in sugar syrup. The "mermelade de mammey" is a marmalade of the fruit. Mamey Colorado. I The fruit derives its local name from a very slight outward resem blance to the mammee (Mammea I americana). The two fruits, however, are in no way related, nor do they resemble each other internally. The mamey colorado is chocolate brown in color from yellowish red to deep scarlet and is slightly fibrous, firm, but mealy and not juicy. Being sweet with very little acid the flavor is in sipid. It is eaten in a fresh state and also stewed with sugar. I Mango. The mango is the popular tropica'l fruit of the native Cuban. It grows in all parts of the island, on trees b1 the roadside and in orchards of high ly prized cultivated fruit. The kinds that have been cultivated only slight ly appeal but little to the foreigner. being very fibrous and having a cities, has a place on the menu of L-~-'~-'----~-----~------------' I strong resinous flavor. Both of these hotel and restaurant, and brings high I objections are overcome in the well prices. The cultivation of choice vaTHE PRADO, HAVANA'S LEADING PROMENADE. cultivated varieties, however, and rieties in Cuba for shipment to the very soon a taste is acquired for all. northern market promises to be an ==================================================== The fruit is heartshaped, some beextensive and lucrative industry. fruit is not eaten raw, but is someGranadilla. plum. It is small a::1d r0und, varying ing long and narrow, while others Banan (Plantano). what used for preserving. This fruit grows on the vine which from one to three inches in diameter, are broad and short or almost round. There are many varieties of this Cocoanut. bears the t;assion flower. The fruit is and averages about eight grams (oneThe skin is like that of an apple, but fruit, which takes the place of bread This fruit grows in bunches cf from generally as large as a child's head. quarter ounce) in weight. The skin thicker, and varies in color fron: in all country 1smilies, being eaten tweJ-:e to twenty _on a tree, frc,,. sixty It is much liked by the natives who is thin and green in color, shading to green to yellow, always shading to raw or cooked in many different ways. to nmety feet high. The nu when use it in making refreshments and red on one side. The surface is unred on one side. The pulp is not unCashew (Maranon). fresh contains nearly one quart of desserts. The meat is glutinous and even, being covered with depressions like that of a peach in texture an6 The cashew is a small, oddly-shapmilk, which is very much esteemed I contains many small seeds. which give it the shriveled appearcolor, and is extremely juicy. The ed, yellow and red fruit, two or three by the natives for refreshment. The Grapefruit (Toronja). I ance. The seed is large, weighing alstone or seed is very large compared inches long, and from one and onethick rind or husk surrounding the f This is a popular fruit in Cuba. It most half as much as the fruit. with the rest of the fruit, and this is half to two inches acrm::s the bottom nut is used in making cordage, matj has a mild, plearnnt flavor and is I Marney de Santo Domingo. especially true of the uncultivated va decreasing gradually in diameter toting, brushes, bags, etc. quite different from the acid, bitter This is a large light brown fruit, rieties. Long fibres cover the stone


TOURIS'l 1 EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVA A, CCBA and run through the pulp of the fruit. 1 of the sapota tree and the juice of the I straining off the pulp. The "guanaThe fruit atttains the size of a small I CUBA'S RAINFALL, The' season in Cuba lasts from May green fruit, when boiled down, furnish I b?na En almibar" is composed of the apple, averaging 200 grams (7 ounces) to September. The mango is preferwhat is known in commerce as chicle, pulp of the fruit preserved in sugar in weight. It contains two kinds of Comparison With Records of Southred in the raw state, but is usea from which chewing gum is made. syrnp. The "pulpa de guanabana al pulp, the inner one of which, a white ern States Shows Little Differsomewhat in the preparation of jams Sour-Sop (Guanabana). natural" is the pulp preserved withgelatinous mass containing the small ence Between Two Sections. and jellies, and the green fruit when The sour-sop is a green, irr 2 gularout sugar for cafe and soda water black seeds of the fruit, the other stewed resembles rhubarb. The shaped, podlike fruit varying from trade when the fruit is out of season. fibrous purple portion being useless. The average rainfall in Cuba for "mangos enalmibar" are pieces of three and one-half to twelve inches in Sweet-Sop (Anona). It has a sw e et characteristic flavor the past twenty-five years has been mango preserv,ed in a thick syrup, length, about two-thirds as broad The swEet-sop is heart-shaped and and is eaten raw. 53.57 inches, about equal to that of while the marmalade of mangos is near the top, and curving to a blunt deeply creased. The pulp is very Tamarind (Tamarindo). the Gulf States, but more than th0, a thin paste resembling apple sauce point at the lower end to one side of much like that of the sour-sop, but it The tamarind is the fruit of the Northern Seaboard States. For the in appearance. 1 the center. The skin is rather thick contains more sugar and, as a rule, a leguminous tree. The fruit is a dark time mentioned the mean monthly Manocillo. ==================================================== rainfall in Cuba, by inches, has been: This fruit grows in clust<:rs. It is January, 2. 71; February, 2.27; March, a species of plum; it is tart and has ,--,.......,...,,,....,, 1 1.83'. April, 2.8.3; May, 4.47;. Ju~e, one fibrous pit. 7.16, July, 6.36, August, 6.58, S POrange. tember, 6.71; October, 7.42; NovemThe native Cuban oranges are ber, 3.08, nd December, 2.15. It known as the China, a fruit of very will be seen that during the warmer delicious flavor, and the sour orange known as naranja agria. The latter is used for making marmelade and for preserving. The fruit is often served in a restaurant with a meat order, the juice squee~ed upon the meat tending to make it tender. Oranges of every description have been intro duced to Cuba during the last twelve years by Americans and ne;irly all of the varieties are doing very well. Papaya. The papaya is about ten inches long, commonly of an oblong form, ribbed, and having a thick fleshy rind. It is eaten raw, or, when green, is boiled as a vegetable; it is also pick led. The tree is about twenty feet high and has large leaves. Meat boiled with a small portion. of the ieaf is made tender, or meat can be made tender by simply hanging it among the leaves. The seeds are used as a months, when vegetation requires most water, nature has made ample provision for the thirst of all tho flora peculiar to this country. Although Cuba has a wet and dry season it is not very noticeabl-e in the above. ----:1---"THE QUEEN'S HERB." The word "tobacco" is Indian It is derived from the name of an isle of the lesser Antilles called Ta bago, where the plant grows wild in profusion. The word "nicotine" is deI rived from the name of the French ambassador, Jean Nicot, who in 1560 took to Europe leaves and seed of to bacco, which he presented to Catherine de Medici, as curiosities on ac1 count of their aroma, in burning when smoked-I say when smoked, for un doubtedly M. Nicot, who imported to France the seed and filler, must have vermifuge. learned to smoke in America and preSapota (Sapodilla). sented them to Catherine to please Th-ere are two varieties of this fruit her with a new vice, which surely did in Cuba, one being round and the othplease the queen, for tobacco became er oval. In the Havana market the known in France as "the queen's latter is incorrectly known as the nisENTRANCE TO COLON CEMETERY. h'.:lrb."-Dr. Jose de Aguayo in La Lupero, this name being properly apcha, February 4, 1909. "The Antillean -plied to the loquat (Eriobotrya jo(aboriginal Indian) word for the plant ponicu). The fruit averages slightly and cover-ed with numerous small I smaller percentage of acid. Sweetbrown pod, from one to Eix inches Nicotiana, called by Europeans, to under two ounces in weight, is brown hooked bri e rs. The pulp, which has sops are eaten in the fresh and soda lonf, and from three-quarters to one bacco, are cohiba, cogiba, coyoba, co to greenish-brown in color, appearing the appearance of wet cotton, surwater syrups. It i::: not so popular as inch in width. Within, there is a I gioba, cohot, etc. The aborigines apnot unlike a very smooth, dark poI rounds the numerous tough seed sacs the sour variety. thick, dark-colored pasty material plied the name tobacco to a pipe or tato. The skin, however, is much containing small brown seeds. The Star-Apple (Caimito). closely surrounding the tough seed roll of dried leaves called a cigar."thicker and of coarser texture. The flavor is acid without bein '; sweet. The caimito, one of the less imporsacks and joined to the stem of the Jesse "'\Valter Fewkes, The Aborigines pulp is yellowish brown. In color I It is highly esteemed for making cooltaut fruits, is but little used, although pod by several coarse fibres. This of Porto Rico and Neighboring Isl granular in texture and very juicy. ing summer beverages, '.fworing soda r,'.)me medicinal properties are attribpaste constitutes the edible portion ands p. 63 ("Washington, 1907, Bureau It has a characteristic odor and flavor water syrups and water ices, and for vted to it. Three different varieUes I of the fruit and is intensely sour. American Ethnology). and is very sweet. Sapotas ar e in preserving. The most popular bevare sold in the Havana market, on ? The fruit is used in making refreshing ----+---season from about the first of April erage is made by macerating th-e fruit white and two purple kinds, one of summer beverages and for flavoring The possibilities of Cuba suggest until the end of the summer. The s::i.p with sugar, diluting with water and which is ronncl 0 nd the other oval. soda water syrups. themselves to every visitor.


"TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA "HOL'ES IN THE HILLS'' emerging into an unroofed circle en_ tirely shut in by white cliffs. He f"HE READER. RAILROAD STATIONS. THE AMERIO ANS. Peculiar Places in Which Cuban Tostands within what was once a cave; The reader, in a Havana cigar fac_ All of the railroad stations in Rathe top fell in long ago. There is but tory, is a remarkable institution. vana are of easy access from the cenIn 1898, when the United States ocbacco Is Grown in Pinar del Rio Province. The Organo Mountains, which dom inate all Pinar del Rio province, are full of caves, which were once the courses of subterranean streams; and of open "sinks" eroded picturesquely. The softer cream and white limestone formations which, laid upon a hard, blue limestone, form the range, are very susceptible to the action of water. American residents around San Cristobal make picnic excursions to an immense ampitheaterlike cavern above that town. Residents in Taco. Taco point out the location of "In dian Cave" in the mountains oppo, site. There are caverns at "The Por tals" where San Diego river has swept through natural stone barriers which once dammed it into a lake, as hewn stone may again, for irrigation purposes. 1 There are caves and "sinks" within I easy riding distance of Pinar del Rio city. One particularly strange set of deep little valleys is to be found in the hills known as the Sierra del In. fierno; these are honeycombed with caves eaten into the yielding rock. Roads leading that way dwindle into a trail persisting up and down steep slopes, along the tops of narrow ridges, from where wide views of ex_ quisite landscape and even of the Caribbean sea to the south are to be had; suddenly the path drops into a valley so narrow it is in fact but a gorge not more than a stone's throw across. Here, on fertile bottom lands, I an industrious guajiro (countryman) has built his hut and tilled for the the one entrance to the place, the He is paid by the men of his par_ ter of the city, either by street car cupied th e Isla nd it was at Santiago narrow door by which he and the ticular gallery, who contribute to his or by coach. The locations of the de Cuba th at men la nd ed a nd off stream entered; there is no other exit salary and to the purchase of books various stations are as follows: Morro th at warships congregated. for him-the creek disappears into and periodicals he reads aloud, in a United Railways of Havana.-(1.) The city was regularly beseiged the earth thrugh a series of the fog_horn voice, to his constituents as Villanueva station, Prado and DraNon-combatants fled, as th ey had caves which are numerous in the they work. gones, opposite Colon Park. From done many times before into th e sur surrounding walls. Seen at twilight Vote is taken among them as to Central Park take Principe, Cerro or rou nd ing country. The weary defile this weird locality looks up to its what daily papers he shall read, and Palatino cars. (2.) Regla station via of women a nd children marched th en, footsore and frightened, over the same . THE RED ROOM OF THE PALACE routes fine macadamized road mark I now, to Cuabitas, Cristo and El Caney The history of famous engagements at El Caney and San Juan Hill is too 1ecent to need repeating. Tourists now travel by guagua, carriage and automobile, to the heights which were harder to win in 1898. The old church at El Caney bears battle scars yet. The fort above the village is unroofed l and its walls are crumbling; it houses only a monument to Americans and Cubans who lost their lives in its capture. From there the visitor overlooks a fair and peaceful country now. In years immediately following the declaration of that peace, which has since prevailed uninterrupted here, Santiago de Cuba has been moderniz ed to large extent. It is no longer pest hold of yellow fever but a clean city, sewered, and supplied with pure water from a reservoir placed I high in the cool, clean hills, which is augmented by numerous artesian wells, recently sunk by the national I government. There is an electric street car line. In the leading hotels and shops English is spoken. Out side the city macadamized roads radiate to points which are, to the tourist, of principal interest. In these im provements Americans are proud to see the hand of other Americans who, from 1898 to 1902, especially, had to do with the shaping of Santiago, the planting of corn and tobacco in rota. ==================================================== modren city. tion. No whelled vehicle could posname. Sitio del Infif;lrno, to translate what books. Preference is about Luz wharf ferry. Take Muelle Luz This modernization, however, has sibly be of service in this neigbborwhich would be plain profanity. equally divided among Havana's daily cars to Luz wharf and then right hand merely removed things objectionable, hood. Like this uncanny valley there are papers. As to novels, Don Quixote ferry to Regla. while respecting the original and pieA little stream runs the length of many others, larger and smaller all and Quo Vadis are the standbys, and Western Railways of Havana.turesque. Santiago, made neat and the valley, disappearing through a through the Organo Range. What tilit is a rather surprising fact that the Cristina station. Take Jesus del Moninviting, has succeeded in remaining solid wall at its far end. Here the able land there is in them is always taste of a cigar factory is usually for te cars. I Spanish as she was in the beginning, stream has worn a tunnel through liv_ very fertile, and, from San Diego de good literature rather than anything with a touch of French, English and ing rock; the tunnel is high and wide los Banos westward, is eagerly seized too trashy. Cuba Railroad.-Villanueva station, American added, despite which influenough to permit the passage of upon by tobacco growers, who refer Clever men, who are leaders in Cu. see directions under United Railways I ences she holds to her own peculiar horses wading along the creek itself such inaccesible, isolated places, as ban affairs today, have been read. of Havana. characteristics, and is today the most single file. Venturing through it so "holes in the hills," than which no Prs in factories, among them some Marianao and Havana Railway.Cuban, at heart, of all Cuban provinmounted the explorer finds himself description could be more accurate. editors of note. Concha station. Take Principe cars. cial capitals.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA fulfil the obligation taken upon me in I that saint as its patron and by law ing citizens of the district were warnI this document. compelled its own residents and all ed not to afford them shelter or sucAUTOS ADMITTED FREE CUBA'S CURRENCY Owners of Cars Intended for Personal Use May Furnish Bond-"Tour ist's Exemption." "In witness whereof, and in order the country people around about to cor until they should have obeyed the American Currency Is Official Money to obtain the benefits of Para~rapl1 do ~er homage) read~ like a_ modr~n mandate to reside in "?lorio1'.s Santa 1 1 d-S anish Gold and 330 of the Tariff, in accordance with vers10n of the Isrealltes' soJourn m / Clara." Later the verdict agamst Reof Is .,.ti P Circular 68 of the Department of the the wilderness inasmuch as for years meclios was rescinded, the town was SH,rer Largely Used. Tourists are permitted to bring into Treasury, in the city of Havana, on its earliest inhabitants wandered hiihrecognized, rebuilt and given back Cuba, free of duty, automobiles for the -day of the month of --, er and yon, led by priests at odds its archives. Meanwhile Santa Clara, their personal use while visiting the 191-. (Signature.) with each other, whose quarrels were at first hardly as glorious as its Island. The owner is required to The delegate collector before whom reflected in the animosities between name implies, was growing slowly and make oath or affirmation, that the the tourist signs the foregoin~ sign., factions their followers constituted, uneventfully from a cluster of mudmachine is not to be sold or rented, his name also, as witness. / until finally Santa Clara was estabwalled, palm-thatched huts. or made the basis of any business transaction while in this country; I moreover, a bond to an amount not less than twice the duties the machine would incur, if imported for sale, is required, nor may a machine so ad mitted remain in Cuba longer than six months under the foregoing exemp tion, unless an extension of the privi. lege is obtained. The authority for this "tourists' ex emption" is contained in customi. circular 68, issued on February 23d, 1903. It is based on Paragraph 330 of the tariff, which admits free of duty all "articles of wearing apparel, toilet articles and articles for personal use." The automobile the tourist brings with him for his "personal use" in touring the country is classL fied under the last mentioned head. ing. Customs collectors of the several ports are at liberty to determine the length of time over which the con cession made in Circular 68 shall hold good; six months in the maximum, unless special authority extending it is obtained from the department of the treasury. The following is the form of the oath or affirmation to be filled out: "I, -(the name)-, tourist, having arrived in port --, the -day of I the month of --, aboard the steam. er -from the port of --, do sol. emnly swear or affirm that the au. tomobile No. -of-horsepower, make--, as declared on sheet --, is my personal and exclusive proper ty, for my personal use, and always take it and accessories necessary for . A WATER CART IN A COUNTRY TOWN. GLORIOUS SANTA CLARA. lished in its present location and the THE LIME (LIMONCILLO). ---edict went forth that Remedios, its The lime grows wild in all parts of The province of Santa Clara ranks parent settlement, should be destroyCuba and replacs the lemon entirely its repair with me to every country second among Cuba's six in matter ed, as, in fact, it was when municipal for domestic uses, making beverages, 1 visit; 1 agree to reship it within of population (457,431, census of authorities of Santa Clara rorle over etc., as it is used without the curing a period of -months. 1907); the capital city, "Glorious Sanon an appointed day and burned the which the lemon undergoes, and, eith"I, furthermore, swear or affirm,. ta Clara," as its proper title runs humble residences of those persons er in the ripe or green state, it is on that the said automobile is not to (the western terminus of thP. Cuba who had not desired to take up their the markt during all seasons of the be sold or rented, nor to serve as the Railroad), is eighth among those of dwelling in the new town. They year. Cuba has no currency of its own coinage. 'l"he official money of the Republic i. United States currency and all and public debts are payable in tne same, except fees of registrars of property, which are col lected in S:r,anish gold. In commr cial circles tWholesale) Spanish gold is th~ basis of calculation, and in the retail tradE. and in the country Span ish silver ii:, almost entirely used, ex cept in Sa,1r.iago and parts of Cama guey proviuce where American money is used to ine exclusion of all, othrs. United States currency is always at a premiurr. over Spanish gold, but this premium fluctuates according to demand for ;Spanish gold and silver. COLUMBUS ON TOBACCO. In the account of his first voyage which, in journal form, Christopher Columbus presented to the king and queen of Spa m, under date of Tues day, November 6, 1492, the Admiral relates how twu men he had sent in land into the di&trict (probably) which is now Oriente province, through Na varrete thinks 1t was Camaguey, in the course of their reconnaisance met men and women smoking "herbs, as they were accustomed to do." This is undoubtedly the very first mention of tobacco in history. Las Casas, when he came to write, in his Hi::; tory of the Indies, from this particu lar part of Columbus' diary, explains how the Indians smoked; it that they made cigars and called t.l:1)Jn by the name usual in Cuba today, that is tabacos. "I knew," the Good Clerigo adds, "Spaniards . who smoked, and when they were reproved for it, and told that it was a vice, they said they could not leave it off. I don't know what pleasure or profit they got out of it." "Who," exclaims Navarrete (I., p. 51) "could fore~ee then that the consumption and use of tobacco woul1 be,r>tJ1i~ so cornn10n and general that this new and .,ingular basis of any business transaction; I the Island. were driven out of their homes, for make myself liable to all responsibiL The story of the founding of Santa bidden to rebuild them or cultivate ity that rests on me in case I fail to Clara (which immediately adopted their fields nearby, and all law-abidOne northerner that never visits vice should provide one of the richest Cuba is Jack Frost. sources of revenue to the state?"


TOURIST EDITION CITY OF HAVANA TOBACCO AND RELIGION. HAVANA DAILY POST haling was as follows: Partially dried tobacco was first spread on a halL HAVANA, CUBA CUBA'S SUGAR MILLS. NATIONAL LIBRARIES Noted for Its Palaces, Streets and Tobacco in a number of different lighted brazier, after which a tube There are 193 sugar mills in Cuba, The National Library was estabPlazas, Colonnades, Towers forms was commonly used in all their was placed in the smoke and the othdivided among the provinces as follished by the first American governand Monastries. ceremonies by the aboriginal Indian er extremity, provided with two lows: ment of intervention in 1902, and peoples whom the Spanish discoverers branches, inserted in the nostrils; the Santa Clara 72 located at La Fuerza, and later moved Havana has been called the clty of found in possession of the west Insmoke was then snuffed up, mounting Matanzas . 57 to the Maestranza building on Chacon palaces and the name is a good one. dian Islands. quickly to the brain. The user gen_ Oriente . . 29 street. It is open to the public every Many houses are of immense size Its smoke was incense with which erally succumbed to the narcotic and I IIavana . . . . . . 21 day of the week, including Sunday, and cost enormous sums. Before the the priests accompanied their prayers remained where he fell, stupefied. A Pinar del Rio 8 from eight in the morning until five days of modern transportation, when to the gods; and with snuff, or pow_ cacique (chief) thus affected was Camaguey 6 in the afternoon. the whistle of the locomotive was seldered tobacco, they sometimes sprin_ raised by a woman and carried to bed. Total . . . . . . 193 The library was founded with 3,000 dom heard and the whirl of the elec======================~::;;;;iii;..=========================== volumes of all classes, collected and brought over from Paris and London, by its found e r and director, Sefior Domingo Figarola-Caneda. The num ber of books approximates 20,000, and is formed chiefly of works of history relating to Cuba in which respect it is said to be second only to the Brit ish Museum. Among the collections is the library of the Count of Fernan dina, including many rare examples of early printing, some of the docu ments bearing dates of 1496, 1582 and 1635. The books were richly bound by famous Paris binders and com prise 4,000 volumes which cost $20,000. Another library acquired was that of Vidal Morales y Morales, re presenting twenty-five years' collect ing of works relating to Cuba and Spanish-Americ~n history. It con tains a Las Casas printed at Seville in 1552; Benzoni's "History of the New World," printed in 1565; the dramas of Heredia, the poems of Pla cido, and other treasures of Cuban literature; in all containing 3,000 vol umes. tric motor was still unknown, and the patient ox knew no rival, rich sugar 1 planters used Havana as their homes, leaving their estates in charge of a trusted manager, built here the most expensive mansions that money could buy. Such a home can be seen at the corner of Amistad and Reina streets. It was built by Miguel de Aldama, in his day Havana's richest citizen, his income was estimated at $3,000,000 annually. He spent nearly a half million dollars on this building in 1860, and the luxury of its fur nishings became known far and wide Aldama was a Cuban and a patriot, and when the revolution broke out here in 1868 and he was obliged to flee from the city to save his life. His house was broken into by Span ish volunteers and ransacked, the vandals wrecking the handsome sta tuary and slashing th'e costly paint ings with their swords. Some of the most costly homes are to be found on the Prado, Paseo de Tacon streets and the suburbs, Cerro and Vedado. James Anthony Froude, writing in 1887, said of the city: "Havana is a city of palaces, a city of streets and plazas, of colonnades I and towers, and churches and monas1 tries. The Spaniards built as they built in Castile; built with the same material, the white limestone which they found in the New World as in the old. The palaces of the nobles in Havana, the residences of the govkled the heads of their idols. Their ernor, the convents, the cathedral, are "medicine men" (boii) stupefied them_ a reproduction of Burgos or Valladoselves with this herb when they conAN OLD PALACE IN MARIANAO. AREAS OF PROVINCES. Pinar del Rio, 5,000 square miles. lid, as if by some Aladdin's lamp a sulted oracles in divination, and by Havana, 2,772 squa:-P. miles. Castilian city had been taken up and it they cured the sick in medicinal Matanzas, 3,700 square miles. set down unaltered on the shore of practice. Santa Clara, 9,560 square miles. the Caribbean sea. . . The magThe process of inhaling the smoke Camaguey, 10,500 square miles. nitude of Havana and the fullness of through the nostrils is mentioned in Oriente, 12,468 squar e miles. life there, entirely surprised me." several early acounts, and, accord_ Total area of Cuba, 44,000 square These old descriptions still apply ing to many authorities, special tables miles. TAXES IN CUBA. Another valuable library open to the public is that of the Sociedad Eco nomica, at 62 Dragones. This library contains a large collection of books and newspapers and old prints. ----+---WALKING SHOE STORE. Visitors sometimes wonder, when they see a man going along the street with a long pole in his hand upon which are displayed many pairs of Taxes in Cuba are very reasonable shoes. This is a walking shoe store. being equivalent to about 9.36 p e r The man goes about the city, fre cent of its earning capacity, the asquenting places where men are em sessments being made on the renting ployed at such hours that buying at value, on city and suburban properthe regular shoe stores is inconven ties. Taxes on rural property are apient. With these he does a good deal proximately 6.50 per cent of the rentof business. The shoes are always of ing value or income, uut no taxes are the cheapest makes, generally made in great measure to the Havana of on which the herb was placed, stood today. before their idols. The method of in----+---collected on any of the unimproved in Have esp e cially for day laborer's_ Come where the sunshine streams. land. trade.


.. TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HAVANA, CUBA. THE WRECK OF THE BATTLESHIP 11AINE TN HAVANA HARBOR Copyrighted by The American Ph-Oto Co., Havana, Cuba. Inside of Cofferdam Showing First U nwatering of Battleship Maine


THE WRECK OF THE BATTLESHIP MAINE IN HAVANA HARBOR ... TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HAVANA, CUBA, View Starboard Side at 10-Foot 'lv ater Level Showing Main Deck Inverted and Wreckage at Bow Copyrighted by The American Photo Co., Havana, Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, UUBA CALABAZAR BRIDGE, WESTERN RAILWAY OF HAVANA. PINAR DEL RIO. I where the advisability of producing their verdant tobacco fields, surronud1 The town lies in the heart of a flat, called b e fore it was constituted into tobacco under cheesecloth was first I ing the thatched huts and barns of I fertile plain, cultivated to tobacco, a separate province or acquired a Famous Tobacco Region Now Accesdemonstrated; this system is now the native growers lend. San Diego out of which protrude peculiar mono-name of its own. Technically used by sible to Tourists-"Partido" and "Vuelta Abajo." largely followed and from the railway is some fonrteen miles north of the lithic mountains. Having passed tobacco men, however, Vuelta Aba line the traveler sees acres of cloth railway station of Paso Real, with through the town by way of the wide jo mans Pinar del Rio province west strtched taut on framework, through which it is connected by good mawhite government road, he enters the of Consolacion del Sur to the sea on Tobacco is Cuba's second largest which protrude, sometimes, the tops I cadamized road; there is regular omeven more beautiful Vale of San Vievery shore, and especially south of and her most famous cro~. Like of citrus fruit trees or leafy venernibus service. San Diego is a famous cente by way of a narrow pass which the Organo mountains. The exact ~ugar cane, it is grown in :ver~ provl able mangoes. Cheesecloth-shelters and f~shionable health ~esort, because is the only entrance to its lovely enboundaries of the sacred territory are mce, but whereas to raise it was assure the development of large and of mmeral springs which gush from closure, and, later, leaves by as narelastic; every veguero (tobacco fo~merly the si~gle agr~cu~tural enterp_erfect tob~cco leaves, so much de1 the banks of the river, which here row an exit at the other side, followgrower) wishes to stretch them to prise of the island, it is now the sired for cigar wrappers. comes down out of the mountains by ing the road, still in the shadows of embrace his fields though not neces leading business of few districts outI 'l'he Organo mountains, bginning way of The Portals. The bathhouses the mountains which shut in the Valo sarily those of his next ueig-1-ibor. In side one province-Pinar del Rio. in litt!e hills scatterd here and there are mere wrecks of what they usd as ramparts do a fortress, through a this district the very best tobacco the Pinar del Rio is the western end I over the plain of Havana province, to be, but so attractive is the curifol'st of orchid-hung oaks, down to world knows is produced; manufac of Cuba. Its southern coast, which become a formidable sierra beyond ous little town (there are really good the sea at Esperanza, where there is tured into cigars in Havana (and no the shallow Caribbean laps, rises I Mariel, extending thence westward, hotls), so restful and invigorating its little to interest him i::ave the possiwhere else) it constitutes real Ha gradually toward the Organo mounbroken by passes, to end in two steep climate and all the outlook, the place bilities of a good fit.h breakfast to banc.,s:_the delight of connoisenrs and tains, a range that dominates its I sentinel peaks above the ancient retains its popularity despite this be had there. The distan,.e from courts! Here and there, to be sure, northern part in all its length, from town of Guane. In isolated locali. handicap. The Valley of Viii.ales is Pinar del Rio city to Esperanza is are patches of malanga, an indigen Mariel to Guane. Where the soil is I ties in these mountains (about San reached via government highway I about thirty miles; the trip is the ous tuber deem e d edible by natives. suitable on this plain, but especially Diego de los Banos, for instance, and from the city of Pinar del Rio itself, finest automobile drive in c,1ba. sweet potatoes. corn, cane and yuca; from Guira westward, along the line in the Valley of Viii.ales) is grown an the drive out, by automobile preferAt Consolacion del Sur th" vh:;itor from the latter starch is manufac of the Western Railw.a.y, to the hills, excellent tobacco classified as semiably, constituting the most memorarriving in the west by rail eni:rs the tured for domestic and Yen for for is grown very excellent partido tovuelta. able outing the visitor to Cuba can "genuine Vuelta Abajo," pronounced: eign trade. Maize and ric~ fields 1,re baco-even on lands which a generaBoth San Diego and the Viii.ales make while in this island. On apvo6-el-tah ah-bah-ho, these two common but their output is not suf tion ago produced sugar cane instead. valley are objective points of excepproaching the village of Viii.ales the words meaning literally the tnrn or ficient for even local consumption. In this district, for instance, are the tional attraction to tourists, quite traveler finds himself gazing down trip down, i.e., "down country," as all The heaviest item of transportation famous Luis Marx vegas, at Alquizar, aside from the additional interest upon it from the orow of a plateau. the country west of Havana was on Western Railway is foodstuffs.


TOURIST EDITION GOLD MINES IN CUBA HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, LOOKING TOWARDS CABANAS AND MORRO. is now called the Santiago Mine. The I sums by washing the waste. In fact using good machinery are making an mineral laws of Cuba allow the one they made more than did the stockexceedingly good profit. The locality BAVANA, CUDA CUBA'S CONGRESS. There Are Valuable Deposits of the finding the mineral, even though it holders. Had the machinery been of in the gold district of Cuba is very President and Senators Must Be Na_ Precious Metal Worked in the is on another's land, to denounce it the proper kind, however, the mill beautiful Holguin being 500 fe e t above Vicinity of Holguin. as his own. The law does not require would have paid far greater profits the sea level, and one of the oldest that a claim once registered shall be and the example goes to show the towns on the island. tive Born Cubans-Representatives May Be Naturalized. Gold mines are being worked in worked, and thus they are sometimes care that should be taken in such enAsbestos of the variety known. as ---Cuba with success. Up to the present b.anded down to several generations. terprises. Chrysotile is found near the mines. Havana is the capital of the Rethere is no indication that the gold This prospector found that the vein The rock carrying the gold has The life of the material seems to public. The Congress consists of the yielding area will rival that of the he had discovered had already been been leached. beyond any semblance have been sapped from it by the cliSenate and House of Representatives. Yukon or of the golden days of Calid e nounced many years before, but he of the original, which judging from mate and solutions so that it was reThe Senate building is on O'Reilly fornia. There are good paying ores, sought the present owners and made the adjacent properties approximates converted into brittle rock at the outstreet, facing the Plaza de Armas. however which with modern machinan agreement with them to allow him a quartz-felsite porphyry. This gray crop, although it retained its fibrous Each one of the six provinces of Pa ery yield a good profit, and any time to work the claim on a 20 per cent rock has been intruded between walls appearance. nar del Rio, Havana, Matanzas, San the valuable m e tal may be found in royalty basis. He then took a quart of serpentine wherever in the vicinity Traces of gold have recently been ta Clara, Camaguey and Oriente, send large quantities. jar of coarse gold under his arm and the rock has been shattered. Alfound at Luyano a suburb within the senators, who are elected for terms of Santiago province up to the present went to New York to find capitalists though subsequent movements have municipal district of Havana. A large eight years. A senator must be a nfl gives the greatest mineral promise of to back him in his enterpris e. He faulted the felsite dyke locally, the I area of land including three claims, tive Cuban and must have attained the island. Pinar del Rio province, found a young New Yorker who line along which the gold is found for have been filed recently with the govthe age of thirty-five. The House however, is rich in various ores, but agreed to furnish $75,000 for a mill several miles is practically northeast ernment. meets in a building temporarily used has never been worked or prospect e d and development, provid e d he was by southwest. ----+--for the purpose on Oficio street, nea r as has Santiago. In the latter provgiven about four-fifths of the comIn the gold belt in the vicinity of PRINCIPE CASTLE. the Machina; a new Hall of Repreince are found many workable depospany's stock, the mill was equipped the gold bearing out crops and in ---s entatives has been planned. There its of copper, iron, manganese and with a crusher, a Chilean mill, shak1 ditches after each rainstorm, gold colI El Principe or Castillo del Principe I is one Representative for each 25,000 gold. Only a few have been developing plates and tables, of a kind which ors can be obtained. The soil is sharp (Fort of the Prince) is on the crest I individuals and for an additional frac ed. The gold mines which are being a practical metallurgist would not I and wide areas of talus cover the of a high hill overlooking the I city tion over 12,500. The term is four worked systematically and which are have ordered. The mill which would fields, so that beyond grass and on the west. It is an irregular basI A Representative must be a giving results, are some twenty miles : not have cost $20,000 in New Jersey shrubs vegetation does not flourish. tion work surrounded by a deep moat, native born Cuban or a naturalized south of Gibara, near Holguin. In this cost $60,000 in Cuba. This outlay toMining men have noticed that near and commands the city and harbor Cuban, who has resided in Cuba at district gold seems to have been takgether with more required by building gold deposits there is a gritty feeling and coast and inland approaches. The least eight years from his naturali en out in greater or lesser quantiti e s waterworks, pumps and hoists abon the shoe soles and in the Santiago fine view obtained from Principe well zation, and must ha ve attained the ever since the island was discovered, sorbed all the original money put into gold field this geological peculiarity repays for the climb from the foot of age of twenty_five. The Pr-esident though the old Spanish discoverers the enterprise and mor e, hence when is properly developed. the hill at the terminus of the El of the Republic, elected for a term of never obtained very great quantities the company started it had a big debt Over $250,000 have been taken from Principe line of cars. four years, must be a native born of it. to overcome. No arrangements were the Santiago Mine but the dividends --'-Cuban, or one who has served in the A prospecter who has searched for made to empound the tailings, consehave been small mainly on account The walls of Havana were destroyed I Cuban army in its wars of independclaims from Yukon to Panama and quently the people on the next lower of the lack of proper machinery and in 1886, a week's celebration being ence for at least ten years, and must Cuba, found near Aguas Claras what properties were able to make large the 20 per cent royalty. Other mines held in honor of the event. have attained the age of forty.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA HAVANA, FROM THE RAMPARTS OF CABANAS. DR. ALFREDO ZAYAS' I three nations: in the history of the I gin, because in the confraternity of II From our lips there should not come ] see a smiling future, an aureole of ORATION ON MAINE great Republic of the United States the whole humanity, after the passing words, that have the savor of bitterliberty and independence that fore of America, in the history of the old of the enslaving torrent of the excited ness; free are our hearts and souls told days of glory for our country; Cuba's Distinguished Vice President Spanish nationality, and in the hishuman passions, we may as we!; recfrom rancor and old ire, and as on but that natural sentiment has never Speaks Eloquently of Great Intory of the young Republic of Cuba. ognize ourselves progency of the same any other catastrophe of humanity let rriade me suppose, not even at the first fluence of Ship on History. "A day like today, and in this place, origin, and clasp our hands, deploring us Cubans be gathered here, as you moment, that a cunning hand or in and during hours of the night a roras a misfortune to humanity that Americans from the North, to mingle famous treachery sunk the Maine in The details of the awful tragedy midable crash and a sudden flame which caused the destruction of livour prayers and also cast over the the waters of Havana harbor. Un which sent the battleship Maine to which illuminated space, carried to ing beings, leaving behind them a graves of those who here died, our luckily happenings of this kind we the bottom of Havana harbor, snuff .. the minds of all those who heard that trail of tears at this homes. best flowers, typifying the ~ragrance do not know the invisible hand that ing out the lives of 257 American formidable noise, and to all those who "We have complied, therefore, with of our remembrance. makes them-take place at the pre sailors, are known to nearly every one saw that dazzling blaze, that somea duty of piety, of fraternity, by these "The wreck of the Maine will disdestined moment, the pyschological and there is no need repeating them thing epoch-making in the political services, and by casting fragrant appear from our bay, transported posinstant in history to change the fate h e re. The historical effects of this history of those nations was near. flowers in the bay of Havana, and sibly to the nation to which the pow_ of the people; an invisible hand that tragedy, however, will ever be a On that night, thirteen years ago, the inclining reverently before the 'banerful vessel belonged; but the remay be called Providence or chance, source of interest in the future as well Maine was blown up in the port of ner, which with its glory, covers membrance of the explosion never ordained that the last drop, let us as the past, to Cuba and to the United Havana, where its wreck has remainthose remains and makes more sweet will be forgotten and will outlive us, say, in the overflowing vase of the States. It is interesting, therefore, ed until now, and where this year, as the slumber of those that sleep unbecause it marks with the furore of excitement of the American people to produce the oration pronounced on in years past, come those who under der its protecting shade. its sudden blaze and its thunderous who contemplated the continuation of the wreck of the Maine, at what was, the glorious folds of the American "We, who represent Cuba, do not crash, an era in the history of Ameria cruel and hard war, and the explo perhaps, the last memorial service flag fought in the war with Spain, and come here with our souls full of ranca, where was determined the emansion of the Maine was followed by an held upon it, by one of Cuba's most with them many whose hearts entercor, nor with remembrances that may cipation of the Hispano-American other explosion of the popular Ameri brilliant and gifted orators, Dr. Al tain and uphold sentiments of piety produce the least wound in the hearts territories, the cessation of Spanish can sentiment that produced the war fredo Zayas, vice president of this and commiseration in the face of the that beat with ours under the heaven sovereignty in America, and it may between the United States of Ameri Republic. Dr. Zayas spoke in Spanhuman calamities, to shed one more of our country. Each epoch has its be said that it was the dawn and ca and the Spanish nation; a war ish and it is impossible to transmit tear and to revive the memory, that passionate moments, and, if on the birthday of the Republic of Cuba, unthat was full of heroism on both sides in translating all the fire, the energy is due the remains of those sallors, day the Maine was buried in the wader the protecting, noble and generand which ended with the consecra and brilliancy of the original expresof those men who succumbed by vir, ters of the harbor of Havana, that ous aegis of the great Republic of the tion of the young Republic of Cuba." sions, but the oration in English will tue of that sorrowful happening and unfortunate occurrence, always laUnited States. ----not fail to be of interest. forever left the earth and passing mentable and sorrowful, caused dif"I had the opportunity of being in No tourist should fail to spend one Dr. Zayas said: happiness, and who have slept, either ferent sentiments, according to the the city of Havana the night of the evening in the park when the nights "Ladies and Gentlemen: We are in the bottom of the waters of our persons that felt them; now at the explosion of the Maine, passing acciare delightfully fresh and cool, and gathered in this place, and perhaps harbor, or buried by pious hands in end of the years, it only remains for dentally, as it were, through my the scene as the people parade round for the last time, beside the wreck of the place destined for the last sleep us to shed tears of piety, to send fer country; and I can assure you, that and round, all in their finery, exhal what was once a powerful machine of men. vent prayers, to ask peace for the all of us that took thought of the ex1 ing clouds of cigarette smoke and of war of the great North American "This is a pious duty in which may d e ad, and long for glory to the three traordinary significan ~e of that hap st:ong whiffs of perfumery, is fas. nation; in order to commemorate a be associated all men, whatever may nations which are united in history pening, an internal sensation moved cinating in the extreme to the tran. memorable date in the history of be their nationality, their race or oriby the event that we commemorate. us, and a magic vision made us foresient visitor.


TOUIU 'T EDITION II.A Y. .iX.A D ... \JLY POST 0 'REILLY AND OBISPO. lights of the senses, and all pleasing The little article (always rich and exA TARES CASTLE. garrison a century ago it enjoyed the affections of the mind. The wards pensive), perfectly indisp c. nsable tn distinction of being thti only fortress Both Streets Are the Delight of Visof jails and hospitals are each known a Cuban lady's costume, in her hands Was Scene of Execution of Colonel which was p 2 rmitted to fly a silken itors Who Like to Shop-Peby some religious or patriotic desigseems -almost to spak; she has :i Crittenden and His Fifty Kenflag. The Kentuckian, Crittenden, culiar Names of Shops. nation; and twelve guns tn the Mor_ witching flirt with it tha: '}..presses tuckians in 1851. and fifty of his men of the Lopez exro are named for the Apostles. Every scorn; a graceful wave of complaisj ---pedition in 1851 were imprisoned in The shopper's delight in Cuba are town has the name of an apostle or ance, an abrupt closing of it that ;nj Atares Castle occupies a round hill Atares, and it was on the slope of Obispo ,and O'Reilly streets. There saint, or of some sacred subject. The dicate vexation or anger; a gradual at the head of the harbor, 111 feet the hill overlooking the harbor that the visitor who wishes to lay in a full name of Havana, in honor of and cautious opening of its folds that above sea level. The isolated site, they were executed. The castle has supply of rare laces or rich silks can of Columbus, is San Cristobal de la signifies reluctant forgivenfss; in commanding position and picturesque b'een converted into a jail. On the do so at prices which appear reHabana; and that of Matanzas is San short, tlie language of the fan in a outline make it one of the most conslopes in great letters formed of can markable to people accustomed to I .Carlos Aloazar de Matanzas.-R. H. Cuban's hand is an adroit and exprPsspicuous objcts in the vicinity of non balls and flower beds are s e en United States' prices. 'I'he streets ,are Dana, 1859. sive pantomime that requires no for_ Havana; it is seen from the town, the names of Marti and other heroes so narrow that wheeled vehicles are Another time-honored custom of eign interpretr." the ships in the harbor, and the ramof the Cuban struggle for independpermitted to pass in one direction the Cuba_n merchant is to eat his There are for the women mantillas, parts of Cabana. The fortress is a ence. only. The impression of narrowmeals in'his shop. If we pass along Cuban drawn work hand-made laces small bastioned work, buili: in 1763. -4-> --ness is intensified by the heavy corthe street at breakfast time, 11 and embroideries; and for the men 67, after tbe restoration of Cuba by Those who have been here in winnices and overhanging balconies, and o'clock, and look in at the shops, we there are walking sticks of mahogthe British. For some act of the ter all want to come again. the signs which are suspended above shall see business suspended, the taany, acana ebony, royal palm or oth. spanning the street; while in the ble sprad in the middle of the room, 1 er native woods or of a shark's ver sunny hours awnings are stretched and the shopkeeper and his clerks tebrae; Panama hats (jipi japi), or from roof to roof completely cover- sitting down at their meal in the the immense headgear of the Cuban ing the street and creating a sub. midst of their goods. The custom is countrymen, called the guajiro, high dued yellow-toned light or dusk, universal throughout Cuba with the crowned and broad_brimmed, turned which gives the street with the sueSpanish shopkeepers. The clerks, also up in front and turned down hehind. cession of open shops and tl1eir varied Spaniards, unmarried, live in the shop It is of braided palm leaves, and it stocks of goods exposed to view the and board with their employers. They we go into the country we mry air of an Eastern bazaar. There is know no oth e r dining room, nor parhaps see a native Cuban hat ,actory. also, as one looks down Obispo street lor nor living room than the shop. The guajiro makes a good waste has from the Albear Park, something In Colles Obispo and O'Reilly the ket for papers. Among other native reminiscent of the Midway. Calle tourist will find many articles suitproductions are belts and pocketbooks Obispo is Bishop street. When the able to take home for souv-enirs. In made of the skin of the maja, a harm Conde de O'Reilly came to Cuba in the old days when the toreador was less Cuban snake of the constrictor 1763, iand named the streets of the the hero of Havana, everybody bought species, which sometimes grows to a city, which before that time had b-een bullfight fans; the bull ring has long lengtp. of tw-enty feet or more. Then unnamed he called this one O'Reilly since been abolished, but people still there is some fascinating feather after himself. buy bullfight fans; they are inex. work, picturing flowers, birds and A peculiarity of shops in Havana is pensive and may be us-ed for room cock fights; with photographs and that as a rule they do not bear the decorations. In the shops devoted colored views, jewelry, native pre names of the proprietors but are partly or exclusively to fans, there serves of guava jelly and marmalade called by some f,anciful name, as Las is a wide range of choice, 'as to limes, mammey, sour-sop, cocoanut, Ninfas (The Nymphs), La Esperanza styles and prices; the cost runs from / orange, almond, mango, zapote and (Hope), Truth, The Fair, Modesty, l a few cents to a few hundred dolother fruits peculiar to the tropics. Patience, Galatea, La Diana. or some lars. Among the most expensive are other. It is true that our illustrations those with sticks of carved ivory inBASEBALL IN CUBA. do not illustrate this peculi arity, but laid with gold and mount-ed with small ---observation will show that the signs oval mirrors on the outer sides and Baseball is played on the grounds like those in the pictures are not the the fans hand-painted or embroidered. of the Almendar-es Club on the Paseo rule, but the exception; they are The use of the fan in Cuba is unide Tacon, opposite the Botanical Gar_ American innovations, not the charI versa!. den. Principe cars pass the gate. The acteristic way of the Cubans. "There is one article without which grounds of the Havana Baseball Club The Cubans have a taste for prodi: the Cuban lady would not feel at are at Vedado. The most important gality in gr,andiloquent or nretty home for a single moment; it is the games are played on Sunday after names. Eevry shop, the most num. fan, which is a positive necessity to noons, and are announced in the HaI ble, has its uame. They name the her, and she learns its coquettish and vana Post. shops after the sun and moon and I graceful use from ,early childhood. stars; after gods, and goddesses, formed 0f various rich materials, it The law used to require plantation demi-gods and heroes; after fruits glitters in her hand like a gaudy but. owners to own a dog to guard live and flowers, gems and precious I terfly, now h1alf, now wholly shading stock; a cat, to kill rats; and to keep stones; after favorite nam-es of wornher radiant face, which quickly peeks a cross set up before the door, as a en, with pretty fanciful additions; and out again from behind the shlter like sign that the Catholic religion was I after all alluring qualities, all deJ the moon from out a gilded cloua. J respected. AN AVENUE OF PALMS.


TOURISr:J: EDITION IIAV.ANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUB ... \. HAVANA CHURCHES 1 establishments the city then posWeek were elaborate; religious pro1904, there was discussed in the Culiberality the monastery was founded AND CHURCH CUSTOMS. sessed, besides vespers, Ave Marias, masses and sermons. The Spanish historian Arrette affirms that in Catholic Is Dominant Creed-Protestpomp and solemnity the functions of ant Churches Only Established I the church were unrivalled by any in cessions filled the streets; the Holy I ban Congress a law forbidding relL in 1578. Sepulchre was borne in state by degious processions in the streets. La Merced, at Cuba and Merced votees jealous to perform the service; The ecclesiastical government constreets, is the wealthiest and most 2 ffigies of Christ and the Virgm and sists of the Archbishop of Santiago aristocratic church in the city, and :t the images of the saints from the and the Bishopric of Havana. The fashionable congregation may be seen Since Spanish_American War. Europe, and he tells us that more churches were carried through the Cath e dral has already been alluded at its Sunday morning mass. There wax was consumed in candles for the streets. to, some other churches may be noted. is :1. fall orchestra. The church was Under Spanish rule the Roman churches of Havana in one month "The next day, which was Good San Agustin, at Cuba and Amarbuilt in 1746, and rebuilt in 1792; and Catholic Church was the establisherl than in other cities for the whole Friday, about twilight, a wng pro_ gura streets, formerly a monastery the interior has been remodeled and . year. Feast days were marked in the cession came trailing through the built in Hi08, is the oldest church in f richly decorated within recent years. church of Cuba; public services of I calendar as half cross days to be obstreets under my window, bearing an the city. Among the decorations of "The Admiral Don Christopher Coany other church were prohibited. In ==================================================== lumbus and the Spanish Army, being a circular issued by the Spanish Gov1 ernor to induce immigration, it was provided, "no others but Roman Catholics can he inhabitants of the island." The Protestant Bible was interdicted in the Custom House. The 1 British Government made repeated but futile efforts to s 1 ecure for its sub jects living in Havana permission to build a chapel for Protestant wor ship. So late as 1898, when the funeral of the Maine victims was held by the city authorities in the Governor's Palace, and Captain Sigsbee request. ed of the Bishop of Havana that the Protestant burial service might be read over the Protestant dead, the request was politely declined, the Bishop expressing regret for his in ability to comply with it. All that Captain Sigsbee could do was "to read the service a part at a time as opportunity oUered, chiefly in the carriage on the way to the cemetery and afterward in the hotel." The Spanish-American war changed all that. There are now in Havana vari ous Protestant denominations. The churches and religious orders possessed of the Oerro de la Vega, a place on the Spanish island, erected on it a cross, on whose right arm on the 2d of May, 1493, in the night. there with her most precious Son the Virgin Our Lady of Mercy. The Indians who occupied the island, j as soon as they saw Her, drew their arrows and shot at Her; but as the I arrows could not pierce the sacred wood, the Spaniards took courage, and falling upon the same Indians, killed a great number of them. And the person who saw this wonderful prodigy was the V. R. F. Juan." Belen Church, on Compostela street, at the corner of Luz, was built by Bishop Diego de Compostela in 1704. I It takes its name from Santa Maria de Belen (Our Lady of Bethl e hem), patroness in Spain of the Franciscan order of Jeronymites. The church and monastery, and free school in 1 connection, were maintained by the Franciscan monks for nearly a cen_ tury, and then the buildings were tak en by the Government for use as bar racks. In 1853 they were given to the Jesuits, who formed schools, es tablished the College of Belen, set up were formerly very rich, possessing ... ~--__, an observatory reputed to be the best sugar plantations and coffee estates organized in Latin-America, collect_ which had been bequeathed to them, ed a library rich in prints and drawand drawing vast revenues from lands ings illustrating Cuban history, and on which mortgages had been laid CENTRAL PARK. formed a museum of native woods in their favor; the French Encyclo==================================================== and natural history specimens. James paedia once reviled the churches of Anthony Froude wrote of them in Cuba because they were "so revolt_ served with special religious serv_ image of the dead Christ lying upon the walls are to be noted the Stations 1887, when they had a school of 400 ingly rich." In many instances the ices, and whole cross days, on which a cloth of gold. It was a.ccompanied of the Cross in twelve alto-relievos. pay pupils and hundreds of free: estates of the monks were long ago business was wholly laid aside. In no by a body of soldiers holding their Santa Catalina, on O'Reilly street, "They keep on a level with the age; confiscated and expropriated to the other country than this land of muskets revers,ed, and a band playat the corner of Compostela, built in they are men of learning; they are use of the State; the monasteries of mafiana tomorrow, by-and-by ing plaintive tunes; the crowds un1698, contains the bones of the mar men of science; they are the Royal San Agustin and Santo Domingo could such a system have obtained. covered their heads as it passed."tyrs Celestino and Lucida, which Society of Cuba." The Belen arch were converted into Government An American in Cuba once recorded William Cullen Bryant. were brought from Rome. spanning Calle del Sol is one of the storehouses. his complaint, "This is St. Joseph's But this has passed away, along Santo Domingo at O'Reilly and Merpicturesque bits of Havana. The colChurch festivals 'l'l'ere observed Day, the patron saint of the collector with many other of the old customs caderes str-eets, was a monastery of umns and ceiling of the interior of with much pomp. At one period, it of the port, so he refuses any goods which were picturesque and interestthe Dominicans. In the sacristy are the church are to be noted. Over the is recorded, 525 festivals were celeto be landed on this day." ing, but not in keeping with the spirit preserved portraits of the Count and j high altar is a. Holy Family by Ri brated annually in the twenty-nine The public ceremonies of Holy of the present day. In November Countess of Casa Bayona, by whose bera.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA PRESIDENT'S PALACE. of the throne rooru is the chapel, PLAZA DE ARMAS. ing at her devotions in front of one Spanish king in whose troubled rule whose robes and altar cloths are rich of the altars. th e royal decree was issued which Head of the Republic Resides Where embroideries, done by the hands of In and Around This Narrow Place The square is still the administragave to the Captain-General of Cuba I devout Cuban women. tive center of HaV1ana and Cuba. The "all the powers of governors of cities Formerly Spanish Captain GenAs the headquarters of the govWas Made th e Greater Part of Palace, in addition to being the Pres in a state of siege." erals Were Arbiters of Life. ernment, the Palace repr e sented Cuba's History. ident's residence, contains the hall In old Havana, crowded within the Spanish authority, and was identiof the city government, and various city walls, the Plaza de Armas was Where once Spanish Captain fied with Spain's rule of Cuba for The Plaza de Armas is important civil offices; the Senate building the favorite pleasure resort of the were the arbiters of life good or for ill; it was fitting then because in and around it has been fronts the Plaza on the north; in La Havanese in the evening. and death of all who lived in Cuba, that the final act in the surrender of made the greater part of Cuba's hisFuerza are kept the archives. Near by there lives now the head of the Cuthat authority and the abandonment tory. To one side of it is the place are the departments of the governBanks a few years ago were almost ban Republic, the President. It of that rule should take place with. where mass was first said when the ment and the Hall of Representatives. unknown in Cuba except in a few of formerly ranked as one of the fin_ in the Palace walls. It was here that city of Havana was founded. On anThe park is laid out with flower beds, the larger cities, but now they are est buildings in the city, but is now _on January 1, 1899, Lieutenant Generother side is the Presidential Palace, and there are royal palms and laurel to be found in numbers in every town fast falling into decay. A new presi-al ,t-.-ctolfo Jimines Castellanos, the last I where Spanish governor-generals for trees. In the center is a marble of importance. diential palace is to be erected by representative of Spanish dominion many years ruled the destinies of the statue of Ferinand VII. There was --.----the government to cost in the, neighover Cuba, formally yield 1 ed up his island. On a third side is the Fuerza a peculiar propriety in setting up hero There is no richer soil than that of borhood of a million dollars. The office to the representatives of the fort built to defend the city of Havana in front of the Palace the effigy of tho Cuba. present building was built in 1834 United States, and thu:. ended Spain's and the first fortification the city during the administration of Tacon, t~mure in Cuba. General William boasted when it was but a growing and occupies an entire block, with Ludlow, then commanding the Decolony. colonnaded facade extending the enpartment of Havana, records the moA group of interesting points which tire east side of the Plaza de Armas. mentous mcident in his report to the are near together and may be visited The main entrance is of marble richSecretary of War. in connection, 1 are cluster ed about the ly carved, the central feature of the Three years and five months later Plaza de Armas. These are the Pal decoration being a cartouche bear_ a yet more memora.ble event took ace, Templete, Fuerza, Cathedral, and ing the Spanish arn1-s. The larg 1 e paplac 1 e here, when the Palace of the shopping streets Obispo and tio is surrounded by arcades, with Spain's Captains General witn sscd O'Reilly. Near the Plaza is the Ca_ : = = .. grilled balconies and airy galleries; the establishment of a republican baUeria Wharf. : = = in the center, amid a mass of shrubform of government. On the 20th It was the practice of the Spaniards ... bery and tropical flowers, stands the of May, 1902-the day whose anniwhen they laid out a new town to re: = =. well known statue of Columbus. The versary Cuba observes as her nation_ serve a spac,e in the center as a public : = = construction of the building is very al holiday-the allotted task of the squar-e, about which the military and : = : massive, with heavy floor beams of United States having been accompcivil buildings might cluster, i.l.nd the : = =: acana and jocuma. The interior was lished in the island, the American open field of which might ue used as : = =: p.artly remodeled by the Americans; flag was lowered from the staff on a drill ground for the soldiery, thus The decoration of the Mayor's room the Palace and the flag of Cuba took giving to it the name of Plaza de 1 was done by them; the wainscoting its place. The Republic was estabArmas, or place of arms. In keeping :.. _;_ .. is of the beautiful Cuban wood known lished at 12 o'clock noon ,of that with such a custom, this open squarf> 1 as majagua.. The Palace is the ofday. The transfer of government, was reserved for a plaza when the ficial resid,ence of the President, and formally declared in a document city was founded in 1519. Here we ( contains also the offices of the Mayor written by President Roosevelt and get back to the beginning of H:wana. and other city officials, and the hall received by President Palma, was On the east of the square nearer the of the Ayuntamiento or City Counmade in the main room of the Palace. shore of the bay still stands a ceiba cil. During the ceremony the United tree descended from the ceiba which The President's apartments are on States troops in the Plaza presented originally shaded the spot when th13 the third floor, reached by broad mararms as the American flag was lowfounders of the city he-Id the first ble stairways with large mirrors in ered; and when the flag of the Remass. On the north is the old fort gold frames on the landings. Of the public was raised, the guns of the ress La Fuerza, well named the "cor three state reception rooms, one is United States cruiser Brooklyn ner-stone of Havana." On the sout~ furnished in white and blue, another joined with those of the Cabana in Wlas established the soldiers' barracl< in crimson, with the escutcheons of its salute. Spain and Havana over the doors and ----+---windows; and a third smaller one Onions.-The Cuban is extremely which under the old regime was the partial to the Spanish onion and that throne room, and is now the special of the Canary Islands, both of which reception room in which are received will prosper in Cuba. As this is a the guests. Among the crimson uppurely agricultural proposition it holstered chairs in the room is one should furnish an excellent field, pro which is surmounted by a gilt crown. vided storage facilities are furnished, It was formerly the throne chair, and for onions are said to deteriorate like stood on a dais in this room. Back potatoes in Cuba. and on the west was the first church The church was demolished in 1777, to make way for the new :residence of the Governor_General. In the wall the building on the corner of Obispo street is a marble table which wa:,, removed from the old church, com memorating the death in 1667 of Dofia Maria Cepero, who w1as killed by the accidental discharge of a sol1 dier's arquebus while she was kneel1 STREET VENDER IN HAVANA.


TOCHIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, Cl.TBA ARRIVAL IN HAVANA. Havana malefactors were scourged in ___ La Punta west to the Almendarcs CARCEL AND PRESIDI0. 1 be recalled th a t in tru e old days m I PUNTA CASTLE. a b?.re space alonr,the sltore from Occupies One of the Most Promipublic, the victim being parade,l I Was Begun in 1659-Was Intended River at Vedado. It had long been On arrival in Havana every facilinent Sites of the City-Often through the streets, mounted bac:!.r_ to Assist Morro in Havana's the desire of the Havana '.l.Hthoritics ty is given the stranger. Tug boats Taken for President's Palace wards on a mule, and whipped at Defense. to utilize this space for a parkway cornje alongside every/ passenger vari0us designated points in the cit:, and shor e drive, and in 18 lt, C, e n e ral steamer and aboard are representaNear the foot of the Prado, and until his full complement of lashes The Castillo San Salvador re h Albear had drawn up a r,lan fer the tives of all the principal hotels in occupying one of the most prominent had been received. Punta (Punta means point) is situpurpose; this had never beeri adop':1 the city. By means of these represites in the city, is the immense yelWhen Tacon chose this site for his ated immediately on the w.ater. f 1 ont ed, however, nor, did the ".m0rican sentatives the visitor can select the low building of the Havana Carcel, prison, the spot was far outside tho a jutting point which narrows the authorities follow it. Under a pro_ hotel he desires and so notify the which is not infrequently rn 1 staken city wall, and near-by, wh 1 2 re the harbor entrance. It is a small stone ject prepar ,e d by the Chi<.'f J:Jngineer, representative who will take immed by tourists for the P a.lace. It is used Students' Memorial now stands bastioned work whi c h was be~uu in Major Wm. M. Black, th~v b !ilt t.he iate charge of the baggage and see as a Carcel or city jail, with entrance was the place of public execution. 1659 under direction of the engineers Malec6n and its music stand. and bethat it is properly pass e d through on the Prado, and formerly as a Pre_ But hpwev:er remote from the life of the Morro. It is described in 1762 gan th,e construction of Gulf A venue. the custom house. These representasidio or penitentiary for the island, of Havanil the Carcel m,a y have been as being situated 200 yards from the -------tives all wear caps or shi-elds with e ntrance on Zulueta street, and also when it wa,s established, the grow:11 Punta Gate of the city wall, from Of all countries, Cuba politically the names of their respective hotels contains V1arious court rooms. It was of the town and ,extension of the par'{ which it was separated 1'y a ditch and commercially, is most clos e ly asso that there is no danger of trusting built in 1839 by Governor-General systems havie given it a conspicuouscrossed by a drawbridge. The batsociated with the United States. to them. chain gangs made up of runaway ure grounds which are seriously depto supplement the heavier artillery Tacon, chiefly by convict labor of I ness and nearness to the city's pleas teries of La Punta we e intended slaves, white malefactors and Carlist recated. It thrusts itself upon the of the larg e r fort across the .i :ia. rbor 1 prisoners from Spa ir; and it is renotice of the throngs of the Prado in the siege of Havana by the British corded that Tacon iinanced the un and the Malec6n, and is out of harmLa Punta was silenced only after thi> dertaking with certain public funds ony with its surroundings. The guns of the Morro in the hands or .,,_ which, before his time, had been diAmerican government of intervention the enemy had b ee n turned upon it verted by dishonest officials. The entertained a plan to r e move the jail and its surrender marked the end building is 300 by 240 feet, and surprisoners to the Hospital Militar. ~t I of the city's resistance. The work rounds a larg e interior court or pathe he 1a, d of the harbor, and the peuiis now used as ,a barracks lJy th e tio, which is filled with shrubbery. I tentiary convicts to the Cabana, and I Rural Guard. It has room for 5,000 men; there have thus to make the splendid building No longer useful as a fortifie1 de_ been at times 1,000 prisoners within available for public offices; but the fense, La Punta has become the CGn its walls. Ther-e were 600 here when scheme was abandoned. A more re tral point of the park improvem?m:s the Amerioans came to Havana, many cent proposition is a plan to utilize here d,esigned and carried out by the of whom had been incarcerated for the magnifio e nt site for a hotel. The American government of intervention. y ,e ars without trial. One hundred of Carcel was listed in a city schedule il1 The American engineers demolished this class were released, and of sixty 1900 at $464,000. the unsightly buildings surrounding others the sentences were commut{od. Just beyond the northern end o:: the fortifioa tion, laid out the grounds The Americans cleaned up the dread_ the Carcel, where an armed guard as a park, and transformed the waste fully filthy building, and introduced keeps watch by day and night, ls the spaces from a receptacle for all sorts many reforms of administration. 'The Students' Memorial. The simple of r e fuse into a well kept park and Carcel contains the garrote, which ;s panel is s et in a fragment of the wa'.l popular recreation ground. The the Cuban instrument of capital punof the old Commissary Building, shore beyond the west bastion was ishment. It consists of a semi-cirwhich stood here in the days when formerly a dumping ground and one cular iron band or collar, which fits Havana was full of Spanish troops. of the low quarters of the city. Thi:o, the front part of the victim's neck; When the building was demolished too, the Americans set about reclaim and has in the back of it a screw, by the Americans, in the g,eneral reing and making beauEful. The: which, working on the principle of arrangement 1 and parking of the land found certain condW0ns resnlt.') t' the screw of a letter_copying press, 2 round the Punta, this bit was prefrom the operation of the Spanish presses against the vertebra near che served as a fitting memorial of one l::.w under which the land wa ;.ile l by junction of the skull. A sudden turn of the tragic incidents in Havana's the waves of the s,ea at th-3 highes1 of the screw crushes the bone and history. The ground in front of the t'.des and during storms is the prop_ spinal cord, and death is instantanewall was a pl a ce of public execution; erty of the state. Landwar-

rl10UHIST EDITIO HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA IN AND ABOUT THE CITY. nut; even when the nut is plucked dustry, just as in the seventeenth course favorable to the street venHARDWOODS OF EAST. 1 from the trees on a warm day the century tobacco growing was not perders of all classes, and their musical Cafes Are Everywhere in Havana. milk is found to be cool and refreshmittd in Ireland because it would cries are heard everywhere. Charac_ The hardwoods of Cuba, of which Many Tempting Drinks of Harm_ ing. Other fruits used for drinks conflict with the tobacco interests of teristic of street venders about the there are many varieties, are worthy less Order Available. are the guana bana or sour-sop, and the infant colony of Virginia. Drunk_ city, are the shoe-seller crying his za_ consideration. Some of them are the The cafes are everywhere in Ha vana. The typical cafe is all open to the street and has tiled floor, mar ble wainscoting marble-top tables, the anona or sweet-sop; these are enness is rarely observable in Hapatas a nd zapatillas strung on a rod the best cabinet woods known. Very the green prickly _skinned fruits with vana. suspended from the shoulder, and the beautiful furniture is made of maja_ HO W HAVANESE BU Y seller of laces carrying his assortment gua, for instance, an exquisite green. displayed in alluring array on a ish wood which takes a high polish. staff. Then there is the baratillero, Acana, now used largely for railway white flesh and black seeds, which are seen displayed on the cafe bars. I The drink called ensalada (s_alad). is and marble ba.r, on which are dis_ a b e verage composed of various mHow City's Green Foodstuffs Are whose stock of little notions-pins ties and bridge timbers, is a magnifiplayed pineapples, guanabanas, green gredients, the choice of which is de8 ht in-Milk Is Peddled and needles and other housewife sup cent carving wood. Many enterpriscocoanuts, and other fruits from termined by the fancy and skill of roug plies-is contained in wooden boxes ing American settlers in eastern Cuba It t 1 From Backs of Horses. th l d d th b l whi~h mild and cooling drinks are I tqe ?omposer._ 1s no unusua m w1 g ass en s, carne on e ac, have built themselves homes of hard. made. To sit at a table and quaff a cafe to see a person order of horse or donk e y. woods which elsewhere would cost harmless elixirs seems to constitute simply a glass of ice-water and sit the larger part of the daily life for a down at a table to drink it; a Cuban people who are not too hurried; and law requir e ice.water to be provided In Havana it is the custom to buy --+ --fortunes; their furniture is solid ma. household supplies for the day only; I To view the sunset is worth the hogany, unpolished sometimes, or and in addition to tll'e market trade trip to Cuba. again polished to beautiful brilliancy. there is a large traffic in vcgetab!E>s the visitor is quite likely to find himfree in every cafe. self taking most kindly to this parIt is quite proper for ladies to go and fruits, carried on by hucksters ticular custom and experim e nting into the cafes of the bett e r class; and street venders. In the early with such inviting bever ages as he in those adjoining Central Park, after morning the roads leading to the city may be able to make the waiter comthe park concerts or during the theaare filled with countrymen (mon prehend his desire for. tre intermissions, one finds there a teros) bringing in the products of the Among the popular drinks is one gay throng of handsomely dressed farms, laden on horses and donkeys call e d panal (honeycomb) or aszu_ men and women. There are in the in large panniers. Not infrequently carillo, which is made from a mixcafes a large and varied assortment the animals are in trains, the leading ture of sugar and white of egg, dried of sweet cakes and a variety of ices, horsie being ridden, the second tied in rolls about six inches long, which made from the guanabana, m e lon, to the tail of the first, the third to look like spongy white candy; the orange, pineapple, and other fruits. the 1)ajl of the second, and so on for rolls are served with a glass of waOne ice cream is named jai alai, aftten or a dozen, with a dog attached ter and with or without a lemon; er the famous game. Ices are usualto the tail of the last horse for a when th e panal is dissolved it proly served with barquillos or long rear guard. The panniers are filled duces a sweetish drink like the eau rolled wafers. Sweets and cakes are with plantains, oranges, pineapples, sucre of the French. There are many displayed in great profusion in front melons, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, refrescos or refl"eshments, made of little shops everywhere through_ I and other commodities. A character. from the native fruits. Pina fria is out the city, a nd sweets sellers go istic sight in Havana streets is a fresh pine apple crushed and served about the streets bearing t1~ays of mass of green advancing without any in a glass with sugar and ice. Limonaconfections on their heads. visible means of progresston, until da or lemonade is commonly flavored Coffee is served in all cafes. Cucloser vi 1 ew reveals that it is a stack with cinnamon. Naranjada is orange bans burn the coffee bean to a cinof green corn fodder covering and age. Tamarindo is tamarind paste der; they say that this process deenveloping and concaling the animal dissolved in water, or the fruit crushed stroys the toxic qualities. Milk is bearing it. This fodder, which is the in water. Orchata is milk of almonds, boiled and salted to k e ep it fresh. staple food of horses, consists of the the French orgeat. This is the reciThe waiter brings the coffee.pot in corn stalks, leaves and tassels; it is pe for home use: Blanch thre e dozen one hand a pot of boiling milk in the grown the year round and is brought sweet almonds, crush thoroughly and other; the combination of charred into town in fresh supplies daily. Milk boil with two quarts of vanilla for coffee and salted milk some persons cans are carried in panniers on the flavoring. Sweeten to taste, and like at first taste; some learn to like backs of horses; the old custom of when cool strain through a fine sieve. it; some experiment with varying driving cows through the streets anrl Chill before serving. proportions of coffee and milk and milking them at the door has been Garapina is made from the skins never quite determine whether they discontinued. The poultry dealer and cores of pin e apples, which are do or not like it. brings in hio live chickens and tur washed and placed in a stone jar with Wine is drunk with meals as comkeys slung head down from the shoul water to covu them; the jar is covmonly in Cuba as on the Continent. It der; and live pigs are carried in the ered with a netting and allowed to is mostly of Spanish vintage, for over same manner. The rule is to buy stand outdoors to arment for four 90 per cent of that imported comes chickens alive, for they are cooked or five days; the liquid is then drawn from Spain. Although the island is immediately after killing, which is off and sugar and water are added. admirably adapted to the culture of the reason that the flesh of fowls is The milk of the cocoanut is a com_ grapes, under the Spanish rul e grape tough when brought to the table of mon and popular beverage, being growing was prohibited becausia it the Havanese. simply pour"d out from the green I wonld interfere with the home in, The open grille windows are of 1 PATIO SCENE, HOTEL CAMAGUEY, CAMAGUEY.


TOURI T EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVA A, CUBA THE HAMBURGaccompanies each ship rendering regthat of the great steam e rs of the Cuba on their way to N e w York thus in 1-ength and 50,000 tons burden with AMERICAN LIUE ular conc e rts on deck twice a day as North Atlantic. The "Ypiranga" e stablishing a belt lin~ which brings a displacement of 73,000 tons. She well as in the cabin during dinner. which maintains a direct service be the entire island in direct communl will carry 4,250 passengers with a Keeps Cuba in Close Touch With All of the newest saf e ty devices to tween Mexican ports, Cuba and Eucation with the United States and crew of 1,000 which will make a total be found on the largest ships may be rope, has been the first regular pas~urope. The remarkable increase in of 5,250. The "Imperator" will be Nor th a nd Sou th America, WeS t found on the Atlas ships. The "Prinz" s e nger steamer to be installed with tourist trav e l to Cuba from the Unitthe last word in luxury on the high Indies, Mexico and Europe. steamers were built in the great ship the new Frahm Rolling Tank. This ed States is very largely due to the sea. One of her newest novel fea building yards of Germany. The ships marvellous invention, it has been perfection of the Hamburg-American tures i3 the reproduction of the famCuba is kept closely in touch both are built throughout with transverse proven, practically does away with Line service and the widespread adous Roman baths carried out in mar with North and South America, the bulkheads which make it possible to the rolling of the ship even in heavy vertising it has given Cuba and its ble and bronze. This will contain a West Indies, Mexico and Europe, by divide up the ship in a series of waweather and renders sea-sickness a many attractions throughout the spacious swimming pool in which the the several services of the Hamburgter-tight compartments. One of these thing of the past. The actual test United States. tourists may enjoy sea bathing with American Line. Radiating in all dL vessels might withstand a severe col made in the run between Cuba and The Hamburg-American Line is at unusual luxury while at sea. rections, this remarkable fleet of lision, ~ight practically be cut in I Europe has proven that the tanks will present constructing the largest modern ocean steamers enables Cuba two with"out! sinking. Even the smallreduce the rolling of the ship from steamer in the world, the S. S. "Im Colonel Henry Watterson, editor or to take advantage of her naturally e st of the Atlas boats are equipped sixteen degrees from the perpendicuperator," which will connect at New the Louisville Courier-Journal, says advantageous position. It is largely with high power wireless telegraph lar to two or three degrees. So satYork with steamers to Cuba. The "See Naples and die." See Cuba and due to the efficiency of these s e rapparatus capable of receiving and isfactory has been the test that the "Imperator" will be about 900 feet live. vices that Cuba's enormous wealth of I transmitting long distance messages. non-rolling tanks will be installed on both imports and exports has increasThe wireless stations are conducted the giant "Imperator"-the largest ed to their present proportions. The by experienced operators. ship in the world now under con various steamers of the HamburgEvery ship in the Hamburg-Ameristruction. Meanwhile tourists sailing American Line sail on schedules carecan service is subject to the same from Cuba have enjoyed the latest fully arranged to render their service careful organization and rigid discipdevice in steamship equipment two I efficient at all times. The comfort line which obtains on the largest years in advance of the great trans and conv e nience of passengers steamers. The seamanship oi th e ofatlantic lin e rs sailing from New York. throughout these services is assured. ficers is the result of years of trainA seri es of five winter cruises is Steamers of the Hamburg-Ameriing, by which they are advanced step maintained by the Hamburg-Ameri can Line calling at Cuba hav e been by step, the result of rigid examinacan Line from New York to the West esp e cially designed and equipped to tions. Indi e s each of which makes one or meet climatic conditions. The stateIt is not generally realized that the more stops at Cuba. In the course rooms are roomy and perfectly venHamburg-American Line comprisel'i of the season several thousand tour tilated. The most up-to-date equipthe largest fleet of vessels in the ists are thus brought to Cuba which ment in the way of el e ctric fans and world under one house flag: Its tonserves to familiarize the tourists with I sanitation to be found on the great nage is even greater than the entire the beauties of Cuba and its com transatlantic liners will be enjoyed navy or merchant marines of s e veral mercial possibilities. Throughout the in even the smaller of these ships. of the world's powers. The Hamburgyear a series of cruises are made The Line prides itself on its complete American Lim's fleet at present comweekly from New York to Cuba and organization of every detail of the prises 171 ocean liners and 217 oth e r the West Indies which bring a steady ship's life. The cooking and general vessels; aggregating 388 vessels with stream of pleasure traffic to the isl service is as carefully looked after as a total tonnage of considerably over and. on the largest steamers. one million tons. The Line contains Direct services are maintained beThe new "Prinz" steamers are of sixty different services which visit tween both the Eastern and Western about 5,000 tons burden each. The all parts of the world, visiting among extremities of Cuba and New York. cabins are all situated midship and 350 ports of call. The frequent sailings between New only on the two upper decks. This The Hamburg-American Line is York and Havana by th e palatial location assures perfect ventilation constantly carrying on experiments I "Prinz" ste~mers has, of co~rse, come I and the minimum amount of motion. with new devices to improve the effito play an important part m the so In common with the newest liners, ciency of their ships. A case in point cial and commercial life of the Re these "Prinz" steamers are equipped are the tests made with the gyroscope public. By installing a direct service with bilge keels which reduces the for the purpose of stabilizing ships at between Santiago and New York the tendency to roll to a minimum and sea. After considerable expenditure Hamburg-American Line has made it renders the ship steady even in high of time and money it was decided possible for the large population in seas. that the gyroscope principle was not the eastern section of Cuba to reach The main saloons and all public practical and the work was abandon. the United States quickly and com saloons ar e luxuriously appointed. ed. Not discouraged at this failure fortably without necessitatin?' the j The dining saloon which extends the the Hamburg-American Line now trip across th e island to Havana. ent!re width of the ship is furnished I took up experimenting with the new A full day has been saved in the as m the cases of the newest transatrolling tank device known as the journey to and from New York and lantic liners, with series of sman 1 Frahm Rolling Tank. these eastern cities. Other steamers tables seating four, six or eight perIn some respects the service enof the Hamburg-American Lin e, after sons. An excellent band of musicians joyed by Cuba is even superior to I calling at Havana, make a circuit of STREET SCENE, SANTIAGO DE CUBA.


r:I'OC1U8r:I 1 EDITION F O R TS ON CARIBBEAN. Delightful Trip Is Available for Tour ists Along Cuba's Southern Shore. IL\ Y .. \XA D .. \ILY POffl' app e aranc e: which so impress e d Coterminus of the Jucaro and San F e lumbus that h e took some bottlefuls nando Railroad, cvnnecting at Ciego of it home to show the King. Southde Avila with tlH m a in line, of the east stretches the vast Zapata Swamp, Cuba Railroad. Tne Jucaro and San so call d from its shape of a shoe (zaFernando was th e military railroad pata, shoe). Southwest lies the Isle along th e Trocha, which here cut the H AVANA CAB FAR ES Havana Cabmen Expect No Tips from T heir Passengers and They C harge L ittle. HAVANA, C BA fare is 75 cents Spanish silver for one or two persons, and 25 cents for each additional passeng ,e r. For a continuous drive by the hour for one or two p e rsons, $1.50, and 25 c e nts each additional passenger. St e amers sail from Batabano evof Pines, to which a steamer sails is1 a nd in two. The lines are shown To the tourist who is accustomed ery Wednesday for Cienfuegos, Cafrom Databano twice a week. The first on the map. to .one dollar fares and exp ;e nsive SU B UR B u F CER R O silda, Tunas, Jucaro, Santa Cruz del port of oa ll is Cienfuegos. The harSanta Cruz del Sur is a collection tips the cabmen in Havana is apt to --Sur, Manzanillo, Ensenada de Mora, bor entrance by a sharp turn is comof diminutive toy houses built on a b e considered little short of a boon. Cars marked Cerro in green or and Santiago de Cuba. Batabano is pletely shut off from view. On the long narrow strip of land between the Here tips are not exp e cted and th e Palatino in green and white, will reached by the United Railways from approach from sea there is apparent .. bay and a lagoon, and on the outer fare for one trip within the old city convey the visitor to Cerro, a resi Havana. The ships are large and ly no break in the shore; once we ar-e end looking like a South Sea limits to Belascoain street is 20 cents dence quarter. Cerro is reached, commodious; everything is clean, within there appears to be no way village of thatched huts under the Spanish silver for one or two persons, too, by carriage drive; the best fresh and op-en; there is no stuffibu~ Passing through the narrow and coco, : rnut palms. and five cents for each additional pasroute is Malecon, Infanta to Carlos ne : ss nor any of the odors characterwinding entr a nce channel three mile s At Manzanillo they have one of senger. III, to Tulipan and thence either to istic of st e amships; the cooking is in long, the ship enters the magnificent those little drop-curtain plazas For business purposes, driving from Marianao or via Palatino out the the Sp a.nish style, and the food is bay, eleven miles long and thre e to Plaza del Oro you have se e n it b e place to plac e with short stops, the Vento road. abundant, varied and good. I fiv e miles wide, dotted h-ere and for 2 in a theater, you say to yourself, From Batabano to Cabo de Cruz it there with palm-adorned islands, ana with the royal palms and the stone is one of the most delightful sea surrounded by hills and mountains. Sphinxes at the corners, where the trips imaginable. The ship's cours e Th e town lies on a slight elevation, negro women s e ll ro a st pig smoking is through wat<:>r s sheltered by outsix miles from the sea. South from hot off their stands. This and th e lying keys and as calm and smooth Cienfuegos the ship is constantly in line of electric lights on the water .a s a lake in a city park. There is sight of the San Juan r ange of mounfront receding and dimming as your not even any ground swell to disturb tains, extending along the coast for ship heads for Cape Cruz, ar e the pie th-e equanimity of a voyager subj 2 ct fifty miles and more, and presenting tures you will r e member of Manza to seasickness. Hour after hour the a panorama of much grandeur and nillo. There are lying near the Men ship glides through a tranquil sea, constantly shifting as with the prodez wharf wrecks of two ships of whose glassy plane is unbroken save gress of the ship new peaks ,a nd valthe company which were destroyed b y by the flying fish which scuds from 1-eys come into view. The mountains the Americans in the war, lest they the bow and goes skimming like a culminate in the peaks of San Juan should serve a s transports for Span swallow over the water. The Carib1 and Potr rilla, the latter 3,200 feet in ish troops. bean s,ea water is sapphire; the color .. height. Casilda, forty-two mil 2 s From C'abo d a Cruz to Santiago wo ing is intense; and against this deep from Cienfuegos, is the port of Trini are in sight of some of the grandest background the silver crest of the dad, which enjoys the reputation of coast scenery in the world. T he wave from the ship shows in dazzling being one of the pleasantest and Sierra Maestra mountains he re rise contrast. The richness of color effects healthiest places in Cuba, and alboldly from the sea to a height of pervades the entire picture of sea and ways a favorite resort for invalids. 5,000 and 6,000 feet. Ojo del Toro, land aind sky; at certain hours of the The town occupies an elevated situa. the Eye of the Bull, towers above the day the very air itself is tinted. For tion on th-e side of the mountain well cape; and beyond the Pico Turquino long stretches the coast is rugged; called La Vigia (The Watchtower), lifts its summit 8,320 feet in the air, hills and mountains rise abruptly whence it looks out over the sea, as the highest peak on the island. The from the shore, their verdant slopes it has loo~ed for almost four centuries. I bold and precipitous coast line con reflected in the water; and distant It is, next to Baracoa, the oldest town tinueg all the way to Santiago har ranges He like cloud banks on the in Cuba. In the old days when the bor. horizon. The scenery is superb; ports were closed, an extensive con travelers liken it to that of the Meditraband trade was carried on between terrane,a n. Trinidad and Jamaica, the Spaniards Batabano is the habitation of a exporting tobacco, mahogany and race of sponge fishermen, hundreds other products, and receiving from of whose vessels are seen in adjacent the English in exchange negro slaves waters. Many of the str e ets are cafor the plantation::;. Th e neighboring nals A chairacteristic f,eiature of the country is very f ertile; the sugar place is the basket-trap for fish. planters here were worth millions The Batabano fisherman weaves it before the war destroyed their plan from cane, and uses it today as the tations. An American colony settled Indian did before him. From Batahere is -engaged in fruit culture. ---THE BOTANICAL GARDEN Havana's Botanical Garden contains numerous sp e cimens of tropical trees, fruits, plants and flowers. There are avenues of royal palms, artificial grottos and minature cascades. It iR 1 enclosed by a massive iron fence. Cuba's native flora comprises over 3,350 plants, besides those which have been and are being constantly introba no the ship's course is through torTunas de Zaza has railroad connecduced. tuous channels amid a multitude of I tion with Sancti Spiritus, a point I islands, where the water is charac1 which is now reached by the Cuba The Cuban government always givc terized by a peculiar milky, cloudy Railroad. Jucaro ts the southern for IlE W railrodas. A TYPICAL NEW ROAD


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA GOVERNOR TACON. the loss. Tacon was a despot and all classes, for superstition is a very CUBA'S FLAG AND ARMS Upon th-e shield, likewise, the bars exercised a despot's power unrecommon infirmity there. This imposrepres e nt Cuba's five original provWas One of Few Spanish Governors strained by law or constitution. He ter was in the interests of the 1 slaveFlag Was Designed by Old Cuban inces; the opposite side shows Cuba's Who Rendered Much Good seized men and without trial sent dealers and their captains, from whom Patriot Narciso Lopez-Explapride, the beautiful Royal Palm, the for Cuba. them into exile or immured them in he received 'hard' reasons to turn the nation of Cuba's Shield. favorite theme of her poets, and the the loathsome dungeons of Morro or influence to their benefit. Sailors The Cuban Coat-of-Arms bears a bit of landscape of green hills and The n,ame of Tacon is seen in many Cabana, leaving their families and were in the habit of consulting him close 1'ationship to the flag of the valleys, forming the background, is waymen by da.y and by night. Mercreditor. An instance of this is rethinking his Excellency wished the of the Antilles. typical of the country's natural beau ty. On the upper part of the shield the two peninsulas represent Florida and Yucatan; the key signifies Cuba's relative position to those shores and to the Gulf of Mexico; and the rising sun pictures the dawning of the new republic. Crowning all is the Phry gian cap, symbol of liberty, the re ward of years of struggle on the part of Cuba's patriotic sons. places in Havana and any work on fri e nds in absolute ignorance of their to learn their fortune in going to Africountry, and is similar in color and Havana will have many references to fate. ca on slave -expeditions. The seer design. The design of the flag was it, for Miguel Tacon, who came to Numerous stories have been told of always for e told great gains and a safe the idea of the great Cuban patriot, Cuba as Governor-General in 1834, him which seem to show tha.t with trip. This so encouraged them to Narciso Lopez, and of the poet, Miguel left ,an indelible impress upon the all its harshness, Tacon justice someeng~ge in this business that the capTeurbe Tolon, of Matanzas. The five character and development of the city. times had a fine flavor of grim humor. tains of merchantmen found it diffibars, three sky blue and two white, Under his predecessors there had His compelling way with delinquent I cult to obtain seamen, and they comrepresent the five provinces into been a reign of lawlessness and crime. debtors on complaint of their creditplained of the evil to Tacon. The which Cuba was first divided, and the The streets of Havana and the counors was';to pay the debt out of his genera.I sent for the fortune-teller, five-pointed star indicates the unity try roads wer,e infested with highown pock-et, and so make himself the I who seemed flatteved by the call, of government of the greatest island chants who had money to transfer l1a.ted by Jonathan S. Jenkins, an Amerservice of his art. When he appeared ::.: =================================== from one town to another were comican miniature painter, whose remiTacon asked: pelled to pay for a military escort. niscences of the Havana of that day "'Do you profess to know the fuPeople feared to venture into the have been printed in the Century ture, and foretell its events?' streets at night, and when the citizens Magazine. A feeble old man had "'Yes, your Excellency'; and he be appealed to Governor Viv,as, that walked from a distance in the coung,an to shuffle his cards, and put him worthy replied, "Do as I do; never try to complain to Tacon that a self in a prophetic attitude, with a go out after dark." wealthy planter neighbor owed him serious, profound looking expression Tacon was of different fiber. He money and would not pay it. The of countenance. came with absolute power conferred debtor, being then in Havana, Ta" 'What do your cards pronounce?' by royal decree, giving him the au con sent the guard to bring him, and asked Tacon, when he seemed to be thority of a commander of a city in confronted him with the accuser. The ready. a state of siege; and he adopted most plant-e,r admitted the claim and prom"He cut the cards, and began slow arbitrary and summary measures to ised to pay as soon as he returned ly to read: 'His Excellency is ex stamp out crime. He apprehended a home. "But," said Tacon, "this old tremely popular with all c1asses, and few of the robbers and displayed man has walked a long way to obtain his horoscope reveals a bright future their heads in parrot cages on the his rights. He must ride home. I of wealth, power-' here he hesitated Punta walk for an example ~o all pay the debt of $1,500 and you a moment. their kind; arrested vagrants and can pay me." The old man went 'Make your story short," impa bearers of d-eadly weapons, getting toaway rejoicing, records Mr. Jenkins; tiently replied Tacon. 'I have other get.her a chain-gang of 2,000 such and the uneasy planter could not matters to attend to.' convicts, and set them to work breakhave Tacon for his creditor, so he re ing stone for roads, sweeping the paid the money before he left the streets, and building highroads, pacity. On another occasion, when a seos, prisons and aqueducts. balloonist ha:d sold several thousand To "Tacon's lapidarians" Havana dollars' worth of tickets, but the bal owes many of its finest streets and loon failed to rise, Tacon confiscated public buildings. He put an end to the money and gave it to the orphan frauds, robberies and murders; shut asylum. Again, when a successful up the gambling houses; abolished slaving house brought to him a dou the national card g,ame of monte, forceur of a doubloon 1a head on a cargo "l'hat is all the future reveals to day," answer-ed the diviner. "'Not all, perhaps,' said Tacon. 'Give me your cards. I am a fortune teller sometimes myself.' (Shuffled the cards and cut them.) 'I see that you will be breaking ston,e in the Morro Castle in less than an hour, and you will stay there two years.' "Tacon ordered the guard to take bidding it even in private houses; prohibited all gambling except bet ting at cock fights, which were licensed and taxed for the benefit of the state; and made travel safe in town and country, so that one might go where he pleased and keep his purse and his life. He held the of slaves smuggled into Cuba in viohim away and deliver him to the lat.ion of the law, instead of accepting commandante of the castle with an the "tainted money," as other Govern ors had done, he at first indignantly refused the bribe, but on second thought, accepted it and turll!ed it over to the orphan asylum. A character istic 1anecdote related by Mr. Jenorder for his imprisonment for two years at hard labor." ----+---Havana's drinking water is so good that it is a common saying among the natives that once a stranger captains of partidos (country magiskins is one of Tacon and a ce-lebrated drinks it he never fails to return to trates) responsible for robberies comfortune teller of Havana: Cuba sooner or later. mitted in their districts by decreeing "This seer had great reputation in that the robber must be sent to Hahis mystical art, and immense influNew railroads are constantly bevana or the captain must make good ence over the minds and purses of ing built in Cuba. TROPICAL CUBA-ISLE OF PINES.


TOURIST EDITION HAV A D. 1 ULY POST HAVANA, CUB.. \. stores, an imposing cathedral and Sagua Ia Grande is on the river of gers are conveyed to and from the harbor of Puerto Padre, entered pleasant plaza. Americans have althe same name, which is the most ship in small boats, for which the fare through a winding channel between Many Ports Are Near Each Other and w a ys been an important elemnt in important of the north coast, being is 50 cents. The town, situat,ed in low banks of mangrovs and coral the business and social life, to such navigable for twenty miles. The port the center of a crescent range of hills rock, which looks like the Florida CUBAN NORTH COAST. Voyage to Them ls Enjoyable. Trip Lacks Monotony. I a degre e that it has been called an American city. The Plaza del Recreo has a statue of Columbus, pTesented Coasting the north shore on the to the city in 1862 by Que e n Isabella stt:!amships affords a thoroughly nII. A peculiar phnomenon of the joyable experience. The ship's course I ha rbor is the flow of fresh water is for most of the way quite near which gushes up from subterranean land, and the ports are so close torivers. The harbor contains extensive gethe r that there is none of the monotony of a long voyage at sea. Most of the harbors are landlocked bays, entered through narrow winding channels; many of the towns are, pic turesque, as Gibara and Baracoa; there is much that is novel to the northern eye; and the scenery is at tractive, the interest growing as we proceed to the east and the mountain ranges come into view. Ther e is much to engage the attention at sea and in port, and in some of the har bors the steamers provide launch ex cursions for sightseeing, hunting and fishing, while the ship is receiving or discharging cargo. One route of ships is from N e w York direct to Matanzas, thence to Cardenas, Sagua la Grande, Caibarien, Nuevitas, Puerto Padre, Gibara and Vita and Baracoa. Returning, they stop at Gibara and Nuevitas, sailing I from that port to Ne w York. They visit also, on occasion, the ports of Manati, Bariay, Sama, Banes, Nipe and Sagua de Tanamo. The ships of a Cuban steam ship line touch the ports of Sagua la Grande, Caibarien, Nuevitas, Puerto Padre, Gibara, Sagua de Tanamo and . of entry, La Isabel, called also Isasurrounding the ha 1 rbor, rises from coquina. The ship anchors in the bay beHa de Sagua, is a town built on the water in a series of terraces, and a mile from the town, which is small stilts over the w ater. Among the inas seen from the bay the picture is and without inter e st. The port is of ter,e sting Sagua relics of the past is pleasing. The Church of th e Virgen growing importance as the center of an ancient looped tower, which was de la Caridad and the municipal extensive sugar production. The built for protection against the buildings stand out conspicuously on Chaparra suga,r mill, of which the ~irat e s. the summit of the hill. The bay is smoke stacks are seen in the distance Caibarien is the seaport of Reme, noted for its fish and sponges; good on the left as the ship enters the harbor, is the largest in existenc e ; it is owned by an American company in which Mrs. Hetty Green is interested. San Manuel, another sugar mill, has been built very near this port. Gibara is another town which has a picturesque situation on a hill slope rising from the wate r. The houses are brightly painted, and if we enter the harbor laite in the day the scene is full of color. Sagua de Tanamo, the next port east of Gibara, is entered through a narrow winding chann el opening into a bay with clust e rs of islands on which are little settlements of thatched houses surrounded by ba nana groves. The background is of mountains, parting very high, their slopes clothed with dense verdure in many shades of green. The combina tion of bay and islands and mountains makes up one of the loveliest land scapes in Cuba. The town is situat,ed ten mil e s inland on the Sagua River. Nipe Bay is the finest harbor on the north coast. There is no bar; the chart shows 198 to 210 feet in mid channel between Mayari and Ramon points, which mark the en trance from the sea. Baracoa; thence on the south coast I ~--Guantanamo and Santiiago de Cuba. i't!f;i.::! il~ CIEGO DE AVILA. The ships of both lines are well iti~illt&Yllli.llllE : ~1JJDJ.-.at111iL ---" =""r ..<.:. .1 -~--~--------~ ..... ...... ---equipped and comfortable; the table At Ciego de Avila (pop. 4242), in is exoollent, and the association with A CAMAGU EV CATTLE RANCH. Camaguey province, the Cuba Railofficers and fellow voyagers is agreeroad crosses the line of the famous able. The principal ports visited are ==================================================== military road (trotcha), built by the noted in brief. asphalt deposits, and vess e ls moor dios, five and a half miles inland, a nd ta 1 rpoon fishing may be had. Numer" Spaniards as a barrier against Cuban Carden,as is thirty miles east of over the beds to dredge up th ,e ir caris an important sugar exporting point. ous tame pelicans are a pleasant feainsurgents in revolutionary timee. It Matanzas on Cardenas Bay, a harbor goes. The bay was the scene of the There are large plantations in the ture. The chief export of Nuevitas extended from Moron on the north which is magnificent in extent, but Winslow tragedy of the Spanishvicinity. Other industries are sponge is sugar. Entering this harbor Octocoast to Jucaro on the south. Little shallow. Settled in 1839, the city is American war. In old days Cardenas fishing, mahogany and cedar cutting, ber 28, 1492, Columbus named it forts were built short distances apart one of the youngest on the island, as Ba,y was a stronghold of the pirates, and the production of honey. Puerto Principe, and here in 1515 was along its route to guard it. Some of it is one of the most flourishing; it and a distributing point of th e ir Nue vitas is situated on a very nar established the town of that name, these fortlets stand yet battered, cov ranks fifth in importanc e in importabooty to the towns of the interior. row, winding passage, four and a half which wa s afterward removed to the ered with moss, draped with vines, so tions and second in exportations. It There are large sugar plantations in miles in length. From the entrance old Indian village of Camaguey. The picturesque and poetic in appearance is modern in p1an and construction, the vicinity. The exports al'e honey, open two bays, Mayaba,no and Nuepresent Nuevitas was established in it is difficult to realize that they were with wide streets and pavements, wax and mahogany. Th 2 population vitas. Vessels anchor in the harbor 1820. built for other than decorative pursubstantial buildings, handsome in 1889 was 24,861. two mil e s from the wharf. PassenFifty miles east of Nuevitas is the I poses.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVAITA, CUBA THE CUBA RAILROAD CO, of the many hills surrounding Santi tractions are its time-eaten churches, tains extremely fertile i:,oil, great most prominent of the leaders of the ago. The scenery from this road is I of which it possesses a goodly numtracts of very v > aluable timber land revolution of 1868 were citizens of Main Line Begins at Santa Clara and simply indescribable. It opens to the ber. Its climate is ideal, in the winand very large deposits of ore-copBayamo. It was captured by the in traveler's view a number of beautiter months especially. It is a most per and manganese especially. It will surgents in 1868, and the next year, Exte nd s to Santiago Through ful valleys, and from its summit agreeable resting place. Realizing be worth the while of any investor when it became impossible to deThree LargeS t Provinces. (1,525 f eet 1 above sea level) he can this, The Cuba Railroad Co. has, at to look into the opportunities of this fend it against the battalions of Count see Santiago and its harbor and, d e ep great expense, opened the Hotel "Ga territory as quickly as possible. Valmaseda, it was set 011 fire by its The Cuba Railroad, is from more in the far background, the sea. Nothmaguey," which is, without doubt, the This new territory contains sev e ral I inhabitants. The example was. set than one point of view the most iming, in Cuba certainly, and few most comfortable hotel in Cuha. Th .important towns, among which is by a young woman-almost a girl portant, and is destined to be the scenes anywhere, can equal this; none drainage, plumbing and all sanitary Bayamo, which was founded by who resolutely set fire to her home richest railroad of Cuba. are like it in its tropical beauty, and arrangements ar e as perfect as pos Diego Velazquez in 1514, and is one and urged her fellow citizens to do No person visiting Cuba, bent either none of any kind in any clime sur sible, the bedrooms are unusually of the most interesting of Cuban cities likewise. Bayiamo has lived a on business or pleasure, should fail to see the territory served by the Cuba Railroad Co whose main line {)Ommences at Santa Clara and ends in Santiago. It runs, therefore, through the three largest provinces of Cuba, which represent about 73 per cent of the total area of the is land, although they contain but 50 per cent of its total population. This will give an idea of the possibilities of this portion of the country. Cuba is reputed to be one of the richest, if not the richest island in the world. The territory served by The Cuba Railroad Co. comprises the richest part of Cuba. This is espe cially true of Oriente, a province rich in history, rich in area, immensely rich in possibilities, and splendidly rich in SLenery of so diversifi e d a nature as to be unrivalled by t11at of any other province of the island. It comprises also some of the most ancient and interesting cities of Cuba. First among them is Santiago de Cuba, the capital of the province of Oriente, and which was for some time the ciapital of the island. It was founded by Don Diego Velazquez 395 years ago, when the great Aztec em pire was still intact, when Henry VIII. was ruling England, 106 years before the Pilgrim Fathers set forth on their memorable voyage. It is t o day a city of 60,000 inhabitants which offers to travelers all modern con veniences, but which has prese rve d . CUBA RAILROAD COMPANY S STATION CAMAGUEY 7 j languishing existence sinc'e then and still has many a ruin to show her love for liberty. A few miles to the southwest of Bayamo is th 1 e famous battlefield of I Peralejo, in which the Cuban leader, Antonio Maceo, almost captured Gen eral Martinez Campos, the Governor Genenal of Cuba, who had to seeJr refuge in Bayamo. This victory gave great impulse to the revolution of 1895. At Bayamo is the convent of San Francisco, in the patio of which was buri e d the neice of Diego Velasquez. Another point of great impor tance is Antilla, on Nipe Bay, the northern terminus of The Cuba Railroad Co., where extensive dockage facilities have been provided by the company. The Royal Mail Steam Packet Com pany and the Munson Steamship Line make regular oalls at Antilla and oth' er regular s ervices will be established in the near future. 1 The company has built at Antilla I a first class hotel where travelers will find every convenience at moderate I prices. The Cuba Railroad Co. runs a daily tnain from Villanueva Station, Ha vana, to Santiago. This train carries sleeping and observation cars. It leaves Havana at 10 p. m., reaches Camaguey at 12: 30 p. m. of the next day and arrives at Santiago nine hours later its charming antique aspect. pass it in varied and exquisite lovelilarge and airy; the great corridors from ian historical point of view. It There is also a train running daily San Juan Hill and El Caney, dear ness. are striking features, and the inner is situated on the northern slope of between Havana and Oamaguey. It to the hearts of Americans, are withCamaguey is another city of great garden, or patio, is beautiful. Jt is the Sierra Maestra range of mounleaves Havana at 8: 15 a. m. and ar in easy reach. Old Morro Castle, interest. It is the capttal of the most artistically set with tropical tains and is partly encircled by the rives at Camaguey at 10: 15 p. m. of where Hobson was imprisoned, is province of the same name, and was plants and trees of various kinds, riv,er Bayamo, one of Cuba's most imthe same day. only five miles away. Magniffoent aualso founded by Velazquez at the heamong which are the stately palm anti portant streams. Descriptive illustrated literatur e of tomobile roads leave the city in sevginning of the sixteenth century. Here the gnaceful bamb,o. On account of the attacks made on the territory served by The Cuba erial directions. One of these roads The Cuba Railroad Co. has estabThe Cuba Railroad Co. has recentSantiago by buccaneers, a number of Railroad Co., as well as any particu is particularly worthy of notice and lished its headquarters. It is a city ly finished the construction of new the wealthiest of th residents of lar information concerning same, may no visitor to Santiago should fail to of about 30,000 inhabitants and is full lines aggregating abont 200 miles of Santiago migrated to Bayamo, which be obtained by addressing F. Rosado, see it. It is a winding road, built of most quaint and picturesque nooks road. The territory ,:rpened l)y these I for a length of time was the center Traffic Agent, The Cuba Railroad Co., by General Wood, which conquers one and corners. Among its chief atnew lines is immensaly rich. It con ; of learning and culture in Cuba The Camaguey, Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION UNITED RAILWAYS OF HAVANA. Offers Luxurious Transportation to the Tourist to Every Part of of Cuba East of Havana. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA with the end in view of providing innumerable incandescent electric The wonderful caves of Bellamar th e Gothic Temple, is 250 feet long the very best service for the traveL lumps; the grand sc e nery viewed are situated about two miles on the and 80 feet wide. ing public. from the famous hermitage of Mon_ other side of the city of Matanzas. There are many very interesting MATANZAS. serrate, and its maNy other natural They are located on a plateau as excursions possible from Matanzas. Of the many shorter trips from Habeauties make Matanzas an ideal level as a table top, which presents over the beautiful blue waters of its vana, the most popular and interestplace to ,spend ,s everal days most no visible sign of the existence of bay and on the San Juan river, and a ing is that of the beautiful city of pleasantly, and year after year the caves of such renown. Entering a trip up the intensely tropical Canimar Matanzas-sixty-three miles eastnumber of visitors to Matanzas is small house, however, the tourist apriver, which winds between steep Touring Cuba may be accomplished ward from the capital. It possesses increasing. proaches a broad stairway cut out of cliffs for a distance of about eight with every ease and comfort by the all tl:rn quaint and foreign aspects So charming a city is Matanzas the rock, leading down to an im_ miles and then ~mters into an almost United Railways of Havana and their that are so characteristic of Cuban that every tourist should, if possimense gallery in this subterranean impenetrable jungl 1 e of ideal tropical connections, and sojourns in the cities, and at the same time is un_ ble, make a stay there of several world of wonder. Descending with charact er, is one that should not be principal towns and cities of the in=================='=================================== missed by any. In fact, several days terior now enter into the itinerary very delightful camping may be enof every well-informed visitor to -~-~'!'l""''"""'_,,>\lOo.'".....,.,..,..,.._.,....._,,,_ __ __ _,,,_,_,,....'"'.;:-:,,..,.,.,....,,,_~---.... ....... ,.,..,.. ___ r joyed on the shores of this wonderful Cuba, who is no longer content with stream. There are also many miles only the enchantments of the capital for he knows that the other cities of the Island, each distinctively charm_ ing in some particular way of its own, have attractions that are in some respects even more alluring than those of the metropolis itself. For, however fascinating Havana may be, a greater, grander Cuba lies beyond, and it is only after traveling through this lovely Island that one realizes what a beautiful garden Cuba is, and today all the most im portant and interesting parts of the Island are easily reached by railways, so that a general tour of the Island is best. The tourist who has not the time at his disposal to do this can avail himself of the many short er excursions to towns near Havana, and thus become acquainted with and enjoy the charms of rural Cuba and the matchless beauty of its tropical landscapes. Thie United Railways of Havana hold the key to nearly all the im portant and interesting points on the of excellent macadamized roads run_ ning in different directions, so that for many reasons Matanzas is a place where tiine may be most pl e asantly occupied in excursions of one kind or another. ISLE OF PINES. Today the Isle of Pines is essentially American. The tranformation of this lovely little island by the AmerL can settlers is little short of a miria cle, for today it presents everywhere striking evidence of intensive culti vation. Comfortable homes have been built, and large acreages can be seen on every hand under profit abl,e cultivations, such as grape_fruit, oranges, pineapples, etc. The modern name of the island is taken from its magnificent forests of pines, but there are many valuable hard woods, including mahog,any, as well. There are important mineral springs at Santa Fe. The Isle of Pines enjoys the same delightful climate as Cuba, and it island ieast of Havana; in fact if the abounds in means for every variety tourist wishes to see Cuba as it reaL of outdoor life. It has many very ly is, it will only be necessary for ~~~..11.,,"""",.i.J11:&....,;,;:,.:.s.. _...._...,...._ exc llent bathing beaches, that at Bihim to take any one of the through bijagrna near Nueva Gerona, now postrains over this system and its conSHIPPING SCENE-THE DOCKS AT HAVANA. sessing a comfortably appointed new necting lines eastward 1 and the alhotel, opened in November last. At luring panorama of the va:r,-ied phases =================::;::::================================== the McKinley Colonies, six miles. of Cuban life and sceneries unfold usually rich in picturesque surrounddays, in order to enjoy lernurely the the cave guide he begins to feel that from Nueva Gerona, settled princithemselves in a series of captivating ings. many attractions of the vicinity. here, ind-eed, is something unusual, pally by Americans, there is now a situations and delightful prospects. The beautiful valley of the Yumuri, The beautiful valley or the Yumuri and after going down about sixty feet very comfortable hotel. This can be taken in all comfort. The which 1 elicited such unstinted praise may be best viewed from th,e summit he finds that the cave is lined on all Week-end excursions ,at low rates coaches in use ar e of the very latest from the great Humboldt; the wonof the hill on which is located the sides with beautiful crystal formato the Isle of Pines from HaVJana have pattern, lighted by electricity, and derful ~nd dense tropical vegetation hermitage of Monserrate, although tions, the effect of the electric light become a delightful rail trip and sea furnished with electric fans for the on the upper reaches of the Canimar another and exceptionally good view upon which is most wonderful. He voyage. With the opening of the additional comfort of the travelers. river and its tributary, the Moreto; of the valley ma y be had from the descends lower here, and ascends hotels above mentioned, and the com The company has also established an the great caves of Bellamar, the subsummit of the opposite hill, which there, walks in this direction and pletion of others that have been pro efficient buffet service on its printerranean wonderland, several miles is reached through an interesting that for many hundred feet, here in jected, the outlook is exceedingly cipal trains, and is continually introin extent lined with beautiful crysresidential quarter of Matanzas narrow passages, there in ma.gnifibright for the Isle of Pines as a popuducing some improvement or other tal formations, and illuminated by known as "Versalles." cent halls, one of which latter, called Jar winter resort,


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CCBA HAVANA CENTRAL lf ul short trips avail ble by this railGuanajay tr.ains, which run every hour ried phases of life in these quaint old PROVIDENCIA SUGAR MILL, RAILROAD. way, practically at any hour of the from 5 a. m. to 8 p. m., turn to the towns. At Caimito the line ,e nters an situated thirty-five miles southwest day. And surely the tourist could right and pass the rapidly growing suextensive valley of E xceptional beauof Havana on the Guines Division, Model Trolley Route, Famous for Its not ask for a more pleasant way of burb of Vibora, and the very importty, with white cliffs to the north, formwhich was visited by thousands of Scenic Tours and Beautiful seeing rural Cuba and its beautiful ant town of M ,a rianao, near which is ing a pleasing background, the immetourists last year. To meet this trafScenery. landscapes than by the comfortable locat e d the famous Camp Columbia diate vicinity of Caimito being exfie, the Ha vana Central placed in sercars of an electric railway. Charmonce the headquarters of the United ce,edingly picturesque. vice a special express train during the The most modern railway in Cuba ing, picturesque vistas, resplendent States Army of occupation, and now Although the principal industry in last tourist season, which left the Arand a model line in every respect is in luxurious growths of palm, barnof the Cuban Army. the region traversed is that of pine, senal Station, Havarna, at 1: 35 P m the Hiaivana Central Railroad, conboo, and other typically native trees, Shortly after leaving Marianao the apples, excellent tobacco of a very allowed about an hour and a quarter structed within the last five years, an are passed, and prospects, the like of train enters the great pineapple-pro_ high grade is also cultivated on a at the Mill, and arrived back in Ha all-electric line, both its freight and which would be difficult to see lseducing districts, where on both sides large scale, extensive fields of which vana at 5: 35 p. m. Excursions by this passenger traffic being operated by =========================-==-=========================== express train constituted an outing lectric traction. that was full of interest from beginThis system is divided into three ,....,_ ,....._ _,.--,,-..,,,,,.,..,,,,= =--~~= ~ ~~~ fflililll ning to end, and, as stated, became divisions. The Guanajay division very popular. In view of this fact, runs southwesterly from Havana to the Havana Central Railro1ad will Guanaj1ay, passing the delightful pineagain during the present season put apple growing districts between Marion a special express tourist train to anao and Hoyo Colorado, and on /Jj~ ~ .:-'l~m"1'-1 Providencia, which will observe practhrough the beautiful valley of the / ___ ..,,_ tically the same schedule as that of Caimito to the present terminus. The J.a&>t~~~~ill' l1ast year. other division is known as the Guines : : C-4(.( ; &JIICi.J The sugar crop lasts from early in division and runs southeia sterly to December until about the middle or Guines and the great Providencia 1 May, so that during the tourist seasugar mill. This latter division trason the crop operations are at their verses one of the most famous sugar I height, and as every piece of machinproducing districts in Cuba as well ery in this hug ,e mill is practically all as very important truck farming sec..,..,..,..,. 119 ,.... 1 new, visitors are enabled to see the tions. The oth>er division is known very latest methods of extracting raw as the Guanabacoa division, serving ;~r,~,;~,... ...,. _,7'1'1..,~ sugar from the cane. For the furthan increasingly popular suburb lying ,,_., er convenience of the tourists visitto the east of Havana. ':.----- ing this mill, a refreshment room has The total mileage of this system is been opened there. 75, all rock ballast, and laid with 70__ '--'....,-.,. COJIMAR, a picturesque resort on the seashore, about four miles northeast, where one of the finest of the modern hotels of Cuba, the "Campoamor," is locatd. A line of autobusses also runs from Cojimar to Guanabacoa, so that a most interesting and delightful ex cursion, taking in the whole of this division, may be undertaken. Under the splendid new management of the Hotel "Campoamor" the attractions of Cojimar to the pleiasure loving public have heen such that during the sum_ mer season of 1911 it witnessed many pound :rails, insuring speed and com fort. All the rolling stock, which i.s constantly being added to, as the in creasing traffic demands, is of the most approved type, and is equipped with all the latest safety appliances which modern railroading has adopt ed. The p:assenger coaches are espe cially large and comfortable. Its provisional terminal in Havana is Cntrally located, on the groumls formally occupied by the old Spanish arsenal, within a few blocks of the very i heart of the city and alongside of CUBAN FRUIT, TACON MARKET. which a magnificent new union staimportant social functions, to which tion for use of this railroad and the where, constantly loom up before the of the railway, as far as Guanajay, are passed on both sides of the railthe elite of Havana resorted in great United Railways of Havana is now bewondering gaze of the visitor. acres upon acres of land are under way; and besides pineapples and tonumbers. ing constructed and which will be this cultivation, the principal packing bacco, bananas and ia great variety So varied is the character of the opened for service in the summer of GUANAJAY DIVISION. and shipping centers being iat Arroyo of native fruits and all kinds of vegservice and the scenery on the Hava1912. The trains on this division, after Arenas, Punta Brava, Hoyo Colorado, etables are also grown, for all of rua Central Railroad that splendid opAs a tourist line the Havana Cenleaving the Arsenal terminal. skirt the and Caimito, all of which are charmwhich latter there is always a ready portunities are offered for delightful tral has, because of its exceptional fashore of Havana Bay and pass ing centers of activity where the tours1a,l e in Havana. As the trains appicnic parties and other similar out cilities and advantages and its ,exthe shadow of the famous old fortress ist may interestingly enjoy the interproach Guanajay, we come upon fields ings, for which spedal cars or trains ceedingly picturesque routes, jumped of Atares, to Underdown Junction, up vals between tnains, the hourly serof sugarcane, but the latter is not so may be chartered by applying at the into great popular favor, so that to which point the tna.ins of both the vice of the latter enabling the passen. extensively cultivated heoo as in the Passenger Department, located in hardly a visitor to Havana fails to enGuines and Guanajay divisions use ger to do this comfortably, and in this sections traversed by the Guines DiPrado 118 (new 126), between Hotels joy one or more of the many delight the same tracks. At this point the way become acquainted with the vavision. Inglaterra and Telegrafo.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST CUBAN-AMERICAN T RUST. Three-fifths of the authorized hand in such securities or property Trust shares have been subscribed real personal or mixed, as may be Supplies Requirements of Cuba's and issued. The remaining two deemed prudent aft e r thorough invesbusiness judgment ganization t -e rests; enterprise which in the of the trustees of the ormay enhance its inRapidly Advancing Economic Inhundred thousand shares have b e en tigiation; placed in the treasury and will Make and i s sue bonds, debentur e s, Maintain headquarters and busi. terests-Purpose of Founders. be issued from time to time at trust certificatrn and evidnces of ness offices in Boston, Massachu-the discrtion of the trustees as ad_ title and interest of all kinds, and setts; Hav ana, Cuba, or elsewher e The remarkable development of ditional workihg capital may be remake and execute mortgages and oth Investment Desirability of Trust the Island of Cuba during the past quired. er liens upon any and all kinds of Shares. few years has opened up business As a suggestion rather than a property owned or held by the Trust; There is no business possessing opportunities beyond number and limitation of the lines of business Construct, own or leas, vaults, greater safety combined with oppor hundreds of millions of dollars of that may b e taken up by the Cubansuitable for the reception and deposit tunities for large and legitimate prof American and European capital have been, and still are being, inv e sted in the island. Among the most striking evidenc,es of commercial progress in the young ' Republic during these recent years the rapid growth of Cuban banking 1 institutions has been ph e nominal. Apart from the ordinary banks which have been exc,eptionally prosperous, 1 particularly those with headquarter.;; in Havana, other financial organiza tions exist. equipped and ,empower e d for effectively using both their own and trust funds in agricultural, in_ dustrial and reality development and in conserving and promoting a wide range of individual and corporate business interests seeking invest ments. Among organizations of the latter class the Cuban-American Trust, organized under the laws of Massa chusetts, is worthy of speci 1 al men_ tion. Embodying the best features of a large number of strong finan cial institutions in that conservative commonwealth it has been duly legaliz,ed and established in busiHAVANA, CUBA years, the dividends paid by the trust companies of the United States alone hav e aggregated over $176 000,000. The annual ne~ earnings of the trust companies of Boston for recent years have av-eraged over twenty per cent. Original hold rs of trust company shares, in addition to large dividends r e ceived have had the benefit of the increased book and market value of their holdings often to the extent of s everal hundred per cent within comparatively a few years. No bet ter evidence could be afforded ef the value of this type of investment. Special Cuban Opportunities. I A careful study of looal conditions, by the trustees of this organization and shareholders and associat e s resident in Cuba, has led to its se lection as an important special field [ of operation. The Cuban-Americ an Trust alrady owns and controls large assets based on Cuban realty, believed to be capa ble of spe,edy and large increase in value by effective financing through the medium herein discussed. I The Cuban realty .above referrd to has an investment value suffL ciently attractive to have already en listed the assured co-operation, on an extensive scal e of local and foreign banking institutions in its develop ment. Opportunities are open to this institution to share in the ownership and administration on a highly re_ munerative basis, of other extensive estates, in Cuba and elSE:;Where. The creation and sale of mortgages, ness with its chief headquarters in profit-sharing bonds and other negoHavania, Cuba. It is the purpose of tiable securities based on realty or its founders to render effective pubindustrial enterprises with ample lie service in meeting existing needs margin of interesLbearing and diviin the general commercial field and ~::;....;.........,,,,_...,..~ r.&.:. ..:...;~""~.._...,,,..;. ~..,..'!!'. .::.""-~~,!1<,4 ,...; dend-earning safety and the sharing likewise to advance by sound and of profits occasioned by helpful conservative business methods, im_ A SANTA CLARA SUGAR MILL. stimulation of Cuba's rich undeportant special enterprises in Cuba veloped resources opens ia wide and and elsewhere in which it may from ==================================================== profitable business field, which this time to time acquire a substantial American Trust, among other things of securities, merchandise or other it making than that in which the institution, by reason of its equip_ interest. it may: property committed to it for safeCuban-American Trust is engaged. ment and connections, is peculiarly Authorized Capital. Transact a general trust business; keeping, and issue or deal in negoThe rapid growth in the United well fitted to enter. The authorized capital of the Trust Act as registrar and transfer agent tiable receipts for property thus de_ States of institutions orgarnzed and There is at present but one instiis divided into 500,000 shares, each of stocks, bonds and oth-er securities; posited; conducted with objects kindred to tution in Cuba modeled on American share representing equal and proporAct as trustee under mortgages, Take, purchase, hold, sell, convey, those now proposed, the big dividends lines and specializing in the methods tionat e ownership in all of the asdoods of trust and other forms of lease or improve property or estates earned and paid to their shareholders of financ e now under consideration. sets, benefits and profits that may trust agreements and certify any isof any kind, e ither real or personal, and their large accumulations of surIn entering the field of finance be rea.lized under the duly recorded sue of bonds thereunder made; including gas, electric lighting, or plus, ,evidence their importance as above outlined, the Cuban_American. Declaration of Trust upon which as Make or negotiate loans on real heating plants street railroads and factors in the conduct of modern Trust fortunately has be ,e n able to a legal basis the business in quesor personal securities and inv e st its other public utilities and franchises; business and th -e ir investment value. form a permanent alliance with the tion has boon established. capital, surplus or other funds in Carry on and engage in any lawful For example, during the past five Tropical Engineering and Construe


THE WRECK OF THE BATTLESHIP MAINE IN HAVANA HARBOR -----~TOURJST EiDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HIAVANA, C'UB.\. Copyri~hted by The American Photo Co., H a van a, C u ba. Th 1'1aine as She Appea r s Just B e f o r e C uttin g A w ay o f th e v V r eckage


THE WRECK OF T HE BATTL E SHIP MAINE IN HAVANA HAkHOl< T01JRIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HA\'ANA, CUBA. Copyrighted by The American Photo Co., Havana, Cuba. Showing the Wreck In side o f th e Cofferdam Water Pumped Out to the 18-Foot Leve] ..


TOURIST EDITION tion Company, one of the most en_ terprising and well-equipped com_ panies of its character now operating in Cuba. The advancement of new realty and industrLal enterprises, of fering opportunity for profitable co operation in the work of financing and construction, will be materially facilitated by the combination thus effected. Stimulating Forces Now Operative. Among many causes and agencies stimulating Cuban development that recently have been noticeably effect_ ive, the following are worthy of spe cial mention: (1) Publicity upon the part of the Cuban National Government, speciaL ly through its efficient and progres sive Department of Agriculture, Commerce and Labor, in giving wide circulation to reliable information re_ garding the country's unsurpassed na_ tural resources; (2) Declared purpose of the Na tional Government to speedily inau_ gurate and liberally finance irrigation work: ... and to otherwise promote 1 tlrongh Governmental agencies in tensive agriculatural development; (3) Higbly commendable and eL fective publicity work by the press, particularly The Havana Post, through special illustrated issues, widely circulated, at large expense, and that have made Cuba known and appreciated by thousands heretofore little acquainted with its attractions; ( 4) The great and growing influx of tourists from many lands, especial ly the United States, who have come to s e e and returned home to tell of the charm of the Island and its un. developed riches .As a result of the above and other HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA In the judgment of alert bankers Treasury and other National GovernCorrespondence Invited. I the address given below: Cuban and private capitalists, American, ment buildings and also of the leadCorrespondence is desired and inAmerican Trust, Loriente Building, European and Cuban, familiar with ing banking institutions of the city. vited with those who may be in need Amargura and San Ignacio Streets, these conditions, it will be difficult Here in the Loriente Building, a of any services capable of being ren_ Havana, Cuba. to find anywhere better opportunities modern fire-proof structure, the Cudered by this Trust. Information refor immediate employment of oapital ban_American Trust has established garding Cuba, compiled from Govern ANTILLA, ON NIPE BAY. than in the purchase, improvement its principal Cuban headquarters. mental and other equally reliable by up_to-date methods, and reselling, No feature is more important in insources, will be cheerfully furnished of carefully selected realty, centrally suring success of this institution than upon request. Is Logical Point of Importation for located in leading Cuban cities, parits executive mlanagement. Of this The Trust has at its command agriNorthern Coast of Oriente Provticularly Havana, ia.nd of rural estates I fact the Trustees are fully cognizant. cultul'al. industrial and legal experts ince-Has Large Hotel. having easy access to good transpor_ In acceptance of the responsibilities who for reasonable compensation will Antilla, on Nipe bay, north coast of Oriente p:ovince, is :t well equipped port. There are at Antilla three large warehouses used prin cipally for the storage of sugar await ing shipment; there are also three tanks for storing molasses of a ca pacity of 500,000 gallons each. The dockage facilities are owned by The Cuba R ... tilroad Company. Depth of water at the docks is twenty-three feet and four or five i:.,hips find room to come alongside at a time. The port is served by the Munson Line and by the Royal Mail St~am Packet Company. It is the logfoal point of exportation for all merchandise origi nating in the east end of Cuha along the trunk line of the r.uba. Railroad and north of it, which HC'eks a for eign market; it is the loC7ical port of entry for goods imported for the sup ply of this region. There is at Antilla a new hotel owned and operated by The Cuba Railroad Company a big concrete building, exceedingly well furnished. Along the two main streets of the town are the homes of residents-the concrete cottages of company em ployes and the frame bungalows and "shacks" of their neighbors. On the wooded knoll above the town where causes, both special and general, L:.......... ---~ wild flowers grow in profusion it is growth and development, city and planned to lay out a park. From rural, is making rapid strides. This that eminence the view to be had is emphatically true of Havana, where "OPEN GROWN" TOBACCO FIELD, IN VUELTA ABAJO. of the town, and of all the region realty values are rapidly appreciat. ==================================================== roundabout, is ample reward for the ing. Conservative judges predict tation facilities, especially by water, committed to them in taking over, attend promptly to any business or exertion of the climb. One sees all that the populati0n of Havana will and capable of economical developholding and using the assets now prepare any special reports that may Nipe bay-a land-locked expanse of increase from the present three hund_ ment by irrig,ation. Such properties owned, or that may be later acquired be desired. water so wide it is a small sea in it red thousand mark to half a million and profit-making opportunities the by the Trust, it will be th e ir constant For information of interest to inself-enclosed by green shores, some or more within the next five years. Cuban-American Trust owns or conaim to maintain, and perpetuate vestors, or others, in relation to mat. rising immediately into picturesque The demand, already far in excess of trols. through their succ e ssors, a permaters herein mentioned or suggested, hills. The blue haze of the Mayari supply, for modern, convenient and Location of Havana Headquarters. nent policy of serviceableness to the schedule of assets and terms upon mountains darkens the horizon to th~ centrally located dwellings or apartIn heginning business in Havana, public, conservation or equitable diswhich a limited number of persons south and east. ments, for permanent residents and the location selected is near the heart tribution to shareholders of profits I may become shareholders, inquirers transient visitors, will soon be great_ I of the financial district within three fairly earned and a square deal for all are respectfully invited to call upon Sugar cane in Cuba gro:ws in new ly intensified. The Trust proposes to five minutes' walk of the general hiaving business relations with this I or write the undersigned at 45 Milk land from fifteen to twenty years to help meet this demand. Postoffice, the Custom House, the institution. i street, Boston, Massachusetts, or at 1'rom one planting.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HOW CUBA'S FAMOUS forwarded to Her Majesty's subjects, there are long, anxious periods of ClGARS ARE MADE, prep 1 aration of which they never know, and the message contains no hint of No More Interesting Sight Is Availathese worries. HAVANA, CUBA Since the color and texture of wrap per leaves cannot be controlled by the grower to any appreciable extent, it is impossible to supply the modern demand for light color wrappers, ble to Tourist Than a Visit to a Large Factory. Tobacco, as is fitting for a plant which demand is based on the entirely designed by Nature for a mission of erroneous idea that the color of the such delicacy, is extremely sensitive wrapper is an index of the strength Havana, famous the world over for to cold or heat, to drouth or r,ain, and of the cigar. While it is true to a its incomparable cigars, is being vis. even to the direction of the winds. very limited extent that the color or ited each year by an increasing numFrom October, therefore, (when the the wrapper affects the strength, ber of tourists practically all of whom plants are usually taken from the representing, as it does, only a small include in their sight-seeing programs seed beds and transplanted), to part of the whole cigar, it is only rea a visit to one of the larger and more March, when the cutting or harvestsonable to state that this factor is of easily accessible ciga r factories. The ing begins, is an anxious period of minor importance, the real strength Cabanas, Meridiana and Villar & constant watchfulnes and care for depending on the class of tobacco Villar factories at Zulueta 10, situated the grower. Even after the tobacco used in the filler. If, for example, a in the heart of the city are visited by is cut and is hanging on poles in the cigar carrying a blend intended for thousands of tourists during the win hot tobacco barns in the first curing the United States market, where ter season and the Henry Clay and process, the danger is not entirely heavy-bodied cigars are not in de Bock & Co., Ltd., the largest manupast, for it must be very carefully mand, should be given a dark wrap facturers in the city, and exporters handled. On the ciare given it after per, the strength would not be no of over 50 per cent of the total Ha. it has been selected and graded, acticeably affected, although, so great vaDJa cigars shipped from Cuba, which cording to size, quality and texture is the power of suggestion, that men own these and other world-renowned of leaf, and on the judgment exerwho are open to conviction on other brands, such as Henry Clay, Aguila de cised by the manufacturer as to just points can never be brought to admit Oro (Bock & Co.), Garcia and Carothe right time to use the leaf to sethis assertion. There is not the lina, make it a point to s-ee that the cure the best results, depends largely slightest doubt, however, that the visitors are cordially received and the quality of the finished product. statement is true, and confirmed shown all the interesting details in All these points carefully w 1 atched, and smokers are gradually admitting it connection with this important Cuwith signs intelligently interpreted. and laying less stress on color and ban industry. Only a very small porspell success in the manufacture of more on quality. tion of Hav ana cigar smokers, good cigars. The filler and wrapp,er used in Ha however, have this opportunity to gain The tobacco having been cut and vana cigars is handled in entirely dif at first hand a general idea of how cured in the barns (although this does ferent ways. When the filler bale is cigars are made. not end the curing process by any opened the tobacco leaf is moistened A volume would be required to give means) and having been properly and the main stem removed-the detailed account of the ID1anufacture sorted and graded, is packed in bales stripping process. It is then packed of Havana cigars, from the planting and shipped to Havana. After furthin barrels to which the air has ready of the tobacco, and to describe the vaer curing in bales it is distributed to access, and is sometimes kept in these rious processes through which the leaf the various factories and used acbarrels as long as two years before it passes before it is finally made to as. cording to the requirements of the is considered suitable for use-this sume one of the. hundreds of various different markets ordering cigars. curing process depending on the na sizes and shapes of cigars exported For Spain and for Cuba's home conture of the tobacco, the amount of from Cuba. sumption the heaviest tobacco is in time it has already spent in bales The salient points, however, can be demand and the can in these two and other considere.tions. The filler outlined in a few words and will markets for Intimidad (Caruncho is then blended, various types and probably be of personal interest to the "Brevas"), a dark heavy-bodied arostrengths of tobacco being used, de innumerable subjects of My Lady Niematic cigiar, used by men who have pending on the market for which the otine's Court, to whom the Havana smoked for years and to whom the order is intended and the price of cigar conveys hidden messages of quality is of first importance, and the cigars which are to be manufac. cheer, comfort and good fellowship, appearance of minor consideration, tured. A large factory like the fa. which are only revealed through the often exceeds the supply. South and mous Corona factory will h!a ve from magic touch of fire. The aromatic C e ntral America also require fullten to twelve different standard smoke conjures visions of sunny days bodied cigars; England, one of the filler combinations, and special blends with deep blue cloudless skie s, moonworld's ~argest consumers, requires are made from time to time, as occa lit tropical nights, 1 and the air castles cigars of a different type; France and sion arises, to fill the requirements of We rear in the pale blue haze have for Germany, types more or less the special orders. On the proper curing their corner.stones the subtle blendsame; while for the United States and and expert blending of the filler de ing by fairy hands of dream fabrics Canada, the lightest types are depends the individuality of the b:riand with the he avy dews. manded; and so on for the various and its success. But before these messages can be world markets. The wrapper, on the other hand, is


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST moistened the day before it is to be (literally, a wheel or half wheel), a inen, or the voice of the factory worked, stripped and delivered to exbundle of 100 or 50 cigars-and these "reader" entertaining them with the pert leaf selectors, who once more are stored in cedar cabinets until news of the day, a late novel, or some grade it according to color, size of there are sufficient cigars prepared solid food for thought. leaf and texture, and hand it for the ciga r selectors to begin their Visitors to Havana, even if not over to the cigarmiakers for immepart of the work. The cigars are not smokers, should not fail to visit the diate use. The leaf selecting room or stored, however, until they have been main office and Cabanas factory of "rezagado" in a large factory is one closely examined each morning by the the Henry Clay and Bock & Co . Ltd., of the most important of the factory'ti factory foreman ad his sub-foremen, at Zulueta 10. They will be cordially departments, for the highest priced who inspect the cigars very closely in received and the visit is sure to prove raw material is handled here, and all details, particular attention being entertaining. when it is considered that wrapper given in this inspection to high-grade bales cost from $150 for inferior and uniform workmanship and tha grades, to as high as $1,000 for the prop~r fiJling of cigars without pro highest grades of large, clean leaves, ducing ,llxcessive weight. it can readily be seen that expert It is quite as int-eresting to watch work is required in this department if the cigar selectors-the aristocracy ot the factory is to be managed on an the cigar industry-at their highly HAVANA'S OLD WALL. Fragments Are Still to Be Seen-Was High and Massive Structure One Hundred Years Building. economical basis. In some of the specialized work of sorting cigars, Not far from La Punta, at Monser larger factories, like the famous Ca_ differentiating between shades and rate and Refugio streets, are rem_ bafias factory, there are as many as types which to the untrained observet nants of the old city wall. Another eight or ten of these "barrel-men" seare identical. From 90 to 100 shades fragment has been preserved on Mon lecting leaf for the requirements of and types are currently recognized on serrate street, near Teniente Rey. the cigarmakers working on various the selecting table and in very close seThese ancient landmarks indicate the sized and priced cigars and the chief lections on v-ery fine sizes it is not boundary of old Havana. The wall selector enjoys an expert's wage to unusual to find even a larger num_ extended from the shore of the har which his long training entitles him. ber. bor east of the Arsenal, along a line The cigarmiaker is given his filler After they are selected and packed east of the Prado, to the water front and wrappers (the former weighed in their boxes, which have already again at a point in line with the Car and the latter counted) and under his been given preliminary trimming, if eel. Th,e Punta, Carcel, Prado, Ta expert hands the material is made to the cigars are to carry bands, they con Theatre and Campo de Marte assume one of the thousand shapes in are turned over to the banding girls, were outside the wall, "extramuros." which Havarua cigars are put on the who remove the cigars from the box, The wall was a high and massive market. It is marvelous to see the place a ring on each cigar, and restructure, which consumed a century dexterity with which the skilled workplace them exactly in their original in building (from 1633 to 1740), at a man selects and arranges the filler form. The boxes are then sent once cost of $700,000. A moat extended and the ease and expertness with more to the trimming room ,and the around the outer side, and beyond which he manipulates the expensive final outside edging and labels affixed this were earth works. Entrance wrappers. The appearance of the ciand the cigar is ready for its journey. was by drawbridges over the moat, gar depends largely on his skill and The salient points here mentioned and then through narrow arched gate_ on fine sizes high rolling prices aNl may be seen to the best advantage ways, which were closely guarded by paid. in a factory like Cabanas, which repsoldiers and were shut at 11 o'clock His only tool is a sharp cigar_ resents the last word in a modern at night, except when there was an maker's knife with which he trims Havana cigar factory, and where paroperative or dramatic performance at the wrapper to meet his requirements, ticular attention is paid to the comthe Tacon, on which occasions the and he selects by his eye and his fort of visitors. Thie innumel'able Puerta de Monserrate, which was op sharpened sense of touch just enough d-etails connected with the industry posite the th-eatre, was kept open unmaterial to make a cigar of the proper which occupies such an important til the play was over. Early morn length (it cannot vary by th-e 1-16 of part in the welfare of the island, must ing saw outside the gates a daily an inch), and, more difficult still, the be left to the imagination-and the concourse of thousands of horses and right amount to pNserve the absoimagination can well be employed, mules laden with panniers of market lutely uniform thickness of the parsince the visitors may see cigars des_ prov1s10ns, pressing and crowding ticular size on which he is working. tined for a Royial Court, for a million and jostling for place to get into the It is absorbingly interesting to watch aire's humidor, or as a satisfying and city when the gates opened. the skilled cigarmaker at work and soothing reward of the day's work ----+~note the facility which his long apfor men in the remotest corners of the The natural resources of Cuba are prenticeship and practice have given world, for Havana cigars enjoy a so great that the surface has hardly him. world-wide distribution. been scratched. The cigars, after they are com_ It is a novelty to visit a factory pleted, are turned in at the end of where there is no whirring of maA number of succ1:::ssful American the day, or whenever the cigarmaker chinery, and where quiet reigns excolonies are to he found scattered in has completed a rueda or media rueda cept for the chatting of the work_ the different provinces. HAVANA, CUBA


TOURIST EDrr:rION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA ROMEO AND JULIET CIGAR F AOTORY. prevailing in Havana, the certain defisizes and grades which the factory is nite degree of heat and atmospheric making. There is no stipulated num moisture here, most affects the merber of these so-called blends, but Has Long Been One of the Most Famous Brands of Havana Cigars, Known the World Over. chandise. Those bales, if the tobacco is filler, weigh from 80 to 120 pounds; wrap per bales weigh from 50 to 100 pounds, according to the grade and class of No more famous cigar exist than same. that made by the Romeo and Juliet In addition to the revision or regis factory, situated at Belascoain 2A, Hatering of wrappers, countermarks are vana. It has for many years been the also put on these bal r s, designating solace of smokers the world over, and the range of sizes for which they there are on an average eight or ten standard, and sometimes the "spe cials" will run a great many more. After the tobacco is properly blended and inspected, it is put into large cases or departments and delivered to the galera or rolling room to be worked into cigars. All the foregoing detail refers to filler. with each passing year becomes more are best adapted, according to the As to wrappers, there are some and more popular. brand in which they are to be used, times from 80 to 100 bales open at At the Romeo and Juliet factory visas well as the "type," or the market the same time, from which the to itors are always welcome and the or country for which they are best hacco is withdrawn in carats and used managnnent takes pkasure in showsuited. The averag rhigh-grade Haaccording to the requirements of the ing the tourist over the large building, bano factory generally works tobacco8 day. The process of casing and use explaining in detail the many profrom three to five crops, and as toof the wrapper is under the direct cesses through which the tobacco has bacco is bought for their express use management of the foreman of the to pass berore it is delivered to the from the districts most a

TOURIST EDI'T1ION HAVANA DAILY POST each of whom after receiving his VUELTA ABAJO SOIL periment conducted with the soils wrappers gets the filler corrsponding from which Sample No. 976 was takto their size or th cigar that he is Chemical Analysis of the Earth That en, showed that phosphoric acid had making, and proceeds to the rolling. Grows the Very Best Tomorn effect on the tobacco crop than The cigars are revised during the bacco Known. either nitrogen or potash. This soil day by the cigar foreman, who examis distinctly acid, a condition which ines the shape, length, workmanship Two of the several types of soil is believed commonly prevails in the and condition of the cigars rolled by peculiarly adapted to the production region. With the leaching away of each man. On the following morning of tobacco are the red soil and the the lime, probably most of the phos a general rvision is given the prelight sandy loam of western Cuba, phoric acid present has been combin ceding day's work, in the revision analysed by Professor R. W. Stark, ed with iron and aluminum to form room. former chief of the chmistry departdifficultly available compounds, l/-nce Aftr this general revision the ciment of the experiment station at the ready response of the soil to an gars are transferred to the packing SantJ~go de las Vegas. I application of phosphorus." department and arranged in escapa"A piculiarity of the red soil," Prorates ( cabinets) of cedar, where they fessor Stark remarks, in the Second GU IN ES. are kept from three days to a week Report on the Station's work, "is that before they are packed, in order that though containing much clay and very The old town of Guines is situated they may dry out. little sand, still the best type of this in an extensive valley which is one When proper condition has been atsoil is so light in texture that it posof the most famous sugar producing tained they are assorted on large s e sses many of the characteristics of districts in Cuba, although the immed tables in the following manner: The a sandy soil and produces excellent iate vicinity of Guines is given over escogedor (picker) starts his table in cigar tobacco. However, the best almost entirely to truck farming. two grades, the seco (dry) and mantype of tobacco is grown in the The soil of this valley is one of the chado (glossy) ; tnen these two Vuelta Abajo district of Pinar del Rio very richest in the Island and is well grades, that is to say, seco and manupon a light sandy loam underlaid irrigated by several deep streams. A chado, are subdivided into colors by a hard sandy clay subsoil. The couple of hours spent here in con which are shaded from maduro to color of this soil varies from a gray junction with ia. visit to Providencia claro. Each is separated into from 35 to a dull red. Owing to the characSugar mill will well repay the visitor. to 50 piles of distinct shades of color. ter of the subsoil, it is quite retenBesides the special tourist train to The Spanish packing is based upon tive of moisture. Providencia, Guines, from 80 to 100 separate or subdivided The analysis of typical samples of eleven others to and is served by from Havana colors. The escogedor also throws 011t this soil are given below: J daily. any "seconds" and arranges the cigArs to be packed in the style and quality CHEMICAL ANALYSES OF TOBACCO SOILS. desired. The envasador (packer) then packs the cigars in boxes or bundles accord ingly. After these cigars are packed they are put into a press and given the final pressure then branded, and, after final inspection by the manager of the packing department, their col ors are marked and the last box trim ming is put on. They are then ready for shipment. All employes or operatives of all departments in a Havana factory are required to serve an apprenticeship of from two to three years before being admitted as qualified in their art, and, 178 Number of Samples. Insoluble matter ............ ........ 87.008 Potash ............................. .190 Soda ........ ..... .325 Lirote ..... ,. ........................ .306 Magnesia ....... .301 Manganese ......................... .200 Ferric oxide ....................... 6.007 Alumnia ................................. Phosphoric acid .................... .302 Sulphuric acid ..................... .113 Carbon dioxide ........................... Water and organic matter ... ....... .6.004 Nitrogen .. ......................... .20 4 613 976 977 Surface Subsoil 85.711 87.480 82.023 .220 .073 1.597 .079 .200 .225 .254 .254 .211 .885 .726 .030 .366 .342 1.760 3.854 6.272 3.531 3.102 6.711 .206 .501 .708 .028 .106 .089 4.765 4.115 3.761 .168 .146 .06 after having qualified in their line--------------------------------they are started at the bottom and "A comparison of these analyses THE NAME PINAR. must work their way up to positions with those of the red soil shows that ---wherein they handle the higher while these types of soils differ Pinar del Rio, city and barrio (apgrades. greatly in chemical composition, prox., ward) derives its name from a nevertheless they are about equally hog ranch named Pinar del Rio beCuba is the vacation spot of Amersupplied with plant food. cause of its location by the stream lea. "It will be observed that these among pine trees. It is believed to be soils are better supplied with phosthe same estate title to which one The trade wind is always with phoric acid than they are with potash Juan Rodriguez solicited in March, Cuba. and nitrogen, and yet a fertilizer ex1629. HAVANA, CUBA l> F HABANA


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA THE NATIONAL ] Globe, last year exceeded $250,000,000 correspondents are among the princiTHE CUBAN HIST. BANK OF CUBA and bids fair to greatly exceed these pal banks of the world. figures before another twelve months The spl endid steel and concrete Cubans call a person by a sound mands something else and one's thoughts are turned toward gastro nomic things. In this respect if he knows where to go he is most fortuhave lapsed. building on Obispo street is the first of the tongue and lips-P-s-t. which With a capital and surplus of $6,000,000, and resourecs in Cuba of over $30,000,000, a collection business of over $107,000,000 annuallly, an ex change business of over $250,000,000 The amount of cash handled daily structure of this kind erected in Cuba sounds something like a hiss. rn trynate. There are s e veral very fine at the head office of the National and its branch buildings throughout ing to attract the attention of any one restaurants in Havana, but there is Bank of Cuba, without counting that the island are of the same construethis method is always used whether only one where the diner can be seathandled by its nineteen branches tion and all are uniform in design. the one called is a friend or a coached high above the ground, where the throughout the island and in New ----~--man. air is always fresh and delightful, annually, and a daily cash movement York, will give any one unacquainted Havana's smooth macadam calza in its head office without counting with Cuba a startling idea of the isldas make the best automobile race its nineteen branches, of $3,200,000, and's financial importance. This courses to be found anywhere. the National Bank of Cuba is an institution to command respect in any country in the world. This bank has been the despostary of the Cuban government since the latter was established in 1902 and was also depositary of the two American governments of intervention. Each succeeding government has continued its business with this institution. The capital of the National Bank of Cuba is $5,000,000 United States gold, and it was contributed from all over the financial world. Fourteen coun tries in all furnished the funds for the capital. The resources of the bank in Cuba are more than thirty millions of dollars. This bank is a cosmopolitan insti tution in every way. Doing business with all the countries of the world it requires men of several nationaliteis among its officials and employes. The president is an American, but its di rectors are representatives of four nationalities, Americans, Spanish, Cuban and French, and its staff is composed of twelve nationalities. Spanish and English is spoken by all of the staff coming in contact with the public and the correspondence is con ducted in the four modern languages. The National Bank of Cuba is pro. . ----+----and where a most picturesque scene The world offers no more beautiis spread out before him. This one ful sight than sunset on the Malecon. place is the Polyteama Restaurant. At this restaurant one can obtain as elaborate or as simple a meal as he desires. It is especially noted for its elaborate table d'hote while its a la carte service is without super ior any where. The cuisine of The Polyteama is in charge of a chef who is master of hls art. He has been in charge of fam ous resorts in France and was im ported to Havana especially for the Polyteama. A great variety is achieved in the table d'hote service. The following menu for the evening meal is a fair average of what can be expected at this popular restaurant: Hors d'Oeuvr e Soup Anna or Petite Marmite Lobster Newburg or Broiled Sliced Red Snapper Chicken a la Maryland or Roast Beef English Style Cauliflower Souffle Grat.en Vegetable Salad Peaches Melba Coffee All of the waiters of the Polyteama vided with all of the departments of -~-~--~--""-----------~-= ---~~----'-"-------~-'-'--------~-~~--.~-'"""""'~-------'--'...:ill :.::it speak English and are carefully trainthe big banks of the world, including ed for their work. Better service in a Tourist and Ladies Department. THE NATIONAL BANK OF CUBA. this particular is not to be obtained A banking school in connection in Havana nor anywhere else for that with the American Institute of Bank================================================== matter. ing is conducted for the education of amount last year averaged $3 200,000 [ BANKS ARE WELCOMED. l THE POLYTEAMA CAFE A special feature of the Polyteama the employes and admirabl'e results per day. i~ its ideal location for banquets. In have already been seen by this proA branch of this bank is located at Foreign banks have more than us!s One of the Most Delightful Places connection with the restaurant is a gressive movement. No. 1 Wall Street, corner of Broadual opportunities in Cuba for the carin Havana-Cuisine and Sergreat expanse of roof garden and The bank's collections run into way. This branch was originally lorying on of a large and diversifiecl vice Are Unexcelled. several hundred banqueters can be very large figures and its field of cated there for the convenience of business. They are not prohibited by dined al fresco under the most ideal operation extends all over the world. travelers to and from Cuba, but has the laws of Cuba and no limitations Havana is so interesting to the surroundings. Amidst thousands of Last year this business aloll'e amount_grown into a very important adjunct are placed upon their operations, alnewcomer that he is apt to often electric lights, in the restaurant it ed to $107,000,000. to the bank because of its constantly though the same is not true of Cuban forget the inn e r man while indulging self and with a view of the city The exchange business of the bank, increasing exchange business. corporations. done through its correspondents loThe bank is a member of the Amerca t ed in every important city on the ican Bankers' Association, and its Frost never comes to Cuba. in the optical feasts to be enjoyed on ablaze with light in every direction, every hand. Sooner or later, however, one can easily imagine himself din the realization comes that nature de- ing in fairyland.


TOURIST EDITION TRUST COMPANY OF CUBA Offers Excellent Facilities to People Requiring the Services of Such an Institution. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA pany in Cuba, and by reason of its AMERICAN PHOTO CO. ish_American Iron Company at Nipe A FISHING TOWN. organization and the character and ____ Bay, he furnished pictures which were ---ability of the officers directing its Most of the photographs used in later gathered into an album Captain Batabano Is Famous for Its Sponge affairs peculiarly fitted to serve the Huston distributed among business Fisheries and Its Giant Turtles. interests of those interested in busith is special edition of The Havana friends. They pronounced it the fin_ ness matters in Cuba, the future of Post were furnished by The American est advertisement Cuba has yet reBatabano is an interesting place. It the company in its handsome new Photo Company, Wark and Messen_ ceived in her character as a coming is ,a port on the south coast of Cuba, To all persons having interests in location is full of promise of profitger, proprietors, of Obispo 70, Havana, country. The book received flatterfamous for the sponge industry car Cuba, requiring the services of a able relations with a large and ever as indeed are most of the very hand_ ing press notices abroad. ried on in the waters thereabouts, trust company, the facilities offered growing clientele. some pictures sent abroad by resL Mr. Wark is the official photo_ and for the great n~mber of giant They are members of the American dents here and tourists. They do grapher of The Western Railway of turtles received there fe>: shipment by th e Tru st Company of Cuba will Bankers' Association and issue the more to advertise the place than all Havana, which has panelled its best viia Havana to the United States. Bebe of especial interest. This company, organized something less than six years ago, along the same lines as followed in the organi zation and operation of trust com panies in the United States, began business in the building, No. 31 Cuba street. Since their entrance into the financial affairs of the island they have paid dividends on their $500,000 capital stock of $175,000, and have an earned surplus, including profits not yet set aside, of upwards of $80,000. Their total assets amount to $1,155,000 and the officers are men of high standing and responsibility and long experience in Cuba. The Trust Company of Cuba re ceives commercial deposits, makes loans on collateral, receives savings accounts, acts as trustee for bond is sues of corporations and other capac iUes; buys and sells foreign exchange and issues travelers' checks and let ters of credit on all foreign countries. The real estate department acts as agent in the buying and selling of property, placing of money on mort gage, collection of rents and interest. and other like duties, and the properties held by this company for sale, and opportunities offered for mort gage investment or purchase, are sec ond to none in Cuba. This depart ment is E>quipped with very complete maps of all parts of Cuba and sur rounding Ha van a. To such an extent has the volume THE TRUST COMPANY OF CUBA'S NEW BUILDING. tween the islands around about Ba_ tabano the sea water has a clouded and milk-like appearance, so marked that Columbus, in one of his voyages of discovery, bottled some of it to take home and show King Ferdinand. Outside these islets the Caribbean sea is deeply blue, almost a S1apphire shade, blending imperceptibly into the coloring of the sky, the latter, how ever, being constantly filled with light, fluffy, drifting clouds that make the patches of blue sky seen between them seem even bluer by contrast. The trip to and from Batabano can be easily made in the afternoon and it never fails to intensely interest th" I tourist who makes it. The Isle of Pines. Batabano is best known to Ameri1 cans as the port whence steamers sail thrice a week to the Isle of Pines. The American steamer "Cristobal Colon," plying between Batabano and the Isle of Pines, was specially built for this service and is in every way up to date. The staterooms all have running water and are cool and com_ fortable. There is, perhaps, no other trip in the world so delightful as the one on this steamer from Batabano to the Isle of Pines on a moonlit night. The calm tropical sea, over which there is always ,a gentle, cool breeze blowing, and the brilliant con stellations overhead glistening in th~ clear atmosphere characteristic of the tropics, make the night on deck so of business transacted by the Trust travelers' checks as authorized by the fine writing of all the folders coaches with his work, of the United seductive that, no matter how cool Company of Cuba grown that their that association. The officers of the and guide books published. Railways, and of The Cuba Railroad, and comfortable the staterooms are, present quarters have beP.ome altoTrust Company of Cuba are as folThe American Photo Company and his views of scenes along their one feels that the open deck provides gether too small, for which r eason lows: is an enterpri::,ing institution. Mr. lines, from Guane to Santiago de a chapter in life that may not easily they have recently purchasrd the Norman H. Davis, president. Wark is the official photographer for Cuba, are hung in all the hotels of be duplicated. property No. 53 Obispo street, Ha vana, with approximately 60 feet of street frontage, on which they will erect, in the heart of the financial district, a modern building adapted to their requirements. As the only organized trust com 0. H. Hornsby, vice president and half a dozen companies whose gentown, the ticket and railway offices treasurer. eral business is of a nature to need of the United States, and distributed Columbus saw Cuba and pronounced Claudio G. Mendoza, vice president. views such, for instance, as the by tens of thousands in their illus. it good; others have been doing the J. M. Hapgood assistant treasurer. Huston Contracting Company, of trated folders. same ever since. Rogelio Carbajal, secretary. whose roads, in Pinar del Rio, build ----+-------+---W. M. Whitner, manager real estate ings in Havana, and very remarkable i Reaping and sowing are continuThe lover of the antique will feel department. construction work done for the Span~! ous in Cuba. at home in Havana.


TOURIST EDITION CUBA'S OLDEST BANK. Spanish Bank of the Island nf Cuba Was Established in 1856-Has Capital of $8,000,000. The Banco Espanol de la Isiu de Cuba (The Spanish Bank of the Is land of Cuba) is the oldest banking institution here. It .vas founded in the year 1856, and during the past fifty-five years has safely passed through the difficult epochs which at different times assailed this coun try. The capital of the Spanish Bank of the Island of Cuba is $8,000,000, and its total deposits are $9,800,000 as shown by the general balanc,e tJak en on June 30, 1911. Its loans and discounts at that time amounted to $10,000,000. The island of Cuba will always owe a debt of gratitude to this banlr because it was the only institution able or willing to furnish money for the work of reconstruction iafter the destructive Ten Years' War and later after the War of 1895. Instead of foreclosing upon valuable prc;iperties at the close of these wars, as it could have done with enormous bene fit to itself, this institution never did so in a single instance. On the con trary it helped business e1ements start anew after the disastrous wars by making their payments so easy that they could gradually cover their !ndebtedness without being ruined. Other services have also been ren dered to the country by this bank, and they are no less meritorious. Among these was the furnishing of money for circulation and the dis counting of commercial paper, at re duced rates, when the circumstances of the times would have made it pos sible to demand and obtain enormous I has shown himself to be a financial genius of a high oraer. What he has accomplished during the time he has been at the head of the Spanish Bank of the Island of Cuba is little short of miraculous. Besides modernizing this institution, h,e has caused it to branch out in every direction after business and by December, 1911, there will have been established throughout the island a total of twenty branches covering all the most HAVANA DAILY POST The board of directors of the bank includes the most conservative business men in Havana. The mem bers follow: Manuel A. Suarez Cordoves. Ramon Lopez Fernandez. Carlos Quer. George Diguet. tlam6n Perez Rodriguez. Jose Gomez y Gomez. Macuel Lozan.o Mufiiz. Manuel Hierro Marmol. HAVANA, CUBA stock and bonds quoted on the stock / TERRITORIAL BANK. exchange had incrrnsed in the same __ time $675,137. Loans a nd discounts The Establishment in Cuba Means the also increased in the sum of $1,595,) 031.16, and deposits and current ac1 counts, no less satisfactory, reached I $4,477,571, showing most eloquently Loaning of Millions to Proper ty Owners at Low Rates the confidence which the institution The need of a Territorial Bank, an enjoys in the commercial circles of institution loaning money on proper this island. The high price at which ty at a reasonable rate of interest has its stock is quoted on the market exlong been very apparent in Cuba. Ow changes of the world shows the credit ing to the lack of such a bank owners of valuable properties, in order to obtain ready cash have been com pelled to pay enormous rates of in terest for s!lort term loans .and many have seen their properties pass into the hands of the money lenders when had they been able to obtain reason able terms, such as a mortgage bank could give they would have saved themselves with comparative ease. It was to supply this imperative need that El Banco Territorial de Cuba (The Territorial Bank of Cuba), was established. The bank was created by a law passed by the Cuban congress on July 20, 1910, and modified by the law of February 21, 1911. The concession was authorized by presidential de cree on September 19, 1910. The gen eral board of stockholders elected Sr. Marcelino Diaz de Villegas, ex-Secre tary of the Treasury, as president. He was a man enjoying an enviable reputation throughout the Republic o[ Cuba, and his selection immediately gave additional confidence that the institution would be wisely conducted. BANCO ESPANOL AND BANCO TERRITORIAL. The Y'.ce-president of the Territori al Bank is Frank Steinhart, the Cu ban representative of the great bank ing firm of Speyer and Co., of New York, general manager of the Ha vana Electric Railroad, vice-president also of the Spanish Bank of the Island of Cuba, and one of the foremost financial figures in the Republic of of Cuba. rat-es. For this consideration alone, The board of directors is composed the island of Cuba owes a debt of important towns outside of Ha vana. I Claudiio Compafio Llagostera. it enjoys throughout the commercial of men prominent in money affairs ln gratitude, because it served to tide The baak's vice-president, Frank Pablo Boulanger. centers of the world. Owing to these Cuba and abroad. First among the over more th,an one very dieicult Steinhart, is the general manager of Enrique Shueg. good relations enjoyed by the Spanish directors is Jose Marimon, president period. the Havana Electric Railroad, and the Francisco Palacios. Bank of .:ne Island of Cuba in the of the Spanish Bank of the Island of The prosperity of the bank is each representative in Cuba of the great The progress of the Spanish Bank United Stat es and Europe, th,e organiCuba, whose presidency of the latter year more evident than the one preNew York banking firm of Spey e r of the Island of Cuba has lately been zation of the Banco Territori,al (Terinstitution has not only serv,ed to ceding it, as a comparison of the and Company. Mr. Steinhart is one more appar ent than ever before. Durritorial Bank), was rendered easy. maintain the high reputation it al balances will show. This is larg-ely of the most powerful figures in ing the six months from January 1 Th;s latter t.1nk has be e n established ready enjoyed, but also to greatly in due to its president, its vice-presiCub,t's financial world, and the acto July 1, the av ailabJ.e funds in all to take part in no less important encrease its prestige. The other mem dent and the able staff of directors quisiUon of his expert council is but the branches and on deposit with terprises inverting foreign capital in bers of the board are: Miguel Her composed of the leading business men ar .:her instance of the farsighted I other banks throughout the world bad investments satisfactory to it .and of [ nandez, Manuel Suarez Codoves, Jose in Cuba. Presiden~ Jose Marimon 1.,01i.::y of President M,arimon. increased $1,091,630.74. Its assets of immense b e nefit to the country. Roig y Roig, George Behrens, Paul I


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA DELIGHTFUL EXCURSION. A most delightful excursion on the Meyer, Charles Littman, Francisco ket. This quotation is not due to I H. UPMANN & COMP ANY lays its success to the l rne n purchase Bosques Reyes. any abnormal condition in the local and production of tobacco. In off The bank has the exclusive privimarket, but is based on the quotations A Havana Banking Institution With seasons the firm of H. Upmann & lege of issuing mortgage scrip in in the Paris exchange. 1 Sixty-Seven Years' Experience Company has seldom failed of sueGuines Division of the Havana CenCuba during sixty years. Another proof of the excellent rein This Field. 1 cess in the tobacco trade. Their citral is the one to Cotorro, situated The operations of the bank will sults of this bank as a financial ingars have been long in vogue and about ten mH e s from Havana. Coconsist of loaning money on first stitution is the constant offers it is No banking institution on the islstand today of the same high grade torro is the station for the very intermortgage on city and rural property. receiving of enormous amounts of and of Cuba can point to a more quality that brought them favor esting and pretty little town of Santa On the former, money will be loaned money from bankers in Paris and world-wide claim of success than can three-score of years ago. Maria del Rosario, which is located up to 70 per cent of its value, and on New York, to be let out in first mortthe H. Upmann & Company bank H. Upmann 1 & Company have alone and a half miles distant and rural property up to 50 per cent. The gages. This money is offered at a which, on its 60th anniversary seven ways merited the esteem and confiwhich is reached from Cotorro by an loans will be for periods as long as low rate of interest, so that borrowyears ago in Havana, threw open the dence of customers, not only in Cuba omnibus over a very excellent high fifty years, one year, six months or ers can obtain very liberal terms. The doors of its magnificent building at but throughout the business world of way. Santa Maria del Rosaria is fa_ for shorter terms. The payments can Territorial Bank in this matter has the corner of Amurgura and Merca1 all nations where the name in finanmous for the medicinal sulphur be made by installments or when the been of immense henefit to the counderes streets. cial circles is synonym for integrity. springs loc ated there. Eleven trains notes come due. Guaranteed credits try. .; Its business, established in Cuba in ..____ a day serve eotorro in both directions, will be acquired, although already -------1844 by henry Upmann, a citizen of Reaping and sowing are continuso that a charming morning or aftermortgaged, provided the mortgage A DELIGHT' TO WOMEN. the Kaiserland, his successors in the I ous in Cuba. noon excursion may be made. does not exceed 70 per cent on city I handling of the reins of the present and 50 per c~mt on rural property. Lovers vast institution have th_e greates_ t Loans will be made to city governHavana Is a Paradise to the of Beautiful Hand-Made reason to be proud of their work laid ,.... ments and official corporations of the out for them by the founder of the state, provided these have been leEmbroideries. gally authorized to make loans. The payments of these loans may be made without mortgage, but must be amply guaranteed. company's business in Havana. I The name of H. Upmann & ComThe woman tourist finds in Havana pany, bankers vies in its success as a veritable _paradise if she, _like most financiers with that of the Rothschilds women, delights over beautiful handin England, for in addition to its Credits of th e st ate, proV!nces, mumade embroideries. home office in Hamburg it has its nicipalities a nd corporations will be At Empedrado 11, within a half own offices for banking in New York purchased whenever their obligations block of the Cathedral of Havana, and correspondents eager to get its are properly guaranteed. th t b f d th b ere is o e oun e est stock business in every city in the world. The bank will issue credits of its in Havana. It is kept by Mrs. FerIt can be safely said that the rise own, up to the amount it has loaned. nandez, who has had years of exof H. Upmann & Company is per These may be in the form of scrip perience with the tourist trade and haps unparalleled, certainly in Cuba, bonds or otherwise, payable at fixed the_refore. knows Ju_s~ the kind of ma1 and it has withstood the gigantic swirl periods or by means of drawings. terial which the visitor seeks. that has drawn the sb:tde of oblivion They may bear coupons or premiums Mrs. Fernandez has a splendid stock I over the small individual banks. payable at their becoming due. The of hand embroidery at very reasonToday perhaps strong .e r than ever it bank will negotiate these obligations, able prices. She receives her goods is competing with monster ba-nk;ng loaning money on them or opening direct from Paris, the Canary Islands, houses and is as ever the object of accounts or in any other way compatPorto Rico and the Madeira Island. ible with good business methods. Dresses, shirtwaists, in fact everyenvy. The proof of the good reception giv thing in the way of women's, misses' The Havana bank of the company en the Territorial Bank is evidenced or children's garments are always on is under the direction of both HerI r man Upmann and Henry Runken. In by the fact that during the five band. Every garment is the latest months it has been running, up to style and guaranteed to be pure linen every respect the Havana bank is a August 1, its operations have been and all hand worked. There is also model banking house, equipped wit11 considerably more than two and one a complete line of table and lunch all of the sound facilities necessitat_ half millions of dollars, United States cloths and bed spreads. ed by its voluminous business. It currency, notwithstanding the scruIn no other place will goods be installed the first large safety deposit pulous care which the board of directfound so fresh and cheap. vault at a cost that caused competi ors has observed in passing upon all An assortment of antique jewelry tors to marvel in amazement. The applications, and insisting that all of is also kept to interest those who conservatism, together with the acute the rules and regulations be observed wish to make purchases of this kind. business sagacity displayed by the to the letter. Applications to the Tourists are cordially invited to make founder of this "Rock of Gibraltar" I bank for mortgage loans have reached a visit. It is not necessary to ask in the establishing of a cigar indus $7,000,000. any one the way. A coach can be try in Cuba, brought the firm the Notwithstanding the fact that the taken direct to the door or a San same degree of confidence from its stock of this bank has been listed on Juan de Dios stl"et car will leave you clients when it engaged i n active the stock exchanges but a short time within half a block. It is only two banking J:)usiness. it is already quoted at a premium of 1 blocks from the Hotel Florida, eight Its Gigar factory, known through60 per cent, a value in excess of all from the Hotels Sevilla, Plaza and out the world as a model institution, the other stocks quoted in this marInglaterra. as well as a pioneer in ~he industry, H. UPMANN & COMPANY,


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA WARD LINE ROUTE. / 1eave Havana on Tu,esday and reach BANK OF HAVANA \ of by its past endeavor in Cuba's PRINCIPE CASTLE. New York on Friday. busy capital. Ships Sail From Havana to New York 3. New York-Santiago Cienfuegos Established in 1906-Has Proven SueBoard of Directors. The fortification known as Principe and Mexican Ports-ls Oldest Route (freight only): Steamers leave cess of Unique System in Cuba. President, Carlos de Zaldo; Vice Castle, crowning Principe Hill at the New York every Wednesday, calling President, Jose I. de la Camara; Secend of Carlos III boulevard (reached Line. at Santiago the following Wednes-Local Boa rd of Directors. reary, Carlos I. Parraga. by Principe street cars from Central day, Cienfuegos Saturday. NorthDirectors: Sabas E. de Alvare; Park), was built by Silvestro Albarca; The New York and Cuba Mail bound itinerary regulated according The Bank of Havana, organized in Jos e Garcia Tufion, Leandro Valdes, work was begun ln 1774 and conclud. Steamship Company (Ward Line) has to cargo. 1906, has proved the success of a Federico de Zaldo. ed in 1779. The hill had bPven fortl the distinction of being the oldest 4. N e w York-Guantanamo Manzaunique system in Cuba-that of havSub-Managers: James C. Martine, fied with temporary works in 1771. water line route operating a direct nillo Route (freight only): Steamers ing its affairs conducted by a local John S. Druland. It is now used as the national penL passenger and freight service between leave New York every alternate board of directors with the assistance Accountant: Juan Palet. tentiary. On the left, as the sight Cuba, the United States and MexWednesday, call at Guantanamo the and counsel of an American commit----~--seer stands overlooking Havana, is ico. fqllowing Tuesday, Manzanillo the tee. This method has been successCuba is the vacation spot of Amerthe Pirotecnia Militar, now the Uni. seco1'1d following Tuesday. Northfully used in other Spanish-American lea. versity and between the fortress and In its inception the Ward Line be._.. gan its servic e with sailing ships, and bound itinerary regulated according countries, but so far the Bank of Ha___ _.., the college are the manay separate to meet the ever increasing demand to cargo. vana is the only banking institution The trade wind is always with buildings which, taken together, make of an increasing trade, built up a 5. New York-Nassau-Tampico in Cuba doing busi,ness on a large Cuba. up Military Hospital No. 1. splendid fleet of fast and modern Route: Steamers ]eave New York evscale which has adopted the system passenger and freight steel steamery alternate Friday, arriving Nassau of having its affairs placed in the ships, planned and equipped for the the following Tuesday, Tampico the hands of a local board. peculiar requirements of the trade following Friday; returning, leave One tribute which stands out to the in which they operate. The present Tampico every alternate Friday, arcredit of this model institution is its fleet comprises the following named rive Nassau Tuesdays, leave Nassau missionary work to stimulate among steamships: Thursday, reach New York Sunday. the Cubans the practice of depositing S.S. *Havana ............. 10,112 tons Freight steamers sail alternnte Fritheir funds by using its savings deS.S. *Saratoga ............ 10,112 tons days for Tampico direct. partment. The work of education S.S. *Mexico ............. 9,685 tons Many of these routes may be r.omwhich this particular bank has done S.S. *Morro Castle ........ 9,500 tons bined in one tour, affording a most atto lead the Cubans to do away with S.S. *Esperanza .......... 7,500 tons tractive and interesting trip. their time -honored custom of hoardS.S. *Monterey . . . . . 7,500 tons The extensive service of the Viard ing their silver and gold in home S.S. Vigilancia . . . . . 6,400 tons Line and its traffic regulations wtth strong boxes has been, indeed, a S.S. Seguranca .......... 6,400 tons the railways at all ports of call in bright feature of the success of this S.S. Antilla ............. 3,39 8 tons Cuba, Mexico and New York, also bank. S.S. camaguey .......... 3,398 tons transatlantic steamship lines, operatThe bank restricts its operations to S.S. Santiago . . . . . . 3,286 tons ing from the latter port to Europe the usual business methods in vogue S.S. Bayamo ............ 3,206 tons and ports on the Mediterranean and among American banks and its equipS.S. Matanzas ........... 3,094 ton-; South America, place it in poRi~ i cn ment for handling of all general bank S.S. Seneca ............. 2, 7 2 9 tons to arrange for the direct bookin;; < f business enables its many depositors S.S. Cienfuegos .......... 1,748 tons p..;.ssengers and speedy transportation to reap a benefit which is being more S.S. Manzanillo .......... 1,811 tons of freight to all parts of the world. and mor,e appreciated by a steadily S.S. Yumuri ............. 1,811 tons ----<)~--increasing list of clients. It has enS.S. Brunswick .......... 2,265 tons The exhibit of minerals at Cuba's couraged as much, if not more than *Twin screw. recent National Exposition, was asany other Cuban bank, thrift among I The Ward Line service is divided suredly enlightening, particularly that the wage-earner who in his desire to into five separate routes, four of espectally prepared for Pinar del Rio, accumulate has seen the benefits of which connect with ports in Cuba, as a province not generally known for depositing his savings. The conser follows: its mineral resources. Yet here were vatism as well as the sound judgment 1. New York-Havana Express Servshown iron ores from the region of the board of directors has permit ice: Steamers leave New York for around Mantua, where, according to a ted this bank to quickly assume a Havana ,each Thursday and Saturday, placard, a million tons of the same, prominent place among Cuba's lead reaching Havana on the following averaging 50 per cent metallic iron, ing institutions. Monday and Wednesday; returning, Situated within the "Wall Street leave Havana each Tuesday and are in sight, a nd extnai fine sa nd suitzone" of Havana's financial center, able for cement, polished blocks of Saturday, arriving at New York on black and white marble, asphalt and the Bank of Havana, at the corner Friday and Tuesday. of Cuba and Obrapia streets, affords 2. New York-Havana-Vera Cruz, mineral tar, copper from th ,e Vifiales a ready refuge for the c0mmercial Mexico Service: Steamers leave New diS t rict a nd some coal.-Bulletin Pantraveler as well as to the savings York on Thursdays, call Havana Americ i a,n Union, Washington, D. C. depositor. Its success of the last four Mond r ay. Progreso Wednesday, arrive ----+---years is surely enough to predict that Vera Cruz Friday; leave Vera Cruz on Havana's death rate is among the its growth will be as rapid and Thursday, call Progreso Saturday, smallest in the world. healthy as it has shown itself capable l THE BANK -OF HAVANA. 0


'rOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST THE BANK OF THE VOLANTE HAVANA, CUBA STREET LACE VENDOR store is on his back he has no costly rent to pay and can afford to underNOVA SCOTIA [ Its last annual dividend was thir teen per cent, an increase of one per cent over the previous one, and this A clearly attests the business acumen I of the worthy officials and empbaQueer Carriage Formerly Used in A Curious Sight to the Tourist In bid even department stores with their Cuba in the Days of Bad Roads. Havana Is the Street Lace rockbottom prices. The vendor also The Bank of Nova Scotia has been Is Seldom Seen Now. Vendor. saves many a trip to the Cuban house doing business in Havana for nearly sizP.s also the assurance of the bank six years and its record is an enviable reaching an even greater stronghold A vehicle formerly much used in one. The history of this institution in the Cuban field. The Cuban adCuba, but now largely a thing of the dates back to 1832 and its acts have juncts to the Bank of Nova Scotia past, because of the modern highways wife who does not, as a rule, care to This individual carries a large box leave her home except on feast days by means of a strap over his back, and special occasions. The vendor and is laden down with lace of every walks up and down the streets cryalways been symbolic of thrift and far exceed in volume many independtraversing the island in every direcdescription from costly valenciennes ing out his wares. His cry is well strong integrity. Since its entrance ent banks. tion, is the volante. The vehicle can to the cheapest. He walks up and known and when it is heard he is into the Cuban field it has continued The Havana Branch occupiei:its occasionally be seen in Matanzas and down the streets of the city and called by a simple "P-s-s-st." There to show the same soundness of inown handsome structure at the corif one insists on it can be had to make shows his wares through the iron is much good natured haggling over stitution that its originators planned ner of O'Reilly and Cuha streets in I the trip to the Bella.mar Caves. The windows to the people. He does a the prices, but both seller and cus for its destiny and it has easily gainthe center of the banking institutions. sensation of riding in this queer affair good business, because he sells altomer are generally satisfied at the ed a leading place in the direction of The he::!~ office of the bank is at is worth experiencing. most as cheaply and oftentimes more bargain driving. Cuba welcomes the home builder. its work here, its newest field. The Halifax, while the general manager in The volante is a two-wheeled ves o, than do the large stores. He buys Havana Branch together with its sevcharge of its numerous branch rs is hicle, having wheels six to seven feet I his goods at the wholesale and as his eral branches throughout the island, located at Toronto. It has corresponin diameter, set wide apart, and the =======-:-========================== form a monetary interest which condents in nearly every large American body hung so low that the head of the tribute very materially to the comcity and is represented by sterling passenger is below the upper rim of mercial advancement of Cuba as a banks in England, France and Gerthe wheels. The shafts are extremely whole. The bank, as the Cuban busimany. long. Some volantes have three ness world has come to know it, No better example of the bank's rehorses or mules, one in the shafts stands as one of the potent financial liability can be pointed to than the I and two attached by traces one on bulwarks of the island. fact that frequ e nt depositing of Do, either side. The driver rides on the The incorporators of the Bank of minion of Canada, Jamaican and Porleft sid-e, guiding the middle horse Nova Scotia back in 1832, probably to Rican government funds are made with a strap and with his whip keeps never dreamed that the institution with the bank without the requirethe off horse to its work. The ve which they had founded away up ment of any guarantee. The bank has hicle is admirably adapted to the there in the North would some day one of its largest branches in the islrough riding going across country, find itself being reckoned with as a and of Jamaica. over obstacles impassable by ordinary powerful factor in the financial The bank's officials in charge of vehicles and following safely wher growth of the "Land of P-erpetual the Havana Branch are: F. W. Ross, ever a horse can go-down sheer de Summer," in the West Indies. And manager; F. S. Melvin, accountant; clines, through streams, over rocks, so it is because of the great influx of W. F. Mallory, assistant accountant. through mud to the hubs, riding British wealth to Cuba that the op----+-down saplings, and making its way in portunity of the bank has become one SANTIAGO CITY of Cuba's necessities From its first invasion of Havana the bank quickly Is a Great Magnet for All American supplied a demand that later comVisitors Because of Interesting pelled it to establish its branches in Battlefields. other parts of the island. The stock of this institution sells The city of Santiago is ,always a for the highest figure of any Canadian great magnet for all Americans vissafety where any other conveyanc-e would be impracticable. The volante is of great antiquity and is still used in Spain; it was formerly the town vehicle of Cuba. ---+--CUBAN LAND PRICES. chartered bank, and no Canadian bank itors on account of the interesting The prices of land vary according pays a higher dividend than does this battlefields in its vicinity and the to size of tract and location. Large one. The institution has in all over high, rugged mountains and wild tracts of good land can be bought in one hundred branches, with a busitropical scenery that surround it. San. lots of 20,000 acres for four dollars ness that extends from the East tiago is one of the most charming I the acre. If the land is in the inter Coast to the Pacific and from the cities in Cuba, built on many hills, ior away from railroad transportation "Land of the Midnight Sun" to the with .asphalted and well-kept streets, they are cheaper than when located Carribbean sea. The laws of Canada now possessing also an up to date on the shoreline near navigable bays. under which the bank is chartered, street railway system, an excellent Tracts of 1,000 acres can be pur provide the most effici-ent safeguards water supply, and good hotel accomchased for from six to ten dollars the for depositors. modations. There is also a glamour acre. The capitalization of the bank is overspreading Santiago that is peenSmaller tracts will range in price at present $3,369,800, an increas-e of liar to itself, and it is so fascinatingly from forty to several hundred dollars $369,800 since last year. quaint and picturesque in its every the acre. Some American colonies The reserve fund is $6,271,264, an aspect that it has gained for itself make a specialty of selling ten to increase in the last twelve months of the title of "The Dream City of the twenty acre tracts for thirty dollars $771,264. Indies." upward. THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA.


TOURIST EDrrION HAVANA DAlLY POST ROYAL BANK OF CANADA. I Its New York branch building at 68 CHARLES H. THRALL & C0, 1 William street has just been enlarged Has Twenty-Three Branch Banks in to accommodate its increasing busiEstablished Twelve Years Ago, ness. A branch has also been estabORPHAN ASYLUM. HAVANA, CUBA were done in the old days, it may be recalled that at one time when the Founded in 1794 by Governor las Beneficencia was in danger of falling Casas, Whose Rule Was Bright into decay for want of funds, the West Indies-Has Assets of $102,000,000-Reserve, $7,000,000, Now Largest Electrical Concern lished at Bridgetown, Barbadoes. Spot in Cuban History. Junta de Tabacos, the concern which September 1, 1909, the bank opened on Isla nd of Cuba. farmed the Spanish royal monopoly an office in London in the structure At Belascoain and San Lazaro is of cigar manufacture, purchased 100 Canadian banks have long enjoyed of the Bank of England, which gives The largeS t electrical supply a nd the Casa de Beneficiencia y Materni. slaves for the express purpose of dea world-wide confidence and when the excellent facilities for gen 'e ral bankcontracting firm on th e isla nd is th :1.t dad, Charity and Maternity Asylum, voting the profit of this labor as cigar Royal Bank of Canada invaded the ing business in that city. of Charles H. Thrall & Co. It has for the aged poor and for destitute makers to the support of the institubusiness world of Havana it found a These increased facilities, of course, only been e st ablished during th e la st children. It was founded in 1794 by tions. ---t--welcome. Because of its imm e nse replace the bank in a position to be of twelve years. The house was fou nd Governor General Luis de las Casas, sources and excellent connections, the greatest service to its hundreds ed by Charles H. Thrall a nd is inwhose administration was one of the Cuba's macadam roads are the best which include twenty-three branch of patrons, handling letters of credit st alled in ha nd s 0 me quarters in lhe bright spots in the history of Cuba. in the world for automobiles and ex banks in the West Indies, business il,nd in fact in the execution of all Hotel Plaza building, at the corner The asylum is managed by the Sistend for hundreds of miles. men here with outside interests at bank business. of Monserrate and Neptuno streets. ters of Charity, and is one of the --~--once loaned the bank neat patronThe Royal Bank maintains an elabThis house is the agent for thJ most beneficent institutions of the Crops rot,ate in Cuba-there is no age. orate home for its employes in VeWestinghouse Electrical & Manufaccity. As an illustrati0n of how things winter. November 1, 1909, the bank took dado, the beautiful suburb of Havana, turing Company of Pittsburg, which, OV'er the Union Bank of Halifax, which where all the luxuries of home, even with its allied concerns is the largest gives the combined assets of the into a splendid tennis court, are in servmanufacturer of electrical supplies in stitution some $102,000,000, its capital ice. The employes' home stands as a the world. They have factories in being $6,200,000 and its reserve fund pleasing monument to the bank in its Engliand, France, Russia and Aus$7,000,000. care for its staff of bank assistants. tria. I The admirable check which the CaThe directors of the bank are H. Charles H. Thrall & Co. are also nadian banking laws keep on all charS. Holt, president; E. L. Pease, vice agents for the Phillips Wire Co., of tered banks in that Dominion, acts president; Wiley Smith, Hon. David Pawtucket, R. I., manufacturers of the as a wonderful stimulus to the careMackeen, James Redmond, F. ,v. well known 0. K. wire, which has ful and shrewd business man in the Thompson, G. R. Crowe, D. K. Elliott, been after years of experiment made selection of this bank for much of his w. H. Thorne, Hugh Paton, T. J. especially suitable for use in tropical financial interest both local and Drummond, ,vm. Robertson. The ofcountries. abroad. ficers are Edson L. Pease, general Some of the most important enThe Royal Bank is famed for the manager; ,V. B. Torrance, superingineering works of the island have security it offers its patrons as well tendent of branches; c. E. Neil and been installed by this house. One as for its conservative management F. J. Sherman, assistant general manof the latest contracts it has obtained in the handling of millions of dollars. agers; c. A. Crosbie, supervisor of is that of installing two mixed-pres The outgrowth of the Merchants 1:>a.nk branches in British Columbia; F .. J. sure turbo-g e nerators for the Havana of Halifax, the Royal Bank of Canada Sherman, supervisor of Cuban Electric Railrnad. These are the first was incorporated in 1869. Today ft branches; T. R. Whitley, supervisor steam units of this type ever installe.1 has 118 branches in Canada and flrte ~ n of central western branches; E. L. on the island. branches right here in Cuba. !ts main Thorne, supervisor of maritime provNearly all of the large buildings in bank building in Havana is at 33 Obraince branches, and c. E. Mackenzie, Havana have been wired by the firm I pia street, where it was erected som~ R. B. Caldwell, F. Y. Checkley, A. n. of Charles H. Thran & Co. Among years ago. It is a sumptuous bank McRae and w. c. Harvey, inspectors these may be menti'oned the handhome exquisitely fitted for its imporhome produce exchange bui lding, tant work. It maintains a branch bank COJIMAR BY-THE-SEA. known as La Lonja, the Hotel Plaza, at 92 Galiano, Havana, for the pa.rticuthe new Hotel Telegrafo, and the lar accommodation of its depositors in From Guanabacoa automobiles Hotel Inglaterra. Among the importhat section. make a flying journey over a shaded tant contracts now in hand are the Its other Cuban branches are in road through fair, green country to million-dollar Gallego club and t..he Cardenas, Cienfuegos, Manzanillo, MaCojimar, a seaside resort. All Haninety-room private residence of the tanzas, Camaguey, Antilla, Sagua, vana goes thither on Sundays. There Sarra family. Santiago, Caibarien, Bayamo, Guantais music; refreshments are available: namo, Puerto Padre and Sancti there is sea bathing for those who A large variety of delicious fruit Spiritus. It has branches in San desire it. There is a small fort calldrinks add no little part to pleasure Juan, Ponce and Mayaguey, Porto ed "Little Morro" to be investigatin living in Cuba. Rico. ed. Full information as to rontes and It has recently added a branch bank rates may be had at Prado No. 118. in Kingston, Jamaica, and has large ---- ---branches at Port of Spain and San Cuba's motoring laws are the deFernando, Trinidad, and at Nassau. light of motormen. The Havana Post covers Cuba li-ke a blanket-and it is not a wet one. ---+--The trade wind always blows. THE ROYAL BANK OF CANADA.


TOURIST EDITION CITY'S MAGNIFICENT TERMINAL STATION. A Fine, Up-to-date Structure Now Being Built on the Arsenal Property. The new passenger terminal in Havana. Cuba, which is in the course of erection for the Havuna TtJrminal Railroad Company, will be one of the finest and most structures in the republic of Cuba. It is situated on what is known as the arsenal site. near the harbor, and will l>e bui It in connection with wharves, warehouses and all the other necessary terminal improvements, at a total fost of $4,000.000. The building will be used by the United Railways of Havana., the Ha vana Central and the Marianao Rail road. thus serving as the Unibn Pas senger Terminal for the city of Ha vana. As tourists' traveling is be. coming more important ev e ry year, the station has been designed to take care of this ever-increasing need, and is of a capacity and of dimensions which will suffice to satisfy all re quirement for many years to come The station building itself is 240 feet in length by 70 feet deep, and will be a three-story and attic struc ture. The main waiting room is 72 ffet by 128 feet, and extends all the way up to the roof, having a clear height of some 60 feet. It will be fur nished in Italian marble with mosaic floor, and will have adjoining it the usual retiring rooms for men and for women. The cafe is 40 feet by 52 feet and is HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA Railways of Havana and of the Haj Spanish tile found in great abundance ing engineers, of New York City, who being an extremely ornate a.ddition to varna Central Railroad. These offices in Cuban buildings. have had much experience in this class the city's architecture, will provide will surround the main waiting room There will be no glass in the winof work, having built the Hoboken all the latest facilities for handling and comprise the usual o:l:fices of a dows of the building, with the excepterminal of the Delaware, Lackapassenger traffic, the vexatious con railroad corporation. These floors tion of a small panel in the shutters wanna and Western Railroad Comditions surrounding the present term are served by two electric elevators and panels in the toilet room winpany, we Staten Isl.and ferry-house, inals will vanish completely, resulting, in one of the towers ot the building dows, but double sets of shutters have and the Whitehall Street ferry termiin addition to quick and ,e asy board and a freight lift in the rear. been provided for all the windows; nal in New York City. ing of trains by passengers, a conThe exterior of the building is in the exterior set with fixed louvres, to The building has been designed by siderable saving in the schedule of the style of Spanish renaissance and be closed in the case of an ordinary Kenneth M. Murchison, 0f New York through trains to Matanzas, Carde will be built of American tnra-cotta. rainstorm. and an interior set with I City, who has built the Hoboken termnas, Santa Clara, Camaguey and San_ great deal of color will be introduced reinforcing bars and extra heavy bolts, I inal and the Scranton station for the tiago de Cuba, as the tortuous loop around the southern outskirts of the city and the running of the trains at rfluced speed on street level will . be done away with, Matanzas, for example, will be reached well within a two-hour schedule. The time of the electric trains of the Havana Cen tral Railroad will also be muc1l im proved. as all the passenger trains will ent e r the station over an elevated structure, thus eliminating the Btreet le"el along the Tnllopiedra docks, where coasta.nt interruptions are now caused by carts and other vehicles loading and unloading at the wharves. Altog-ether, the new station is one of the most marked instances of the progr r ss and prosperity of Havana and \\"ill rsult in facilities and com fort to travelers heretofore unknown in Havana. ---+--CHINAMEN IN HAV.A.NA. Are Industrious Members of Com munity-Market Gardening Is in Their Hands. John Chinaman is ubiquitous in Havana. The census of 1899 shows a Chinese population of 2,751, and situated on the most attractive corner """=........ -,.;...,....,........: ~~.i ~:= _....;;..:.......:...:----'-..,.. ,,,.,_...---'--'..._---""'-'"" here, as elsewhere, they are indusof the building. This cafe will have trious members of the community. a high wainscot of elaborate Spanish Chinamen are seen carrying burdens tiles and a marble refreshment bar. HAVANA'S NEW TERMINAL RAIL ROAD STATION. swung from balanced shoulder poles, The Cafe is entirely open with the after the manner of their native coun_ street on two sides, with a sufficent ================================================== try. On the outskirts of the city, and sidewalk to allow the placing of cafe throughout the building to conform to I to be us e d if the storm becomes vio1 Delaware, Lackawanna and Western, in the suburbs, are extensive Chinese tables there, as is done in the Conthe tropical climate and the wealth JQnt. The light penetrates so far into and he is now engaged in con1::1tructing truck farms; the market garden intinental Cafe. of color which one finds in Cuba. A the buildings in Cuba that even with the Baltimore Union Station and the dustry is largely in their hands. A large baggage room, with the distinctive feature of the front elevathe shutters closed the rooms are as Newark station for the Pennsylvania The Chinese quarter is in Zanja usual mail and parcel rooms, occu tion is the twin towers arising to a bright as in an ordinary AmP.rlcan Railroad Comp any. and Aguila streets. The Chinese pies the other end of the building. height of 130 feet above grade. These building with everything open. The work of construction, which theatre is on Zanja street. The In addition to the large waiting towers will contain water-tanks of The construction work of the buildwas begun early in 1911, has prog_ Chinese in Cuba are reminders of the room there is a concourse, 50 feet by 20,000 gallons capacity, to be used for ing, the wharves, the terminal, the ressed with remarkable rapidity and coolie trade which brought here hund200 feet, provided with seats to take fire and storage purposes. The tow. yards and the elevated r:ailroad, upon it is confidently expected that the new reds of thousands to virtual slavery. care of a large part of the traffic. ers will also form an excellent point which all trains will be brought to the structure will be completed and ready They were imported under a contract On the second and third floors will I of observation for visitors to Havana. station, i~ heing carried out by the for service early next summer. to serve eight years at $4 a month, be found the offices of the United The roof will be covered with red Snare & ?riest Company, construct_ This new Union Station, besides and the planters paid $400 for them.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA HOTEL INGLATERRA the little necessities he may have forStreet cars to every part of the natural wonders of tile world, several I dressed women are to be seen outside gotten to bring with him. On this city pass within a block, being as hundred springs boiling up all in one of Paris than in Havana, and the vis Situated Opposite Central Park, Has street he can also find anything in conv~mient as they could possibly be and supplying this city with the clear itor who visits the Hotel Inglaterra Lately Been Renovated at Cost the world he may want in the way of and still far enough away to prevent crystal water that must appeal to restaurant after the opera will be of $ 300 000 souvenirs to take back home as rethe guest from b e ing disturbed by every one who tai:;tf's it. Automobiles convinced that the statement is true. minders of the visit to this beautiful their noise. also take the visitor to the Cuban The office of the Inglaterra is in The Hotel Inglaterra is Havana's island. On no other street can PanaIn front of the hotel, within calling agricultural experimental station, and charge of competent American and oldest and one of the most frequentma hats be bought so cheaply. distance, there is always a carriage other places equally as interesting. Cuban clerks who, owing to their ed hostelries of Havana. It is sitDuring the carnival times in the and a taxi stand, so that the guest The Cuban roads are excellent for aumany years of experience in handling uated on the fashionable Prado and month of February, all of the parades can have either by simply raising bis tomobilists and those who bring their the tourist trade in Havana, a re able faces Oentral Park. It is therefore in pass in front of the hotel and from its hand or telling one of the hotel emmachines with them are certain to to give complete information on all the heart of the city and one of the doors and balconies the guests can ployes his wishes. never regret having done so. subjects and assist the traveler to most convenient places possible for the tourist to select. The hotel, while the oldest in Ha- . vana, has this last season been thor oughly renovated so that it has been converted into a modern hotel in every sense of the word. Over thr,ee hundred thousand dollars was spent in this work, the proprietors having spared neither pains nor money to make their place the best equipped and most fashionable place frequented by visitors to Havana. Beautiful marble and tiled baths are to be found in every room. There is also a system of call bells and tele phones and other conveniences for the comfort of the guest. English speaking bell boys and porters are also at every beck and call. The interior of the hotel is a great success. It has a high wainscoting of imported Spanish tiles made in An dalucia. These beautiful tiles can on ly be seen to be appreciated for they are of the most exquisite colors and most handsomely finished. A well ,equipped restaurant is run in connection with the hotel and meals are served a la carte. The cuisine is not to be excelled here or anywhere else, the chefs being ex pert Frenchmen and Spaniards. Their dishes are a delight to epicures. The picturesque palm gard en and tea room at the rear of the restau rant is a restful spot for ladies and gentlemen, tired out from their walks . HOTEL INGLATERRA. make his soJourn pleasant. ---+--PASSION FOR JEWELS Has Been the Rule Throughout the Ages-Beautiful Assortment Is Available to Havana Visitor. In the remotest times of antiquity there was a great passion for jewelry and this passion has been transmitted down through all the ages, as a re flection of civilization. The Romans especially distinguished themselves for their passion for ornaments of gold and precious stones which later the Renaissance perfected and adapt ed to modern requirements and the demands of the reigning style. Formerly tiewels were the patri mony of rich families only, but as the economic conditions of the people change there is a much greater num ber of persons who enjoy comforts, and in these there was aroused as a natural consequence, the desire for contentment and luxury. To this is due the great number of capricious forms of jewels which the artist pro duces and transforms and places within the reach of all fortunes, thanks to the aid given by the richest jewelers of the globe, who by their intelligence and honor win name and fame. Among these there occupies a prefered place, the house of Cuervo & Sobrinos of Ricla Street No. 39, Havana, so well known and so popuor drives about the city. Whether one join in the fun of throwing confetti Special trips and excursions are ar No more interesting sight is to be lar, that to describe the praises of is a guest of the hotel or cot he and serpentinas at the dark-eyed ranged by the hotel to every part ot seen by the visitor in Havana than their numerous customers they have should not miss calling at the tea garmaidens who attrl:!,ct their fancy as the city and surrounding country the restaurant and cafe of the Hotel adopted the appropriate motto: den and partaking of some cool rethey gaily pass in their gay carriages One can take his choice of many or Inglaterra on theater nights after the "Our Fame Flies All Over the freshment. English-speaking waiters and automobiles. he can, if he stays long enough, take performance. To these places the World." and; servants are on every hand to see Havana's largest opera house, The in them all. There are trips to orange elite of Havana flock in large numThis motto is justified and is pro that the visitor gets what he wants. National, said now to be the fifth groves, pineapple plantations, sugar bers to take their coffees, creams and claimed by the great variety and proThe Inglaterra is the best situated largest auditorium of the kind in the mills, tobacco fields where the tobacices. Here is to be seen the wealth fusion of its precious stones which hotel in the city. It is on the corner world, is just across the street from co is grown entirely under cloth, and and beauty of the young republic, can, however, give but a small idea of San Rafael stre e t where many this hotel, while the other principal others to places of industrial interwith all its dazzling display of rich of the beautiful designs which the American stores are located and theaters of the city are within a est. Automobile trips are planned to and handsome clothes and priceless house will place at the contemplation where the visitor can obtain any of stone's throw. the famous Vento Springs, one of the jewels. It is said that .ao better of the reader.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA HOTEL SEVILLA. The furnishings of the Sevilla are The palms include many plants of and call of the guests of this hotel. 1 Too much can not be said about th~ just what a hotel in a country such rare value and great beauty. They meet all incoming steamers and location of the Sevilla Hotel. It 1s Is Equipped With All Modern Conas Cuba should have. The manageThe dining room of the Sevilla can trains and will give any one announcsituated just one block from the fash veniences and the Traveler Is ment believes that there is a happy not but attract the favorable comment ing himself a~ a guest of the Sevilla ionable promenade, The Prado where Certain of Being Comfortable. medium between the special requireof any one who sees it. Contrary to all possible assistance with baggage the visitor is always assured of en ments of the North and South, and the usual custom of Havana of having and transportatinn. If the traveler is tertainment and comfort. The Prado No traveler who once goes to Sethis they have tried to obtain in furthe dining room on a level with the just arriving by steamer, the interon late afternoons and evening is al villa Hotel will ever care to patronize nishing this great hotel. Masis1ve street, that of this hotel is elevated preter of the hotel will take complete ways a gay scene, as it is used as a any other hotel in the city because mahogany furniture here find admirto such a heighth as to give one an charge of his bagg~ge, if he so wishes, promenade by richly dressed people, the comforts and attention he receives able setting in the spacious rooms, angreeable sense of privacy, but at and will pilot him through the examiwalking to and fro between Central there will assure him that no better where the absence of heavy carpets the same time does not obstruct the nation of the custom house inspectors Park and the Malecon. Under the is to be obtained anywhere. Newand draperies gives one an impresview of the diner. with the greatest dP.flpatch and the shade of the beautiful laurel trees of comers to Havana often express their surprise that there should be in a city the size of Havana a hotel so thoroughly up to date in every way in its management and so comfortably equipped. Unlike most hotels in Havana, the Sevilla was built expressly for a hotel. No oth-er object was intended for it and in drawing the plans advantages are given to it that are lacking in oth ers. In the first place it was built for two of the pioneer hotel men of Havana, two men who have been in the business here for many years and know just what is required by the traveling public. These men are the proprietors, Urbano Gonzalez, for twenty years owning and managing the Grand Pasaje Hotel, and Manuel Lopez for nearly as many years own ing and managing the Grand Hotel Inglaterra. These two gentlemen when they came to build the Sevilla put together their knowledge in all their years of hotel experience in Ha vana and the result was the Sevilla Hotel, a structure which will long be without a rival. There is no modern improvement for hotels that will not be found in the Sevilla. Hot and cold water baths are in every apartment, electric lights, I call bells and telephones are connectthe Prado are benches placed for the convenience of any one who wishes to use them and they are very con venient to the one who is ,entertain ed by looking on this interesting phase of life in the Cuban capital. Just two blocks from the Sevilla Hotel is Central Park, one of the prettiest parks of its kind in the world. Here the guest on several evenings during the week is welcome to a chair and hear for two hours a very high grade of band music. Two bands alternate in giving concerts. One is the Havana City Band, which went to Buffalo during the Pan American Exposition and took second honors in competing against the many bands there congregat-ed. The band of Phillip Sousa on that occasion took first prize. The leader of this Havana band, because of the success of him self and men, was presented a sword by the late Marcus A. Hanna, in the name of the citizens of Buffalo. On the sword, which is beautifully en graved, referring to the competition with the other bands, is inscribed the words: "You have cut them all to pieces." The other band which will play for the entertainment of the Se villa Hotel is known as the Artillery Band. It is an organization belong ing to the Cuban army, but every ed with ,every room for the convenmember is a trained musician, while ience of guests. its leader is a composer of great acThe construction is along lines best PALM GARDENS, HOTEL SEVILLA. complishments. Thus, within two suited for a tropical climate. Where ========-=========================================== blocks the hotel guest has all the ad it occupies but three stories, an Amersion of airy coolness. On the open The cuisine of the Sevilla can not very least of personal inconvenience. vantages and none of the disadvant ican hotel would have made six out galleries are to be found comfortable be described in words. It must be Visitors who are intPnding to make ages of enjoying these musical treats. of the same space, to the manifest lounging chairs and convenient tables sufficient to say that it is of the very their headquarters at the Sevilla Within a six-block walk from the betterment of its own pocketbook, inviting one either to repose or rehighest possible standard. The very while they are in Havana should alSevilla Hotel the guest, if he wishes perhaps, but to the inconvenience of freshment. best chefs obtainable are at the head ways communicate their arrival with to join the ranks of the gay promena the guest. The ceilings of the Sevilla The Palm Garden of the Sevilla is of this important department. Meals the management in advance so that ders will find himself on Havana's are lofty, giving a free circulation something that should never be missare served a la carte and the menu proper reservations can he assured famous Malecon, started by the Amer for every particle of air available. ed by the tourist even though he does includes the choicest that America and a special representativ~ sent to icans under the first intervention and The floors are equipped with cool tile not stop at this hotel. It is a special and Cuba can produce while the wine the st-earner to await his arrival and completed by the Cubans. Late in the anti everywhere there are open courts feature. A dinner among these palm~ list is the best that France and Spain facilitate in every way the de!'!patch afternoons the guest can obtain from and balconies. The arrangements are in all their tropical beauty will always can supply. of his baggage through the custom his point of vantage an unobstructeJ :' perfect. appeal to the lovers of the beautiful. Polite interpreters are at the beck house. vi-ew of Cuba's wonderful sunset.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA protect the city of Havana from atThe only large building at the corcuted, and the celebrated "Laurel I town of Jesus del Monte back to the tacks from the westward. It is an inner of Central Park, east, the center Ditch." Then in a steam launch hotel. HAVANA'S CENTER How Visitors to Havana Can Always teresting place and well worth the of the city, is the Apple Gomez Block cruise to the "Maine" and harbor. No. 3. One of the most delightful Find Their Way by Memorizvisit of the tourist. The grounds for which, in Spanish, is too difficult for No. 2. Automobiles, sight-seeing, and interesting and by far the most ing Two Words. hundreds of yards in every direction the visitor to undertake to remember. visiting celebrated Obispo Street Capopular of the shorter excursions from Havana in one respect does not dif fer from other large cosmopolitan cities. Her hotels are centrally lo cated and are all equipped with modern conveniences, including uptodate plumbing, hot and cold water baths, and are all absolutely fireproof. In all other respects the city is the most unique spot in the western hemi sphere. Her location between the picturesque hills and the beautiful blue waters of the Gulf of Mexico, her excellent climate, both winter and summer, the loyalty of the bright and vivacious Habanos to their native city, her distinctly foreign aspect, al I make up an ensemble as highly en tertaining as the large, dark eyes so frequently met along her promenades and drives-the Cuban girl is a very pretty girl. The visitor to Havana with some central point fixed in bis mind can go to and from all parts of the city with out difficulty or molestation, the peo ple being courteous and willing to di rect. Central Park, east, is the center of the city, and from here one can easily walk to all places of amusement and find transportation to all parts of the city and its suburbs. These are some of the street car lines of the Havana Electric system passing the corner of Central Park, east, a five cent fare only being charged for a ride of several miles: Jesus del Monte, will take you to the suburb of that name, passing by, have been tunnelled for the purpose The words "Hotel Plaza" are -ea::y to th e dral where the remains of ColumHavana, is that by the electric inter of planting mines so that attacking remember, and are known by every bus were. President's palace, senate I urban railroad to the great sugar mill, forc e s would be destroyed at the will one in Havana, and it will be a good building, the Columbus Memorial Providencia, 35 miles southeast of of those within th,e fort. This line point for you to start from and reChapel, Castle La Fuerza, artistic Havana, which enables the tourist to also passes the famous Tacon Market. turn to. Mercedes church, where beautiful enjoy the charming tropical scenery Universidad, goes by Havana UniFor the benefit of the traveler and paintings are to be seen; passing Cothrough which this railroad passes, versity, where an excellent bird's eye tourist, and in order that they may Jon Market, through Queen street, to and to see the wonders of a large .. .. modern sugar mill in operation-one of the most intersting sights imagin-. able. The Excursion and Information Bureau of the Hotel Plaza are author ized agents for this excursion and win gladly arrange for special or other parties to visit the great Providencia sugar mill. This splendid excursion can be made comfortably dur1ng the afternoon hours. No. 4. To Marianao, the beautiful sea bathing resort of Havana, passing historical Camp Columbia and Gener al Lee's headqurters. No. 5. Through the city in rubber tire carriage, visiting Obispo street, Columbus Cathedral, senate building, presidential palace, Memorial Chapel, old La Fuerza Fort, artistic Las Mer c e des church, market, Botanical Gar dens, General Weyler's old country home, Cemetery, coming back by the aristocratic seaside resort, Vedado, Malecon drive, Prado, visiting the I great club room of Los Depenr'lientes, the grandest of its kind in the ;vor1d, built at a cost of nearly $1 v v,. ,, No. 6. Another interesting excur sion, among the larger ones the best of all, is that to the b e autiful city of Matanzas, 55 miles east of Havana. A splendid excursion is daily avail able to this famous city, leaving the on the left, one of Havana's most an:.:.:.._~_;;;:.:3-...... ......,=...... .._._., ..... Plaza Hotel at 6: 30 a. m., thence to cient and interesting churches, locatthe historic church of Monserrate, ed on a high hill overlooking the HOTEL PLAZA. located on a high elevation from city from the southward. ==================================================== whence grand views may be had of Luyano, is a new line circling the I the dreamlike valley of the Yumuriupper bay, taking one past Havana's view of the city c an be obtained. The recognize a central guide, on this page the Botanical Gardens, General Weyi famous the world over for its beaustockyards. line extends also to Columbus Cemeis published a cut of the Hotel Plaza ler's summer home, to Colon Cemety. Thence the visitor is taken to Cerro, goes to the suburb of that tery, a burial ground unlike any to building. tery, and then to the beautiful suthe wonderful caves of Bellamar, the name, a very pretty residential disbe seen anywhere in the United Excursions. burb of Vedado, where fine country inspection of which will provide contrict, thickly built with veritable marStates. Despite its gruesome purpose Excursions from the Central Bureau homes can be seen, thence to Camp stant surprises in the varied and ble palaces, surrounded with bright this cemetery is so beautiful as to be Columbia, general army headquarters, beautiful aspects of the marvellous tropical gardens. very attractive to the visitor and is of Information, Hotel Plaza building: over fine roads, twenty-five miles' crystal formations which convert the Principe, has its terminal at the one of the interesting sights of the No. 1. Visiting the Morro Castle drive through beautiful scenery, pinecaves into a subterranean world of foot of Principe Hill, where the govcity. Costly monuments and beautiand historical Cabanas Fortresses apple groves, tobacco plantations, fairylike character. ernment penitentiary is now located. ful tombs built above the ground comshowing its old dungeons, secret pasand beautiful Royal palm avenue; in -----+---The building used is an old fortress mand the admiration of every one who sages where political prisoners were returning visiting the great Vento built in the seventeenth century to l sees it. kept, and place where they were exewaterworks, through the historical The world offers no more beautiful sight than sunset on the Malecon.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HIAVANA, CUBA. HUSTON COKCRETE COlVIPA~Y, HAVANA, CUBA /? / / I I I j I I l, 1 ~ t i -I J I IL ,, J The Largest Cement Pipe \V orks in the \V orld Showing Pipe Made Especially for Havana's Sewerage S.vstem. I ThP American Photo C'o. Havan a C'ub a


CHAPARRA SUGAR MILL, CHAPARRA, ORIENTE, CUBA TOT:JRIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST, HAVANA, CUBA. Photograph by Mr. J. Biez, Chaparra, Oriente, Cuba. The Largest Sugar Estate Operating in the World ~\.ctual Prn

TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA HOTEL P ASAJE l moreover, a progressive man, in that guest to send and receive cables withI plained. The guides have had years' of the guests of this hotel has been he is not content with what others out having to leave the hotel building. of experience and know like a book arranged so as to cause the least pos Favorite Resort With the Best Class would term "good enough." He is alCables are transmitted from the hotel the facts which have gone to make up sible inconvenience. Special arrange ways watching to see in what-he can to any part of the world where cable the history of this deeply interesting ments have been made with an ex improve the comfort and convenience or telegraph lines reach. The govcity. press company whereby baggage can of his guests. With this idea in ernment telegraph lines also run from One of the excursions most popube checked in the hltel via Peninof Travelers-Has Lately Been Rebuilt. view, every year Senor Gonzalez takes the hotel enabling messages to be lar with the guests of this hotel is a sular and Occidental Steamship Com The Pasaje Hotel is one of the faa trip through the United States sent to any part of the island of Cudrive about the city in a rubber-tired pany, the route going to Florida, on mous hostelries of Havana. Though where he visits the best hotels and ba. No other hotel in Cuba has such carriage. A limited number of carly two hours before the ship sails. studies them systematically to see in conveniences. riages are gotten together for the Formerly gues"i:s had to be packed up now enjoying a building which has what wov he can apply new things he On every tender meeting every pasguests and a round is made of the many hours before they left if they been built especially for a hotel, it sees there to his own hotel in Havana. senger steamer coming to Havana, greatest points of interest. This, of wished to have their baggage accom has been for twenty years under the These are two of the principal reawill be found interpreters of the Hocourse permits only of an outward pany them. Pasaje claims that ninety per cent of the famous promenade that has for a thy in every way, if he wears a PaEven the despatch of the baggage The only "knockers" among Ameri cans in Cuba iare those who love it so well they are jealous it is not an integral part of the United States. same management and Urbano Gonsons that his hotel ts the popular tel Pasaje. The traveler has but to glimpse of many places but those zalez and Brothers are known the plac<:\ that it is with the traveling call the name "Hotel Pasaje" and he which appeal most strongly can be world over by people who have been public .. ; is instantly taken in charge by gennoted down and later visited at more their guests these many years. The I The Pasaje is located on the Prado, tlemanly guide, reliable and trustworleisure. the high class traveling public stop hundred years been a feature o~ this saje badge, and the traveler may be =================================== as its guests and it is true that the ancient and beautiful city. Without instantly relieved of any worry about percentage is high. It is a hotel that stirring from the hotel, one can see attending his baggage. He can turn holds its guests not for one visit alone from its balconies the gaily clad his checks over to this interpreter but always. It has guests every tourthrong passing to and fro on holiday who will attend to all the red tape of ist season who have been coming to afternoons and Sundays. Reclining passing his baggage through the cus Cuba for many years and would no in the luxurious rocking chairs in tom house. Relieved of this care th e more consider going to any other hoone of the spacious Pasaje parlors one guest has but to step into a coach, tel than they would think of going to I can have all the pleasure of being say "Pasaje" to the driver and be some home other than their own when out on the Prado amidst the throng quickly driven to the hotel, secure they return to their northern cities. and still be at ease within the hotel. that his baggage will follow a short They look upon the Pasaje as their Proximity to all of the theaters time later in one of the wagons of the winter home, they have favorite and opera is another f e ature. No hotel. The cab driver will charge but rooms that they like and these they opera house or theater is farther than twenty cents for one or two people, reserve in advance for the winter three short blocks away, whern an twenty-five cents for three and thirty months they spend here year after evening's entertainment is always as-cents for four. On arrival at the ho year. sured without the difficulties attendtel the traveler is met by polite EngThe secret of this hold which the I ing a long ride to another part of the lish-speaking clerks who will see that Pasaje Hotel obtains upon its city. he is at once pleasantly located. guests so that they never care to exCentral Park is but a half block The meals served by The Pasaje periment with other hotels is that in away and to this place of pleasure the are according to custom of the coun the first place visitors are welcomed I guest can within a few steps find a try. This means that there are three more as friends than as mere tranvery enjoyable military band concert meals each day, but the early morn sients who today are here and tomorseveral evenings in the week. The ing one is very light, consisting of row are far away. Every guest is I bands are excellent organizations, and several of the delicious tropical fruits treated, even though he is visiting a credit to any country in the world. and rolls and butter and coffee. The Havana for a day or two, as if he had Both are led by professors who arEother two meals are quite as elabor come for the season. No service is themselves composers of very high ate as those served in the best hotels too exacting that the management will merit, their compositions being played in the United States. not be glad to have attended. For by many bands of the world. From the hotel trips can be arrang the purpose there are on every hand The Pasaje has all modern convened for any part of the city or island. experienced employes who speak Engiences, including elevators, electric Experienced guides under the hotel lish and are trained to anticipate evlights, electric call bells, telephone in management will arrange for private ery wish of the hot-el guest. every room, private baths and bot and excursions for small parties or the This ideal condition for a hotel is cold water. visitor can go in any one of the sevnot a mere coincidence but the result A convenience that any traveler will eral regular excursions which leave of two things, first twenty years exappreciate is the location in the hotel daily for diff.erent points of interest perience on the part of Senor Don lobby of a branch of the postoffice. in and around tho city. There are Urbano Gonzalez, in attending to the Here stamps can be obtained, letters a wide variety of these excursions wants of tourists. He has, one might registered, money ord e rs bought and and one can be assured of several say, grown up with the tourist trade in fact, almost any postal business days' of interesting sightseeing. Go in Cuba and therefore has had an opone needs to transact. ing with the hotel guides will assure portunity to learn its needs and ne1 A cable and telegraph office is also I one of having every feature of histor cessities as few other men. He is, located in the lobby enahling the ical interest carefully and fully ex HOTEL PASAJE ON THE PRADO.


TOURIST EDITION TELEGRAFO HOTEL Famous Hostelry Is Now Newest Building in Havana-Thorough . ly Modern in Every Particular. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA partment is called "Helados de Paris," is the most beautiful one in Havana DILIGENCIA CIGARS A secret lies in the continued suewhich translated means "Ices of Parof its kind. The bar itself is made of cess of La Diligencia despite competiis." The fame of this department is solid mahogany and is handsomely Output of La Diligencia Has Received tion of other factories with millions justly earned. It is really the only carved. Costly mirrors held to adorn t-'rizes at Best Expositions of of capital. The secret is quality. Sr. place in Havana where every form the room and the walls are artistically tht. World. Moreda buys his own tobacco. He of cream and ice is made and made decorated. is never deceived because he knows as deliciously as anywhere else in The famous Hotel Telegrafo, for the world. m'any ye~rs a gTeat favorite with the Visitors upon arriving in Havana Havana has m~.~Y cigar factories, are always met at the steamer's side but none better and few as good as by representatives of the Hotel Telethat of La Diligencia, situated at San tobacco. Other manufacturers have to depend upon the intelligenc and honesty of their buyers and if a bad Around the solid mahogany tables traveling public, has recently joined in of the "Ices of Paris," every evening the modern march in Havana, torn one can see the aristocracy of Ila down its old building and at large vana gathered. This is especially cost erected an entirely new structure, modern in every line and equipment. The Telegrafo as it is now, contains eighty large and airy rooms, twice as large as the average hotel room in the United States. Nearly every room has its own alcove and all have mod ern conveniences. Telephones are in every room. A central is within the hotel so that the guest can talk from his room with any phone desired throughout the city. Hot and cold water is supplied to every room and the bath rooms arc models of luxury and good taste. Every room is furnished with hand some hardwoods of Cuba. No coun try has a larger variety, nor more beautiful hardwoods than has Cuba and these have been selected with rare skill and cause admiration from every one who sees them. The Telegrafo, since itE rebuilding, is owned by "Compania General de Hotels," of which Mr. Juan Pascual is the president. To his energy and perseverance is due the successful re organization and rebuilding of the ho tel. The hotel is managed by Guillermo del Toro, wh0 is assisted by Senora Pilar Somoano del Toro. Both have a reputation for successful hotel man agement that extends over many years. They are especially successful in their endeavors to please tourists and it is largely due to them that the saying becamt: common, "Once a Telegrafo guest, always one." A feature of the Hotel Telegrafo J grafo. They wear caps or badges of Miguel 85. lot of tobacco is bought unawares it authority and the newcomer needs This factory is owned and operated is worked up with the good and grad only to proclaim himself as desirous by Sr. Pedro Moreda, a man with ually gotten rid of. NEW TELEGRAFO HOTEL. La Dlligencia h,,s been awarded many prizes and medals in various expositions throughout the world Several premiums and medals have been awarded at different times by expositions held in Brussels. At the exposition held at Amberes in 1894 and later at the Louisiana Purchase Expo sition held a few years ago at St. Louis. Visitors in Havana who wish to visit this factory will be assured of a warm welcome and will be shown all tLJ different branches of pure Ha vana cigar making. ------HAVANA LACE STORE. La Francia at Obispo 97, Is the Best Place Where One Can Purchase Dainty Lingerie. The best store in Havana from which to buy fine laces, dainty linen and beautiful drawn wot:K, Is the The Lace Store, La Francia, at Obispo Street, No. 97. For many years this place has been very popular with tourists because in it are obtained the best products from the needles of the skillful Span ish women. The designs are worked out by the Spanish women during the long winter nights in Spain and some times they require months in the mak ing. They can, nevertheless, be ob tained at La Francia at prices that are astonishing. English is spoken at this store and which is not enjoyed by any other hotrue after the theaters or after the of being a Telegrafo guest and one of many years of experience in the to tel in Havana is telephone connection opera. On opera nights the place is the representatives will immediately bacco business and one who knows it polite clerks take pleasure in showing with the restaurant tables. The diner 1 )rilliant with dazzling Cuban womantake charge of his baggage and see thoroughly in all of its many intrithe visitor the stock, whether pur is enabled to sit at his table and if hood, attired in elegant Paris gowns, that it is promptly and safely passed cate branches. So well has Sr. Mochases are made or not. he is called up or wishes to talk with and displaying an immense wealth of through the customs and delivered to reda managed his factory, he has sue----+---a friend over the phone, he can do diamonds. tile hotel. All the hotel rnm,ers speak ceeded in prospering in spite of the Cuba exported last season about so without leaving his table. This No other place has been so favored English and know how to attend the desperate competition which has twice as many crates of pineapples feature is especially appreciated by in past years for the holding of banwants and needs of the tourist. sprung up during the last twelve as Florida and Porto Rico combined. business men. quets. State banquets invariably have In the hotel proper nearly all emyears. When other factories have ----+---Another feature for which the Telethe Telegrafo as the caterer. ployes speak English and are all caregone under he has gone on with his No where in the world are the stars grafo has been famous for many years Special mention must be made of fully trained servants who have had factory and increasing his output with brighter or the moon more glorious is its ice creams and ices. This dethe elegant bar of the Telegrafo. It years of experience in the same hotel. each passing year. chan in Cuba. <.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA FAMOUS HOTEL MIRAMAR I negotiate the narrow mouth of the I red lights. In the sanded arena the house duties on jewelry is practically I that is best in the trade. 111 no place harbor within a stone's throw of the diners seated at these encircle, like nothing, while in the United States in the world can better workmanship Havana's Bonboniere Equivalent for o f h driveway; or, again, it is a whiteI box-holders do a theater's pit, there they are exorbitant. or better value be obtained. sailed schooner beating in under Caare chairs and smaller refreshments [ Paris, France, is a favorite place ne o t e great advantages of Delmonico's and Martin's-At the Foot of the Prado., whose moss-patched walls tables for crowds enjoying, along for Americans who wish to buy je,, els dealing with such a firm as A. and S. glow pink in the evening light. As with the diners, the moving pictures of rare design, because of their rea Campignon is that every piece is the southern night falls, thick and thrown nightly on a screen in good sonableness, but it is no longer necesguaranteed. The st0 nes are warrantvV. T. Burbridge of New York, was quickly, whirling carriages and autovi ew of all. The picture the Garden sary to go to Europe to obtain such ed_ to be flawless and the workman the first to attempt to furnish Hamobiles seen from Miramar become presents, especially on a Sunday night, things. This is because in Havana ship perfect. Such a guarantee com vana with a hotel acceptablie to the animated silhouttes against a burning I when "all the world" brings hls lady there are located branches of one of I ing. from a f~rm of responsibility_ is class of persons who demand luxury background in the west. When the along, is more varied and interesting the foremost jewelry firms of France, I :'7r th sor_ne th1 ~g a nd should be taken in comforts during even a limited soflare of sunset burns low and out their than any cinematograph exhibits. II that of A. and S. Gampignon of 22 mto consideratwn by every purchaser. In the branches of Campignon journ anywhere, says The Bulletin of ==================================================== in this city, English, Spanish, French American Reviews, in a compreheneive article on New Hotels in Cuba. I He opened the Miramar and it retains the popular favor at once bestowed upon it. It is the Delmonico's as well as the Martin's of Havana. Its location is ideal, for it stands at the foot of the Prado where that famous drive comes down to the sea, meeting the waterfront boulevard (Malecon) at the bandstand by Punta Castle, turreted, grey and pictures) que. Miramar is small. It is a bon boniere of a hotel, with rooms enough to accommodate only the most dis tinguished among the wealthiest visi tors to Cuba. The dining room of the Miramar is the handsomest in the island. On its walls are panel paint ings, by A. Rodriguez Morel, so ex quisite in coloring one overlooks their faulty drawing. At the end of the salon is a raised gallery which musi cians occupy during dinner. Never1 theless, attractive as it is, this din ing room is deserted save in stormy weather, for guests prefer the terrace or the gardens. The terrace is the rendezvous es pecially of foreign residents at the hour when the sun goes down beyond Vedado, lighting all the intervening sea and the sky above the zenith with flaring color. At the polished . and German are spoken. A. and S. Campignon have been doing business in Havana for several years. With each passing year thei:r fame has been spreading through the United States, caused by the pleased customers who each year are aston ished at the rare values they can ob tain here. Up to last year the firm did all its business from the Inglaterra but the Havana business has grown I to such an extent that it became nee essary to obtain larger quarters on Obispo street. This was done, although the old place of business in the Hotel Inglaterra is still maintain ed. The display of jewelry which the firm places in one of the windows of the hotel is one of the features of the famous Louvre sidewalk. Throughout the winter season it is one of the sights which all visitors seldom fail to see. During the past summer both A. and S. Campignon have been in Paris, where they have been making a larger purchase of jewels for the coming winter season in Havana than they have ever made before. There will be nothing new in the way of rare jewels that they will not have on dis play in their two Havana stores. Another feature of this firm is that it has a large assortment of unset stones of priceless value which will tables of native hardwoods, arranged FOREIGN RESIDEN be made up in any setting desired by along all the seasward side of the '1 THE MI RAM AR, FAVORITE RENDEZVOUS OF TS IN HAVANA. the purchaser. The customer can, hotiel one may find between five and I I therefore, obtain in Havana anything six on any afternoon, the leading lamps are lighted till, in the darkness,] HAVANA'S JEWELLERS Place Vendome, Paris. that he could obtain in any of the business men of Havana; they are as these seem each a link in a running ---The firm of Campignon have two largest and best equipped establish unfailing in attendance as the habichain of intermittent glow. Now and Rare Jewels Can Be Obtained at A. branches in Havana. One is located I ments in the world. tues of a favorite club. Here, too, then touring car drawing up at the and S. Campignon at Prices Unin the Hotel ~nglaterra and the othNo visit to Havana is complete withladies, come from shopping or their curb turns the inquisitive eye of its heard of in the states. er at 115 Obispo street. They are out a visit to one or both of these afternoon drive for an ice or tea, are searchlight upon those at table. the only exclusive jewellers in Hastores. Whether purchases are made accustomed to meet to chat together. They sit long. Havana is the place of all places vana. or not the visitor will always be Before them passes as on parade The Miramar Gardens, entrance in the New World to buy handsome This firm makes a specialty of dia1 shown courteous attention. along Malecon the endless chain of from the Prado or through the dining diamonds and jewels of every kind. monds, rubies, pearls, sapphires, em-------conveyances in which all Havana is salon of the hotel, are overhung with They can be bought here for a fraceralds and all others of the best gems. Original paintings by the old mae'"taking the air" at the sunset hour. balconies, and there are pagodas, tion of the cost in the United States. They are set by the most expert I ters are sometimes picked up in HaSteamers entering or leaving port where tablies are set, under twinkling The reason is that here the custom wc,rkmen of France and represent all vana junk shops.


TOURIST EDITION HOTEL ''CAMPOAMOR.'' HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA ery two hours on week days and palms and foliage plants in the cenwinding its way up hill and down etc. with walks artistically arranged ery hour on Sundays, The hotel is ter, leaving a spacious dining salon in dale as far as the mountains of Pinar for the visitor to admire Nature's Is Situated in a Beautiful Park also accessible by three or four other one end, overlooking the op e n sea, and del Rio and Matanzas. abundant growth in vegetation, with Resplendant; With Tropical ways, and for the automobile owner, the other side is giv e n to the social At the foot of the elevation upon which Cuba is so g e nerously provided. or the tourist who hires an automohall and office. which "Campoamor" (The Field of Last, but not least, is that the Hot e l bile during his stay, there is a beautiAround the entire first floor is [t Love ) is situated, nestles the village "Campoamor" is conducted by J. HofVegetatlon. Arriving in Havana, the first im ful and well-k ,e pt government road wide, tiled veranda, where the guests of "Cojimar" with its quaint and colf E r, who has had experience in 1.t:e pression of the tourist is to find nimaround the bay which brings him in promenade as on the deck of an ocean ored tiled roofs, its castle and old United States, France, England and self transplanted in a country half about forty-five minutes from Central steamer, th e beautiful blue waters of church, and with its large belfry, the Orient, and has been connected oriental and half tropical, and when Park to the "Campoamor." For the the Gulf of M xico always before their looking as peac e ful as though it were with such houses as the Hotel Cecil, he leaves he generally has th,e feelconvenience of these tourists, a large view, with trees, palms and tall baa thousand miles from the sombre London; Grand I-iotel, Paris; Ghezirah ing that h 'e cannot be happy again garage with every modern improvenana leaves waving in the breeze. Morro Castle instead of five. Palace, Cairo; Galle Face, Colombo, until he returns to the beautiful is-Ceylon, etc., and has made it a st udy land of Cuba. to make all of his guests feel that But as beautiful as the country might seem to the tourist in general, only the visitor who has been to the Hotel "Campoamor" at Cojimar, twenty-five minutes from the ferries, right from the heart of Havana, can fully understand how splendid this Pearl of the Antilles is. The Hotel "Campoamor," which translated into English means "The Field of Love," is situated in one of the most charming parks, resplendant with tropical veg e tation, a well stocked farm where everything that is put on the table is raised, is con nected with the hot!. It is a real paradise for people who seek quiet and love the beautiful; an Eden for the young 1 and vigorous, who love outdoor sports such as -sea bathing, fishing, riding driving, tnnis and automobiling. A Mecca ior every lover of th e artistic, the ad mirer of sea and landscapes. This hotel counts among its : staunchest friends, the greatest paint ,ers and artists of the day, and wherthey are at home, and that they would lik e to return again and again. --.+--~ HISTIORIC BAYAMO. Has Interesting Old Relics of Former Days in Cuba-Was Founded by Velazquez. Of gre ait romantic interest is the old town of Bayamo. It has only recently been touched by a railroad. This means the resurrection of the noble town, which is admirably situated in the midst of a territory very rich in min erals, timber, cane and pasture lands. A large number of buildings have a lready been erect e d on the sites of old ruins. One of the most interesting of the ruins to be seen in Bayamo is that of the Convent of San Francisco In its patio there are bufi.ed the remains of Dofia Isabel de Cuellar, a niece of Don Diego Velazquez, the founder of Bayamo, of Santiago and of six other towns. She died in 1620, and where ever a man or woman with artistic her remains lie is marked by a marble inclination comes from, they are sure slab devoteo to her memory by her to return to this lovely spot. husband, Don Rodrigo de Velasco The hotel itself is 140 fe t abovA The Convent of San Francisco is the sea level and from every room a beautifully situatd on a small emimost beautiful view of Havana, the BEAUT! FU L HOTEL COM POAM OR AT COJI MAR BY THE SEA. nence on one of the edges of the harbor and the surrounding country town. From the well kept vegetable is obtainable. The house is modern ===================================;:================= garden, th,ere is seen, near the banks in every respect; every room with ment has he~m built on the grounds, Above the third floor is a large roof Into the Cojimar bay runs a pieof the river, a big ceiba. tree standing bath, and conducted on the American quarters for chauffeurs have been garden covering the entire roof turesque creek, not more than onein haughty loneliness in the midst of and European plans. The prices are provided, and everything has been space, and above this is a stairway half mile from the hotel, where the verdant pastures with the Sierra moderate and the management feels done to make our visitors as comfortleading to the circular walk surroundfinest of trout and other fish are to Maestra for a background. Beneath confident that every visitor to Cuba able as possible. ing the tiled dome, from which height be found. No fisherman could dethat t:riee, there used to be erecte

TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA iHAIV'ANA ~s RACE MEET so among future amusements which ,cuBAN MADE CEMENT. stalled its plant in 1902 and then douof the output comes up to the standwill be offered which will be suffibled its capacity in 1907. Preparaard. The result of this provision is One of the Best Tracks in the World will be ofefred which will be suffiEl Almendares Fabrica de Cemento tions are now under way to double the that all the cement has the governciently large to be atractive to the t f th 1 t It Will Be Built-A $25,000 Derby best marksmen. Makes a Portland Cement as Good capaci Y O e Pan agam. s presment's certificate of approval. Will Be a Feature. An Ideal Location. as Any in the World. ent capacity is 200,000 barrels a year. The machinery employed by the AlHavana's race track has a location This company makes but one prodmendares Cement Company is modern uct-Portland cement. The result is in every particular. It has four enorAn important industry rapidly grow Cuba is the natural playground of that is ideal in every way. It comd b 'f 1 f h G f f ing in Cuba is that of making Portland that every man connected with the mous rotary kilns and a motor force the United States and Canada. Sitman s a eaut1 u view o t e ul o Mexico on one side. On the other cement. This industry is being deindustry is able to concentrate his enof 1,500 h. p., and a c e ntral electric uated as it is, far from the blighting sides are the back hills of Havana veloped by the company known as El ergies to pleasing customers and plant. frost line, and brilliant the y : :iar ronnd the Almendares river, and Camp CoAlmendares Fabrica de Cemento. The maintaining the fame which the comThe transportation facilities of the witn tropical fl,rn er~ and foliagf'; lumbia. The way to thA track is trade mark of the cement is "Volcan,'' pany has justly earned for manufactcement factory could not be better. blest with a climate that makes it one ==================================================== Schooners come up to its docks on the eternal spr~ngiim-3 whe11 ice an(I srww prevail in tJle North, it is the one ideal place for those who seek to escape the rigors of their home clime. Amusement as well as an ideal cli mate is what is sought by those who visit Cuba. Havana has always i:tad many things to interest Yisitors, but it has lacked some sport that would not only interest for a few days but hold that interest for months. This one amusement which has been lacking is to be supplied this win ter. One of the best race tracks for horses in the world will be built and the first meeting will be held Decem ber 15, 1911. The purses for the races will be of such size as to prove attractive to the best horsemen in the business, and it is to be conducted by men who have made a success of horse racing in places where the "Sport of Kings" has att::iined it.s highest perfe~tion. A $25,00 Derby. A $25,000 derby is one of the purses planned. The managemrnt has been promised by officials of the govern ment that a Derby purse of that kind will be supplied. In addition the association will on its own account give .. shore of the Almendares river and load the cement for all the important ports of Cuba. There is also a branch of the Havana Electric Railways with in the grounds and by this means the cement can be d e livered direct to any of the stations in Havana. The fame of the "Yolcan" brand of cement manufactured by this company is spreading with each passing year. It has been manufactured a sufficient time now to prove its efficiency ana lasting qualities. It has been proven to resist the sun, fire, sea water, hur ricanes and cyclones. C. H. Diguet is president of the Al mendares company. He is at present in Europe purchasing new machinery. To his energies is greatly due the credit which "Volcan" cement has ob tained in Cuba. He has shown him self to be a man of great ability at the head of an important industry. Pr e sident Diguet bas been ably assist ed in his work by E. Descamps, the general commercial agent. He has been the one with whom the public has dealt and has done much toward making customers feel that their best interests are those that the company wishes to fill. His offices are located a $10,000 handicap and will offer at ,w ,..,,...1at O'Reilly 110, and he is always r e ady least two stakes each week ranging ~ ~-~~..,., ,.,..,,.. to attend the wants of those who wish in size from U,500 to $5,000. The to discuss cement. other purses will range from $500 to HAVANA'S NEW RACE COURSE. The "Volcan" cement has obtained $1,000. The meet will continue for ==================;==================::================= honors elsewhere than in Cuba. It re90 to 100 days. ceived a premium in the Paris ExpoIn addition to horse racing it is along Havana's l:e,rntiful Malecon, ,me and it is rapidly superceding the ceuring a cement that competes favorsition of 1900; in Buffalo in 1901, and planned in another year to add auto of the most beautiful driveways in ments imported from the United ably in quality and pnce wtth any in St. Louis in 1904, and in Havana mobile racing to the list of amusethe world and ideal for automobilists. States. cement in the world. in 1909. ments. Arraugements have been made for the purchase of sufficient land adjoining the present track to build a modern track which will be without a superior for racing of this character. It is the intention of the Association to offer prizes which will astonish the automobile racing world. International shooting meets are alThe meet will be under the ausThis company has 90 hectares of An advantage that the cement manpices of the International Jockey land on the banks of the Almendares ufactured in Cuba has over cements Club, organized in Havana about two river, and immediately surrounding that are imported is that it is all care years ago, with a paid up capital of its factory. On this land is seemingfully inspected by the Cuban govern $500,000. Among the stockholders are ly an exhaustible supply of the mament. As the government is using The company El Almendares Fab rica de Cemento has a capital of $1,375,000. --Cubas undelveloped resources are some of the most prominent of Cuba's terial for making cement of the best thousands of barrels of the cement ha officials and various race track men quality. An idea of the progr e ss of its public buildings a special inspector great. of wide renown in racing circles in the the institution is obtained when it is has been detailed to inspect the man United States. told that the company completely rein: ufacture in all its details so that all [ You wili enjoy a visit to Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION IIAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA CUBA TELEPHONE CO. Has Perpetual Right to Install Local and Long Distance Telephone System Throughout Island. The Cuban Telephone Company is incorporated under the laws of Dela ware, U. S. A., and holds a concession granted by the Republic of Cuba pur suant to a special law dated the 19th of July, 1909, which confers upon the Company a perpetual right to install and operate a general local and long distance telephone system throughout the entire island. The city of Ha vana and some 94 towns and munici palities are specifically mentioned in the concession, but the system is not limited to these towns as it may be extended to any and all parts of 1 he island at the option of the Company. MAP OF THE ISLAND OF CUBA The Company began service on the 10th of September, 1909, takhg over the old telephone system of Havana, which was continued in service until the 17th of October, 1910, when it was practically destroyed by a cyclone. At that date the new automatic sys tem was practically completed and the Company had in operation in Havana . [;::::::;. ISLEOF ~PINES LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE SYSTEM OF THE CUBAN TELEPHONE COMP ANY. GENERAL OFFICE, HAVANA, CUBA. some 4,000 automatic telephones. The is increasing at the rate of about fifthat in a system of slightly over 7,000 telephone earnings in these systems agricultural interests and its benefits system has since grown to approxiteen telephonies per day. It is estisubscribers the Bell Telephone Comis shown to be: Bell 75.1; Automatic are already shown in the territory that mately 7,000 telephones. The service mated that the Havana plant alone pany has an earning capacity of $40.75 44.6; Cuban Telephone Company (alhas thus far been covered by this sys ' also been extended from Havana will reach 15,000 subscribers in the per telephone with an operating and so automatic) 20.7. In {he gross retern. Communications will be had to Marianao on the west, to Arroyo next two years and that the general maintenance expense og $28.60, leavceipts of the Cuban Telephone Comas far as Santa Clara by the end of Apolo on the south and to Guines and system throughout the entire island ing net $12.15 per annum per telepany there has been an increase in present year. Matanzas on the east, and includes will have 25,000 subscribers when phone. An independent automatic the last twelve months of $12,122.95 The Company will expend in its in addition to these places the towns completed with prospects exceptional system of approximately the same size per month, and in the net earnings construction work of the system of Regla, Guanabacoa, Cojimar, Luy-ly good for a continued rapid growth I shows an earning capacity of $31.52 an increase in the same time of $12,specified in its concession and in ex ano, San Francisco de Paula, Cotorro, in the future. with operating and maintenance ex 200.64 per month. tensions and installations not speciCuatro Caminos, San Jose de las LaThe construction of this system is pense of $14.86 and net earnings of The Company's headquarters are fied upwards of $10,000,000. jas, La Catalina, Sabana de Robles, modern throughout, consisting of un$16.66. The Cuban Telephone Comlocated at Aguila street, number 153, Madruga and Seiba Mocha. A new derground cable installations in the pany in its last monthly statement Havana, where the Company has HOW THE CUBANS BECKON. automatic plant has also been installcities and native hardwood pole lines shows an earning capacity of $65.40 erected one of the most substantial The Cuban way of beckoning is just ed in the town of Cienfuegos and on the long distance :r'outes. No exper telephone with operating and and up-to-date telephone buildings the reverse to that employed by most opened up for service on July 16, 1911. pense is being sparad in making the maintenance expenses of $13.56 and in the world. This building not only people. They raise the open hand Some 450 subscribers have been insystem of a most modern and permanet earnings per annum per telephone accommodates the central exchange with the palm outward, bending the stalled in Cienfuegos proper and the nent type capable of standing the of $51.84. office of Havana bnt has also ample fingers toward the person they are long distance line extended from that hard wind storms that occasionally The independent automatic service room for the general office of the calling, a gesture which people of town to Palmira and Cruces enroute visit Cuba, as well as other climatic referred to in this statement shows Company and the store-room and most countries would interpret to go to Santo Domingo where it will condifficulties. The absence of ice sleet considerable advantage over the manshops. The plant at this building has away. ----+--nect with the principal trunk line and snow in Cuba, however, renders ual system, but with slightly over an ultimate capacity of 40,000 sub from Havana to Santiago. The Com the maintenance of such a system 7,000 subscribers its net earnings per scribers with equipment already in pany is under a bond to complete the correspondingly low and a comparimonth, while better than that of the stalled for 10,000. Havana might be a fabled city of the summer seas as it appears to the long distance service from Guane on son of the earning capacity of this Bell system, are only approximately The long distance lines will be of visitor upon entering the harbor. the west to Santiago in the Oriente system with a plant of approximately $5,000. The Cuban Telephone ComNo. 10 pure copper on the intermed----+---by September 10, 1912, and from the same size in the United States pany's net earnings per month for a iate lines and No. 8 pure copper on Proper investments in Cuba pay Santiago to Baracoa within one year shows Cuba to be far in the lead in system of slightly less than 7,000 is the main trunk lines. dollar dividends where cents are paid thereafter. Work on this general sysadvantages to telephone investors. A approximately $30,000, six times that This service when completed will elsewhere. tern is progressing rapidly and at the recent telephone journal of the Unitof the automatic system referred to. greatly facilitate the rapid developsame time the local service of Havana [ ed States publishes a report showing The per cent telephone expense to ment of the island's commercial and Frost never comes to Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA VIEW OF ORANGE AND GRAPEFRUIT GROVE, FOUR YEARS OLD-HERRADURA, CUBA. HERRADURA COLONY. ers in Cuba have the advantage of which is surveyed and laid out in resort and hot sulphur springs of San school is a lso maintained. There are very cheap freight rates. This is small lots, and is offered for sale Diego de los Bafios, which are situquite a number of new dwelling It Is Well Settled With Americans understood better when it is stated n any number of acl'es from five upated in the "Organo" mountains. houses in the town. The principal that, owing to the fact that the grEat on easy terms. There are several large hotels at this street is built of Telford macadam and Who Are Making a Success of er part of the transportation is by The title to these lands is absoresort, which are patronized by the is always dry and cl e an. There is a Citrus Fruits. water, the Cuban grower can place iutely perf e ct and unencumbered, and wealthier class of people. These telegraph office, postoffice witli his fruit in New York and other east comes directly from an old crown springs .are known the world over on money order d e partment, and twu There was for a long time in Cuba ern and middle western states for grant. The company is therefore able account of their curativ e qualities. mails a day are received from the a need for a company that would less money than can the growers in to m, warranty deeds to all lands From Havana to Herradura the States through Havana. either Florida or California. sold. This is a point of immense imdistance is ninety-two miles over Being an American colony, social purchase a Large tract of la nd a nd HERRADURA portance, as all who are familiar with government roads, and in an automoconditions are about the same as in divide it into small tracts in the is an American colony, in the provc onditions in Cuba will fully realize. bile makes one of the finest trips northern towns. In fact, one can reach of everyone. This need has ince of Pinar del Rio, established in Before these lands were placed on imaginable. scarcely realize that he is outside of not been better supplied than by the the years 1905 and 1906. th e market they were surveyed after Here, where disagre e able extremes the United States. Curch and Sun Herradura Land Company, an organiThe Western Railroad from Hathe American plan and were divided in cold and heat are unknown, and day school organizations, a ladies' zation with a capiptal of $440 000 fulvana passes seven miles through this into sections, quarter sections, and under the protection of the United club which meets weekly, and a hor ly paid up. Its offices are at Zulueta land, and on either side of the track, forty acre lots, all corners being States of America, is the place where ticultural society, which also meets 9, Havana, Cuba, and at Herradura, for a distance of three and a half marked with permanent stakes the farmer can make four crops a weekly, are sources of entertainment, Cuba. The president is T. H. Harmiles, oranges and grape-fruit orThere is a lake for boating and year, instead of one, as in northern which causes one to almost forget he ris of Havana; the general manager, chards are seen, from one to five fishing. Quail and wild pigeon are latitud e s. is in a new country. C. M. Johnson, also of Havana. 0. years old. The growth of the trees plentiful. Deer are very num e rous The town of Herradura is located Reasons for Buying. H. Johnson of Minneapolis, Minn., is has been wonderful. The five-year and are hunted in the season with on the Wester. Railroad, ninety Some of the reasons for buying vice president. old trees are nine inches in diameter dogs and on horseback. Well gaited miles west of Havana, and near the Herradura Colony lands are the folThis company has a large tract of and large enough to carry fifteen saddle horses are for hire, also carcenter of the Herradura lands. It lowing : land adapted to oranges, grape fruit boxes of fruit to each tree, and the riages and automobiles. is very certain to make a prosperous I The land is good, and cheap at (soil is a deep sandy loam), pineapquality of the fruit has been proven Touring by automobile from Hertown. present pies, vegetables, tobacco. It offers superior to the best grown in Caliradura may be enjoyed for hundreds Its hotel is commodious and well Pure and soft water is abundant ~arm lands, town lots and planted fornia or Florida. of miles through mountains and valkept, and is a comfortable and pleasin running streams and in wells from groves for sale. It is also prepared There .are about one hundred leys. Th e scenery is unsurpassed in ant r e sort for visitors. It is lighted 25 to 75 feet deep to contract for the planting of citrus Americans and Canadians living at the world and there are new governwith gas and has running water and The climate is even and healthful. groves to order. The orchard propo this place, engaged in profitable ment roads, the equal of which do not a bathroom. There are four stores I The location is beautiful, the crops sition is in no sense a speculation or farming and citrus fruit growing. They exist in the United States of America. where the wants of the settlers aM are varied and sure and always mar "get rich quick scheme," but it is have purchased about t e n thousand One of the short trips, a distance of well supplied. A free school for the ketable. an opportunity for legitimate investacres of land in different sized farms. twenty miles (which can be made accommodation of Americans is Statistics show an average rain ment, which promises unusually The Herradura Land Company, with an automobile and over splendid maintained by the Cuban government, fall of 51-54 inches per annum, for large returns, especially in view of founders of the colony, still have for roads in from thirty to forty-five where English branches are taught a period of 30 years in this part of its unquestionable safety. Fruit grow) sale fourteen thousand acres, all of minutes), is to the fashionable health Dy an American teacher. A Cuban of Cuba.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA J. BERNHEIM AND SON ] handling of the merchandise and 62,000 square feet, with a storage caHAVANA'S MALECON. I an entablature :and dome, and insome notion of the complicated nature pacity for 35,000 bales of tobacco. scribed with names of the great com_ They Are the Biggest Independent of it can be formed by the list of Of late years an important industry Is One of the Most Beautiful Driveposers. The Malec6n overlooks the Buyers of Tobacco-Offices in foremen employed in each packing: has grown up of taking the stem out ways of the Kind in the World. Gulf, the harbor entrance with its Havana and New York. Encargado de Entongadura (piling of cured leaf (stripping) and shipping Americans Started It. shipping, and Morro Castle on the opof green tobacco). it to the United States in condition The present members of this firm Encargado de Despalo (stripping ready for the cigar manufacturer. As The Malecon is considered one of are Isaac J. Bernheim and Henry J. from stalk). with all other branches of their busi1 the most beautiful driveways in the Bernheim, sons of the founder of the Encargado de Moja (casing). ness and to assure absolute reliabiliworld. The word Mialecon means in firm, the late Mr. Jacob Bernheim, Encargado de Escojida (sorting). I ty, this is done in their own stripping Spanish, an embankment or wall. It who started his business career in Encargado de Engavilleo (making establishments of which, in addition I consists of a substantial sea wall, 1849, and retired from business in hands). / to the one of which photograph is extending in a curved line from the 1899, after a successful and honorable business career extending ove fifty years. When the present members of the, firm joined their father and first vis ited Cuba in 1882, th e ir exports of tobacco from Cuba amounted to 3,500 balei. per year since which time their business has grown until they are to day acknowledged to be the largest independent buyers of tobacco on the island, their annual purchases exceeding 30,000 bales. While they originally started with a staff of one buyer, they now em ploy a dozen, some of whom have been in their employ upwards of twenty years, and in the active sea son they add many additional buyers temporarily to their staff. Mr. Rogelio Echervarria, who is interested in the business, is a man of extensive ex perience, being in charge of their operations. They thus cover every section growing the better grades of merchandise which they buy from the farmer direct as soon as the tobacco is cut. In the handling, curing and sorting of the tobacco thus gathered, occu pying about six months each year, they give give employment to seve ral thousand hands in their various pack ing houses in the country, many of which they own, having erected them for the special purpose to which they are dedicated. Store room. J. BERNHEIM & SON'S NEW TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 2. From View of Warehouse. 3. Interior View. 4. Stripping Tobacco. posite heights, Gulf Avenue extend ing in sweeping curves to the west, and in the distance the verdant hills back of Vedado. The Landscape and marine vistas are like painted pic tures. Havana's water front is one of the noblest among the cities of the world. The colors of sea and sky tinted houses, with the moss-grown forts and waving palms, create an ef_ feet which is striking at any time of the day, but sunset is the hour of enchantment. Nor should one fail to visit the Malec6n at night when the long line of electric lights on the water-front toward Vedado are re flected in quivering bars and bands of radiance from the water, the lights of the electric cars are seen creeping along the distant heights and the lan tern of the Morro glows and dims and glows again. To see the Malec6n by moonlight, to mingle with the ple,as ure throngs, hear the music and feel the caress of the soft Gulf air, is one I of the most enjoyable experiences of Havana. GRAND ''AMERICA.'' First Class Hotel With 100 Rooms With Private Bath-Located Near Central Park. A hotel that is certain to please the visitor in Havana is Hotel Grand America, at Industria Street No. 160, corner of Barcelona. It is between Colon Park and Central Park, only two blocks from the former and one block from the latter. This hotel has 100 rooms with private bath connected wlth each. It has an electric elevator and all of Packing, curing and handling green ========-=========================================== the improvements of a first class hotel tobacco is a delicate operation and Encargado de Manojeo (making caj shown above, they operate three oth1 northwest bastion of La Punta to the in the United States. An excellent much of the success of the firm can rots). er plants in the country. west side of the end of the Prado, prorestaurant with French and American no doubt be traced to the personal Encargado de Entercio (baling). Th e y export from Cuba to Europe tecting for the entire length a broad cuisine is at the convenience of th supervision given to it by them; every When this operation is completed as well as to the United States, concrete promP.nacte and a macadaguest. The guest has the choice of crop packed by them in the last thirty the goods are shipped to Havana to though operating primarily for the mized driveway. The wall stands either the American or European years having been under the personal cure in their warehouse (of which American market, their New York of about thirty feet back from the high plan. supervision of one of the two present various photos are here shown) and fice being at 138 Maiden Lane, bewater line, and an inclined toe with The proprietor of the hotel, Manuel members of the firm, their efforts bewhich was built expressly for the purtween whlch which point and Cuba stones projecting :above its face breaks Duran, is a man with long experience ing ably seconded by their experiencpose. It is one of the show plaees the members exchange places so that the force of the waves in a storm. In in the hotel business. ed organization. of Cuba and probably has no equal for one or the other can at all times perthe center of the park thus formed -----+---An experienced foreman is in charge tobacco purposes in the world. It oc. sonally direct everything appertainis a music stand of classical design, The lover of the antique will feel of each operation involved in the cupies an entire block, approximately I ing to their fast growing business. with twenty Ionic columns supporting at home in Havana.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA THE GREATEST WORKS Firn hundr e d thousand Let 1 ( l u L rnana, while Mr. G. B. Strickler of the Boston Society of Civil EnThe specifications call for a canal which shall he 52 kilometers long and ranging in width from 110 to 300 feet. Its depth will range from 4 to 30 feet. OF CUBA'S ISLAND. b -~ ~ \\ ere employed in the fomis a ~. J r e pre!'"::'lced th e designer. gineers. f. 't:e\\ ork. The curves of the arch E s Contractors. The beautiful and colossal Almena i c....:.0t <'ircular but parabolic. The The engineering and contracting Jares bridge will stand as a monu_ Almendares Bridge a Monumental design a .. 8rection of the falsewortt firm of Champion and Pascual has ment to its builders and as a credit Structure of Steel and ConcreteRoque Canal Fifty-Two Kilometers Long. for these gigantic arches repn i sented been in business in Cuba for about to the province of Havana for cen Requires Costly Machinery. a large part of the work and a great twelve y, e ars. They have installed t uries. To execute this work Champion and d e al of engineering skill. So great the largest number of ice plants in Great credit is due the firm of Pascual have acquired a plant cost was the weight to be carried by the Cuba and ~erected many steel and C hampion and Pascual and their chief ing $200,000. This includes dredges, fialsework and at such a height in concrete bridges throughout the isengineer, Mr. Allard, in the execuexcavators, drills, etc. Each machine Among th 1 8 great works built or mid_air that the strength of each timland and constructed roads and t ion of such gigantic work, for the g enerates its own electricity so that building in the island of Cuba dur_ ber and bolt in th e structure had to buildings. Their chief engineer, Mr. c are and skill with which it has been the work is carried on night and day. ing the last few yea rs none are of greater interest than the Almendares Bridge and the Roque Canal. The bridge is the largest of its kind in Cuba; the canal is fifty-two kilome ters long and reclaims many square miles of valura ble land which would ot herwis e be annually overflowed by the Roque floods. The bridge was completed July 15, 1910, by the con tracting and ~ngineering firm of Champion and Pascual and the same firm has the contract for building the canal in Matanzas province. Description. This mammoth bridge spans the river Almendares and consists of a river span of 190 feet, three spans of 102 feet 2 inches each, and a small roadway span. It is 710 feet long and 50 feet wide. The roadway is 48 feet above the surface of the river and has a width of 34 feet between curbs. There is a five-foot sidewalk on either side. About 36,000 linea.I feet, or seven miles, of piles were driven in the pier foundations to rock. The structure contains about 10,000 cubic meters of concrete and about 400,000 pounds of steel rods. These Engineer in Charge. The Roque Canal is under the di rection of Thomas T. Allard, chief engineer for Champion & Pascual, and Assistant Engineer Herbert W. Tufts. The engineer for the govern ment is Luis F. Ramos, formerly the chief engineer of the province of Matanza::i. The duration of the work is calcu l r a;ted at two and a half years. On Sunday, July 13, 1911, a special train conveyed President Jose Mi guel Gomez, the members of his cab I inet, the governors of Havana and Matanzas provinces, and other high I dignitaries, to the town of Maximo Gomez and thence to the point where the vast engineering work of canali zation of the Roque district had its beginning. Before an assemblage of about three thousand spectators the president mounted the platform of the enormous "Bucyrus" excavator and, after a short talk with Erecting Engineer John T. McCoy, and with remarkable ease, set the ponderous machinery in movement and exca vated several bucketfuls of earth. Shaking hands effusively with the contractors and their engineer, the president stated that he was more than pleased at the auspicious open ing of operations and hoped that the work would continue with the speed rods are scientifically arranged and the exigencies of the case demanded. imbedded in the concrete, in such a CONCRETE BRIDGE OVER THE ALM EN DARES RIVER. Purpose of the Canal. manner that the steel will sustain all The purpose of this canal is to the tensil stresses and the concrete =================::=================================== prevent the continuous floods which will withstand the compression. be carefully computed as well as the Thos. Throp Allard, has been conbrought to completion. Experts pro yearly spread devastation throughout Each of the six arches is composed loads which each member sustained. nected with many of the 1'aJ'ge en_ nounce it to be among the finest as the rich Roque valley. Each year of six parallel ribs of concrete. ReinThis g11eat piece of work was degineering works in the United States, to design and quality of execution. these. floods cover an increased acreforced concrete columns rest on these signed by Wm. Barclay Parsons of including the M ,e tropolitan Water The Roque Canal. age ruining all growing crops oftenribs, ,extending up to the reinforced New York city, one of the leading Supply system, and the Metropolitan Bids were opened on March 3 and times resulting in the loss of human floor beams; these beams ea.rry the civil engineers of the present time, Sewerage system in Massachusetts, the contract was awarded to the life and always in the loss of much floor slab, which is eight inches who has been identified with many the Boston Elevated railroad and firm of Champion & Pascual on April live stock. By the building of the thick and reinforced with fiveof the great engineering works of our various other engineering works in 10, 1911. The award was made by canal thousands of acres of rich cane eighths-inch square steel rods five hemisphere and also in the Far East. the east and in the w e st. He was the secretary of public works, and land will be reclaimed. inch e s apart, transversely and three_ The work was under the direction for several years in charg,e of consigned by the president of the ReThe canal will have its beginning eighths-inch rods, two feet apart of Sr. Francisco Frianquiz director I struction work in the United States public. The proposal of Champion & at Caracas and find its outlet at a longitudinally. of public work of the province of War Department. He is a member Pascual was for $1,629,724.76. point near the city of Cardenas.


TOURIST EDITION TOBACCO IN CUBA. Rise of Vuelta Abajo-Development of Cuba's Second Important Industry. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA \ arate province now was at the time a pelled by law to allow it, they refused proprietors might grant everything pirates, and the smugglers who suenominal part of Havana's jurisdiction, to permit th e tobacco-grower to cut asked of them in the way of land for ceeded them, all alike, represented to but only corsairs knew its coasts, and fence posts on their land, at the same seedbeds and tobacco fields, but the tobacco a welcome and few save runaway slaves and fugitive time letting their stock range the charge the grower a prohibitive rent profitable market. Indians traveled its plains, or peneneighborhood, and, incidentally, tramfor other land on whic. uis bohio Foreign vessels, and vessels which trated the highlands of its northern ple the tobacco plants down. If the (shack) and the truck garden where flew no flag of any nation, were freCuba produces the best tobacco the coast. veguero resented this and killed the he raised his foodstuffs stood, thus quent visitors to western ports. The world knows. The best of the Island's Those western mountaineers fought cattle, he was liable to the law or to making existence impossible for him vegu-ero, far from taking shelter in entire crop is grown in Pinar del Rio, for the bare privilege of growing their the even more summary judgment of For his part, the veguero retaliate l towns (of which there were next to the western province of the republic. crops. They were at war with the the owners. Vegu e ros considered, I as best he could. His very name was none), thereby inviting the violence of The cream of that province's producvested rights of cattlemen who held moreover, that the stock raising prosynonymous with thief; he plundered raids went down to the harbor to tion originates within the narrow contitle to the west country. prietors were bound to allow them the his neighbor's chicken coop, caught greet the visitors and in all friendlifines of the genuine Vuelta Abajo dis=================================== 1 ================= ness to deliver to them for merchantrict, which is the region lying be tween Consolacion del Sur and the I sea, on the north, west and south. If fine distinction may be drawn be tween the finest, the very best of this best tobacco is that produced in the lowlands, south of the Organo Moun tains, in the vicinities of San Luis, San Juan y Martinez and Remates. Tobacco culture in this Island did not make its beginning in Pinar del Rio. Cuba was supplying Europe witb tobacco considered superior to that ot the mainlands of the Americas, grown in the east and center of this country, and all about Havana, long before the territory which is now Pinar del Rio had a name, to say nothing of a gov ernment, or any legitimate agriculture or commerce of its own. Beginning of Tobacco Industry. Before the commencement of the 17th century, wherever the veguero (grower) was able to wrest half a chance from adverse conditions and neighbors, mostly stockmen, entirely inimical to him, the little patches of cultivated ground which were his ve gas (fields) had made their appear ance along the banks of the rivers Guanabo and Canasi on the north, and those af the Arimao, Caracucey and Agabama on the south side of the dise, or cash, tobacco which reaching Europe, roused the admiration of con noisseurs at courts. Regardless of Law. Incidentally, it may be surmised that this disposition of the western product aroused also the indignation of the Spanish monarch whose trade laws were so effectively violated; but Spain had as yet no force in the dis trict, since become the Province of Pinar del Rio, sufficient to prevent traffic between vegueros and "foreign pirates." Therefore it continued. In other parts of the island tobacco cul ture was controlled-encouraged now by a ruling in favor of the grower, hampered next by a restriction laid on the sale of what he produced under that very encouragement. In the west, however, cut off as the region was by lack of communication with Havana, the veguero grew tobacco as he could and sold it where a market offered, in the capital or elsewhere, all with a fine disregard for trade re strictions with which the Spanish ex chequer, endeavoring to wring reve nue from it, almost choked to death the tobacco b_usiness elsewhere in Cuba. Calls for Quality. Between 1765 and 1768, 566,566 island. Towns grew up where he arrobas of tobacco, all grades and prospered. His fields surrou nd ed HaEDIFICE OF SYLVESTER & STERN, GROWERS, PACKERS AND EXPORTERS OF LEAF TOBACCO. prices, were exported to Seville. Durvana, to the exclusion of other crops. ing the next three years plantings By the middle of the 17th century to================================================== and shipments alike increased, but bacco culture was the principal busiVeguero Versus Cattlemen. use of convenient parcels of ground his hogs as they wandered in the there was yet no proper classification ness of the country people of Cuba, These proprietors owned land grantfor the sowing and cultivation of seedwoods, and slaughtered fat calves no of qualities-good, bad and indiffereven in those parts whence suga1 ed to them in tremendous circles, the lings; the cattlemen held that it was matter who their owner might be, ent tobacco in a heap was dumped cane has driven it since. Yet nom centers only of which were known; their option whether they should conwhenever he needed meat. into the Sevillan factory, quantity beof the leaf finding its way to thi the circumferences were undetermincede the favor or not. Sometimes Friends With Pirates. ing as yet the sole object of the state storerooms of the Council of the In ed. Being unable to prove definitely they generously allowed the use of At war with constituted authority officials. At this time government dies in Seville, came from Pinar de1 what was theirs the cattlemen in queslands for seedbeds, but saw to it that and his neighbors who appealed to it monopoly of tobacco was enforced to Rio. tion laid claim to everything in sight. the small tracts so ceded were at such to oppress him, on land, the western its full limit. All legitimate sale was Before the end of the 17th century, Sometimes they permitted vegueros distances from the other tract on veguero was friendly with every float1 to the Spanish government. however, some few growers had tak to cultivate the banks of streams which they permitted the veguero to ing representative of lawlessness on I Then, for the first time, the gov en up more or less permanent habitathrough their ranches; sometimes they make his home that he could not propthe high seas. Spain's enemies, bent ernment authorities began to consider tion in the far west. What is a sep declined to do so, or, being later comerly attend to them at night. Again on rifling her colonial possessions, quality in this merchandise.


'TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA THE HARRI'S BROS. CO. expedient, in view of the growing opto pay in th e past Owing to its faWOMEN'S PRISON. to the rebels, was arrested and thrown erations of the company to incorporvorable location there is every reason ---into this prison. Miss Cisneros conExample of What Can Be Done by ate the business under the laws of to believe, that the company will play Is Place From Which Evangelina trivied to communicate her case to Use of Up to Date Methods of the state of New Jersey, under the a very important factor in the comCisneros Escaped With Help of Mrs. Fitzhugh Lee, wife of the Amer_ Dealings in Cuba. name of "Harris Bros. Co." m erce of Havana. American Newspaper Man. ican Consul, who made known her In 1906 the well known photographOne of the features of the business ---story in the United States. Carl In January, 1899, Mr. Thomas H. ic and optical business of Lychenheim of the Harris Bros. Co. that has apOn Compostela street, between Fun. Decker, a reporter of the New Harris, the president of the present & Company, of which Mr. Jacob Lychpealed strongly to the tourist and visdicion and O'Farrel streets, is the York Journal, was commissioned by firm of Harris Bros. Co., arrived in enheim was the active head, was abitor is their finishing department, Casa de Rocogidas, the women's prisMr. W. R. Hearst to undertake her Havana and opened a small store at sorbed by the company. Mr. Lychwhich takes care of the developing on, which is associated with the rescue, and came to Havana for that O'R e illy 110, under the name of Harenheim entered the firm as one of the and printing of the amateur's pictures. Evangelina Cisneros incid,ent of the purpose. Miss Cisneros drugged her ris Bros. 1 & Cl ,, in which his two managers and member of the Board of A large percentage of the many visiWeyler regime. Her father had been keeper and companions with candy, brothers and hin1self were the active Dirnctors. The Board or Directors of tors to Cuba hav e cameras, and the in pris0n for many years. Learning and made her escap,e through an up partners. the company consists of Mr. T. H. picturesque country with its different that his health was breaking down, per window and over the roofs to the They commenced their business caHarris, president; Mr. I. L. Harris, life and customs, appeals strongly to Miss Cisneros vainly besought the street, where she was received by Mr. reer in Cuba as agents of the Remvice ,}>resident; Mr. E. G. Harris, the amateur photographer who wishes governor of the prison to secure his Decker, who smuggled her aboard ington typewriter Columbia bicycle, treasurer; Mr. W. F. Champlin, s e creto see the results of his work as release. She was repulsed, and afteran American ship and took her to and several other well known specialtary, and Mr. Jacob Lychenheim. quickly as possible. A large and e:l'fiwards, on a charge of carrying letters New York. ties. The basic id e as which controllIn May, 1908, the firm obtained cient organization makes it possible ed them when the y began business in through purchaoo a concession for the to deliver all work the day following Cuba was, one price, no misrepresenfilling of a small area of land borderits rec,eipt, and when necessary the tations of values or goods, and giving ing on the Bay of Havana at the point same day. Most important of all, th e the customer a square deal. These known as Atares, situated at the base quality of the work is up to th ~ high principles, it is true, were then and of Atares Castle. est standard which obtains in the are now cornerstones of all succ e ssRecognizing the imperative need of United States. ful business in the United States, but the commerce of Havana for improvTo those who come unprovided with at that time they had gained very lited methods and space in handling the cameras they rent cameras at a very tle credence in Cuba and other Lath .. immense tonnage of the port of Hamoderate rate, so that the picture American countries, and the buyin~ vana, the firm realized that the value loving visitor is fully provided for in public were accustomed to long barof the concession would be greatly this regard. gaining and discounting to a large strengthened by a large extension of Postal cards in artistic coloring and degree the claims made by the merits holdings contiguous to the original a widely varied and interesting line chants. concession. With this idea in view of souvenirs completes the line apThe success of the firm in their they went quietly to work purchasing pealing to the tourist. various lines was immediate, and the swampy lands in th e rear of the One other department of a more from a modest store occupying 30x40 property until the original grant of utilitarian value that interests the feet, it has grown into thr e e stores, some 12,000 meters was increased to newcomer who wears glasses is their the largest being almost a block in 135.000 meters, or about thirteen city optical department. This is in charge length. blocks. of an expert American optician, who The original lines of typ ewriters, To effectively handle and finance with the help of a well equipped shop stationery, bicycles, etc., have been the new business of the firm another and competent workmen, can pre greatly extended, so that at the prescorporation was formed under the scribe or replace any lense no matter ent time they include besides those laws of Delaware, and known as how difficult or complicated it may mentioned-with the exception of "The Atares Wharf & Warehouse be. This service, together with a bicycl e s-the following: Cash regisCompany," with a capital of $2,000,000, complete line of sun glasses, goggles ters, photographic supplies, optical and a bonded indebtedness of $500,and other optical goods provides fully service and supplies, calcium carbide, 000. for the stranger in a strange land. gas and acetylene fixtures, office About six months ago' active operaThe firm makes a specialty of offurniture, etc. They are the exclusive tions began in building the bulkheads fice supplies and furniture and can agnts or representatives of the foland filling in the lands by means of equip an office completely with the lowing well known companies: a pow e rful dredge, through which opbest grade of desks, filing devices and National Cash Register Company. eration two objects were accomplishstationery at a moment's notice. One Union Carbide Company. ed-the deepening of the channel in of the buildings is entirely d e voted Eastman Kodak Company. front of the property to a depth of 25 to the display of office furniture and Bausch i& Lomb Optical Company. feet and the disposal of the dr e dged a large warehouse holds a sufficient L. C. Smith i& Bros. Typewriter Co. material to fill in the marshy lands. supply to rapidly fill the requirements Adder Machine Company. The company will build warehouses of their customers. The Gunn Furniture Company. and lease parcels of land so that it ----+---A. G. Spalding & Bros. will be possible for the importer of Cuba's undelveloped resources are American Fountain Pen Company. bulky material to handle this busigreat. Yawman 1 & Erbe Pen Company. ness at a greatly decreased cost comIn November, 1903, it was deemed pared to what he has been accustomed You will enjoy a visit to Cuba. HARRIS BROS CO ,, O'REILLY STREET.


TOURIST EDITION HERRERA STEAMSHIP co. I Runs Along North Coast of Cuba a:id to Ports of Porto Rico and Santo Domingo. The Herrera Steamship Line is the most important line of the island of Cuba. It has a large fleet of steam ers and does an immense freight and passenger business between the prin cipal ports of Cuba and those of Porto Rico and Santo Domingo. A coastwise trip by one of these steamers is one of the most pleasant features of a visit to Cuba. There are regular weekly sailings from Havana along the north coast. Stops are made at the principal ports Sufficient time is allowed tourists to disembark and make a short visit of from one to several hours in each town. The Cuban ports touched are N1 vitas, Puerto Padre, Gibara, Banes HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA STEAMERS OF THE HERRERA STEAMSHIP LINE AT DOCKS IN HAVANA. Mayari, Vita, Sama, Sagua de Tanamo, Baracoa, Guantanamo, Santiago de CAPTAIN E. P. MAHONY, t rotcha. It was by the merest chance capital. Mahony's account of this ensome one else who got the contracts he Cuba. The ports visited in the ReSOLDIER-CONTRACTOR that he was not with Maceo when he ;; agement is worth a trip to Cuba to begar_ getting contracts of his own and public of Santo Domingo are: Santo and his staff were ambushed and slain hear. today his contracts amount to considDomingo and San Pedro de Macores. One American Who Cast His Lot With on their return to the Trotcha after The Cuban insurrectionary governerably more than a million dollars. In Porto Rico these steamers touch the Cuban Insurgents and Has having spre'.ld terror throughout the ment sent Mahony to the Western Among the contracts obtained by San Juan, Mayaquez and Ponce. Made Good. western part or Havana province. States to raise money for their cause. Captain Mahony is the hauling of milUntil recent years, since the buildFor bravery in acticn Lieutenl:tnt He was successful in his endeavor just lions of square meters of asphalt paving of a through railroad from SanAmong the successful Americans in Mahony was promoted to captain and as he was successful in the field. He ing blocks. He has also the sub-contiago de Cuba to Havana, the only way Cuba there is no one whose carear is assigned to the staff of the recently raised large sums by lectures and subtract for curbing and paving the city Cubans from Eastern Cuba could reach moro picturesque and intensely indeceased General Rafael de Cardenas. scriptions for the Cuban junta in New of Havana. He has completed the Havana was by steamer and for this teresting than that of Captain Edward This force of insurgents held forth in York and as a result of his efforts in contract of building 71 kilometers of P. Mahony, one of the island's largest Havana province. The world was bethis line many arms, much ammunimacadaru highway in the far we~t of reason the Herrera Line vlar,~d steamers with special accommodations for contractors. ing informed by Spain that the provtion and medic~nal supplies were purPinar del Rio, and has recently been passengers, 1.nd crews especially trainMahony came to Cuba fifteen years ince of Havana was pacified, that the chased for the insurgents struggling awarded the contract of building the ed for such service. The Line has ago. Filled with the combative spirit spirit of the revolution was crushed in the field against the dominion of road that will connect Guane with the continued this valuable service and compatible with his six feet and some to rise no more. General Cardenas Spain. coast. He built th Columbia-Gerona the passenger is assured of the best atodd inches of vigorous young manheard of the boast and just to show to When the war closed Mahony was highway in the Isle of Pines, also the tention and a menu that will make hood, he became deeply interested in the war correspondents in Havana that made a street commissioner under the road from the town of Guane to its him regret when the voyage is over. the cause of Cuban liberty. He eneven this city was in danger of attack, government of General Wood, and railroad station. In Camaguey he conThe fleet is composed of the followlisted as a private with the Cuban he massed his forces and one day l ater was in the customs service. structed a road from the town of ing steamers: "Julia," "Havana," "Saninsurgents. Mahony's kind are not made an attack on Guanabacoa, the With the instalation of the new ReFlorida (a station on the Cuba Rail tiago de Cuba," "Gibara," "Nuevitas," kept down long and it was but a short little city of 10,000 inhabitants on the public of Cuba, and in recognition of road) to San Geronimo, and has com "San Juan," "Cosme de Herrera" and time before he was climbing in the many Spanish officials and was therehis services to the Cuban cause, he pleted the Bayamo-Manzanillo high "Aviles." ranks of the Cubans fighting against other side of Havana bay. Guanabawas appointed inspector of immigraway in Santiago province. The latter Spain. He rose steadily through the coa was at that time the residence of tion, which place he resigned to acroad was part macadam and part J.J n-c c mn11ssioned ranks until he beore heavily guarded. General Cardecept a position as port captain of the gravel and was one of the most diffi--+--ESPADA CEMETERY. came a lieutenant and was assigned to rias had no intention of capturing the Southern Pacific. Afterwards Mahony cult pieces of road building ever com the staff of the most reckless of all city, but simply to make a demonstrabecame superintendent of construction pleted in Cuba and is justly considered Espada cemetery, formerly located Cuban generals, Antonio Maceo. tion that would convince the world t for the Havana Central Railroad. by Captain Mahony as one of the best behind San Lazaro hospital, on the Mahony, as he is a man of action large that the spirit of insurrection As was to be expected of a man of of his triumphs during his six years' Vedado street car line, has ceased today in the business world, so was he was far from being dead in Havana the ability and energy of Mahony, he as a contractor. to exist. The dead have been re. a man of action in the insurgent army. province. He succeeded beyond his could not forever be content to be An idea of the magnitude of Captain moved to Colon, and not long ago its He had many opportunities to display hopes, because he threw the Spanish working for some one else. Sooner or Mahony's present work may be had. outer walls and dove-cotted tiers of his prowess and his bravery with Maarmy in a panic, shot up the town and later he must branch out for himself. when it is stated that he has now on tombs were demolished preparatory c co. He was with the general in his get away again and the world knew Mahony graduated from the Havana his pay roll over 1,200 men whose pay to using the ground for other pur. famous break through what the Spanthe next day that the insurgents were Central as a full fledged co-::itractor. range from one dollar to five dollars poses. iards thought was their impassable knocking at the very door of Cuba's Instead of acting as superintendent for a day.


TOURIST EDITION HUSTON COMPANIES. A Combination of Business Enter prises Greatly Influential in Building up Cuba. HAVANA DAILY POST HAVANA, CUBA I by far the largest plant of its kind and A stfleets in the Vedado, which, tain ledges. The company also convana sewers. In this factory the best 1 on the island but probably the largest with its graceful tower and classic structed a canal ten miles long near systems known to th e art of pipe south of the United States on the portals, becomes easily one of the Guayama, P. R. making are being employed. western continent. showhouses of the pretty suburb of All these are a part of an Exteu, Huston-Trumbo Dredging Company. Building Department. the Cuban capital. sive system of irrigation which the A difficult piece of construction of Another important branch of the T. The pretty residence of Pelayo Gar government is installing in Porto magnitude which the govermm:ih., u,u 1 No combination of business enterL. Huston Contracting Company's cia at Fifteenth and J streets, is a Rico, and in the construction of entrusted to the Huston-Trumbo prises has been so influential in the many industries, is its building de model of neatness and pres ents a which the Huston Contracting ComDredging Company is the dredging or upbuilding of the island of Cuba as partment. Among the monuments to home-lik;e effect obtainable in classic pany is playing an important part. the harbor at Isabella de Sagua, on the Huston Companies. The parent its handiwork are to be numbered style of architecture. Huston Concrete Company. the north coast in the province of company was The T. L. Hust.on Consuch buildings as the power house of Engineering Department. The lat ,e st plant installed by this Santa Clara. At present this port can tracting Company, founded soon after the Havana Central railway near LuThe construction of the immense company is the Concha pipe yard ot accommodate only the smaller coastthe close of the first intervention. ==================================================== ing vessels and the major portion of Among the 1 affiliated companies are: the vast amount of sugar which is The Huston Concrete Company anu raised in this section of the island the Huston-Trumbo Dredging Comhas to be shipped by rail to Havana pany. All are incorporated under the or Cienfuegos and then9e fl-round the laws of Cuba. The contracts of these entire island. companies amount to many millions of dollars. This company has recently secured the large contract for drer]ging the ports of Cuba from the Compafi.ia de los Puertos de Cuba, who were re cently granted the concession by the Cuban government. There are at present working in the harbor of Ha vana four dredges of approved type President Gomez, himself a native son and one-time governor of Santa Clara, has long since seen the ad vantages which a good :!:..arbor at Isa bella de Sagua would afford to the cane-growers, merchants and various industries of that province, and it is largely through his efforts that thi! wisely planned project will in another year become .an actual fact and a which are removing mud, clay and source of prosperity for his people. rock at the rate of 400,000 cubic meThis great undertaking repflesents ters per month. They also have the the movement of more than three milcontract for the oomoving of some lion cubic meters of hydraulic exca260 abandoned wrecks which hav,e I vation, a large part of which is rock accumulated during the past 400 and will call into play some ingeni.ous years They are about to start work methods in submarine blasting. on seven miles of concrete and pile I Dredges have been continually on this bulkheads, which when completed will work since June 1, 1910. give Havana as good docking facilities ,_.,.....'" ... ,,,. The new hydraulic dredge Norman as any city in the world. Large ship-; H. Davis has recently joined the forces will be vble to ea:s,ly dock at any at Isabella de Sagua and at present is point in the harbor. removing mud and clay from the Two dredges are at present workchannel at the rate of 20,000 cubic ing in Santiago de Cuba, excavating meters per day and depositing it bacl< mud and clay and in a short time of bulkheads constructed for the rec work on bulkheads and dock frontage lamation of about 1,000,000 square will be begun. Extensive studies are meters of valuable land. being made in all other ports of the ,=:.....;;_;_ ... ,,..,-' The Huston Company's huge hy island, and as soon as these have draulic dredge, the Norman H. Davis, been completed and approved by the was especially designed and built for board of ports, work will likewise be NORTH EXCAVATION ON WESTERN RAILWAY BY T. L. HUSTON CONTRACTING COMPANY. this contract, and is the latest in hystarted as in Havana and Santiago. ==================================================== i draulic excavating machinery. It is Among the Huston Contracting yano and the shops and car barns of dock for Harris Brothers, some 500 the Huston Concrete Company located the seco nd largeS t dredge of th is type Company's fixed plants, one of the the Havana Electric Street railway, meters across the lower end of the in Havana near the Concha station in exiS t ence a nd its capacity is 25 ,000 most important is the Camoa quarry, these being spacious, reinforced con Havana bay, is among the latest big of the Concha-Marianao railway. cubic meters of solid excavation on the Havana Central Railway at crete structures of the most modern undertakings completed by this deThe Huston Concrete Company has daily. Jamaica, about eighteen miles from style. partment. the contract to furnish the concrete -----+---Havana. This quarry has an inexMany handsome homes in the VeThe general efficiency of the T. L. pipe for the sewers of Havana now The production of matches in Cuba haustibl-e supply of the best stone on dado are the handiwork of this deHuston Contracting Company has under construction and their factory amounts to 400,000 gross boxes per the island and is equipped with a partment. Among these latter is the brought much foreign business. At was built especially for the manufacmonth. crusher plant of the most modern beautiful home of Dr. Damoso T. the pflesent time it is working on an ture of this pipe. Altogether more ----+-machinery. This crusher plant is capLaine .at Twenty-first street, Vedado. immense contract in Porto Rico for than 66 miles of pipe ranging from Original paintings by the old masable of turning out 1,100 cubic meters Another instance is the residence of the construction of two tunnels which eight inches to 84 inches will be ters are sometimes picked up in Ha, of crushed stone daily and is not only Sr. Ruiz de Carvajal at Seventeenth are being bored through huge mounturned out by this plant for the Havana junk shops.


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POST THE SUGAR INDUSTRY I production of the island has grown rebuilding of the old mills which in OF THE ISLAND OF CUBA from 345,~61 tons in 1898-9 to 1,513,most cases has been gradual and as 582 tons m 1908-9 the largest crop of the profits derived from the crops sugar Cuba had ever produced to that themselves allowed. By Benigno Diago. 1 date. In 1909-10 the production was Following is a table showing the In order properly to understand the : 1,804,349 tons. production of sugar in Cuba from present status of th] sugar ir:dustrs While several new mills have been 1898 to date, with high, low and aver in Cuba, it will be necessary not only built with new capital, the main inage prices cost and freight for each to study the industry as it exists tocrease has come, however, from the year: day but also the production of sugar Crop Year. Tons Produced. in Cuba in relation to the world's 1898-1899 .. .... 345,261 production and consumption, and 1899-1900 .. 308,543 especially to the production and con1900-1901. .. .. 635,856 sumption of the United States, which l 19 01-1902 850,181 is Cuba's chief and natural market. {902-1903 . . . 998,878 In studying the Cuban sugar in1903-1904 .............. 1,040,228 dustry itself, it will be sufficient to 1904-1905 .. .. 1,163,258 detail only the period from the close 1905-1906. .......... 1,178,749 of the Spanish-American War up to 1906-1907 .............. 1,427,673 the present tim. 1907-1908 .............. 961,958 The periods preceding the Spanish\ 1908-1909 .............. 1,513,582 American War showed a gradual 1909-1910 .............. 1,804,349 High Price. 3.065 3.315 2.687 2.31 2.225 3.50 3.875 2.73 2.59 3.125 2.78 Low Price. 2.565 2.565 1.97 1.565 1.815 1.97 2.06 2.00 2.03 2.31 2.25 Average. 2.734 2.881 2.362 1.857 2.035 2.626 2.918 2.316 2.396 2.713 transformation from the existence oi I Note-The avierage price for the ten years 1899-1908 is 2.4838 cents. many small plantations a nd mills wi th From the foregoing table it will be 1 of 1906 and the hurricane in the fall crude me th0 ds of manufacture, to seen that since the close of the Spanof the same year), and that the price fewer a nd larger mills wi th more modish-American War there has been a I of the sugar has shown little tend ern me th0 ds. rapid and steady increase in the proI ency to decline with the increase in As ,early as 185 0 Cuba produced duction of sugar in Cuba, with the production. 223 143 tons of sugar a nd from th en exception of the year 1907-1908, when In connection with Cuba's produc until 1893 4 th ere was a st eady ina large decrease over the previous tion, the following table show crease, when th e production reached year was shown (due to severe drought ing the world's production of sugar th e figure of 1 054 214 tons. and conditions arising from the re1 for the last ten yiears (from both HAVANA, CUBA Cane Sugar Crop. Country. 1903-4 1902-3 1901-2 1900-1 1899-0 United States ............ 692,903 776,062 712,509 671,461 440,685 Cuba ...... .. ........... 1,040,228 998,878 850,181 635,856 308,543 British West Indies 135,394 119,951 143,000 156,500 136,000 French West Indies ...... 59,912 67,035 75,938 78,702 70,000 Danish West Indies ...... 13,000 13,000 13,000 13,000 12,020 Haiti and Santo Domingo ... 47,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 Lesser Antillas (not named) 13,000 12,000 8,000 8,000 8,000 Mexico ....... ... ..... 107,547 112,679 100,000 95,000 78,000 Central America ..... ... 21,450 23,500 19,000 19,000 22,000 South America ...... .... 616,177 5!J:: i ,116 715,948 632,811 611,967 British India ...... ...... 15,000 15,000 15,000 15,000 10,000 Siam ....... ...... ..... 7,000 7,000 7,000 Java ...... ..... 885,561 842,812 767,130 709,928 721,993 Formosa-Japan ..... ..... ......... 2,000 Philippine Islands 84,000 90,000 78,637 55,400 62,785 Australia and Polinesia .... 163,328 133,126 169,858 144,554 170,570 Africa ..... ... ... ..... 321,706 277,473 279,028 305,147 290,525 Europe .......... 28,000 28,000 28,000 28,000 33,215 ---------Total cane sugar crops .... 4,244,206 4,149,632 4,027,229 3,620,359 3,030,303 ---------------European beet sugar crop .. 5,881,333 5,561,257 6,848,038 6,046,518 5,518,043 u. S. beet sugar crop ..... 208,135 195,463 163,126 76,859 72,944 ---Total cane and beet sugar .10,333,674 9,906,352 11,038,393 9,743,736 8,621,295 Note-The large incr e ase in the grand total for 1905-6 over that for 1904-5 is due to the including of the total production of British India and Formosa-Japan. In previous years th,e amount exported only was calculat ed. The total production of these countries is now consumed at home and no exports are made. The revolution of 1895 8 resulted sult of the revolution in the summer beet and cane) will be of value: in tremendous destruction of propThe study of the foregoing table United States about ..... 600,000 tons erty and the consequent curtailment Cane Sugar Crop. will show that during the last ten Java about ............. 470,000 tons of sugar productions, from which the \ Country. 1908-9 1907-8 1906-7 1905-4 1904-5 years the world's production of sugar j Philippine Isl ands about .. 100,000 tons island has but lately recovered. In United States ............ 1,080,000 1,012,288 845,871 938,225 875,576 has increased about 3,600,000 tons or, Cuba .................... 1,513,582 961.958 1,427,673 1,178,749 1,163,258 from approximately 10,650,000 tons The 0th er cane producing countries, 1894-5, the year previous to the revo lution, Cuba produced 1,040,000 tons of sugar; in 1396-7, 219,500 tons; 1897-8, 314,000 tons; and in 1898-9, 345,261 tons, which year marked the close of the Spanish rule and the be ginning of a new era. At the close of the Spanish-Ameri can War all the sugar ,estates in the island lu: i suffered great damage and loss due to the destruction of proper ty (in many cases complete), and to their inability to operate during the revolution of the three preceding years. The owners had all suffered heavy financial loss and were conI fronted by conditions which made it difficult for them to obtain money to rebuild their plants, and even where money could be obtained it was at usurious rates. During the eleven years elapsed since the Spanish-American War, the 103,500 100,058 116 552 142,842 104,6')0 (making due allowance for the total while some show gains a nd 0th ers 74,000 73,443 75,724 n,231 65,986 production of British India, Formosa losses, afford no instance of any British West Indies French West Indi.,es ..... 14,000 13,000 13,000 13,000 11,000 and Japan as per above table) to 14,steady and continued increase worth Haiti and San Domingo . 60,000 50,000 60,000 55,090 47,000 235,500 tons, the crop estimated for mentioning. Danish West Indies ..... Lesser Antillas (not named) 12,000 11,000 13,000 13,000 13,000 the year 1908-9, or about 30 per cent; ---+--Mexico . . . . . . . . . 120,000 115,000 119,000 107,529 115,000 an average of over 3 per c e nt in1 STREET CIGAR SELLERS. Central America . . . . . 21,000 19,000 19,747 18,516 23,00') crease a year for the last ten years. South America . . . . . 722,000 555,182 607,621 700,001 588,828 Of this increas e 2,300,000 tons has On many street corners of Havana British India . . . ..... 1,950,000 2,051,900 2,205,300 1,725,500 30,000 been in cane sugar and 1,300,000 tons are to be seen men with boxes of Siam and Java ............ 1,190,000 1,156,447 1,011,546 990,994 1,008,900 in beet sugar. Thus it can be seen cigars or done up in neat rolls made Formosa-Japan . . . . . 80,000 68,450 81,448 64,190 . . . . that the increase in cane sugar has from yagua, a portion of the royal Philippine Islands . . . . 150,000 150,000 145,500 145,525 100,000 nearly doubled that in beet sugar. It I p~lm tre,e. The! offe_r pure Havana Australia and Polinesia... 2:15,000 280,725 249,000 230,000 223,688 is also noticeable that Cuba has afcigars at attractive prices. Africa . . . . . . . . . 292,000 280,000 326,825 317,967 232,101 forded nearly one-half of the world's Many of these vendors make their Europe ................. 22,000 11,000 16,400 15,722 28,000 increase in cane sugar during the cigars at night, or have their wives -----------------period above referred to. and children do it, while they sell Total cane sugar crops ... 7,375,500 6,909,481 7,334,207 6,735,081 4,629,937 A further study of the table will them on the streets during the day. -------------show that during the last ten years, These cigars are often very good European beet sugar crop .. 6,470,000 6,532,000 6,710,808 6,933,649 4,712 976 aside from Cuba's increase of about but as a rule they can not be recom U. S. bset sugar crop...... 390,000 440,200 433,010 283,717 209,722 1,000,000 tons, the principal increase mended to the visitor because they are -------------in cane sugar production has been often made in close rooms far f!'om Total cane and beet sugar .14,235,500 13,881,68114,378,025 13,952,447 9,552,635 solely in the following countries: sanitary. \ \ )


TOURIST EDITION HAVANA DAILY POSrr HAVANA, CUBA GRAND "AMERICA" M. DE CARDENAS & co. > ' I Ju DD & C OM p AN ~! I :;;ble: Labrador. Lieber's Code Used. FIRST CLASS HOTEL. -+-160 lndustria Street, corner Barcelona. Between Colon and Central Park. One Block from Prado. HAVANA. Telephone A. 2998. Cable: Granhotel. -+100 rooms with private bath connect STOCK AND BOND BROKERS. THE BANCO NACIONAL, ROOMS 212, 213, 214. -+-ed to each. Electric elevator. All Orders to buy and sell stoc'o.{.,; aud improvements of any first class hotel bonds for investment or on margin in the United States. First class respromptly executed by cable on New taurant. Amrican and French cuis-Xork, London, Paris and Montreal ine. European and American plan. Sto~ Exchanges. New York stock Moderate prices. quotations sent by Messrs. Miller & --+Co., 29 Broadway, Nw York. ~, [emMANUEL DURAN, Proprietor bers New Yorlc St) .:: k Excltange. HAVANA SPORT Monte 71-73, Fronting Amistad. -+GRAND BAZAR -OFREADY-MADE CLOTF.ES -FORGENTLEMEN and BOYS WP Make a Specialty of Suits MADE TO YOUR MEASURE CALL ON THE MILL SUPPLY COlVIPANY FOR HIGH GRADE MACHINERY SUPPLIES AND AGRICULTURAL I M P L E M E N T S. Ricla 8. P. 0. Box 711. T H E E V E R F A l\'I O U S R. Peale, President. FOLDING HATS "G.0 NZ ALE Z" -ATANY PRICE YOU WISH. INGLATERRA HAT STORE San Rafael Street, No. 2. M. Dirube, Superintendent. W. R. Teller Treasurer. R. Pelleya, Secretary. -+THE WEST INDIES COAL COMPANY COAL and COKE --+OFFICE: SAN PEDRO NO. 4. No. 600. HAVANA I Depositary: O'Donnell No. 4, Regla. Telephone No. 8042. I Cable: "Targum." Apartado 393. C H O C O L A T E S, CONFECTION ARIES A N D C E R T I J? I JiJ D ACCOUNTANTS Audits-Special Examinations-Systems -+General Offices: :~ '.'= ?AIRING AND INSTALLING ALL KINDS OF MACHINERY. R. LABRADOR & SONS Agencie:; and Commissions Rep OS it er fa par i Sien 140 NASSAU STREET, NEW YORK. F. F. JUDD, C. P.A., General Manager. R:~resentatives in Island of Cuba of +"EL MODERN O" CUBANO" Obispo No. 51 ( antiguo), Havana 0 0 0 0 0 0 GUARDIAN ASSURANCE COMPANY, Limited, LO DON. ESTABLISHED 1821. + E. V. BRAGDON, C. E., Asst. Man. A. & W. SMTTII & CO., Ltd., CHICAGO: of Glasgow. New York Life Building, 30 South La Salle Street. H. S. JUDD, Manager. CITY OF MEXICO: Ed ificio La M utua. I J. B. PHELAN, Manager. Cable Address, all offices, "Audit." GEO. srrADE, of Berlin. BICKERT BFUT1HERS of Paris. Manufac~urers of Machinery for Sugar Mill:; and Other Industries. F. C A Y O N & B R 0. L Y K E S B R O S., INC. FURNITURE. Neptune 166, between Escobar and Gervasio. Telephone A. 4238. STEAMSHIP AGENTS AND BROKERS 0 0 0 Agents: United Steamship Co. New Orleans-Galveston-Cuban Ports. Norway-Mexico Gulf Line, rrhis house makes a pecialty Scandanavian-United_ States-Cl,hanof artistic furniture, antiques Mexican Ports. L I~ S L I E P A N T I N, I of merit and novelties. All hi 0 t ] d t d Inter-American Steams p o. Genernl for Cuba nr ie es ma o or e:' compare 0 0 0 favora hly with foreign workConsulado 128 J n:nnP11ip. All work is guranP. o. BOX 788. Havana, Cuba teed. 405-407 Lonja Building, Havana, Cuba FRANCISCO LOPEZ 3 and 6 San Rafael Street, Havana. CLOTHING FOR MEN + GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS American Styles 0 0 0 ENGLISH SPOKEN RESTAURANT "PARIS" 1 14 0 'REILLY. HAVANA Telephone A. 2232 INTERNATIONAL DRUG STORE +The 0nl y American DRUG STORE IN CUBA -+ -This well known Restaurant of FULL LINT1J OF DRUGS m1d I world-wide renown is the favorite I resort of all persons appreciating a SUNDRIJ~S at Lff'iV PHICFJS first class table and th a only one which supplies th e v ry b "Rt French cooking at reasonable pr ic es A. PETIT, PROPRIETOR. [ NEPTUNO AND ZULUETA HAVANA, CUBA IN HOTEL PLAZA BUILDING


TOURIST EDITION FIDELITY AND DEPOSIT COMPANY OF MARYLAND BOND COMPANY Capital More Than $6,000,000 I ALL CLASSES OF BONDS 0 0 0 The most liberal Oompany with its clients. I CHARLES M. ECHEMENDIA ADMINISTRATOR. P. 0. Box 509. Telephone A. 2820. CUBA 58, HAVANA. Dr. Juan de Dias Garcia Kohly, Consulting Lawyer. RESTAURANT "DOS HERMANOS" -+-Miguel F. Villar, Proprietor. -+-San Pedro Street, Corner Sol, Havana. Telephone 564 and A. 3306. -+UNSURPASSED CUISINE Spanish, French, American Cooking. Specially in All Kinds of Fresh Fish. Up-to-Date Service in Every Respect. HAVANA DAILY POST HA'lANA DAII~Y POS1~ . --+--GEORGE M. BRADT, PUBLISHER ---~--PRADO 89, HAVANA, CUBA ':l1he only daily newspaper published in English on the Island of Culm. Devoted to the welfare of Ouba and her people without reference to "class or creed." Constructively critical in momentous questions, but in iisposed to meddle with the trivial political affairs and personalities which arise from day to day. Finding a great part of its mission in desserninnting the news of the world, and par ticularly the news of the United States, to its readers. Cbroniciling the news of Cnha fairly and impartially for the benefit of its renders, both here and in the Fnited S t ates. Doin g its best to offset misleading impressions of Cuba gathered from reports pub lished in some foreign newsiu1>ers. Impressing upon the ple rnure-seeker the unparalleled advantages that Cuha offers as the '' playground of America.'' Bringing the investor in touch with the most favorable opportunities for placing his capital. Beautiful Roof Ga rd en, wi th Sple nd id Finally, serving all the legitimate purposes which an absolutely independent, careView of the Bay, Charming Dining I Rooms. Open from 6 a. m. to 1 a. m. ful, conservative journal can hnve for its ideals. ENGLISH SPOKEN. PIEL & COMPANY P. O. Box 631. Telephone A. 1760. Importers and Exporters of All Kinds of Crate Materials 0 0 0 The Well Known Fertilizer Brands "A G R I 1 C U L T o R" AND "F L O R D E C U B A." Also Special Fertilizers for Cane. Spraying Fluids for Trees. Wrapping Paper, Feed, Nails. CUSTOM HOUSE BROKERS, ETC. 4 ENNA STREET, HAVANA, CUBA. ======-=========================-======= Cable: ''Ensconce." Codes: Lieber's and Western Union. Telephone A. 1894. CUBAN FRUIT EXCHANGE Zulueta 20, Havana, Cuba. P. 0. Box 1103. Cable: "Fruitex." Exporters and Importers of I FRUITS and VEGETABLES Produce Commission, Forwarding Agents, Custom House Brokers, I Purchasing Agents for All Classes of ERNEST ELLINGER & co., AGRICULTURAL SUPPLIES. ALMACENISTAS DE TABACO EN RAMA. ESTRELLA 35 AND 37, HAVANA, CUBA. +-Officers: F. S. Earle President. C. F. Austin, Vice Pres. and Gen. Man. L. M. Patterson, Secretary and Treas. Board of Directors: H. C. Henricksen, Havana; T. J. PierI son, Omaja; H. A. Van Herman, San tiago de las Vegas; Jno. H. Kydd, Ce ballos; E. W. Halstead, Los Palacios; l J. E. Roberts, Bartle. J E B A R L O W, THE PIONEER REAL ESTATE DEALER IN HAVANA. + OFFICE: BERNAZA NO. 3, HAVANA, CUBA. HAVANA, UUBA REAL HANDMADE LACES rrhese for trimmings 0 gowns :md daintiest lingerie, the beautiful work of the women field hands of Spain, who busy themselves, each with her fa vorite pattern in lace maki:q.g, ns they gossip and sing around the open fires through the long winter nights. DRAWN WORK, LINEN GOODS, FINE HANDKER CHIEFS AND FANS Prices will be found the lowest for qualities of equal merit. 0 0 LA FRANCIA, THE LACE STORE OBISPO 97. HAVANA, CUBA. ============-=